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This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number: FHWA-RD-03-065
Date: September 2004

In-Vehicle Display Icons and Other Information Elements: Volume I

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Icon. This is a cautionary warning icon and is identified by number 372. The icon is a vertical, yellow column with four black stripes aligned evenly throughout the bar.

Icon. This is a lane departure warning system failure icon and is identified by number 4. This square icon has a white background and three vertical lines drawn in it that converge at some point in the distance. The two outer lines are solid black and the middle line is dashed. The lines represent a highway or other roadway. The solid line on the right side is shorter than the solid line on the left. On the right side, where the line is shorter, there is a large, black exclamation point.

Icon. This is a lane departure warning system off or not available icon and is identified by number 421. This square icon has a white background and three vertical lines that converge at some point in the distance. The two outer lines are solid black, and the middle line is dashed. The lines represent a highway or other roadway. A black slash mark is drawn diagonally across the lines.

Icon. This is a side obstacle warning system failure icon and is identified by number 378. The square, white icon has an overhead view of a white car with a black triangle radiating from the left side of the car where the side view mirror is located. A large, black exclamation point is drawn to the left of the triangle.

Icon. This is a side obstacle warning system failure icon and is identified by number 24. The square, white icon has an overhead view of a white car with a black-and-white-striped triangle radiating from the left side of the car where the side view mirror is located. A large, black exclamation point is drawn to the left of the triangle.

Page 8-10; Collision Avoidance Information; System Status

Icon. This is a side obstacle warning system failure icon and is identified by number 397. The square, white icon has an overhead view of a white car with a black triangle radiating from the right side of the car where the side view mirror is located. A large, black exclamation point is drawn to the right of the triangle.

Icon. This is a side obstacle warning system failure icon and is identified by number 274. The square, white icon has an overhead view of a white car with a black-and-white-striped triangle radiating from the right side of the car where the side view mirror would be located. A large, black exclamation point is drawn to the right of the triangle.

Icon. This is a system failure icon and is identified by number 45. This square icon has a black background and a large red X drawn across to the four corners of the square.

Icon. This is a system failure icon and is identified by number 63. This square icon has a black background and a red circle with the words "System Malfunction" in white at the bottom.

Icon. This is a system failure icon and is identified by number 78. This triangle-shaped icon has a white background with a black X in the center. The triangle has a thick, black border.

Icon. This is a system on and functioning icon and is identified by number 300. This square icon has a black background with a large, solid green circle drawn inside of it. The circle's circumference touches all four of the square's sides.

Icon. This is a system on and functioning icon and is identified by number 36. This square icon has a black background with a large, solid green checkmark inside of it.

Icon. This is a system on and functioning icon and is identified by number 123. This rectangle-shaped icon has a black background with a green circle drawn in it. The words "System OK" is written in white at the bottom.

Commercial Vehicle Operations Information; Augmented Signage Information

Icon. This is an allowable vehicle length on roadway icon and is identified by number 1. The icon is a circle with a white background and a thick red border. In the circle is a black truck. Under the truck "10 M" is typed in black with small arrows on either side pointing left and right.

Page 8-11; Commercial Vehicle Operations Information; Augmented Signage Information

Icon. This is an allowable vehicle width on roadway icon and is identified by number 6. The icon is square with a gray background. The icon is a circle with a white background and a thick red border. In the circle "10 M"; is typed in black with a small arrow under the words pointing left and right.

Icon. This is a hazardous cargo not allowed icon and is identified by number 350. The icon is a red "do not" circle, which is a circle that has a red border and a white background with a red slash cutting across it from right to left at a 45-degree angle. In the circle are the letters H and C, in black.

Icon. This is a low clearance icon and is identified by number 125. The yellow diamond-shaped icon has two arrows, one at the top pointing upwards and one at the bottom pointing downwards. 13 feet 6 inches is indicated between the two arrows.

Icon. This is a low clearance icon and is identified by number 11. This icon is a circle with a red border and a white background. In the circle is the number 3 comma 50 with the letter M in superscript above the numbers. All of these are black. At the top and bottom of the circle are small, black inverted triangles.

Icon. This is a weight limits icon and is identified by number 379. The icon is square with a gray background. This icon's element is a circle with a red border and a white background. In the circle are the number 5.4 and a lowercase T, all in black.

Icon. This is a weight limits icon and is identified by number 396. This vertical, rectangle-shaped icon has a white background with black lettering. At the top of the rectangle, "weight limit" is printed, and below this are three lines of information. On the first line is a black silhouette of a small truck and an 8 lowercase T. On the second line is a black silhouette of a slightly larger truck and a 16 lowercase T. On the third line are a black silhouette of a larger, double-trailer truck and a 24 lowercase T.

Icon. This is a problem in the trailer unit icon and is identified by number 328. The square icon has a white background. The icon's element is a black silhouette of a double-trailer truck's side view. On the trailer is a gray square. An exclamation point is inside of a gray triangle with a red border inside this square.

Commercial Vehicle Operations Information; Information, Trip Planning

Icon. This is a diesel fuel location icon and is identified by number 175. The square icon has a white border and a blue background. The element is a white silhouette of a gas pump. A dark blue letter D is written on the gas pump.

Page 8-12; Commercial Vehicle Operations Information; Information, Trip Planning

Icon. This is a truck stop icon and is identified by number 141. This square icon has a brown background. A white silhouette of a truck's side view is positioned, above the diesel fuel pump and a brown fork and knife on a white plate.

General Navigation System Information

Icon. This is a magnify/minimize map view icon and is identified by number 84. This square icon's element is a black magnifying glass on a gray square background. An addition symbol is in the center of the round glass

Icon. This is a satellite signal strength icon and is identified by number 184. This icon is a square with a white background. A cartoon drawing of a satellite dish faces the right in the foreground. A blue circle and a green polygon represent the earth drawn in the background.  Three lines radiate from the satellite dish's transmitter.

Icon. This is a satellite signal strength icon and is identified by number 330. This icon is a square with a white background. A cartoon drawing of a satellite dish faces the left with four lines radiating from the dish.

Icon. This satellite signal strength icon is identified by number 60. This square icon has a white background. This icon's element is a black silhouette of a satellite with a lightning-bolt near the satellite's transmitter.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Airport

Icon. This is an airport icon and is identified by number 335. The square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of an overhead view of an airplane.

Icon. This is an airport icon and is identified by number 427. The square icon has a white background and its element is a caricature of the side of an airplane.

Icon. This is an airport information icon and is identified by number 156. This square icon has a white background and a black silhouette of an overhead view of an airplane. On the right and slightly above the airplane is a black question mark inside of a white circle with a black border.

Page 8-13; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business General

Icon. This is an ATM icon and is identified by number 81. This icon is a gray rectangle. It has a picture of a money slot at an ATM.

Icon. This is a bank icon and is identified by number 242. The icon is square with a white background. This icon is a picture of a building with four columns. A dollar sign is drawn between the columns.

Icon. This is a coffee shop icon and is identified by number 66. This icon is square with a gray background. The element is a drawing of a full yellow coffee mug with steam rising from the top.

Icon. This is a coffee shop icon and is identified by number 160. This icon has a rectangle shape with a gray background. The element is a drawing of a full yellow coffee mug with steam rising from the top.

Icon. This is a directory index of yellow pages icon and is identified by number 109. This square icon has a yellow background and black border. In the square is a drawing of a black hand with two extended fingers walking across an open black book.

Icon. This is an electric company icon and is identified by number 51. The icon is oval-shaped with a gray background. The icon’s element is a black silhouette of power lines supported by two electric poles.

Icon. This is an electronics icon and is identified by number 380. The icon is rectangular with a gray background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a computer monitor, an electronic circuit, and a microchip.

Icon. This is a florist icon and is identified by number 424. The icon is square with a gray background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a black vase holding four red flowers.

Icon. This is a gas utility icon and is identified by number 88. The icon is rectangular with a gray background. This icon’s elements are a white water heater next to a white radiator.

Icon. This is an ice cream shop icon and is identified by number 343. The icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is a drawing of an ice cream sundae with whipped cream, and a red cherry on top. A spoon is stuck into the sundae.

Page 8-14; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business General

Icon. This is a kennel icon and is identified by number 212. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a dog sitting in a dog house with a gate in the front.

Icon. This is a laundry icon and is identified by number 388. This square icon has a brown background and white silhouettes of a washer and dryer.

Icon. This is a locker icon and is identified by number 276. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a key over a white silhouette of a piece of luggage enclosed in a brown rectangle with a white border.

Icon. This is a lodging icon and is identified by number 334. This icon is shaped like a house. An orange shape is drawn in the house to look like a bed covered with blankets.

Icon. This is a real estate icon and is identified by number 377. This icon is rectangle with a gray background. The element is a black signpost with a black sign hanging off of it. The sign has a white silhouette of a house drawn on it.

Icon. This is a window glass icon and is identified by number 390. The icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element is a black silhouette of a house with a red X over part of the front to represent a broken window. Next to the house is a white square representing the replacement window.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business/Auto

Icon. This is an auto glass icon and is identified by number 368. The icon is rectangle with a gray background This icon’s element is a drawing of the front view of a car next to a silhouette of a person holding a yellow piece of glass shaped like a windshield.

Icon. This is an auto parts icon and is identified by number 250. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. The element is a silhouette of the front half of a car with the hood open. Next to the car are drawings of auto parts that are often replaced.

Icon. This is an auto service icon and is identified by number 161. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. The element is the silhouette of the front half of a car with its hood open. A person stands next to the engine.

Icon. This is an auto tires icon and is identified by number 135. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. The element has four tires next to a drawing of the side-view half of a car.

Page 8-15; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business/Auto

Icon. This is an auto transmission icon and is identified by number 25. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. The icon’s element shows the side view of the front half of a car. A small black triangle next to the car represents a car’s transmission.

Icon. This is a car mechanic icon and is identified by number 404. This square icon has a yellow background and the element is a white wrench.

Icon. This is a car rental agency icon and is identified by number 180. This square icon has a white background. A black key is above the front view of a black car.

Icon. This is a car wash icon and is identified by number 82. The icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element is a drawing of the front view of a car with a yellow windshield. On either side of the car are blue columns to represent large rotating brushes cleaning the car’s sides.

Icon. This is a fuel icon and is identified by number 307. The icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a red gas pump.

Icon. This is the gas station ahead icon and is identified by number 148. This square icon has a brown background and a silhouette of a white gas pump.

Icon. This is a rental car icon and is identified by number 347. This icon’s element is a drawing of the front view of a car with a yellow windshield and a drawing of a key. The key chain’s tag attached to the key chain has the word “Rent” written on it in red letters.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business/Retail

Icon. This is a department store icon and is identified by number 110. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element is a beige shopping bag.

Icon. This is a furniture store icon and is identified by number 70. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element has beige drawings of a couch and a recliner placed at a right angle to each other. A rug is drawn on the floor in front of the couch and recliner.

Icon. This is a grocery store icon and is identified by number 361. The icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is a black-and-white drawing of a paper grocery bag that is overflowing with groceries.

Page 8-16; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business/Retail

Icon. This is a grocery store icon and is identified by number 72. The icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is the side-view of an empty, black shopping cart.

Icon. This is a grocery store icon and is identified by number 252. The icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element is the side-view of a black shopping cart.

Icon. This is a hardware store icon and is identified by number 294. The icon is a square with a gray background.  This icon features a black silhouette of a wrench.

Icon. This is a home center icon and is identified by number 288. The icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s elements are a black silhouette of a house, a hammer over the house, and a ladder next to the house. Behind the house is a green rectangle and circle to represent a lawn and a hose.

Icon. This is an office supply icon and is identified by number 187. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s element is a black paper clip.

Icon. This is a photo equipment icon and is identified by number 193. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s element is a black-and-beige drawing of a camera.

Icon. This is a software icon and is identified by number 339. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s element is a gray-and-beige drawing of a floppy disk.

Icon. This is a toy store icon and is identified by number 223. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are drawings of a red-and-blue striped ball, a sailboat with a yellow sail, and a multi-colored spinning top.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business/Service

Icon. This is an attorney icon and is identified by number 132. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s element is a black silhouette of the manual weight scale that represents the scales of justice.

Icon. This is a barber shop icon and is identified by number 220. This icon is a square with a white background. It features black silhouettes of a scissors, a comb, and a person, from left to right.

Page 8-17; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business/Service

Icon. This is a dry cleaning icon and is identified by number 412. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s element is a black clothes hanger.

Icon. This is a food icon and is identified by number 255. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are drawings of a gray fork and knife.

Icon. This is a hair salon icon and is identified by number 165. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s element is a black pair of scissors.

Icon. This is a house cleaning icon and is identified by number 417. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are a black silhouette of a house, a vacuum cleaner, and wastebasket, from left to right.

Icon. This is a lawn service icon and is identified by number 302. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are drawings of a green garden hose to the left of a black lawn mower.

Icon. This is a pest service icon and is identified by number 71. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are a black insect and a rat, from left to right.

Icon. This is a photo copy icon and is identified by number 370. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are drawings of pieces of paper coming out of a photocopy machine.

Icon. This is a photo developing icon and is identified by number 94. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s element is a black and beige drawing of a roll of film.

Icon. This is a plumbing/heating icon and is identified by number 333. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are drawings of a white toilet and a bathroom sink, from left to right,.

Icon. This is a pool service icon and is identified by number 217. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s element is a drawing of the overhead view of a swimming pool. The water in the pool is blue and the pool has a white diving board.

Page 8-18; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Business/Service

Icon. This is a roof service icon and is identified by number 236. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are a black  house, black bricks, and a black ladder, from left to right.

Icon. This is a security icon and is identified by number 107. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are drawings of a gray padlock and key.

Icon. This is a tailor icon and is identified by number 150. This icon is a rectangle with a light gray background. This icon’s elements are a pair of black scissors and a black button-down shirt.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Entertainment

Icon. This is an amphitheater icon and is identified by number 367. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of an amphitheater, which consists of a square drawn at the top to represent a stage and curved lines drawn in small arcs from the stage to represent rows of seats.

Icon. This is an arts and culture venue icon and is identified by number 80. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is a black-and-white drawing of the comedy and tragedy masks. Confetti is drawn around the masks.

Icon. This is a casino icon and is identified by number 111. This icon’s element is a drawing of four, gray playing cards fanned out, one with a black spade on it, one with a black club, one with a red diamond, and one with a red heart.

Icon. This is a casino icon and is identified by number 154. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is a drawing of yellow-and-brown roulette wheel.

Icon. This is a casino icon and is identified by number 429. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is a black-and-white drawing of slot machine.

Icon. This is a live music icon and is identified by number 284. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is black-and-gray silhouettes of a man playing the saxophone and a man playing the drums. Musical notes are drawn around drawn to look as if they are floating around the men.

Icon. This is a movie theater icon and is identified by number 43. This icon’s element is a drawing of  hands holding the clapboard used on movie sets when a director yells “Action!”

Page 8-19; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Entertainment

Icon. This is a movie theater icon and is identified by number 214. This icon is square with a gray background. This icon’s element is a gray silhouette of an old-fashioned movie camera.

Icon. This is a movie theater icon and is identified by number 101. This icon is square with a gray background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a blue movie projector.

Icon. This is a movie theater icon and is identified by number 346. This rectangle icon is a red silhouette of an old-fashioned movie camera set on a green background.

Icon. This is a music venue icon and is identified by number 27. This icon is a rectangle. Its element is a black treble clef on a gray background.

Icon. This is a night life attraction icon and is identified by number 167. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is a black silhouette of a martini glass with a white olive in it.

Icon. This is a theater icon and is identified by number 179. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s elements are cartoon drawings of the comedy mask in white and the tragedy mask in black.

Icon. This is a theater icon and is identified by number 137. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s elements are detailed drawings of the comedy mask in turquoise and the tragedy mask in blue.

Icon. This is a theater icon and is identified by number 426. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is a stylized black outline of the comedy and tragedy masks, side views.

Icon. This is a theater icon and is identified by number 415. This icon’s elements are a black outline of the comedy and tragedy masks set on a white background.

Page 8-20; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; General

Icon. This is a church icon and is identified by number 189. This icon has a gray background. The element is a black silhouette of a church and steeple with white doors.

Icon. This is a college icon and is identified by number 301. This icon is square with a white background. This icon’s element is a blue mortarboard cap with a yellow tassel.

Icon. This is an elevator icon and is identified by number 130. This square icon has a brown background and features a white silhouette of a box with a woman and two men standing inside the box. Above the box are an arrow pointing up and an arrow pointing down to indicate the up and down movements of an elevator.

Icon. This is a general winter recreation icon and is identified by number 86. This square icon has a brown background and a white large snowflake.

Icon. This is an information icon and is identified by number 164. This icon is a black circle with a white, lowercase letter I in it.

Icon. This is a landmark information icon and is identified by number 362. This square icon has a white background. It features a royal blue silhouette of a man crouching down and pointing at something in the distance. Next to the man is a lighter blue silhouette of child who is looking in the direction that the man is pointing. The man has his hand on the child’s elbow.

Icon. This is a library icon and is identified by number 425. This square icon has a green background, white border, and a white silhouette of the top half of a person reading a book.

Icon. This is a mailbox icon and is identified by number 62. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element is a black mailbox with its red flag standing up.

Icon. This is a point of interest icon and is identified by number 237. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a two-lane highway. On the side of the highway is a road sign with the food, gas station, and lodging icons on it.

Icon. This is a rest area ahead icon and is identified by number 395. This square icon has a white border, blue background, and a white silhouette of a pine tree next to a picnic table. Below this icon is a smaller blue, rectangular icon, and a white arrow pointing toward the right, the location of the rest area.

Page 8-21; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Entertainment

Icon. This is a restrooms icon and is identified by number 338. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a man standing.

Icon. This is a restrooms icon and is identified by number 389. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and brown silhouettes of a woman and a man each standing in a little, white, outhouse-shaped box.

Icon. This is a restrooms icon and is identified by number 409. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a woman standing.

Icon. This is a school crosswalk icon and is identified by number 170. This five-sided icon, similar to the shape of a house, has a black border, a white background, and a black silhouette of a girl and a boy crossing a road.

Icon. This is a zoo icon and is identified by number 234. This square icon has a gray background and a drawing of the face of a panda bear in black, gray, and white.

Icon. This is a zoo icon and is identified by number 314. This rectangular icon has a black background and looks like a street sign. Inside the rectangle, from left to right, is a white silhouette of an elephant, the word “Zoo” in white letters, the number 3 in white to indicate the distance to the zoo, and a white arrow pointing toward the zoo.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Government

Icon. This is a city hall/government building icon and is identified by number 77. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a black-and-white drawing of a dome of a capitol building set against a blue circle that represents the sky.

Icon. This is a courthouse icon and is identified by number 290. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a black outline drawing of a gavel and its base.

Icon. This is a courthouse icon and is identified by number 420. This circle icon has a blue background and a white silhouette of a balance, also known as the scales of justice. In front of the scales is a white outline of an open book with a gavel lying on top of it.

Icon. This is a post office icon and is identified by number 152. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a blue silhouette of a bald eagle, side view.

Page 8-22; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Government

Icon. This is a post office icon and is identified by number 155. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a blue mailbox with the U.S. Postal Service insignia on the side.

Icon. This is a post office icon and is identified by number 185. This square icon has a white background. This icon shows a drawing of an addressed and stamped white envelope that has been opened.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Internet/Phone

Icon. This is a phone icon and is identified by number 418. This square icon has a white border and a blue background. In the square in white is the word “Phone” above a silhouette of a phone handset.

Icon. This is a phone icon and is identified by number 241. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a black traditional, corded phone with white push buttons.

Icon. This is a phone icon and is identified by number 26. This square icon has a black border, yellow background, and a black silhouette of a phone handset. The phone is drawn diagonally from the upper-left to lower-right corners of the square.

Icon. This is a phone icon and is identified by number 292. This square-shaped icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a phone handset sitting upright.

Icon. This is a phone, internet connection icon and is identified by number 316. This square icon has a gray background and features a drawing of a yellow phone sitting on top of a modem. A blue, green, and white globe is drawn behind the phone.

Icon. This is a phone, internet connection icon and is identified by number 376. This square icon has a gray background. It features a drawing of a blue, green, and white globe in the upper-left corner and a drawing of a yellow phone in the opposite corner. A red dotted line connects the two.

Icon. This is a telephone icon and is identified by number 29. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a beige, rotary-dial telephone.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Medical

Icon. This is a hospital icon and is identified by number 413. This square icon has a white background with a red-rimmed square in the middle. Inside the square is a red plus sign, or a symbol for first aid.


Page 8-23; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Medical

Icon. This is a hospital icon and is identified by number 352. This square icon has a white background and a black border with a black, uppercase letter H drawn in the middle.

Icon. This is a hospital icon and is identified by number 337. This icon features three rectangles on top of one another. Each box has a blue background and white lettering. The uppercase letter H is written in the top box. The second box has the word “Hospital” written in uppercase letters. The bottom box has a white arrow pointing toward the right in it.

Icon. This is a hospital icon and is identified by number 272. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a blue plus sign, or the symbol for first aid. Inside this symbol is a white silhouette of a needle used for medical injections.

Icon. This is a medical assistance icon and is identified by number 310. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a doctor’s bag in white with the red first-aid symbol on the front of it.

Icon. This is a medical assistance icon and is identified by number 54. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon features a drawing of a black doctor’s bag next to a red first-aid cross.

Icon. This is a pharmacy icon and is identified by number 430. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s element is a white pharmacist’s mortar and pestle with the letters RX written on it in blue.

Icon. This is a physician icon and is identified by number 406. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon’s elements are drawings of a black doctor’s bag and stethoscope.

Icon. This is a veterinarian icon and is identified by number 263. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon features a drawing of a black cat lying down. Drawn next to the cat is a red first-aid symbol.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Parking

Icon. This is a park and ride icon and is identified by number 12. This rectangular icon has a green background and a white border. Inside the rectangle in the upper, right corner is a caricature of the front view of a car. The words “Park and Ride” are written in white, uppercase letters in the center of the rectangle, and beneath that is a white arrow pointing to the right.

Icon. This is a parking icon and is identified by number 323. This icon is a rectangle with a white background. This icon features a green, uppercase letter P next to a cartoon drawing of the front view of a gray car.


Page 8-24; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Parking

Icon. This is a parking lot icon and is identified by number 411. This square icon has a dark blue background with a white, uppercase letter P in the center.

Icon. This is a type of parking facility icon and is identified by number 15. This rectangular icon has a blue background and features a white silhouette of a person sitting in a wheelchair. The words “Disabled Parking” are written below in white, uppercase letters.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Recreation

Icon. This is an all-terrain vehicle icon and is identified by number 28. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a person riding an all-terrain vehicle.

Icon. This is an amusement park icon and is identified by number 240. This rectangular icon features a colorful drawing of two children riding a carousel.

Icon. This is an amusement park icon and is identified by number 157. This icon is a rectangle with a white background. This icon has a black silhouette of a roller coaster. A yellow flag and green flag are drawn coming up from the top of the coaster, and a red line is drawn along the track of the coaster to represent people riding the coaster.

Icon. This is a bicycle trail icon and is identified by number 200. This diamond-shaped icon has a background, a black border, and a black silhouette of a bicycle.

Icon. This is a bicycle trail icon and is identified by number 41. This triangular icon has a white background and a thick black red border. In the middle of the triangle is a black silhouette of a person riding a bicycle.

Icon. This is a boat launching icon and is identified by number 90. This square icon has a black background and a white silhouette of a small motorboat on a ramp leading into the water.

Icon. This is a campground icon and is identified by number 39. This icon is a rectangle with a white background. This icon’s elements are a beige tent, a green pine tree is drawn on one side of the tent, and a brown-and-red campfire drawn on the other side.

Icon. This is a camping icon and is identified by number 131. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a tent.

Page 8-25; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Recreation

Icon. This is a canoeing icon and is identified by number 47. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of two people paddling a canoe.

Icon. This is a climbing icon and is identified by number 342. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of person wearing a backpack while hiking up a mountain.

Icon. This is a cross-country skiing icon and is identified by number 13. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of person cross-country skiing.

Icon. This is a diving icon and is identified by number 360. This square icon has a white background and a black silhouette of person diving off a diving board into water.

Icon. This is a downhill skiing icon and is identified by number 7. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of person downhill skiing.

Icon. This is a fishing icon and is identified by number 327. This square icon has a black background and a white silhouette of a fish attached to a fishing line.

Icon. This is a fishing lake icon and is identified by number 198. This icon is a rectangle with a white background. This icon features a simple drawing of three gray fish beneath a wavy, blue line.

Icon. This is a golf course icon and is identified by number 391. This icon has a detailed drawing of a white golf ball sitting on a yellow tee. The ground under the golf ball has several layers. The top layer, which is the thinnest, is gray, the second layer is slightly thicker and is green, and then the bottom, thickest layer is brown.

Icon. This is a golf course icon and is identified by number 229. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a golf hole, a red flag marking the hole, and the putting golf green.

Icon. This is a golfing icon and is identified by number 277. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a white golf ball, a red flag, a black flag pole; all sitting over a green square.

Page 8-26; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Recreation

Icon. This is a hiking icon and is identified by number 102. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a hiker wearing a backpack and carrying a walking stick.

Icon. This is a horse trail icon and is identified by number 174. This square icon has a white border, a brown background and a white silhouette of a person riding a horse.

Icon. This is a hunting icon and is identified by number 423. This square icon has a white background and a black border. A black horizontal and vertical line representing the crosshairs of a rifle cut across the center of a circle. At the point where the two lines cross is a black silhouette of a deer standing in grass.

Icon. This is a hunting icon and is identified by number 190. This square icon has a black background and a white silhouette of a person aiming a rifle.

Icon. This is an ice skating icon and is identified by number 50. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a person who is ice skating.

Icon. This is a kayaking icon and is identified by number 56. This square icon has a black background and a white silhouette of a person kayaking.

Icon. This is a marina icon and is identified by number 305. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a boat anchor.

Icon. This is a motor boating icon and is identified by number 222. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white dashed inner border. The dashes that make up the corners of the border have arrows on them, all pointing counterclockwise. In the middle of the square is a white silhouette of a motorboat.

Icon. This is a motor boating icon and is identified by number 168. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a motorboat. The bottom of the boat is wavy to make it look like it is in water.

Icon. This is an off-road trail icon and is identified by number 344. This square icon has a black background and a white silhouette of a jeep driving up a hill.

Page 8-27; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Recreation

Icon. This is a park icon and is identified by number 428. This icon is a rectangle with a white background. The icon features a simplistic drawing of a tree, and a black gazebo sitting on green grass.

Icon. This is a picnic area icon and is identified by number 408. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a picnic table.

Icon. This is a playground icon and is identified by number 213. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of two children riding a seesaw.

Icon. This is a recreation center icon and is identified by number 142. This icon is a rectangle with a white background. This icon features a drawing of an orange basketball with a black dumbbell in front of it.

Icon. This is a rock collecting icon and is identified by number 89. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a hammer and three small, white rocks.

Icon. This is a row boating icon and is identified by number 233. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a person rowing a boat.

Icon. This is a RV park icon and is identified by number 99. This square icon has a white background and a black silhouette of an RV.

Icon. This is a RV park icon and is identified by number 311. This square icon has a white background and a black silhouette of a camper.

Icon. This is a sail-boating icon and is identified by number 112. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a sailboat.

Icon. This is a scuba diving icon and is identified by number 283. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a person scuba diving.

Page 8-28; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Recreation

Icon. This is a shower icon and is identified by number 22. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a person standing under a showerhead that is spraying water.

Icon. This is a snowmobiling icon and is identified by number 147. This square icon has a black background and a white silhouette of a person riding a snowmobile.

Icon. This is a sports stadium icon and is identified by number 221. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a gray stadium with the word “Stadium” written beneath it in red.

Icon. This is a stable icon and is identified by number 115. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a horse standing inside a white barn’s door.

Icon. This is a surfing icon and is identified by number 226. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a person riding a surfboard.

Icon. This is a swimming icon and is identified by number 67. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a person in water swimming the freestyle stroke.

Icon. This is a tent/trailer park icon and is identified by number 93. This square icon has a white background and black border. A black silhouette of a tent is above a black silhouette of a trailer.

Icon. This is a tourist attraction icon and is identified by number 329. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon features a drawing of a green palm tree and yellow beach umbrella sitting in the beige sand.

Icon. This is a water sports icon and is identified by number 134. This square icon has a brown background and the words “Water Sports” written in white, uppercase letters. Three white, wavy lines drawn beneath the words represent water.

Icon. This is a water-skiing icon and is identified by number 10. This square icon has a white border, a brown background, and a white silhouette of a man water skiing.

 

Page 8-29; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Recreation

Icon. This is a zoo icon and is identified by number 358. This rectangular icon has a gray background and a black silhouette drawing of a giraffe inside a corral. On the left of the giraffe, outside of the corral, are black silhouettes of an adult and two children. On the right of the giraffe, outside the corral, is a black silhouette of a tree.

Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Transit

Icon. This is a bus station icon and is identified by number 340. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a black silhouette of the front view of a bus. The word “Bus” is written on the top of the vehicle in black, uppercase letters.

Icon. This is a bus station icon and is identified by number 46. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a simplistic drawing of the side view of a yellow bus. The bus has white wheels and a black border.

Icon. This is a bus station icon and is identified by number 61. This square icon has a white background and a black silhouette of a bus. An arrow pointing to the left is drawn above the bus.

Icon. This is a commuter rail station icon and is identified by number 16. This icon has a white background and a black silhouette of the side view of an electric street car.

Icon. This is a commuter rail station icon and is identified by number 83. This icon has a white background and a black silhouette of the front view of a subway car riding on a two-railed track.

Icon. This is a commuter rail station icon and is identified by number 100. This icon has a white background and a black silhouette of a monorail car.

Icon. This is a commuter rail station icon and is identified by number 387. This icon has a white background and a black silhouette of the side view of a subway car pulling into a station. Above the subway car is a black silhouette of a clock.

Icon. This is a commuter rail station icon and is identified by number 49. This icon has a white background and a black silhouette of the front view of a subway car or trolley.

Page 8-30

Icon. This is a ferry terminal icon and is identified by number 231. This square icon has a black background and a white silhouette of a car on a platform that is floating on water.

Page 8-30; Motorist Services Information; Broadcast Service/Attractions; Transit

Icon. This is a ferry terminal icon and is identified by number 163. This square icon has a white background and a black silhouette of the front view of a car. The car is on a platform floating in water.

Icon. This is a train station icon and is identified by number 151. This square icon has a white background and a red silhouette of the front view of a train. The train is is riding on a two-railed track that is also red.

Icon. This is a train station icon and is identified by number 192. This square icon has a green background and a black silhouette of the front of a train next to a station platform.

Motorist Services Information; Destination Coordination

Icon. This is a rest area exit icon and is identified by number 219. This square icon has a blue background and the words “Rest Area” written in white, uppercase letters. Below the words is an arrow pointing diagonally up to the upper-right corner.

Motorist Services Information; E-mail, Messaging

Icon. This is an address book icon and is identified by number 400. This rectangular icon has a gray background and a black outline of a rolodex card.

Icon. This is an address book icon and is identified by number 282. This square icon has a gray background and a black outline of a rolodex.

Icon. This is an address book—business icon and is identified by number 203. This square icon has a gray background and a picture of two people shaking hands. Both people are carrying briefcases.

Icon. This is an address book—family icon and is identified by number 204. This icon has a gray background and a picture of a female child, an adult male, an adult female, and a male child, standing next to each other, from left to right.

Icon. This is an address book—friends icon and is identified by number 166. This icon has a gray background and a picture of three people standing next to each other.

Page 8-31; Motorist Services Information; E-mail, Messaging

Icon. This is a users icon and is identified by number 405. This icon is made up of a cartoon drawing of four identical men’s faces except that each face is a different color. From left to right, the faces are beige, gray, white, and dark gray.

Motorist Services Information; Entertainment

Icon. This is a CD player icon and is identified by number 319. This icon is a drawing of a gray dashboard CD player with a beige CD about to be inserted.

Icon. This is an entertainment—sports icon and is identified by number 257. This icon is a drawing of a brown football next to an orange basketball.

Icon. This is an entertainment—talk icon and is identified by number 384. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is black-and-gray drawing of a table-top microphone.

Icon. This is an entertainment—TV icon and is identified by number 422. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a black television with white dials, black rabbit-ear antennas, and a beige screen with the letters TV written on it in red.

Icon. This is a favorites icon and is identified by number 128. This icon’s element is a red heart.

Icon. This is a music genre icon and is identified by number 398. This icon has a beige drawing of a person’s face that seems to be singing, a red guitar, a gray car radio, and two black music notes.

Icon. This is a music genre icon and is identified by number 365. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s elements are three red music notes.

Icon. This is a music genre—alternative icon and is identified by number 394. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a drawing of a man’s beige face. The man has a Mohawk, spiked hairstyle. The man’s mouth is open: he appears to be singing. Music notes are drawn near his mouth

Icon. This is a music genre—classic rock icon and is identified by number 121. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a drawing of the overhead view of a gray record player with a white record on it.

Page 8-32; Motorist Services Information; Entertainment

Icon. This is a music genre—classical icon and is identified by number 127. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s elements are a drawing of a violin with red music notes drawn around it.

Icon. This is a music genre—country icon and is identified by number 392. This icon is a drawing of a brown cowboy hat with a red rim.

Icon. This is a music genre—easy listening icon and is identified by number 270. This white, square icon features a beige drawing of a saxophone and black music notes.

Icon. This is a music genre—Latin icon and is identified by number 19. This icon is a drawing of two beige bongo drums.

Icon. This is a music genre—oldies icon and is identified by number 34. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s elements are drawings of two faces. One is a woman and her face is white with black eyes, nose, mouth, and hair. The other face is beige with its features drawn in black as well. Both people’s mouths appear open as if they are singing. Red music notes are next to the faces.

Icon. This is a music genre—R and B, rap icon and is identified by number 419. This square icon has a white background. This icon features the letters RB in red above the word “Rap” in red, uppercase letters. Between the two words is a yellow ampersand symbol.

Icon. This is a music genre—rock icon and is identified by number 254. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a drawing of a red guitar with black music notes around it.

Icon. This is a music genre—top 40 icon and is identified by number 140. This square icon has a white background. This icon features the uppercase letter T next to the number 40 in yellow. Music notes float above the number 40.

Icon. This is a news icon and is identified by number 79. This rectangular icon is a drawing of a rolled up newspaper.

Icon. This is a radio icon and is identified by number 17. This rectangular icon is a drawing of a gray car radio.

Page 8-33; Motorist Services Information; Entertainment

Icon. This is a radio—AM icon and is identified by number 253. This icon is a drawing of a gray car radio with the uppercase letters AM written in red in front of it.

Icon. This is a video rental icon and is identified by number 181. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a drawing of a black videotape and a beige DVD.

Motorist Services Information; Internet Access

Icon. This is a stocks icon and is identified by number 144. This square icon has a white background. This icon has a green dollar sign and a black zigzag arrow pointing to the upper right. The elements represent the movement of the stock market.

Icon. This is a stocks—Dow icon and is identified by number 205. This square icon has a white background. This icon has a drawing of a white dollar sign and a zigzag arrow drawn to represent the movement of the stock market. In front of the money sign and arrow is the word “Dow,” written in green, uppercase letters.

Icon. This is a stocks—Nasdaq icon and is identified by number 91. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon has a white dollar sign and a zigzag arrow drawn to represent the movement of the stock market. In front of the money sign and arrow is the word “Nasdaq” written in green, uppercase letters.

Icon. This is a stocks—Russell 2000 index icon and is identified by number 38. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon has a white dollar sign and a zigzag arrow drawn to represent the movement of the stock market. In front of the money sign and arrow are the words “Russell 2000” written in green, uppercase letters.

Icon. This is a stocks—S and P 500 index icon and is identified by number 232. This icon is a rectangle with a gray background. This icon has a white dollar sign and a zigzag arrow drawn to represent the movement of the stock market. In front of the money sign and arrow is the phrase “S and P 500.” The phrase is written in green, uppercase letters.

Motorist Services Information; Message Transfer

Icon. This is an incoming message icon and is identified by number 52. This square icon has a gray background. This icon has a white and gray drawing of a two-level paper tray. A red arrow points down toward the top of the tray.

Icon. This is a message sent/send message icon and is identified by number 381. This square icon has a gray background. This icon has a white envelope with black lines on it to represent the address and return address. Another set of lines is drawn coming from the left side of the envelope to illustrate that the envelope is moving.

Page 8-34; Motorist Services Information; Message Transfer

Icon. This is a problem with sent E-mail icon and is identified by number 215. This icon has a drawing of a white envelope with gray writing to represent the address and return address. A yellow lightening bolt is coming down from the top of the icon and striking the envelope.

Icon. This is a reply to a message icon and is identified by number 201. This square icon has a gray background. This icon has a drawing of an open envelope with a piece of paper sticking out of it. An arrow is pointing down toward the envelope. The word “Reply” is written under the picture in black.

Icon. This is a retrieve message icon and is identified by number 124. This square icon has a gray background. This icon has a drawing of an arrow pointing toward two pieces of paper. The words “Get MSG” are written beneath the picture in blue as an abbreviation “get message.”

Icon. This is a save message icon and is identified by number 58. This square icon has a gray background. This icon has a drawing of an open, brown file folder with a yellow piece of paper going into the folder from the top. A red arrow points down toward the paper.

Icon. This is a write message icon and is identified by number 243. This square icon has a gray background and white border. Inside the square is a drawing of a yellow piece of paper with writing on it and a yellow pencil with pink eraser.

Routing and Navigation; Route Guidance; Emergency Vehicles

Icon. This is an approaching emergency vehicle icon and is identified by number 245. This square icon has a dark orange background and a black silhouette of the front view of a car. On the top of the car is a red flashing light.

Icon. This is an approaching emergency vehicle icon and is identified by number 118. This square icon has a dark orange background and a side view of a police car. On the top of the car is a red flashing light. On the side of the car, is a black, is a outline of a police department's insignia.

Icon. This is an approaching emergency vehicle icon and is identified by number 202. This square icon has a dark orange background and a side view of a black fire truck, which has a ladder and a red flashing light on top.

Icon. This is an approaching emergency vehicle icon and is identified by number 410. This square icon has a dark orange background and a side view of a black ambulance. The ambulance has a red first-aid symbol on the side and a red flashing light on top.

Page 8-35; Routing and Navigation; Route Guidance; General

Icon. This is a route home icon and is identified by number 291. This square icon has a white background with a black outline of a house with an arrow pointing up into the house.

Icon. This is a vehicle’s current position icon and is identified by number 3. This square icon has a white background. This icon has a black five-pointed star.

Icon. This is a vehicle’s current position icon and is identified by number 133. This icon has a drawing of a shape similar to a teardrop outlined in yellow and red. The center of the teardrop is white. Over the teardrop are the words “You are here” in white, uppercase letters with black borders. A black arrow coming from the upper-left corner of the teardrop points to the words.

Icon. This is a construction ahead—alternate route icon and is identified by number 239. This square icon has an orange background with a drawing of a two-lane roadway. The lanes are white and are separate by a dashed, black line. Another lane is drawn coming diagonally out of the right lane to represent an alternate route. A green arrow points toward the alternate route. At the top of the drawing in the lanes is a black silhouette of a shovel and man’s head with a hardhat to indicate construction. Below that, to indicate that the lanes are closed, are two red X’s, one in each lane.

Icon. This is a crash ahead—alternate route icon and is identified by number 248. This square icon has an orange background with a drawing of a two-lane roadway. The lanes are white and are separate by a dashed, black line. Another lane is drawn coming diagonally out of the right lane to represent an alternate route. A green arrow points toward the alternate route. Black silhouettes of two cars crashing into each other is drawn in the two lanes, with a red-star mark in between the two cars to indicate the point of impact. Two red X’s are drawn in each lane to indicate that the lanes are closed due to the crash.

Routing and Navigation; Route Guidance; Road Closures

Icon. This is a hazardous spill ahead—alternate route icon and is identified by number 178. This square icon has an orange background with a drawing of a two-lane roadway. The lanes are white and are separate by a dashed, black line. Another lane is drawn diagonally coming out of the right lane to represent an alternate route. A green arrow points toward the alternate route. At the top of the two lanes is a black silhouette of an oil barrel with a white skull and crossbones on it to represent a hazardous spill. Two red X’s are drawn in each lane to indicate that the lanes are closed due to the crash.

Icon. This is a route closed ahead—alternate route icon and is identified by number 224. This square icon has an orange background with a drawing of a two-lane roadway. The lanes are white and are separate by a dashed, black line. Two red X’s are drawn in each lane to indicate that the lanes are closed. Another lane is drawn diagonally coming out of the right lane to represent an alternate route. A green arrow points toward the alternate route.

Routing and Navigation; Route Navigation

Icon. This is an advisory exit speed sign icon and is identified by number 403. This rectangular icon has a yellow background. At the top in black, uppercase letters is the word “Exit.” Below the word is a horizontal black line dividing the sign. Below the line is the number 35 and below that are black, uppercase letters “MPH,” that stand for miles per hour.

Icon. This is an exit icon and is identified by number 120. This rectangular icon has a green background and a white border. Inside the border is the word “Exit” in white, uppercase letters, an arrow lies below and points diagonally to the upper-right corner.

Page 8-36; Routing and Navigation; Route Navigation

Icon. This is a lane suggestion for next turn icon and is identified by number 188. This rectangular icon has a green background and three white arrows pointing upwards. The arrows on the left and in the center are straight. The arrow on the right is shorter than the other two arrows and points diagonally toward the left.

Icon. This is a recent destinations icon and is identified by number 32. This icon is a beige piece of paper that looks like a map. On the map is a red X marking a destination. A dashed line with an arrow at the end represent the route traveled to get to the destination.

Icon. This is a turn sign icon and is identified by number 145. This yellow diamond-shaped sign has a black arrow on it that travels straight up and then turns 90 degrees to the right to represent a sharp right turn.

Icon. This is a start time required to catch other mode of transport icon and is identified by number 267. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a black silhouette of a clock with white hands and white dots marking the numbers. The hands point to 1 o’clock.

Icon. This is a start time required to catch other mode of transport icon and is identified by number 92. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a clock with a black border and a white background. The black hands point to 3 o’clock. There are no numbers on the clock.

Icon. This is a start time required to catch other mode of transport icon and is identified by number 113. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of the fronts of a yellow car and a green car. A light-blue banner with the word “Start” written in red is drawn on the ground in front of the cars.

Icon. This is a total time to complete travel icon and is identified by number 247. This square icon has a white background and a black line that zigzags up and down. Black squares mark the peaks and valleys of the line. Below the line in black are the numbers 0, 0, colon, 0, 0.

Icon. This is a travel time for one segment icon and is identified by number 278. This icon has the numbers 0, 0, colon, 0, 0 in black. Below the numbers is a diagonal black line. Black squares are drawn on the ends of the line to represent travel from one place to another.

Routing and Navigation; Trip Planning; Attractions

Icon. This is a landmarks or topographical features icon and is identified by number 375. This square icon has a white background. This icon has a drawing of five beige pyramids; three large pyramids are set behind two smaller, ancient Egyptian pyramids.

Page 8-37; Routing and Navigation; Trip Planning; Attractions

Icon. This is a landmarks or topographical features icon and is identified by number 153. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a drawing of the top half of the Statue of Liberty, in blue with a red flame.

Icon. This is a landmarks or topographical features icon and is identified by number 279. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a drawing of the White House with a green lawn in front and two trees on either side. The leaves on the trees are orange.

Icon. This is a locations of State and national parks icon and is identified by number 182. This square icon has a brown background and white silhouettes of a park ranger standing next to a house. The house has a flagpole with a flag sticking out of the roof.


Routing and Navigation; Trip Planning; Costs

Icon. This is a number of tolls and cost of each toll per segment icon and is identified by number 9. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a drawing of the front of a red car and its driver stopped beside a blue tollbooth.

Icon. This is a price range of food at restaurants icon and is identified by number 194. This square icon has a brown background and white silhouette of a knife drawn diagonally from left to right and a fork drawn diagonally from right to left. The fork and knife cross each other in the middle. A white dollar sign is drawn below the fork and knife.

Icon. This is a total trip cost icon and is identified by number 359. This square icon has a black background and white silhouette of a dollar sign.

Icon. This is a total trip cost icon and is identified by number 269. This square icon has a (white) (gray) background. This icon’s element is a white circle white a black border. A black dollar sign is in the middle of the circle.

Icon. This is a total trip cost icon and is identified by number 364. This square icon has a (white) (gray) background. This icon’s element is a black circle with a white dollar sign in the center.

Routing and Navigation; Trip Planning; General

Icon. This is a crime warning icon and is identified by number 308. This square icon has a (white) (gray) background.  This icon’s triangle-shaped element has a white background and a thick black border. Inside the triangle is a drawing of a hand holding a silver revolver.

Page 8-38; Routing and Navigation; Trip Planning; General

Icon. This is a fastest route available icon and is identified by number 369. This square icon has a gray background with a picture of a timer or clock on it. Beneath the clock are the words “Quick Trip” in black, uppercase letters.

Icon. This is a length of wait icon and is identified by number 230. This square icon has a white background and a black silhouette of a person sitting in a chair. The chair has no legs. A clock is on the wall above the person indicating it is 2 o’clock.

Icon. This is a most scenic route icon and is identified by number 273. This square icon is a pixilated image of mountains set against a blue sky, with a sun in the right corner of the sky. In front of the mountains is a blue lake with two pine trees. In front of the lake is a gray road with a dashed line down the center.

Icon. This is a number of traffic lights/stops of route options icon and is identified by number 48. This icon has a drawing of a traffic light—a black rectangle with a red circle on the top, a yellow circle in the middle, and green circle on the bottom.

Icon. This is a road end/bridge out icon and is identified by number 298. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s triangle-shaped element has a thick black border and a white background. A black silhouette of a car driving off the end of the road or a bridge into a body of water is drawn inside the triangle.

Icon. This is a route avoiding tollways icon and is identified by number 225. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a front view of a black car next to a tollbooth. The drawing is inside of a red “do not” circle.

Icon. This is a States, regions, communities, and districts along the route icon and is identified by number 297. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a gray map of the western United States. The map includes the States of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Idaho, California, Oregon, and Washington.

Icon. This is a transit schedules in areas along route icon and is identified by number 325. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a black silhouette of the front view of a bus.

Icon. This is a type of roads on route icon and is identified by number 21. This yellow diamond-shaped icon has a black border. The drawing in the center of the diamond is of a portion of road that transitions from being a two-lane road with black asphalt and a dashed centerline to gravel, represented by a black and yellow dotted area.

Page 8-39; Routing and Navigation; Trip Planning; General

Icon. This is a type of roads on route icon and is identified by number 353. This square icon has a black background with a white silhouette of an arch that looks like a tunnel.

Routing and Navigation; Trip Planning; Lodging

Icon. This is a lodging icon and is identified by number 382. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a person lying in a bed.

Icon. This is a no vacancy icon and is identified by number 76. This square icon has a white background and a black border. It features a black silhouette of a person lying in bed, under a blanket. Above the bed is a large letter X.

Icon. This is a no vacancy icon and is identified by number 136. This icon shows a blue silhouette of a house made up of a triangle for a roof and a rectangle for the body of the house. The house is divided evenly into four quadrants and in each of the four quadrants is a white silhouette of a person lying in a bed under a blanket.

Icon. This is a price of lodging icon and is identified by number 356. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a person lying in a bed under a blanket. Above the silhouette are four white dollar signs aligned horizontally. Beneath the bed is the word “Full” in blue, uppercase letters.

Icon. This is a price of lodging icon and is identified by number 35. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a person lying in a bed under a blanket. A white dollar sign is drawn above the silhouette.

Icon. This is a restaurant/food ahead icon and is identified by number 320. This white, square icon shows a black silhouette of a house. A white silhouette of a fork, plate, and knife is drawn inside the house silhouette.

Icon. This is a restaurant/food ahead icon and is identified by number 218. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a dinner plate overlaid vertically by brown silhouettes of a fork and knife.

Icon. This is a restaurant/food ahead icon and is identified by number 177. This square icon has a brown background and a white silhouette of a fork and knife. The two utensils are drawn so they cross each other diagonally.

Icon. This is a vacancy icon and is identified by number 196. This icon shows a blue silhouette of a house made up of a triangle for a roof and a rectangle for the body of the house. The house is divided evenly into four quadrants. A white silhouette of a person lying in a bed under a blanket is drawn in all of the quadrants except the section in the lower-right corner.

Page 8-40; Safety and Warning Information; Airbag Status/Information

Icon. This is an airbag icon and is identified by number 286. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a black silhouette of a person sitting to the right in a car with the seatbelt fastened. It is a side view. A black circle is drawn in front of the person to represent a deployed airbag.

Icon. This is a driver airbag off or not available icon and is identified by number 30. This square icon has a white background. This icon is a black silhouette of a person sitting in a car with the seatbelt fastened. It is a side view. A white circle with a black border with an uppercase letter X over it is drawn in front of the person’s head to represent that the airbag is off or not available.

Icon. This is a passenger airbag icon and is identified by number 259. This square icon has a white background. This icon’s element is a black silhouette of a person sitting in a car with the seatbelt fastened. It is a side view. A black circle is drawn in front of the person’s head to represent the deployed airbag. In the lower-right corner of the drawing is a large number 2.

Icon. This is a passenger airbag off or not available icon and is identified by number 280. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a black silhouette of a person sitting in a car with the seatbelt fastened. It is a side view. A white circle with a black border with an uppercase letter X over it is drawn in front of the person to represent that the passenger airbag is off or not available. In the corner of the drawing is a large number 2.

Icon. This is a side impact airbag icon and is identified by number 64. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a black silhouette of a person sitting in a car with the seatbelt fastened. It is a front view. A black oval is drawn next to the person to represent the deployed side airbag.

Safety and Warning Information; Automatic/Manual Aid Request

Icon. This is an inform driver that aid had been requested icon and is identified by number 348. This icon is a black silhouette of the back half of a tow truck that is towing a car. It is a side view.

Safety and Warning Information; Immediate Hazard Warning

Icon. This is an emergency vehicle stopped ahead icon and is identified by number 149. This square icon has an orange background with a drawing of a two-lane roadway. The lanes are white and are separate by a dashed black line. In the right lane is a black silhouette of a police car with a red flashing light on top. Beneath the police car in the right lane is a red letter X indicating that the lane is closed. Next to the X in the other lane is a green arrow, indicating that the left lane is open.

Safety and Warning Information; Parking Aids

Icon. This is a parking aid icon and is identified by number 33. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a large black, uppercase letter P on the left and a black silhouette of a cone on the right. Radiating from the P toward the cone are three soundwave lines.

Icon. This is a parking aid off or not available icon and is identified by number 103. The black-and-white icon features a large, uppercase letter P in black on the left and a black silhouette of a cone on the right. Radiating from the P toward the cone are three soundwave lines. A black line is drawn diagonally through everything to indicate that no parking aid is available.

Page 8-41; Safety and Warning Information; Parking Aids

Icon. This is a parking aid off or not available icon and is identified by number 266. This icon features a large, uppercase letter P in black on the left and a black silhouette of a cone on the right. Radiating from the P toward the cone are three soundwave lines. A large, black X is drawn diagonally through everything of that to indicate that no parking aid is available.

Icon. This is a parking aid system failure icon and is identified by number 171. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a large black, uppercase letter P on the left and a black silhouette of a cone on the right. A black exclamation point is between the letter P and the cone.

Icon. This is a parking aid system failure icon and is identified by number 249. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a large black, uppercase letter P on the left and a black silhouette of a cone on the right. An exclamation point is between the letter P and the cone. Coming from the dot on the bottom of the exclamation point is a small black line that arches toward the cone.

Icon. This is a reverse/backing aid icon and is identified by number 138. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a large black, uppercase letter R on the left and a black silhouette of a cone on the right. Three soundwave lines radiate from the R toward the cone.

Icon. This is a reverse/backing aid failure icon and is identified by number 315. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a large black, uppercase letter R on the left and a black silhouette of a cone on the right. A black exclamation point is between the letter R and the cone.

Icon. This is a reverse/backing aid failure icon and is identified by number 159. This square icon with white background features a large black, uppercase letter R on the left and a black silhouette of a cone on the right. A black exclamation point is between the letter R and the cone. Coming from the dot on the bottom of the exclamation point is a small black line that arches toward the cone.

Icon. This is an accident ahead icon and is identified by number 261. This square icon has an orange background with a drawing of a two-lane roadway. The lanes are white and are separate by a dashed black line. In the right lane is a black silhouette of two cars crashing into each other. A red letter X is drawn below the crash in the right lane. A green arrow is in the left lane.

Icon. This is a fallen rock ahead icon and is identified by number 357. This triangle-shaped icon has a white background and a thick, black border. Inside the triangle is another black triangle with the left side drawn to look like it is crumbling.

Icon. This is an icy roads ahead icon and is identified by number 5. This diamond-shaped icon has a white background and a black border. Inside the diamond is a black silhouette rear of a car with wavy lines coming from its tires representing an icy road.

Icon. This is a lanes blocked ahead icon and is identified by number 197. This square icon has an orange background and a drawing of a two-lane roadway. The lanes are white and are separate by a dashed, black line. A red letter X in is drawn in the right lane and a green arrow is drawn in the left lane.

Page 8-42; Safety and Warning Information; Road Condition Information

Icon. This is a low shoulder icon and is identified by number 122. This square icon has a yellow background and a black silhouette of a car on a road. The car is tipping slightly to the right and the wheels on the left side of the car are off the ground, indicating that the car is driving off the road onto the lower shoulder. The word “Slow” is written in black, uppercase letters beneath the car.

Icon. This is a road closed icon and is identified by number 191. This square, white icon has a drawing of two yellow and black striped boards nailed horizontally across two vertical posts. On the ground next to the posts are two orange cones.

Icon. This is a road closed ahead icon and is identified by number 312. This rectangular icon has a black border and a white background. The words “Road Closed” are written in black, uppercase letters inside the rectangle.

Icon. This is a road work/construction ahead icon and is identified by number 227. This square icon has an orange background with a drawing of a two-lane roadway. The lanes are white and separated by a dashed, black line. At the top of the drawing in the right lane is a black silhouette of a shovel and man’s head with a hardhat. Directly below this symbol is a red letter X to indicate that the lane is closed. A green arrow is drawn in the left lane to indicate that the left lane is open.

Icon. This is a road work/construction ahead icon and is identified by number 322. This square icon has a yellow background and a black silhouette of a person shoveling. The word “Slow” is written in black, uppercase letters beneath the silhouette.

Icon. This is a traffic congestion icon and is identified by number 98. This square icon has a white background and a black border. It features a drawing of two lanes of black cars with applied brakelights. Each lane has seven cars in it.

Icon. This is a traffic congestion icon and is identified by number 40. This white, oval-shaped icon features gray silhouettes of the side view of four cars with yellow windows drawn vertically next to each other.

Icon. This is a traffic event icon and is identified by number 285. This square, white icon features a beige silhouette of half of a car and gray silhouettes of people standing next to the car. The car has yellow windows.

Icon. This is a traffic congestion ahead icon and is identified by number 186. This icon is shaped like a triangle and has a thick red border. Inside the triangle is a black silhouette of three cars, shown from a rear view, that appear to be sitting in traffic.

Page 8-43; Safety and Warning Information; Road Condition Information

Icon. This is an uneven road ahead icon and is identified by number 295. This square icon has a yellow background and a black silhouette of a car driving on a bumpy road. The word “Slow” is written in black, uppercase letters beneath the silhouette.

Safety and Warning Information; Vehicle Condition Monitoring; Information

Icon. This is a provide more detailed information at the driver’s request icon and is identified by number 75. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a black question mark. Radiating from the head of the question mark are small black lines. In the inside curve of the question mark is a black dot. The bottom part of the question mark is drawn as a downward-pointing arrow.

Icon. This is a provide more detailed information at the driver’s request icon and is identified by number 331. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a circle with a white background and a black border. A black question mark is drawn inside the circle.

Safety and Warning Information; Vehicle Condition Monitoring; Mechanical

Icon. This is an inform driver of current problem icon and is identified by number 374. This icon is square-shaped and has a red background. A white warning triangle with a black border is drawn inside the square. Inside the triangle is a black exclamation point. Beneath the triangle is a black silhouette of a car as seen from above. Overlaid over the car is a white silhouette of a wrench.

Icon. This is a low oil pressure icon and is identified by number 108. This square, white icon features a black outline of an oil can with a black drop of oil dripping from it.

Safety and Warning Information; Vehicle Condition Monitoring; Tires

Icon. This is a chains required/recommended icon and is identified by number 313. This square icon has a white background. A circle is drawn inside the square. A tire with chains on it is drawn in the center.

Icon. This is a low tire pressure icon and is identified by number 321. This square icon has a yellow background with a black-and-white drawing of a flat tire. The word “Low” is written under the tire in black, uppercase letters.

Icon. This is a low tire pressure icon and is identified by number 258. This square icon has thick, black border. A flat tire is in the center.

Page 8-44; Safety and Warning Information; Vehicle Condition Monitoring; Tires

Icon. This is a tire failure icon and is identified by number 23. This square icon has a white internal cross-section of a tire’s wall tread. Tire pressure is evident as the walls are very bowed and much tread rests on the pavement. A black exclamation point is inside the tire’s cross-section.

Icon. This is a tire pressure icon and is identified by number 304 This square icon has a white internal cross-section of a tire’s wall tread. Tire pressure is evident as the walls are very bowed and much tread rests on the pavement. A black period mark is centered in the tire’s cross-section. Two black arrows are aligned horizontally and point to the period.

 

Icon. This is a tire pressure icon and is identified by number 265. Tire pressure is evident as the walls are very bowed and much tread rests on the pavement. A black period mark is centered in the tire’s cross section. Two white arrows with black borders are aligned horizontally and point to the period.

Icon. This is a tire pressure warning icon and is identified by number 158. This square, white icon features a black-and-white outline of a car, as viewed from above. Three of the four tires are white, but the front right tire is black to indicate a low tire pressure.

Icon. This is a tire pressure warning icon and is identified by number 355. This square, white icon features a black-and-white drawing of a flat tire.

Icon. This is a tire temperature icon and is identified by number 402. This square icon has a white background. The element is an internal cross-section of a tire’s walls and tread. A thermometer is centered inside the cross-section, noting the tire is too hot.

Safety and Warning Information; Weather Information

Icon. This is a cloudy icon and is identified by number 97. This square, white icon features a drawing of two gray clouds next to each other.

Icon. This is a cloudy conditions icon and is identified by number 211. This square icon has a beige background with a drawing of one large and two small, puffy, white clouds.

Icon. This is a cloudy conditions icon and is identified by number 289. This square, white icon features a drawing of a gray rain cloud.

Icon. This is a general weather forecast for a specific area icon and is identified by number 177. The top half of this square icon features a drawing of gray rain clouds. The bottom half of the square has a turquoise background designed to look like a thunderstorm. Raindrops and a lightening bolt are coming from the clouds. A large red question mark is drawn over part of the cloud and the turquoise sky.

Page 8-45; Safety and Warning Information; Weather Information

Icon. This is a mostly cloudy icon and is identified by number 208. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of an orange sun with sunlight radiating from it. Two small gray clouds are drawn to block part of the sun.

Icon. This is a mostly cloudy icon and is identified by number 336. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a yellow sun with sunlight radiating from it. A gray cloud is drawn to block most of the sun.

Icon. This is a mostly cloudy icon and is identified by number 401. This square icon has a blue background. This icon features a drawing of an orange sun without sunrays. A white cloud is drawn to block part of the sun and another white cloud is drawn behind the sun.

Icon. This is a mostly cloudy icon and is identified by number 143. This square icon has a blue background. This icon features a drawing of a sun with rays of light radiating from it. Three gray clouds are drawn to block part of the light from the sun and its rays.

Icon. This is a mostly cloudy icon and is identified by number 146. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a yellow sun with rays of light radiating from it. One small gray cloud is drawn to block the bottom third of the sun.

Icon. This is a mostly cloudy icon and is identified by number 251. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a yellow sun with rays of light radiating from it. Two small gray clouds are drawn to block the bottom half of the sun.

Icon. This is a partly cloudy icon and is identified by number 126. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a blue sky with several white clouds floating around. The sky has three different shades of blue.

Icon. This is a partly cloudy icon and is identified by number 324. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a yellow sun with rays of light radiating from it. Two small gray clouds are drawn to block part of the sun.

Icon. This is a rain icon and is identified by number 95. This icon features a drawing of a large gray cloud with raindrops falling from it.

Icon. This is a rain icon and is identified by number 238. This square icon has a beige background. The element is a drawing of a white cloud with four blue raindrops falling from it.

Page 8-46; Safety and Warning Information; Weather Information

Icon. This is a rain icon and is identified by number 207. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a gray cloud. Gray, diagonal lines are drawn coming from the cloud to represent rain.

Icon. This is a rain icon and is identified by number 73. This square icon has a gray background. This icon features a drawing several raindrops falling from the sky.

Icon. This is a rain icon and is identified by number 169. This square icon features a fuchsia background with a drawing of yellow sun. The sun is partially covered by a gray rain cloud. Raindrops are falling from the cloud.

Icon. This is a rain icon and is identified by number 318. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a light-blue cloud with black diagonal lines coming from the bottom. The lines represent rainfall.

Icon. This is a rain icon and is identified by number 20. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a gray rain cloud with gray, diagonal lines coming from the bottom. The gray lines represent rainfall.

Icon. This is a rain and snow icon and is identified by number 309. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a gray rain cloud with gray diagonal lines representing rain and snowflakes falling from the bottom.

Icon. This is a rain/lightning icon and is identified by number 2. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of three gray rain clouds with a lightning bolt and gray diagonal lines coming from the bottom of them representing rain and lightning.

Icon. This is a rain/lightning icon and is identified by number 371. This icon features a drawing of a gray rain cloud with two lightning bolts coming from the bottom.

Icon. This is a rain/lightning icon and is identified by number 173. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a white rain cloud with lightning and gray diagonal lines coming from the bottom. The gray lines represent rainfall.

Icon. This is a rain/lightning icon and is identified by number 57. This square icon features a fuchsia background with a drawing of a gray storming cloud. A yellow lightning bolt and gray diagonal rain lines are coming from the bottom of the cloud.

Page 8-47; Safety and Warning Information; Weather Information

Icon. This is a rainy icon and is identified by number 383. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a gray rain cloud with gray diagonal lines. The lines represent rainfall coming from the bottom of it.

Icon. This is a snow icon and is identified by number 105. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a cartoon drawing of a white cloud with two blue snowflakes falling from it.

Icon. This is a snow icon and is identified by number 209. This square icon has a blue background and with a white silhouette of a snowflake in the center.

Icon. This is a snow icon and is identified by number 287. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a white cloud with three snowflakes falling from it.

Icon. This is a sunny icon and is identified by number 244. This square icon has a gray background and a yellow silhouette of a sun in the center.

Icon. This is a sunny icon and is identified by number 246. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a yellow sun.

Icon. This is a sunny icon and is identified by number 345. This square icon has a blue background. This icon features a cartoon drawing of an orange sun with black lines radiating from it to represent rays of sunlight.

Icon. This is a sunny icon and is identified by number 69. This square icon has a blue background. This icon's element is a drawing of an orange sun.

Icon. This is a sunny icon and is identified by number 210. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a yellow sun.

Icon. This is a temperature icon and is identified by number 129. This square icon has a white background. This icon features a drawing of a thermometer. The thermometer is yellow except for the bulb at the bottom, which is red.

Page 8-48; Safety and Warning Information; Weather Information

Icon. This is a wind icon and is identified by number 18. This square icon has a blue background. This icon features a drawing of a white cloud. Three, short horizontal lines are drawn coming from the left side of the cloud to represent the wind blowing the cloud across the sky.

Icon. This is a wind indicator icon and is identified by number 199. This icon has a gray background and a black and gray drawing of a windvane.

Note: The following three equations are listed within table 9-4 on page 9-4.

Equation. Mean Choice Score. Step 2 of the computations for the choice score method. M subscript C equals N subscript S minus M subscript R.

Equation. The P Value. Step 3 of the computations for the choice score method. P equals M subscript C divided by the sum total of N subscript S minus 1.

Equation. Linear Transformation. Step 5 of the computations for the choice score method. R equals 5, Z plus 6.

Note: The following equation occurs in the footnote on page 9-6.

Equation. Torgerson's Law of Categorical Judgment. The mean location of the Gth category boundary minus the scale value of stimulus J equals the unit normal deviate corresponding to the proportion of times stimulus J is sorted below boundary G multiplied by open parentheses the discriminal dispersion of stimulus J squared plus the dispersion of the Gth category boundary minus two times the correlation between momentary values associated with stimuli J and category boundary G times the discriminal dispersion of stimulus J times the dispersion of the Gth category boundary end parentheses, to the half power.

Figure 9-1. Icon. Sample Icon. This figure features an icon with a black silhouette of a person seated in a car wearing a seatbelt. A large, black oval is drawn to the right of the person. The oval represents a deployed side airbag.

Figure 9-2. Icon. Motorists Services Icon. This figure features a triangle-shaped icon with a white background and a thick black border. Inside the triangle is a silhouette of a drawbridge over water. The drawbridge is partially opened.

Figure 10-1. Form. Sensory Modality Design Tool. This tool will help designers develop the most appropriate display modality for presenting in-vehicle information. This figure is essentially a questionnaire for designers. Participants answers are based on a scale of very low, low, low, medium, high, and very high. Participants answer each question is answered based on the visual, auditory, and tactile sensations of the message. Different point values are given for each answer. The tool features the following five questions and their related point values.

  • Question one asks what is the degree of urgency of the message? For the visual modality of the message, four points are given for an answer of very low, three for low, two for medium, and one for high or very high. For the auditory and tactile modalities of the message, one point is given for very low, two for low, three for medium, four for high, and five for very high.

  • Question two asks to what degree might the message be referred to again later? For the visual modality, one point is given very low, two for low, three for medium, four for high, and five for very high. For the auditory modality of the message, four points are given for very low, three for low, two for medium, and one for high or very high. For the tactile modality of the message, four points are given for an answer of very low, two for low, and zero for medium, high, or very high.

  • Question three asks what is the overall level of complexity of the message? For the visual modality of the message, three points are given for answers of very low, low, or medium, four points for high, and five points for very high. For the auditory modality, four points are given for an answer of very low, three for low, two for medium, and one for high or very high. For the tactile modality of the message, four points are given for an answer of very low, one for low, and zero for medium, high, or very high.

  • Question four asks to what degree does the message deal with a future action in time? For the visual modality of the message, five points are given for an answer of very low, four for low, and three for medium, high, or very high. For ­the auditory modality, one point is given for an answer of very low, two for low, three for medium, four for high, and five for very high. For the tactile modality, zero points are given for an answer of very low, low, or medium; one point for high, and five points for very high.

  • Question five asks to what degree does the message refer to locations in space? For the visual modality, three points are given for an answer of very low, low, or medium; four points for high, and five points for very high. For the auditory modality, five points are given for an answer of very low, four for low, three for medium, two for high, and one for very high. For the tactile modality, five points are given for very low, one for low, and zero for medium, high, or very high.

Beneath the questions are spaces to fill in the IVIS message and other relevant factors and to fill in total scores in the three modalities visual, auditory, and tactile.

Figure 10-2. Form. Steps for Using the Sensory Modality Design Tool. The five steps for using the sensory modality design tool that was described in the proceeding figure are ordered in this figure. Step one is to identify and define the driver message. Step two is to determine the appropriate responses to question one. Respondents choose only one answer of very low, low, medium, high, or very high to represent the degree of urgency in the message from the visual, auditory, and tactile modalities. Step three is to transpose the scores from each category to the space at the end of each row. Step four is to complete steps one, two, and three for questions two through five. Step five is to find the total for each category.

Figure 10-3. Flowchart. Rules for Determining Display Modality. According to this figure, the following three questions should be answered for determining display modality after obtaining the scores for each modality using the sensory modality design tool in figures 10-1 and 10-2. Designers decide which modality to use based upon the modality's point total. Question one asks, did two modalities receive scores of fifteen or greater? If yes, then a combination of the two modalities should be used to display the information. If two modalities did not receive a score of fifteen or greater, then determine whether two modalities received identical scores or scores within one point of each other. If two modalities did that, then a design decision must be made regarding which of the two modalities is most appropriate, such as auditory or visual. If two modalities did not receive identical scores or scores within one point of each other, then determine which modality received the highest score and scored at least two or more points above the other modalities. The highest scoring modality should be used to display the information.

Equation 1. Determining the Appropriate Luminance Uniformity within an Icon. The percent element nonuniformity equals the absolute value of the minimum luminance minus the maximum luminance. This number is then divided by the maximum luminance. Minimum luminance is equal to the smaller luminance value and maximum luminance is equal to the greater luminance value.

Equation 2. Determining the Appropriate Contrast Ratio within an Icon. The contrast ratio equals the luminance maximum divided by the luminance minimum. The luminance maximum is equal to the luminance emitted by the area or element of greatest intensity and the luminance minimum is equal to the luminance emitted by the area or element of least intensity.

Equation 3. Determining the Visual Angle if the Distance and Symbol Height are Known (first equation).This is an equation for determining the visual angle if the distance and symbol height are known. The visual angle equals the arc tan of the symbol height divided by the distance. The symbol height is equal to the height of the symbology. Distance is equal to the distance from the viewer's eyepoint to the display. The visual angle equals the angle in degrees.

Equation 4. Determining the Visual Angle if the Distance and Symbol Height are Known (second equation). This is another equation for determining the visual angle if the distance and symbol height are known. The visual angle equals the 3,438 multiplied by the height, divided by the distance. The symbol height is equal to the height of the symbology. Distance is equal to the distance from the viewer's eyepoint to the display. The visual angle equals the angle in degrees.

Equation 5. Determining the Symbol Height if the Distance and Visual Angle are Known. This is an equation for determining the height of the symbol if the distance and visual angle are known. The height of the symbol equals the tangent of the visual angle multiplied by the distance. The symbol height is equal to the height of the symbology. Distance is equal to the distance from viewer's eyepoint to the display. The visual angle equals the angle in degrees.

Equation 6. Determining the Distance when the Visual Angle and Symbol Height are Known. This is an equation for determining the distance when the visual angle and symbol height are known. The distance is equal to the symbol height divided by the tangent of the visual angle. The symbol height is equal to the height of the symbology. Distance is equal to the distance from the viewer's eyepoint to the display. The visual angle equals the angle in degrees.

Equation 7. Determining the Effects of Color on Icon Legibility. The color contrast metric equals the quantity to the .5 power of 155 times open parentheses the difference in luminance between text (symbology) and background, end parentheses, all squared, plus open parentheses 367 times the difference between the first derivative of U, closed parentheses, squared, plus open parentheses 167 times the difference between the first derivative of V coordinates of text (symbology) and background (per the 1976 CIE UCS), end parentheses, squared.

Equation 8. Determining the Perceived Urgency of Auditory Signals. S equals K multiplied by O to the power of M, where S is the subjective value of perceived urgency rating, K is the intercept of the line of best fit, O is objective value, and M is the slop of the line of best fit.

The corresponding graph shows X and Y axes. The X axis represents the base 10 logarithm of O, where O represents the objective value of a sound parameter. The range of the X axis is 2.6 to 3.2. The Y axis represents the base 10 log of S, where S represents the subjective value of Perceived Urgency rating. The range of the subjective scale is 1 to 100. On the graph, a line of best fit is drawn. The intercept of the best fit line with the Y axis is known as K. M is equal to the slop of the line of best fit. Marks on the graph are found at the following X, Y coordinates: approximately 2.65 and 1.56, 2.78 and 1.64, 2.91 and 1.66, 2.93 and 1.665, 3.0 and 1.76, and 2.9 and 1.76.

Note: The following three equations are accompanied by a diagram, described below.

Equation 9. Preferred Minimum Distance. The preferred minimum distance for the appropriate timing of an instruction is equal to 14.799 added to the sum total of the speed multiplied by 1.637. Speed is in kilometers per hour and distance is in meters.

Equation 10. Ideal Distance. The ideal distance for the appropriate timing of an instruction is equal to 21.307 added to the sum total of the speed multiplied by 1.973. Speed is in kilometers per hour and distance is in meters.

Equation 11. Preferred Maximum Distance. The preferred maximum distance for the appropriate timing of an instruction is equal 37.144 added to the sum total of the speed multiplied by 2.222. Speed is in kilometers per hour and distance is in meters.

These three equations are accompanied by an illustration of an example of the suggested timing for navigational instruction. In this diagram, a green car is shown approaching an intersection. A dotted line and arrow indicates that at the intersection, the car will turn right. Text around the diagram indicates that the vehicle is 150 meters from the intersection and traveling at 48 kilometers per hour. The preferred minimum distance for the navigational information is 93 meters from the intersection. The ideal distance is 116 meters from the intersection, and the preferred maximum distance is 144 meters from the intersection.

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United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration