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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-03-065
Date: September 2004

In-Vehicle Display Icons and Other Information Elements: Volume I

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CHAPTER 15: RELEVANT U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, SOCIETY OF AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION DOCUMENTS (TABLES PART I)

Reference No.

ANSI Z535.2

Title

Environmental and facility safety signs

Report Date

June 3, 1998

Number of Pages

22

Author(s)

ANSI Accredited Standards Committee Z535 on Safety Signs and Colors,
Subcommittee Z535-2: Environmental and Facility Safety Signs

Type of Report

  1. ____   Technical Report
  2. ____   Guidelines
  3.   X      Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

Organization Address

Washington, DC Headquaters
1819 L Street, NW, 6th Floor
Washington, DC 20036
www.ansi.org

General Topic   Specifications for safety and warning signs and placards
Major Headings  
  • Safety sign colors and formats
  • Sign design/layout
  • Sign color specifications
  • Symbols/pictorials
  • Letter style and size
  • Sign finish
  • Sign placement
  • Illumination
Summary  

This standard establishes requirements for a uniform visual system of identification related to potential hazards in the environment. It provides for the design, application, and use of signs and placards employing this visual alerting system.

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Reference No.

ANSI Z535.3

Title

Criteria for safety symbols

Report Date

April 9, 1998

Number of Pages

48

Author(s)

ANSI Z535 Committee on Safety Signs and Colors,
Subcommittee Z535-3 on Criteria for Safety Symbols

Type of Report

  1. ____   Technical Report
  2. ____   Guidelines
  3.   X      Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

Organization Address

Washington, DC Headquaters
1819 L Street, NW, 6th Floor
Washington, DC 20036
www.ansi.org

General Topic   This standard provides guidance in selecting symbols to alert people to hazards and to provide general safety messages.Design specifications, development, and evaluation of symbols for use in safety and warning signs.
Major Headings  
  • Symbol types and colors
  • Graphic design considerations
  • Symbol selection criteria
  • Symbol examples
  • References
  • Principles and guidelines for graphical design of hazard symbols
  • General procedures for evaluating candidate symbols
  • Symbol examples not meeting comprehension testing criteria for acceptance
Summary  

This standard provides general criteria for the design, evaluation, and use of safety symbols to identify and warn against specific hazards, and to provide information to avoid personal injury.

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Reference No.

ANSI Z535.4

Title

Product safety signs and labels

Report Date

April 28, 1998

Number of Pages

18

Author(s)

ANSI Z535 Committee on Safety Signs and Colors,
Subcommittee Z535-4 on Product Safety Signs and Labels

Type of Report

  1. ____   Technical Report
  2. ____   Guidelines
  3.   X      Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

Organization Address

Washington, DC Headquaters
1819 L Street, NW, 6th Floor
Washington, DC 20036
www.ansi.org

General Topic   This standard provides guidance for manufacturers, employers, distributors, and others who have a desire to alert persons to potential personal injury hazard inherent in products.
Major Headings  
  • Sign classifications
  • Sign or label format
  • Safety sign and label colors
  • Letter style and size
  • Sign and label placement
  • Expected life and maintenance
  • Symbols/pictorials
  • References
  • Guidelines for increasing recognition of safety label components
  • Principles and guidelines for the design of product safety signs and labels
Summary  

This standard sets forth performance requirements for the design, application, use, and placement of safety signs and labels intended to identify potential hazards for people using, operating, servicing, or in proximity to, a wide variety of products. A product safety sign or label should alert people to a specific hazard, the degree of level of hazard seriousness, the probable consequence of involvement with the hazard, and how the hazard can be avoided.

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Reference No.

BS AU 143f

Title

Specification for symbols for controls, indicators and tell-tales for road vehicles

Report Date

July 1999

Number of Pages

20

Author(s)

Technical Committee AUE/12, Safety related to occupants

Type of Report

  1. ____   Technical Report
  2. ____   Guidelines
  3.   X      Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization
British Standard Institute (BSI)

Organization Address

389 Chiswick High Road
London W4 4AL
United Kingdom
www.bsi.org.uk

General Topic   Standard symbols for vehicle instumentation.
Major Headings  
  • General
  • Color
  • Designation and illustration of symbols
Summary  

This international standard establishes the symbols (conventional signs) for use on controls, indicators, and tell-tales of a road vehicle to ensure identification and facilitate use.

It also indicates the colors of possible optical tell-tales that inform the driver of either correct operation or malfunctioning of the related devices.

Note: Same as ISO 2575

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Reference No.

ETSI EG 201 013

Title

Definitions, abbreviations, and symbols.

Report Date

April 1997

Number of Pages

15

Author(s)

Human Factors Technical Committee of the ETSI

Type of Report

  1. ____   Technical Report
  2.   X     Guidelines
  3. ____  Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization
European Telecommunications Standards Institute

Organization Address

F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
France
www.etsi.org

General Topic   Provides the preferred definitions of human factors related terms as well as keywords, abbreviations, and symbols in telecommunication human factors documents.
Major Headings  
  • Symbols

This ETSI Guide (EG) presents a list of the definitions, abbreviations, and symbols used in the documents prepared by the ETSI Technical Committee for Human Factors (TC-HF).

Summary  

The purpose of this EG is to give guidance to TC-HF rapporteurs in the preparation of their documents, and to enhance the usability of these documents through the use of consistent terminology. The definitions, abbreviations and symbols given are not intended to be exclusive. Other definitions, abbreviations, and symbols different from those given here may be found in some TC-HF documents. However, the definitions in this technical report are generally to be preferred.

The intended users of this EG include:

  • ETSI TC-HF.
  • Other ETSI TCs and STCs.
  • User groups

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Reference No.

ETSI EG 201 379

Title

Framework for the development, evaluation, and selection of graphical symbols.

Report Date

December 1998

Number of Pages

16

Author(s)

Human Factors Technical Committee of the ETSI

Type of Report

  1. ____   Technical Report
  2.   X     Guidelines
  3. ____  Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization
European Telecommunications Standards Institute

Organization Address

F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
France
www.etsi.org

General Topic   Use and selection of graphical symbols.
Major Headings  
  • Appropriate use of graphical symbols
  • Selection of graphical symbols
  • Development of new graphical symbols
  • Evaluation
Summary  

This document provides a framework for the development, evaluation, and selection of graphical symbols for application with telecommunications on terminals (on telecommunications equipment and for telecommunications functionality of human-computer interfaces, e.g. on keyboards and screens), within telecommunications services (e.g., to denote the availability of and access to a telecommunications service), as well as in printed materials (e.g., user guides and directories).

The document is applicable to relevant factors including:

  • Appropriate use of graphical symbols.
  • Development of new graphical symbols for specific areas.
  • Evaluation of graphical symbols using the ETSI Multiple Index Approach (MIA)

Symbols for graphical programming or description languages are not included in the scope of this document.

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Reference No.

ETSI ETR 070

Title

The Multiple Inex Approach (MIA) for the evaluation of pictograms.

Report Date

June 1993

Number of Pages

23

Author(s)

Human Factors Technical Committee of the ETSI

Type of Report

  1.   X     Technical Report
  2. ____  Guidelines
  3. ____  Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization
European Telecommunications Standards Institute

Organization Address

F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
France
www.etsi.org

General Topic   Describes the Multiple Index Approach (MIA) methodology used for the evaluation and adoption of new pictograms..
Major Headings  
  • Introduction
  • Evaluation pictograms by multiple indices
  • Structure of the MIA questionnaire
  • Analysis
  • Making a decision based on the results
  • The special case of testing one pictogram set only
  • Conclusion
Summary  

This ETR describes the MIA method for evaluating pictograms. This method has been developed, tested, and employed in the context of an ETSI (TC Human Factors) study on pictograms for basic videophone functions and the examples given are taken from this study. This method has been found to be suitable as a general testing method for pictograms from all areas. The method described here takes the form of a questionnaire test, but it can be administered by other means as well (e.g., on a personal computer).

The main purpose of a pictogram evaluation study using MIA is to collect data and identify the best suited pictograms from a number of proposed pictograms.

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Reference No.

ETSI ETR 113

Title

Results of an evaluation study of pictograms for point-to-point videotelephony.

Report Date

October 1993

Number of Pages

57

Author(s)

Human Factors Technical Committee of the ETSI

Type of Report

  1.   X   Technical Report
  2. ____  Guidelines
  3. ____   Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization
European Telecommunications Standards Institute

Organization Address

F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
France
www.etsi.org

General Topic   Specifications and standardized pictograms to ease the use of point-to-point videotelephony.
Major Headings  
  • General
  • The ETSI study of pictograms for point-to-point videophone functions
  • Method
  • Results
  • Discussion of the results
  • The recommendation of pictograms for point-to-point videotelephony
  • The post-test
Summary  

This ETSI Technical Report (ETR) gives the results of an evaluation study of pictograms for basic videotelephony functions.

Seven pictogram sets, each containing candidate pictograms for the seven basic videophone functions, were empirically evaluated with the aim of identifying the most suitable pictogram set. Data for this study were collected in eight European countries from more than 650 respondents. The results of the study lead to the recommendation of a combined set of pictograms.

The Multiple Index Approach to the evaluation of pictograms is described in detail in ETR 070 (see page 14-9). The seven recommended pictograms are the content of ETS 300 375 (see page 14-11).

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Reference No.

ETSI ETS 300 375

Title

Pictograms for point-to-point videotelephony.

Report Date

November 1994

Number of Pages

18

Author(s)

Human Factors Technical Committee of the ETSI

Type of Report

  1. ____   Technical Report
  2. ____  Guidelines
  3.   X    Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization
European Telecommunications Standards Institute

Organization Address

F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
France
www.etsi.org

General Topic   Specifications and standardized pictograms to ease the use of point-to-point videotelephony.
Major Headings  
  • Scope
  • Normative references
  • Definitions
  • Pictograms for point-to-point telephony
  • ETSI pictograms for the eight videophone functions
Summary  

This ETS defines pictograms for representing eight point-to-point videotelephony functions.

  1. 1) Videophone / telephone
  2. 2) Videophone / camera on/off
  3. 3) Videophone / microphone on/off
  4. 4) Videophone / selfview on/off
  5. 5) Videophone / stillpicture on/off
  6. 6) Videophone / document camera on/off
  7. 7) Videophone / handsfree on/off
  8. 8) Videophone / loudspeaker on/off

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Reference No.

FMVSS 01

Title

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards: Controls and displays -- Passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, and buses.

Report Date

October 1, 2000

Number of Pages

8

Author(s)

 

Type of Report

  1. ____   Technical Report
  2. ____  Guidelines
  3.   X    Standard
  4. ____   International Standard

Organization
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Organization Address

Office of Vehicle Safety Compliance
400 7th Street SW
Room 6111, Mail Code: NSA-30
Washington, DC 20590

General Topic   Specifications for the visibility of vehicle information.
Major Headings  
  • Definitions
  • Requirements
  • Location
  • Identification
  • Illumination
  • Conditions
Summary  

This standard specifies requirements for the location, identification, and illumination of motor vehicle controls and displays.

The purpose of this standard is to ensure the accessibility and visibility of motor vehicle controls and displays and to facilitate their selection under daylight and nighttime conditions, in order to reduce the safety hazards caused by the diversion of the driver's attention from the driving task and by mistakes in selecting controls.

Supplier

National Archives and Records Administration
700 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20408
www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/

Price

N/A

 

Reference No.

ISO 2575

Title

Road vehicle - Symbols for controls, indicators, and tell-tales

Report Date

March 15, 2000

Number of Pages

41

Author(s)

Technical Committee ISO/TC 22: Road vehicles, SC 13:
Ergonomics applicable to road vehicles

Type of Report

  1. ____ Technical Report
  2. ____ Guidelines
  3. ____ Standard
  4.   X    International Standard

Organization
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Organization Address

Case postale
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
www.iso.ch

General Topic   Standard symbols for vehicle instrumentation.
Major Headings  
  • General
  • Color
  • Symbol and descriptions
Summary  

This international standard establishes symbols (i.e., conventional signs) for use on controls, indicators, and tell-tales of a road vehicle to ensure identification and facilitate use.

It also indicates the colors of possible optical tell-tales that inform the driver of either correct operation or malfunctioning of the related devices.

Note: Also publisher under

  • BS AU 143f (British Standards Institute)
  • SAE 2042 (Society of Automotive Engineers)

Report date reflects most recent full draft

  • Admendment 1 published March 22, 2001
  • Admendment 4 published August 2, 2001

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Reference No.

ISO 3864

Title

Safety colours and safety signs

Report Date

March 1, 1984

Number of Pages

14

Author(s)

Technical Committee ISO/TC 80

Type of Report

  1. ____ Technical Report
  2. ____ Guidelines
  3. ____ Standard
  4.   X    International Standard

Organization
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Organization Address

Case postale
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
www.iso.ch

General Topic   Use of color in sign and symbol design
Major Headings  
  • Safety colors and contrast colors
  • Geometeric form and meaning of safety signs
  • Design of graphic symbols
  • Layout of safety designs
  • Supplementary signs
  • Colorimetric and photometric properties of materials
  • Examples of safety signs
Summary  

This international standard prescribes safety colors and safety signs for the purposes of preventing accidents and health hazards and meeting emergencies.

Supplier

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Reference No.

ISO 7001

Title

Public information symbols

Report Date

February 1990

Number of Pages

112

Author(s)

Technical Committee ISO/TC 145: Graphical symbols

Type of Report

  1. ____ Technical Report
  2. ____ Guidelines
  3. ____ Standard
  4.   X    International Standard

Organization
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Organization Address

Case postale
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
www.iso.ch

General Topic   Catalog of public transporation symbols
Major Headings  
  • Numerical index and summary of public information symbols
  • Compilation of single sheets
Summary  

Report date reflects most recent full draft.

  • Amendment 1 published June 1993

Supplier

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Reference No.

ISO 7239

Title

Development and principles for application of public information.

Report Date

December 15, 1984

Number of Pages

18

Author(s)

Technical Committee ISO/TC 145/SC 1: Public information symbols

Type of Report

  1.   X    Technical Report
  2. ____ Guidelines
  3. ____ Standard
  4. ____ International Standard

Organization
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Organization Address

Case postale
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
www.iso.ch

General Topic   Procedures for the development or adoption of public information symbols
Major Headings  
  • Development of public information sysmbols
  • Visual design criteria
  • Sign layout
Summary  

This technical report recommends procedures to be followed and sets forth the essential technical criteria that should be taken into account when developing or considering the use of graphical symbols as a means of visual pictorial communication.

The field of application is mainly in public areas, but the recommendations of this technical report concerning visual design criteria can equally be applicable to perception problems in other areas where graphical symbols are used as the means of communication.

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