Skip to contentUnited States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration FHWA Home
Research Home
Report
This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-05-051
Date: October 2005

Crash Cost Estimates by Maximum Police-Reported Injury Severity Within Selected Crash Geometries

PDF Version (424 KB)

PDF files can be viewed with the Acrobat® Reader®

APPENDIX A: CRASH TYPES AND COST LEVELS TABLES (Continuation)

Table 3. Level 1 without speed limit

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  1 sv, ped, int No injury 0 36 $ 4,772 1,339 2,121 7,423 $ 5,432 1,762 1,943 8,921
  1 sv, ped, int B or C 1.5 550 $ 39,195 9,051 21,277 57,113 $ 71,684 17,485 37,069 106,300
  1 sv, ped, int A 3 366 $ 147,881 14,469 119,236 176,527 $ 274,900 28,937 217,610 332,189
  1 sv, ped, int K 4 52 $ 988,999 23,270 942,930 1,035,068 $ 3,282,239 86,943 3,110,113 3,454,365
  1 sv, ped, int Injured, sev unk 5 55 $63,856 8,681 46,671 81,042 139,607 17,911 104,148 175,066
S 1 sv, ped, int Unknown 9 4 $ 14,386 - - - $ 22,841 - - -
  2 sv, ped, n-int No injury 0 51 $ 3,158 391 2,384 3,933 $ 3,362 565 2,244 4,480
  2 sv, ped,n-int B or C 1.5 775 $ 35,810 3,852 28,185 43,435 $ 64,329 7,962 48,566 80,092
  2 sv, ped,n-int A 3 679 $ 153,326 11,740 130,085 176,568 $ 303,172 26,880 249,956 356,388
  2 sv, ped,n-int K 4 175 $1,002,301 16,535 969,566 1,035,036 $3,331,435 55,187 3,222,177 3,440,692
  2 sv, ped,n-int Injured, sev unk 5 62 $ 28,020 7,345 13,479 42,561 $ 46,242 13,672 19,174 73,310
  2 sv, ped,n-int Unknown 9 27 $ 23,618 7,949 7,881 39,356 $ 34,047 9,922 14,404 53,690
  3 sv, animal No injury 0 71 $ 4,544 1,751 1,077 8,011 $ 5,147 2,277 639 9,654
  3 sv, animal B or C 1.5 21 $ 17,106 4,771 7,660 26,551 $ 31,156 11,954 7,490 54,821
  3 sv, animal A 3 23 $ 75,715 18,629 38,835 112,595 $ 157,649 36,300 85,784 229,515
  4 sv, object No injury 0 1230 $ 4,624 402 3,827 5,420 $ 5,618 513 4,602 6,633
  4 sv, object B or C 1.5 1139 $ 31,968 2,770 26,485 37,452 $ 63,329 6,247 50,962 75,696
  4 sv, object A 3 2147 $ 125,498 17,195 91,455 159,540 $ 247,690 31,376 185,572 309,808
  4 sv, object K 4 372 $1,227,688 25,930 1,176,352 1,279,024 $ 3,943,720 76,265 3,792,732 4,094,708
  4 sv, object Injured, sev unk 5 31 $ 13,658 3,034 7,652 19,664 $ 22,662 5,621 11,534 33,790
  4 sv, object Unknown 9 100 $ 12,616 594 11,439 13,792 $ 21,799 1,063 19,695 23,902
  5 sv, prkveh No injury 0 187 $ 4,070 258 3,560 4,580 $ 4,587 494 3,610 5,564
  5 sv, prkveh B or C 1.5 91 $ 20,118 3,037 14,105 26,130 $ 35,527 6,996 21,677 49,376
  5 sv, prkveh A 3 105 $ 95,778 23,257 49,734 141,821 $ 189,957 48,463 94,011 285,903
  5 sv, prkveh K 4 19 $ 1,070,587 30,652 1,009,903 1,131,271 $ 3,517,965 56,552 3,406,005 3,629,925
S 5 sv, prkveh Injured, sev unk 5 8 $ 21,022 - - - $ 37,273 - - -
  5 sv, prkveh Unknown 9 44 $ 11,941 137 11,669 12,213 $ 20,581 249 20,089 21,073
  6 sv, rrollover No injury 0 121 $ 8,704 3,395 1,983 15,425 $ 13,331 5,462 2,518 24,144
  6 sv, rrollover B or C 1.5 398 $ 35,014 7,217 20,726 49,303 $ 67,357 15,105 37,453 97,261
  6 sv, rrollover A 3 594 $ 136,563 18,584 99,771 173,354 $ 280,609 38,364 204,658 356,560
  6 sv, rrollover K 4 145 $ 1,256,949 34,952 1,187,752 1,326,145 $ 4,092,803 107,091 3,880,787 4,304,818
S 6 sv, rrollover Injured, sev unk 5 9 $ 182,849 - - - $ 342,922 - - -
S 6 sv, rrollover Unknown 9 4 $ 12,315 - - - $ 21,032 - - -
  7 mcp, sig No injury 0 1347 $ 7,210 678 5,868 8,553 $ 8,598 952 6,713 10,483
  7 mcp, sig B or C 1.5 1265 $ 29,553 3,036 23,543 35,564 $ 51,150 5,687 39,892 62,409
  7 mcp, sig A 3 1161 $ 87,490 12,604 62,538 112,443 $ 171,360 20,902 129,979 212,740
  7 mcp, sig K 4 114 $ 1,261,770 34,996 1,192,485 1,331,054 $ 4,030,971 105,615 3,821,877 4,240,064
  7 mcp, sig Injured, sev unk 5 20 $ 28,828 6,332 16,291 41,365 $ 46,683 11,165 24,578 68,787
  7 mcp, sig Unknown 9 66 $ 18,338 1,632 15,108 21,569 $ 28,618 2,441 23,786 33,451

Table 3. Level 1 without speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  8 mcp, sign No injury 0 968 $ 5,861 700 4,476 7,247 $ 6,922 1,034 4,875 8,969
  8 mcp, sign B or C 1.5 795 $ 35,644 4,007 27,710 43,577 $ 62,632 8,271 46,257 79,007
  8 mcp, sign A 3 781 $ 120,938 15,999 89,264 152,612 $ 228,827 29,123 171,172 286,483
  8 mcp, sign K 4 95 $ 1,245,078 61,206 1,123,905 1,366,251 $ 3,986,710 171,125 3,647,922 4,325,497
  8 mcp, sign Injured, sev unk 5 16 $ 60,937 28,720 4,078 117,795 $ 117,079 52,562 13,018 221,140
  8 mcp, sign Unknown 9 48 $ 18,600 1,381 15,866 21,334 $ 26,949 3,768 19,489 34,409
  9 mcp, nosgn No injury 0 314 $ 5,912 703 4,521 7,304 $ 6,650 975 4,719 8,580
  9 mcp, nosgn B or C 1.5 262 $ 27,698 3,620 20,532 34,865 $ 47,758 7,595 32,721 62,795
  9 mcp, nosgn A 3 222 $ 135,922 27,889 80,708 191,137 $ 256,952 56,170 145,749 368,155
  9 mcp, nosgn K 4 9 $ 1,228,360 161,555 908,519 1,548,201 $ 3,802,881 315,457 3,178,351 4,427,410
S 9 mcp, nosgn Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 110,650 - - - $ 279,770 - - -
S 9 mcp, nosgn Unknown 9 9 $ 27,860 - - - $ 49,825 - - -
  10 mcp, unk No injury 0 756 $ 5,025 251 4,529 5,521 $ 5,322 371 4,588 6,055
  10 mcp, unk B or C 1.5 298 $ 41,000 8,487 24,198 57,802 $ 72,951 16,103 41,069 104,832
  10 mcp, unk A 3 133 $ 83,715 11,888 60,180 107,251 $ 163,121 22,857 117,869 208,373
S 10 mcp, unk K 4 2 $ 1,175,471 - - - $ 3,723,798 - - -
S 10 mcp, unk Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 48,360 - - - $ 93,037 - - -
  10 mcp, unk Unknown 9 31 $ 16,585 1,413 13,789 19,381 $ 27,316 2,851 21,671 32,961
  11 re-all locations No injury 0 2958 $ 8,230 1,046 6,160 10,301 $ 9,651 1,505 6,672 12,631
  11 re-all locations B or C 1.5 2172 $ 32,708 6,125 20,582 44,834 $ 49,701 9,271 31,347 68,054
  11 re-all locations A 3 933 $ 62,390 9,623 43,340 81,440 $ 119,696 18,639 82,795 156,596
  11 re-all locations K 4 88 $ 1,194,939 57,952 1,080,208 1,309,669 $ 3,846,912 154,104 3,541,822 4,152,002
  11 re-all locations Injured, sev unk 5 30 $ 33,948 4,640 24,763 43,134 $ 64,194 10,434 43,538 84,850
  11 re-all locations Unknown 9 229 $ 18,120 1,266 15,614 20,625 $ 28,880 2,209 24,506 33,253
  12 re - unk int No injury 0 532 $ 6,997 1,941 3,154 10,841 $ 7,735 2,226 3,328 12,142
  12 re - unk int B or C 1.5 416 $ 50,583 12,393 26,048 75,118 $ 65,390 13,047 39,559 91,221
  12 re - unk int A 3 137 $ 89,901 15,120 59,966 119,836 $ 163,895 29,660 105,175 222,615
  12 re - unk int K 4 6 $ 1,127,670 100,821 928,067 1,327,272 $ 3,709,932 302,540 3,110,974 4,308,890
S 12 re - unk int Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 29,389 - - - $ 51,224 - - -
  12 re - unk int Unknown 9 41 $ 19,369 1,418 16,561 22,177 $ 31,709 2,745 26,276 37,143
  13 re - signed int No injury 0 117 $ 10,325 3,437 3,520 17,130 $ 11,990 4,482 3,117 20,863
  13 re - signed int B or C 1.5 64 $ 21,767 3,829 14,186 29,348 $ 38,978 12,123 14,978 62,978
  13 re - signed int A 3 29 $ 75,825 15,849 44,448 107,201 $ 136,469 33,137 70,865 202,073
S 13 re - signed int Injured, sev unk 5 2 $ 45,197 - - - $ 129,348 - - -
S 13 re - signed int Unknown 9 7 $ 13,737 - - - $ 20,755 - - -
  14 re - signl int No injury 0 634 $ 8,165 1,706 4,788 11,541 $ 9,919 2,460 5,048 14,790
  14 re - signl int B or C 1.5 584 $ 23,070 3,275 16,587 29,554 $ 36,170 5,986 24,318 48,021
  14 re - signl int A 3 210 $ 44,597 8,813 27,148 62,045 $ 80,617 16,420 48,109 113,125
  14 re - signl int K 4 8 $ 1,379,204 224,716 934,319 1,824,089 $ 4,541,549 766,973 3,023,124 6,059,974

Table 3. Level 1 without speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
S 14 re - signl int Injured, sev unk 5 8 $ 29,525 - - - $ 48,564 - - -
  14 re - signl int Unknown 9 52 $ 16,493 1,683 13,161 19,826 $ 27,448 4,109 19,313 35,583
  15 re - no int No injury 0 1675 $ 8,020 1,433 5,184 10,857 $ 9,447 2,109 5,273 13,622
  15 re - no int B or C 1.5 1108 $ 26,205 5,975 14,376 38,033 $ 45,321 14,558 16,499 74,142
  15 re - no int A 3 557 $ 66,818 13,933 39,235 94,401 $ 131,515 27,830 76,418 186,613
  15 re - no int K 4 74 $ 1,190,595 62,816 1,066,234 1,314,956 $ 3,818,021 161,219 3,498,845 4,137,197
  15 re - no int Injured, sev unk 5 13 $ 36,478 8,007 20,626 52,331 $ 70,278 16,573 37,468 103,088
  15 re - no int Unknown 9 129 $ 19,191 1,840 15,548 22,834 $ 29,724 3,097 23,592 35,856
  16 ss No injury 0 2341 $ 5,490 222 5,050 5,930 $ 5,905 300 5,311 6,498
  16 ss B or C 1.5 1100 $ 35,037 4,669 25,793 44,281 $ 62,075 8,707 44,838 79,313
  16 ss A 3 919 $ 75,763 13,211 49,608 101,917 $ 139,357 25,736 88,407 190,308
  16 ss K 4 131 $ 1,313,060 45,665 1,222,654 1,403,466 $ 4,200,729 146,185 3,911,317 4,490,141
  16 ss Injured, sev unk 5 20 $ 57,389 16,033 25,648 89,129 $ 104,279 30,930 43,046 165,512
  16 ss Unknown 9 195 $ 15,325 843 13,656 16,995 $ 23,820 1,058 21,726 25,914
  17 ho, n-int No injury 0 80 $ 3,543 403 2,745 4,341 $ 3,703 446 2,819 4,587
  17 ho, n-int B or C 1.5 107 $ 44,037 6,435 31,297 56,777 $ 74,719 12,115 50,735 98,703
  17 ho, n-int A 3 324 $ 219,850 11,885 196,321 243,379 $ 413,759 23,703 366,833 460,686
  17 ho, n-int K 4 108 $ 1,499,348 75,001 1,350,863 1,647,832 $ 4,700,542 203,273 4,298,110 5,102,974
S 17 ho, n-int Injured, sev unk 5 3 $ 36,258 - - - $ 64,704 - - -
S 17 ho, n-int Unknown 9 5 $ 9,876 - - - $ 15,000 - - -
  18 ho, sig No injury 0 44 $ 4,934 271 4,397 5,470 $ 4,980 276 4,433 5,527
  18 ho, sig B or C 1.5 20 $ 36,567 13,544 9,753 63,382 $ 60,922 24,775 11,875 109,970
  18 ho, sig A 3 20 $ 182,970 29,693 124,184 241,755 $ 318,572 78,070 164,012 473,131
S 18 ho, sig Unknown 9 3 $ 15,813 - - - $ 25,483 - - -
  19 ho, sign No injury 0 14 $ 4,870 787 3,312 6,429 $ 5,256 1,075 3,128 7,385
  19 ho, sign B or C 1.5 10 $ 37,405 8,530 20,518 54,292 $ 60,103 16,669 27,102 93,104
  19 ho, sign A 3 12 $ 72,870 23,874 25,605 120,136 $ 170,256 70,472 30,738 309,774
S 19 ho, sign K 4 2 $ 1,734,700 - - - $ 5,495,375 - - -
  20 ho, unksgn No injury 0 35 $ 6,478 3,104 334 12,622 $ 8,870 5,375 - 19,512
  20 ho, unksgn B or C 1.5 17 $ 23,300 8,641 6,193 40,407 $ 36,106 15,529 5,361 66,850
S 20 ho, unksgn A 3 8 $ 67,464 - - - $ 121,628 - - -
S 20 ho, unksgn Unknown 9 2 $ 15,264 - - - $ 24,292 - - -
  21 backing No injury 0 11 $ 4,579 548 3,495 5,663 $ 4,579 548 3,495 5,663
S 21 backing B or C 1.5 2 $ 35,485 - - - $ 68,936 - - -
S 21 backing A 3 1 $ 12,654 - - - $ 16,172 - - -
S 21 backing Unknown 9 1 $ 14,506 - - - $ 23,154 - - -
  22 undefined No injury 0 1041 $ 4,010 268 3,480 4,540 $ 4,463 423 3,626 5,300
  22 undefined B or C 1.5 1055 $ 31,516 3,424 24,738 38,294 $ 57,354 6,476 44,532 70,176
  22 undefined A 3 991 $ 150,722 16,870 117,323 184,121 $ 277,883 30,661 217,182 338,584

Table 3. Level 1 without speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  22 undefined K 4 66 $ 1,328,461 87,397 1,155,435 1,501,487 $ 4,325,925 268,760 3,793,844 4,858,007
  22 undefined Injured, sev unk 5 42 $ 32,550 4,279 24,078 41,022 $ 61,899 10,297 41,513 82,285
  22 undefined Unknown 9 218 $ 13,333 636 12,074 14,591 $ 22,790 1,115 20,583 24,997

Table 4. Level 2 by speed limit

Code Crash geometry Speed limit (mi/h) Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
1 sv, ped, int <=45 No injury 0 31 $ 8,512 997 6,537 10,486 $ 10,249 1,408 7,461 13,036
1 sv, ped, int >=50 No injury 0 5 $ 3,672 --- $ 4,015 - - -
1 sv, ped, int <=45 B or C 1.5 515 $ 33,369 4,561 24,340 42,398 $ 60,333 9,021 42,474 78,192
1 sv, ped, int >=50 B or C 1.5 35 $ 54,605 32,590 - 119,126 $ 101,712 61,756 - 223,975
1 sv, ped, int <=45 K or A 3.5 401 $ 235,729 17,317 201,444 270,013 $ 576,985 53,159 471,743 682,227
1 sv, ped, int >=50 K or A 3.5 17 $ 182,970 52,554 78,925 287,014 $ 425,414 161,107 106,460 744,369
1 sv, ped, int <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 53 $ 67,342 22,127 23,536 111,149 $ 129,418 42,249 45,774 213,061
1 sv, ped, int >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 2 $ 61,573 - - - $ 146,281 - - -
1 sv, ped, int <=45 Unknown 9 4 $ 14,386 - - - $ 22,841 - - -
2 sv, ped,n-int <=45 No injury 0 33 $ 28,370 18,026 - 64,059 $ 40,428 27,351 - 94,577
2 sv, ped,n-int >=50 No injury 0 18 $ 2,797 145 2,509 3,085 $ 2,831 175 2,484 3,178
2 sv, ped,n-int <=45 B or C 1.5 721 $ 38,674 3,258 32,225 45,123 $ 70,188 7,021 56,288 84,087
2 sv, ped,n-int >=50 B or C 1.5 54 $ 31,103 8,151 14,967 47,240 $ 54,703 16,739 21,563 87,843
2 sv, ped,n-int <=45 K or A 3.5 733 $ 322,119 21,628 279,301 364,937 $ 918,824 71,514 777,243 1,060,406
2 sv, ped,n-int >=50 K or A 3.5 121 $ 465,397 60,737 345,152 585,643 $ 1,389,804 214,297 965,546 1,814,062
2 sv, ped,n-int <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 59 $ 26,089 8,056 10,139 42,039 $ 42,107 14,891 12,627 71,587
2 sv, ped,n-int >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 3 $ 36,790 - - - $ 65,026 - - -
2 sv, ped,n-int <=45 Unknown 9 25 $ 24,427 8,511 7,578 41,276 $ 35,189 10,607 14,190 56,189
2 sv, ped,n-int >=50 Unknown 9 2 $ 12,423 - - - $ 18,224 - - -
3 sv, animal <=45 No injury 0 10 $ 2,617 - 2,617 2,617 $ 2,617 - 2,617 2,617
3 sv, animal >=50 No injury 0 61 $ 4,904 2,047 852 8,956 $ 5,619 2,661 351 10,887
3 sv, animal <=45 B or C 1.5 3 $ 37,280 - - - $ 89,287 - - -
3 sv, animal >=50 B or C 1.5 18 $ 14,246 3,482 7,353 21,139 $ 22,916 7,663 7,745 38,087
3 sv, animal <=45 K or A 3.5 3 $ 67,137 - - - $ 96,055 - - -
3 sv, animal >=50 K or A 3.5 20 $ 76,781 20,958 35,288 118,273 $ 165,302 40,911 84,308 246,296
4 sv, object <=45 No injury 0 608 $ 4,835 1,016 2,825 6,846 $ 5,721 1,195 3,355 8,087
4 sv, object >=50 No injury 0 618 $ 4,513 298 3,923 5,104 $ 5,565 428 4,718 6,413
4 sv, object <=45 B or C 1.5 446 $ 34,027 2,466 29,145 38,909 $ 65,888 6,016 53,978 77,797
4 sv, object >=50 B or C 1.5 688 $ 30,965 4,069 22,910 39,020 $ 62,025 9,203 43,806 80,244
4 sv, object <=45 K or A 3.5 773 $ 252,398 53,322 146,832 357,963 $ 690,850 145,223 403,343 978,358
4 sv, object >=50 K or A 3.5 1717 $ 240,662 49,910 141,853 339,472 $ 631,384 144,371 345,562 917,205
4 sv, object <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 9 $ 19,267 - - - $ 33,034 - - -
4 sv, object >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 21 $ 9,205 1,629 5,980 12,430 $ 14,358 3,114 8,193 20,522
4 sv, object <=45 Unknown 9 74 $ 12,992 744 11,520 14,465 $ 22,521 1,332 19,884 25,158
4 sv, object >=50 Unknown 9 25 $ 11,690 213 11,268 12,112 $ 20,024 389 19,253 20,794
5 sv, prkveh <=45 No injury 0 161 $ 3,438 278 2,887 3,988 $ 3,738 407 2,932 4,544
5 sv, prkveh >=50 No injury 0 25 $ 5,288 462 4,373 6,203 $ 6,223 1,364 3,523 8,923
5 sv, prkveh <=45 B or C 1.5 59 $ 17,434 3,051 11,394 23,473 $ 28,188 6,444 15,430 40,946

Table 4. Level 2 by speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Speed limit (mi/h) Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
5 sv, prkveh >=50 B or C 1.5 32 $ 26,234 4,849 16,634 35,835 $ 52,251 11,729 29,031 75,472
5 sv, prkveh <=45 K or A 3.5 67 $ 119,690 37,540 45,369 194,011 $ 284,378 97,780 90,797 477,958
5 sv, prkveh >=50 K or A 3.5 57 $ 322,281 126,992 70,866 573,696 $ 945,959 424,109 106,323 1,785,594
5 sv, prkveh <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 5 $ 13,616 - - - $ 17,840 - - -
5 sv, prkveh >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 3 $ 28,688 - - - $ 57,388 - - -
5 sv, prkveh <=45 Unknown 9 44 $ 11,941 137 11,669 12,213 $ 20,581 249 20,089 21,073
6 sv, rrollover <=45 No injury 0 31 $ 6,940 806 5,343 8,536 $ 9,697 1,398 6,930 12,464
6 sv, rrollover >=50 No injury 0 89 $ 8,798 3,583 1,705 15,892 $ 13,526 5,772 2,098 24,954
6 sv, rrollover <=45 B or C 1.5 147 $ 31,170 2,925 25,379 36,961 $ 57,820 6,324 45,299 70,341
6 sv, rrollover >=50 B or C 1.5 247 $ 36,312 9,490 17,524 55,101 $ 70,548 19,852 31,247 109,850
6 sv, rrollover <=45 K or A 3.5 151 $ 179,719 67,445 46,194 313,243 $ 488,542 202,926 86,796 890,289
6 sv, rrollover >=50 K or A 3.5 575 $ 385,376 37,935 310,274 460,478 $ 1,112,032 116,282 881,821 1,342,242
6 sv, rrollover <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 5 $ 15,202 - - - $ 32,393 - - -
6 sv, rrollover >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 4 $ 248,826 - - - $ 465,130 - - -
6 sv, rrollover <=45 Unknown 9 1 $ 11,888 - - - $ 20,537 - - -
6 sv, rrollover >=50 Unknown 9 2 $ 11,888 - - - $ 20,537 - - -
7 mcp, sig <=45 No injury 0 1043 $ 7,503 925 5,671 9,334 $ 8,673 1,285 6,130 11,217
7 mcp, sig >=50 No injury 0 301 $ 6,735 863 5,027 8,443 $ 8,544 1,294 5,983 11,105
7 mcp, sig <=45 B or C 1.5 625 $ 29,271 6,547 16,310 42,232 $ 46,660 11,847 23,206 70,114
7 mcp, sig >=50 B or C 1.5 636 $ 29,636 2,959 23,778 35,493 $ 53,195 5,794 41,724 64,666
7 mcp, sig <=45 K or A 3.5 343 $ 96,057 17,573 61,267 130,848 $ 213,113 44,733 124,553 301,674
7 mcp, sig >=50 K or A 3.5 926 $ 155,748 43,945 68,747 242,748 $ 392,949 118,813 157,728 628,170
7 mcp, sig <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 15 $ 31,469 9,239 13,179 49,759 $ 47,639 14,994 17,954 77,323
7 mcp, sig >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 5 $ 24,588 --- $ 45,148 ---
7 mcp, sig <=45 Unknown 9 55 $ 16,983 1,688 13,641 20,324 $ 26,911 2,496 21,969 31,852
7 mcp, sig >=50 Unknown 9 11 $ 25,684 3,867 18,028 33,340 $ 37,871 6,988 24,037 51,705
8 mcp, sign <=45 No injury 0 773 $ 6,574 724 5,141 8,007 $ 7,910 1,255 5,426 10,394
8 mcp, sign >=50 No injury 0 194 $ 4,797 975 2,867 6,726 $ 5,444 1,265 2,941 7,948
8 mcp, sign <=45 B or C 1.5 463 $ 28,436 4,701 19,128 37,744 $ 48,035 10,156 27,928 68,142
8 mcp, sign >=50 B or C 1.5 328 $ 43,234 5,109 33,119 53,348 $ 77,886 10,157 57,778 97,995
8 mcp, sign <=45 K or A 3.5 341 $ 188,771 42,447 104,735 272,807 $ 441,901 112,658 218,864 664,937
8 mcp, sign >=50 K or A 3.5 530 $ 229,032 37,727 154,342 303,723 $ 593,866 104,565 386,852 800,881
8 mcp, sign <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 11 $ 57,990 13,690 30,888 85,092 $ 102,485 21,789 59,348 145,621
8 mcp, sign >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 5 $ 62,318 --- $ 123,919 ---
8 mcp, sign <=45 Unknown 9 44 $ 18,249 1,235 15,805 20,694 $ 25,553 3,294 19,032 32,073
8 mcp, sign >=50 Unknown 9 4 $ 22,226 --- $ 41,391 ---
9 mcp, nosgn <=45 No injury 0 244 $ 5,257 366 4,532 5,982 $ 5,604 471 4,672 6,537
9 mcp, nosgn >=50 No injury 0 69 $ 6,708 1,456 3,826 9,590 $ 7,920 2,000 3,961 11,880

Table 4. Level 2 by speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Speed limit (mi/h) Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
9 mcp, nosgn <=45 B or C 1.5 153 $ 21,012 2,879 15,312 26,712 $ 32,708 5,017 22,776 42,640
9 mcp, nosgn >=50 B or C 1.5 108 $ 35,837 6,324 23,317 48,357 $ 66,026 11,270 43,714 88,337
9 mcp, nosgn <=45 K or A 3.5 79 $ 113,013 38,489 36,813 189,212 $ 220,991 79,947 62,715 379,266
9 mcp, nosgn >=50 K or A 3.5 152 $ 245,301 42,427 161,306 329,296 $ 572,280 91,308 391,512 753,047
9 mcp, nosgn <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 6 $ 196,721 - - - $ 508,627 - - -
9 mcp, nosgn >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 1 $ 13,917 - - - $ 22,566 - - -
9 mcp, nosgn <=45 Unknown 9 9 $ 27,860 - - - $ 49,825 - - -
10 mcp, unk <=45 No injury 0 687 $ 5,230 370 4,498 5,961 $ 5,607 554 4,510 6,705
10 mcp, unk >=50 No injury 0 69 $ 4,682 251 4,185 5,178 $ 4,844 299 4,252 5,436
10 mcp, unk <=45 B or C 1.5 267 $ 41,536 10,224 21,295 61,777 $ 73,694 19,429 35,230 112,159
10 mcp, unk >=50 B or C 1.5 31 $ 38,410 6,896 24,758 52,061 $ 69,357 11,681 46,231 92,483
10 mcp, unk <=45 K or A 3.5 108 $ 168,993 49,016 71,953 266,032 $ 338,201 93,816 152,467 523,935
10 mcp, unk >=50 K or A 3.5 27 $ 242,084 135,897 - 511,128 $ 690,116 439,224 - 1,559,676
10 mcp, ink <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 6 $ 26,944 - - - $ 50,197 - - -
10 mcp, unk >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 1 $ 70,578 - - - $ 137,479 - - -
10 mcp, unk <=45 Unknown 9 27 $ 16,510 1,295 13,946 19,074 $ 27,255 2,777 21,758 32,753
10 mcp, unk >=50 Unknown 9 4 $ 17,186 - - - $ 27,805 - - -
11 re-all locations <=45 No injury 0 1916 $ 7,465 1,261 4,969 9,962 $ 8,399 1,653 5,127 11,671
11 re-all locations >=50 No injury 0 1040 $ 8,911 1,474 5,992 11,829 $ 10,764 2,167 6,473 15,055
11 re-all locations <=45 B or C 1.5 1274 $ 29,079 9,064 11,135 47,023 $ 39,038 10,423 18,404 59,673
11 re-all locations >=50 B or C 1.5 895 $ 38,040 6,002 26,157 49,923 $ 65,298 14,951 35,698 94,897
11 re-all locations <=45 K or A 3.5 380 $ 90,390 30,528 29,952 150,828 $ 205,910 79,568 48,385 363,435
11 re-all locations >=50 K or A 3.5 639 $ 144,733 31,887 81,605 207,861 $ 392,723 92,181 210,227 575,219
11 re-all locations <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 20 $ 32,655 8,696 15,440 49,870 $ 55,850 17,596 21,014 90,686
11 re-all locations >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 10 $ 35,395 2,190 31,059 39,731 $ 73,527 8,798 56,109 90,946
11 re-all locations <=45 Unknown 9 164 $ 17,215 1,228 14,783 19,647 $ 27,432 2,100 23,275 31,590
11 re-all locations >=50 Unknown 9 65 $ 20,771 3,219 14,398 27,144 $ 33,123 5,861 21,520 44,725
12 re - unk int <=45 No injury 0 422 $ 5,297 785 3,744 6,851 $ 5,649 914 3,839 7,459
12 re - unk int >=50 No injury 0 109 $ 11,783 6,066 - 23,793 $ 13,573 6,809 93 27,053
12 re - unk int <=45 B or C 1.5 300 $ 65,077 23,715 18,127 112,027 $ 78,872 24,711 29,950 127,795
12 re - unk int >=50 B or C 1.5 116 $ 40,144 4,035 32,156 48,132 $ 55,679 5,115 45,553 65,805
12 re - unk int <=45 K or A 3.5 86 $ 272,506 141,848 - 553,332 $ 770,927 509,026 - 1,778,679
12 re - unk int >=50 K or A 3.5 57 $ 133,568 39,759 54,854 212,282 $ 318,731 125,481 70,308 567,155
12 re - unk int <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 6 $ 29,812 - - - $ 52,029 - - -
12 re - unk int >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 1 $ 5,235 - - - $ 5,235 - - -
12 re - unk int <=45 Unknown 9 37 $ 19,416 1,445 16,555 22,277 $ 31,827 2,795 26,294 37,360
12 re - unk int >=50 Unknown 9 4 $ 17,386 - - - $ 26,753 - - -
13 re - signed int <=45 No injury 0 99 $ 10,586 3,540 3,577 17,595 $ 12,295 4,622 3,145 21,445

Table 4. Level 2 by speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Speed limit (mi/h) Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
  13 re - signed int >=50 No injury 0 18 $ 3,302 549 2,215 4,389 $ 3,788 978 1,851 5,725
  13 re - signed int <=45 B or C 1.5 50 $ 25,003 4,819 15,463 34,542 $ 46,644 16,047 14,875 78,412
  13 re - signed int >=50 B or C 1.5 14 $ 11,759 1,367 9,052 14,465 $ 15,268 2,002 11,305 19,230
N 13 re - signed int <=45 K or A 3.5 22 $ 71,190 18,954 33,666 108,714 $ 127,706 39,338 49,826 205,586
S 13 re - signed int >=50 K or A 3.5 7 $ 88,088 - - - $ 159,658 - - -
S 13 re - signed int <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 1 $ 13,878 - - - $ 15,958 - - -
S 13 re - signed int >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 1 $ 83,223 - - - $ 267,019 - - -
S 13 re - signed int <=45 Unknown 9 7 $ 13,737 - - - $ 20,755 - - -
  14 re - signl int <=45 No injury 0 492 $ 9,454 2,295 4,910 13,997 $ 11,463 3,338 4,853 18,072
  14 re - signl int >=50 No injury 0 142 $ 4,810 671 3,481 6,139 $ 5,901 1,082 3,758 8,044
  14 re - signl int <=45 B or C 1.5 418 $ 26,255 4,476 17,394 35,117 $ 39,398 8,202 23,160 55,637
  14 re - signl int >=50 B or C 1.5 165 $ 19,658 4,724 10,306 29,010 $ 32,761 8,592 15,750 49,772
N 14 re - signl int <=45 K or A 3.5 90 $ 43,601 10,054 23,696 63,506 $ 84,820 19,977 45,269 124,370
  14 re - signl int >=50 K or A 3.5 127 $ 77,797 27,435 23,482 132,111 $ 184,104 79,930 25,862 342,346
S 14 re - signl int <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 6 $ 29,111 - - - $ 44,120 - - -
S 14 re - signl int >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 2 $ 30,447 - - - $ 58,458 - - -
  14 re - signl int <=45 Unknown 9 49 $ 16,136 1,579 13,011 19,262 $ 26,930 4,043 18,926 34,934
S 14 re - signl int >=50 Unknown 9 3 $ 30,665 - - - $ 48,029 - - -
  15 re - no int <=45 No injury 0 903 $ 5,516 176 5,168 5,864 $ 5,756 269 5,223 6,289
  15 re - no int >=50 No injury 0 771 $ 9,055 1,556 5,975 12,135 $ 10,972 2,319 6,382 15,562
  15 re - no int <=45 B or C 1.5 506 $ 18,630 2,479 13,722 23,539 $ 26,642 3,940 18,842 34,442
  15 re - no int >=50 B or C 1.5 600 $ 43,717 12,936 18,108 69,327 $ 88,498 33,108 22,951 154,045
  15 re - no int <=45 K or A 3.5 182 $ 119,894 56,253 8,527 231,262 $ 267,844 129,536 11,394 524,294
  15 re - no int >=50 K or A 3.5 448 $ 162,582 45,649 72,207 252,957 $ 452,624 134,484 186,379 718,870
S 15 re - no int <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 41,326 - - - $ 75,081 - - -
S 15 re - no int >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 6 $ 34,399 - - - $ 68,218 - - -
  15 re - no int <=45 Unknown 9 71 $ 18,029 1,668 14,728 21,331 $ 27,042 1,646 23,783 30,301
  15 re - no int >=50 Unknown 9 58 $ 20,478 3,347 13,853 27,104 $ 32,695 6,093 20,633 44,758
  16 ss <=45 No injury 0 1658 $ 5,679 330 5,026 6,332 $ 6,007 416 5,185 6,830
  16 ss >=50 No injury 0 681 $ 5,218 211 4,801 5,636 $ 5,762 348 5,072 6,452
  16 ss <=45 B or C 1.5 590 $ 30,396 7,243 16,055 44,736 $ 51,211 11,817 27,817 74,606
  16 ss >=50 B or C 1.5 506 $ 37,641 4,667 28,402 46,880 $ 68,009 8,958 50,274 85,743
  16 ss <=45 K or A 3.5 350 $ 92,479 16,725 59,368 125,590 $ 222,564 51,456 120,694 324,434
  16 ss >=50 K or A 3.5 698 $ 182,885 47,686 88,478 277,291 $ 483,204 135,764 214,424 751,984
  16 ss <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 13 $ 93,418 21,175 51,495 135,340 $ 173,762 41,739 91,129 256,396
S 16 ss >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 34,884 - - - $ 60,877 - - -
  16 ss <=45 Unknown 9 134 $ 16,110 1,092 13,948 18,272 $ 24,956 1,132 22,716 27,197
  16 ss >=50 Unknown 9 61 $ 13,978 915 12,167 15,789 $ 21,870 1,763 18,381 25,360

Table 4. Level 2 by speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Speed limit (mi/h) Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
  17 ho, n-int <=45 No injury 0 55 $ 3,830 703 2,438 5,222 $ 3,948 739 2,486 5,410
  17 ho, n-int >=50 No injury 0 25 $ 3,272 396 2,487 4,056 $ 3,471 510 2,460 4,481
  17 ho, n-int <=45 B or C 1.5 55 $ 25,137 4,715 15,801 34,472 $ 40,463 9,495 21,666 59,260
  17 ho, n-int >=50 B or C 1.5 51 $ 72,561 11,836 49,129 95,993 $ 126,409 18,294 90,190 162,627
  17 ho, n-int <=45 K or A 3.5 81 $ 250,035 81,522 88,641 411,429 $ 605,328 224,211 161,444 1,049,212
  17 ho, n-int >=50 K or A 3.5 350 $ 605,568 89,412 428,553 782,584 $ 1,692,450 281,255 1,135,632 2,249,268
S 17 ho, n-int >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 3 $ 36,258 - - - $ 64,704 - - -
S 17 ho, n-int <=45 Unknown 9 2 $ 5,560 - - - $ 5,984 - - -
S 17 ho, n-int >=50 Unknown 9 3 $ 13,001 - - - $ 21,528 - - -
  18 ho, sig <=45 No injury 0 42 $ 5,053 229 4,599 5,507 $ 5,101 245 4,617 5,586
S 18 ho, sig >=50 No injury 0 2 $ 2,617 - - - $ 2,617 - - -
  18 ho, sig <=45 B or C 1.5 18 $ 67,648 9,797 48,252 87,043 $ 119,622 11,151 97,545 141,700
S 18 ho, sig >=50 B or C 1.5 2 $ 19,761 - - - $ 29,181 - - -
S 18 ho, sig <=45 K or A 3.5 8 $ 141,744 - - - $ 239,933 - - -
N 18 ho, sig >=50 K or A 3.5 12 $ 204,874 45,975 113,856 295,893 $ 360,354 130,323 102,345 618,363
S 18 ho, sig <=45 Unknown 9 2 $ 14,384 - - - $ 23,033 - - -
S 18 ho, sig >=50 Unknown 9 1 $ 44,909 - - - $ 75,386 - - -
  19 ho, sign <=45 No injury 0 10 $ 4,793 407 3,987 5,599 $ 4,806 399 4,017 5,596
S 19 ho, sign >=50 No injury 0 4 $ 5,027 - - - $ 6,169 - - -
S 19 ho, sign <=45 B or C 1.5 3 $ 20,809 - - - $ 27,351 - - -
S 19 ho, sign >=50 B or C 1.5 7 $ 44,684 - - - $ 74,466 - - -
S 19 ho, sign <=45 K or A 3.5 4 $ 43,138 - - - $ 73,751 - - -
  19 ho, sign >=50 K or A 3.5 10 $ 225,249 107,412 12,598 437,900 $ 659,591 351,717 - 1,355,907
  20 ho, unksgn <=45 No injury 0 29 $ 7,000 4,060 - 15,037 $ 10,110 7,031 - 24,030
S 20 ho, unksgn >=50 No injury 0 6 $ 4,738 - - - $ 4,738 - - -
  20 ho, unksgn <=45 B or C 1.5 14 $ 22,311 8,526 5,431 39,191 $ 33,767 14,933 4,204 63,330
S 20 ho, unksgn >=50 B or C 1.5 3 $ 38,747 - - - $ 72,630 - - -
S 20 ho, unksgn <=45 K or A 3.5 8 $ 67,464 - - - $ 121,628 - - -
S 20 ho, unksgn <=45 Unknown 9 2 $ 15,264 - - - $ 24,292 - - -
  21 backing <=45 No injury 0 11 $ 4,579 548 3,495 5,663 $ 4,579 548 3,495 5,663
S 21 backing <=45 B or C 1.5 2 $ 35,485 - - - $ 68,936 - - -
S 21 backing <=45 K or A 3.5 1 $ 12,654 - - - $ 16,172 - - -
S 21 backing <=45 Unknown 9 1 $ 14,506 - - - $ 23,154 - - -
  22 undefined <=45 No injury 0 735 $ 5,193 1,539 2,147 8,240 $ 6,386 2,323 1,787 10,985
  22 undefined >=50 No injury 0 304 $ 3,617 262 3,098 4,135 $ 3,826 330 3,172 4,479
  22 undefined <=45 B or C 1.5 794 $ 32,737 3,914 24,989 40,485 $ 62,752 9,564 43,818 81,687
  22 undefined >=50 B or C 1.5 261 $ 30,933 4,466 22,091 39,775 $ 54,777 8,173 38,595 70,958
  22 undefined <=45 K or A 3.5 704 $ 251,783 37,408 177,724 325,842 $ 714,468 124,606 467,777 961,159

 

Table 4. Level 2 by speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Speed limit (mi/h) Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err [95% Conf. Interval]
  22 undefined >=50 K or A 3.5 351 $ 405,324 81,478 244,018 566,630 $ 1,127,019 258,416 615,417 1,638,621
  22 undefined <=45 Injured, sev unk 5 39 $ 30,476 4,280 22,002 38,951 $ 57,595 10,398 37,009 78,180
S 22 undefined >=50 Injured, sev unk 5 3 $ 59,349 - - - $ 117,523 - - -
  22 undefined <=45 Unknown 9 200 $ 13,341 684 11,986 14,696 $ 22,856 1,216 20,450 25,263
  22 undefined >=50 Unknown 9 18 $ 13,196 1,904 9,427 16,965 $ 21,671 3,747 14,254 29,089

Table 5. Level 2 without speed limit

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  1 sv, ped, int No injury 0 36 $ 4,772 1,339 2,121 7,423 $ 5,432 1,762 1,943 8,921
  1 sv, ped, int B or C 1.5 550 $ 39,195 9,051 21,277 57,113 $ 71,684 17,485 37,069 106,300
  1 sv, ped, int K or A 3.5 418 $ 218,641 22,157 174,775 262,508 $ 527,895 66,675 395,894 659,896
  1 sv, ped, int Injured, sev unk 5 55 $ 63,856 8,681 46,671 81,042 $ 139,607 17,911 104,148 175,066
S 1 sv, ped, int Unknown 9 4 $ 14,386 - - - $ 22,841 - - -
  2 sv, ped,n-int No injury 0 51 $ 3,158 391 2,384 3,933 $ 3,362 565 2,244 4,480
  2 sv, ped,n-int B or C 1.5 775 $ 35,810 3,852 28,185 43,435 $ 64,329 7,962 48,566 80,092
  2 sv, ped,n-int K or A 3.5 854 $ 370,632 26,751 317,672 423,592 $ 1,078,294 90,694 898,742 1,257,846
  2 sv, ped,n-int Injured, sev unk 5 62 $ 28,020 7,345 13,479 42,561 $ 46,242 13,672 19,174 73,310
  2 sv, ped,n-int Unknown 9 27 $ 23,618 7,949 7,881 39,356 $ 34,047 9,922 14,404 53,690
  3 sv, animal No injury 0 71 $ 4,544 1,751 1,077 8,011 $ 5,147 2,277 639 9,654
  3 sv, animal B or C 1.5 21 $ 17,106 4,771 7,660 26,551 $ 31,156 11,954 7,490 54,821
N 3 sv, animal K or A 3.5 23 $ 75,715 18,629 38,835 112,595 $ 157,649 36,300 85,784 229,515
  4 sv, object No injury 0 1230 $ 4,624 402 3,827 5,420 $ 5,618 513 4,602 6,633
  4 sv, object B or C 1.5 1139 $ 31,968 2,770 26,485 37,452 $ 63,329 6,247 50,962 75,696
  4 sv, object K or A 3.5 2519 $ 246,564 50,504 146,577 346,550 $ 653,667 145,010 366,582 940,752
  4 sv, object Injured, sev unk 5 31 $ 13,658 3,034 7,652 19,664 $ 22,662 5,621 11,534 33,790
  4 sv, object Unknown 9 100 $ 12,616 594 11,439 13,792 $ 21,799 1,063 19,695 23,902
  5 sv, prkveh No injury 0 187 $ 4,070 258 3,560 4,580 $ 4,587 494 3,610 5,564
  5 sv, prkveh B or C 1.5 91 $ 20,118 3,037 14,105 26,130 $ 35,527 6,996 21,677 49,376
  5 sv, prkveh K or A 3.5 124 $ 205,829 54,914 97,113 314,545 $ 565,673 178,449 212,387 918,959
S 5 sv, prkveh Injured, sev unk 5 8 $ 21,022 - - - $ 37,273 - - -
  5 sv, prkveh Unknown 9 44 $ 11,941 137 11,669 12,213 $ 20,581 249 20,089 21,073
  6 sv, rrollover No injury 0 121 $ 8,704 3,395 1,983 15,425 $ 13,331 5,462 2,518 24,144
  6 sv, rrollover B or C 1.5 398 $ 35,014 7,217 20,726 49,303 $ 67,357 15,105 37,453 97,261
  6 sv, rrollover K or A 3.5 739 $ 347,981 38,097 272,558 423,403 $ 999,974 119,769 762,859 1,237,088
S 6 sv, rrollover Injured, sev unk 5 9 $ 182,849 - - - $ 342,922 - - -
S 6 sv, rrollover Unknown 9 4 $ 12,315 - - - $ 21,032 - - -
  7 mcp, sig No injury 0 1347 $ 7,210 678 5,868 8,553 $ 8,598 952 6,713 10,483
  7 mcp, sig B or C 1.5 1265 $ 29,553 3,036 23,543 35,564 $ 51,150 5,687 39,892 62,409
  7 mcp, sig K or A 3.5 1275 $ 145,482 32,497 81,145 209,818 $ 361,964 86,603 190,512 533,417
  7 mcp, sig Injured, sev unk 5 20 $ 28,828 6,332 16,291 41,365 $ 46,683 11,165 24,578 68,787
  7 mcp, sig Unknown 9 66 $ 18,338 1,632 15,108 21,569 $ 28,618 2,441 23,786 33,451
  8 mcp, sign No injury 0 968 $ 5,861 700 4,476 7,247 $ 6,922 1,034 4,875 8,969
  8 mcp, sign B or C 1.5 795 $ 35,644 4,007 27,710 43,577 $ 62,632 8,271 46,257 79,007
  8 mcp, sign K or A 3.5 876 $ 218,871 34,898 149,781 287,962 $ 556,209 93,667 370,771 741,648
  8 mcp, sign Injured, sev unk 5 16 $ 60,937 28,720 4,078 117,795 $ 117,079 52,562 13,018 221,140
  8 mcp, sign Unknown 9 48 $ 18,600 1,381 15,866 21,334 $ 26,949 3,768 19,489 34,409
  9 mcp, nosgn No injury 0 314 $ 5,912 703 4,521 7,304 $ 6,650 975 4,719 8,580

Table 5. Level 2 without speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  9 mcp, nosgn B or C 1.5 262 $ 27,698 3,620 20,532 34,865 $ 47,758 7,595 32,721 62,795
  9 mcp, nosgn K or A 3.5 231 $ 178,055 26,434 125,722 230,388 $ 393,709 57,834 279,211 508,207
S 9 mcp, nosgn Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 110,650 - - - $ 279,770 - - -
S 9 mcp, nosgn Unknown 9 9 $ 27,860 - - - $ 49,825 - - -
  10 mcp, unk No injury 0 756 $ 5,025 251 4,529 5,521 $ 5,322 371 4,588 6,055
  10 mcp, unk B or C 1.5 298 $ 41,000 8,487 24,198 57,802 $ 72,951 16,103 41,069 104,832
  10 mcp, unk K or A 3.5 135 $ 235,333 124,107 - 481,036 $ 657,610 401,759 - 1,452,998
S 10 mcp, unk Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 48,360 - - - $ 93,037 - - -
  10 mcp, unk Unknown 9 31 $ 16,585 1,413 13,789 19,381 $ 27,316 2,851 21,671 32,961
  11 re-all locations No injury 0 2958 $ 8,230 1,046 6,160 10,301 $ 9,651 1,505 6,672 12,631
  11 re-all locations B or C 1.5 2172 $ 32,708 6,125 20,582 44,834 $ 49,701 9,271 31,347 68,054
  11 re-all locations K or A 3.5 1021 $ 130,557 24,538 81,978 179,136 $ 344,032 69,989 205,470 482,595
  11 re-all locations Injured, sev unk 5 30 $ 33,948 4,640 24,763 43,134 $ 64,194 10,434 43,538 84,850
  11 re-all locations Unknown 9 229 $ 18,120 1,266 15,614 20,625 $ 28,880 2,209 24,506 33,253
  12 re - unk int No injury 0 532 $ 6,997 1,941 3,154 10,841 $ 7,735 2,226 3,328 12,142
  12 re - unk int B or C 1.5 416 $ 50,583 12,393 26,048 75,118 $ 65,390 13,047 39,559 91,221
  12 re - unk int K or A 3.5 143 $ 168,235 55,178 58,995 277,475 $ 431,562 185,747 63,827 799,296
S 12 re - unk int Injured, sev unk 5 7 $ 29,389       $ 51,224      
  12 re - unk int Unknown 9 41 $ 19,369 1,418 16,561 22,177 $ 31,709 2,745 26,276 37,143
  13 re - signed int No injury 0 117 $ 10,325 3,437 3,520 17,130 $ 11,990 4,482 3,117 20,863
  13 re - signed int B or C 1.5 64 $ 21,767 3,829 14,186 29,348 $ 38,978 12,123 14,978 62,978
N 13 re - signed int K or A 3.5 29 $ 75,825 15,849 44,448 107,201 $ 136,469 33,137 70,865 202,073
S 13 re - signed int Injured, sev unk 5 2 $ 45,197 - - - $ 129,348 - - -
S 13 re - signed int Unknown 9 7 $ 13,737 - - - $ 20,755 - - -
  14 re - signl int No injury 0 634 $ 8,165 1,706 4,788 11,541 $ 9,919 2,460 5,048 14,790
  14 re - signl int B or C 1.5 584 $ 23,070 3,275 16,587 29,554 $ 36,170 5,986 24,318 48,021
  14 re - signl int K or A 3.5 218 $ 60,813 15,202 30,717 90,909 $ 134,821 41,745 52,176 217,466
S 14 re - signl int Injured, sev unk 5 8 $ 29,525 - - - $ 48,564 - - -
  14 re - signl int Unknown 9 52 $ 16,493 1,683 13,161 19,826 $ 27,448 4,109 19,313 35,583
  15 re - no int No injury 0 1675 $ 8,020 1,433 5,184 10,857 $ 9,447 2,109 5,273 13,622
  15 re - no int B or C 1.5 1108 $ 26,205 5,975 14,376 38,033 $ 45,321 14,558 16,499 74,142
  15 re - no int K or A 3.5 631 $ 155,885 38,259 80,142 231,628 $ 423,697 110,143 205,641 641,753
  15 re - no int Injured, sev unk 5 13 $ 36,478 8,007 20,626 52,331 $ 70,278 16,573 37,468 103,088
  15 re - no int Unknown 9 129 $ 19,191 1,840 15,548 22,834 $ 29,724 3,097 23,592 35,856
  16 ss No injury 0 2341 $ 5,490 222 5,050 5,930 $ 5,905 300 5,311 6,498
  16 ss B or C 1.5 1100 $ 35,037 4,669 25,793 44,281 $ 62,075 8,707 44,838 79,313
  16 ss K or A 3.5 1050 $ 163,818 33,960 96,585 231,050 $ 428,393 96,749 236,854 619,933
  16 ss Injured, sev unk 5 20 $ 57,389 16,033 25,648 89,129 $ 104,279 30,930 43,046 165,512
  16 ss Unknown 9 195 $ 15,325 843 13,656 16,995 $ 23,820 1,058 21,726 25,914

Table 5. Level 2 without speed limit (continued)

Code Crash geometry Maximum injsev in crash Maximum injsev code Observ Mean human capital cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval] Mean comprehensive cost per crash Std. Err. [95% Conf. Interval]
  17 ho, n-int No injury 0 80 $ 3,543 403 2,745 4,341 $ 3,703 446 2,819 4,587
  17 ho, n-int B or C 1.5 107 $ 44,037 6,435 31,297 56,777 $ 74,719 12,115 50,735 98,703
  17 ho, n-int K or A 3.5 432 $ 558,183 65,796 427,923 688,444 $ 1,547,300 206,716 1,138,052 1,956,548
S 17 ho, n-int Injured, sev unk 5 3 $ 36,258 - - - $ 64,704 - - -
S 17 ho, n-int Unknown 9 5 $ 9,876 - - - $ 15,000 - - -
  18 ho, sig No injury 0 44 $ 4,934 271 4,397 5,470 $ 4,980 276 4,433 5,527
  18 ho, sig B or C 1.5 20 $ 36,567 13,544 9,753 63,382 $ 60,922 24,775 11,875 109,970
N 18 ho, sig K or A 3.5 20 $ 182,970 29,693 124,184 241,755 $ 318,572 78,070 164,012 473,131
S 18 ho, sig Unknown 9 3 $ 15,813 - - - $ 25,483 - - -
  19 ho, sign No injury 0 14 $ 4,870 787 3,312 6,429 $ 5,256 1,075 3,128 7,385
  19 ho, sign B or C 1.5 10 $ 37,405 8,530 20,518 54,292 $ 60,103 16,669 27,102 93,104
  19 ho, sign K or A 3.5 14 $ 141,193 27,499 86,752 195,635 $ 389,188 83,302 224,271 554,106
  20 ho, unksgn No injury 0 35 $ 6,478 3,104 334 12,622 $ 8,870 5,375 - 19,512
  20 ho, unksgn B or C 1.5 17 $ 23,300 8,641 6,193 40,407 $ 36,106 15,529 5,361 66,850
S 20 ho, unksgn K or A 3.5 8 $ 67,464 - - - $ 121,628 - - -
S 20 ho, unksgn Unknown 9 2 $ 15,264 - - - $ 24,292 - - -
  21 backing No injury 0 11 $ 4,579 548 3,495 5,663 $ 4,579 548 3,495 5,663
S 21 backing B or C 1.5 2 $ 35,485 - - - $ 68,936 - - -
S 21 backing K or A 3.5 1 $ 12,654 - - - $ 16,172 - - -
S 21 backing Unknown 9 1 $ 14,506 - - - $ 23,154 - - -
  22 undefined No injury 0 1041 $ 4,010 268 3,480 4,540 $ 4,463 423 3,626 5,300
  22 undefined B or C 1.5 1055 $ 31,516 3,424 24,738 38,294 $ 57,354 6,476 44,532 70,176
  22 undefined K or A 3.5 1057 $ 369,312 66,870 236,926 501,698 $ 1,029,205 210,245 612,970 1,445,441
  22 undefined Injured, sev unk 5 42 $ 32,550 4,279 24,078 41,022 $ 61,899 10,297 41,513 82,285
  22 undefined Unknown 9 218 $ 13,333 636 12,074 14,591 $ 22,790 1,115 20,583 24,997
45 mi/h = 72 km/h      50 mi/h = 80 km/h
Code S = Derived from small sample. Injsev = Injury severity. Conf. Interval = Confidence Interval
Code I = Illogical values or outliers in data. Observ = Observations. - = Sample size was too small to calculate or the lower bound of the confidence interval was below zero.
Code N = Combined estimate with no fatal component. St. Err = Standard Error  

Previous | Table of Contents | Next

ResearchFHWA
FHWA
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration