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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-05-051
Date: October 2005

Crash Cost Estimates by Maximum Police-Reported Injury Severity Within Selected Crash Geometries

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REFERENCES

  1. Miller, T.R. (1997) "Societal Costs of Transportation Crashes," The Full Social Costs and Benefits of Transportation, D. Greene, D. Jones, M. Delucchi, eds., Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 281-314.

  2. Zaloshnja, E., Miller, T.R., Romano, E.O., and Spicer, R.S. (2002) "Crash Costs by Body Part Injured, Fracture Involvement, and Threat-to-Life Severity," Accident Analysis and Prevention36 (3), May 2004, pp. 415-427.

  3. National Safety Council. Manual on Classification of Motor Vehicle Traffic Accidents, Fifth Edition (ANSI D-16.1-1989). National Safety Council, Itasca, IL.

  4. Wang, J.S., Knipling, R.R., and Blincoe, L.J. (1999) "The Dimensions of Motor Vehicle Crash Risk." Journal of Transportation and Statistics, 2, pp. 19-43.

  5. Miller, T.R. and Blincoe, L.J. (1994) "Incidence and Cost of Alcohol-Involved Crashes in the United States." Accident Analysis and Prevention 26(5), October 1994, pp. 583-592.

  6. Miller, T.R., Galbraith, M.S., Lestina, D.C., Schlax, T., Mabery, P., Deering, R., Massie, D., and Campbell, K. (1995) "Understanding the Harm from U.S. Motor Vehicle Crashes." 39th Proceedings, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Des Plaines, IL, pp. 327-342.

  7. Blincoe, L.J., Seay, A. G., Zaloshnja, E., Miller, T.R., Romano, E.O., Luchter, S., and Spicer, R.S. (2002). The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 2000. Report DOT HS 809 446. U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC.

  8. Miller, T. R., Viner, J., Rossman, S., Pindus, N., Gellert, W., Dillingham, A., and Blomquist, G. (1991) The Costs of Highway Crashes. The Urban Institute, Washington DC.

  9. Blincoe, L.J. and Faigin, B.M. (1992) The Economic Cost of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 1990. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 807 876, Washington DC:.

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  11. Viner, J.G. and Conley, C. (1994) Consistency of Police Reported "Incapacitating Injurie"s between States. Working Paper; Federal Highway Administration.

  12. Miller T.R., Whiting, B., Kragh, B., and Zegeer, C. (1987) Sensitivity of a Highway Safety Resource Allocation Model to Variations in Benefit Computation Parameters, Transportation Research Record 1124, pp. 58-65.

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  18. Lawrence, B.A., Miller, T.R., Jensen, A.F., Fisher, D. A., and Zamula, W.W. (2000). "Estimating the Costs of Nonfatal Consumer Product Injuries in the United States." Injury Control and Safety Promotion - 2000, 7(2), pp. 97-113.

  19. Annest, J. L., Mercy, J.A., Gibson, D.R., and Ryan, G.W. (1995). "National Estimates of Nonfatal Firearm-Related Injuries: Beyond the tip of the iceberg." Journal of the American Medical Association, 273(22), pp. 1749-1754.

  20. Miller, T.R., B Lawrence, B., Jensen, A., Waehrer, G., Spicer, R., Lestina, D., Cohen, M. (1998) Estimating the Cost to Society of Consumer Product Injuries: The Revised Injury Cost Model. U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Bethesda, MD.

  21. Miller, T.R., Romano, E., and Spicer, R.S. (2000) "The Cost of Unintentional Childhood Injuries and the Value of Prevention," The Future of Children, p. 10,1, pp. 137-163

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  26. Rice, D.P., MacKenzie, E.J., Jones, A.S., Kaufman, S.R., deLissovoy, G.V., Max, W., McLoughlin, E., Miller, T.R., Robertson, L.S., Salkever, D.S., and Smith, G.S. (1989). Cost of Injury in the United States: A Report to Congress. Prepared for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

  27. Miller, T.R. (1993) "Costs and Functional Consequences of U.S. Roadway Crashes." Accident Analysis and Prevention. 25(5), pp. 593-607.

  28. Miller, T.R., Pindus, N.; Douglass, J.; Rossman, S. (1995) Databook on Nonfatal Injury-Incidence, Costs, and Consequences. The Urban Institute Press: Washington DC.

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  30. Berkowitz, M.; Harvey, C.; Greene, C.; Wilson, and S. (1993) The Economic Consequences of Spinal Cord Injury, Demos Medical Publishing, New York, NY.

  31. Miller, T.R., Brigham, P., Cohen, M., Douglass, J., Galbraith, M., Lestina, D., Nelkin, V., Pindus, N., and Regojo-Smith, P. (1993). "Estimating the Costs to Society of Cigarette Fire Injuries." In Report to Congress in response to the Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990. (Vol. 85, pp. 932-938). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office and Consumer Product Safety Commission.

  32. National Vital Statistics Reports. (1999, 12/13/99). United States Life Tables, 1997. (Vol. 47, No. 28). National Center for Health Statistics, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

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  34. Marquis, S. (1992). The RAND Corporation. Personal communication.

  35. Gold, M. R., Siegel, J.E., Russell, L. B., and Weinstein, M. C. (Eds.). (1996). Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

  36. Miller, T.R. (1990, Fall). "The plausible range for the value of life: Red herrings among the mackerels." Journal of Forensic Economics, 3(3), pp. 75-89.

  37. Miller, T.R. (2000). "Valuing Nonfatal Quality of Life Losses with Quality-Adjusted Life Years: The Health Economist's Meow." Journal of Forensic Economics, 13(2), pp. 145-168.

  38. Mrozek, J.R., and Taylor, L.O. (2002). "What Determines the Value of Life? A Meta-Analysis." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 21(2), pp. 253-270.

  39. Cropper, M.L., Aydede, S.K., and Portney, P.R. (1991). "Discounting Human Lives." American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 73, pp. 1410-1415.

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  41. Hall, J.W. (1998). Economic benefit of accident reductions," Proceedings of the 68th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, DC: ITE, 1998.

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