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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-13-018
Date: April 2013

 

Daytime Color Appearance of Retroreflective Traffic Control Sign Materials

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The FHWA sponsored this work. This research could not have been completed without the assistance of the following personnel: Dana Duke, Lindsey Clark, Megan Hermosillo, and Erin Dagnall. Thomas Granda at FHWA as well as Stephen Fleger and William Perez provided management support for the contract under which the work was conducted.

REFERENCES

  1. Johnson, N.L. (1999). “Accuracy in Measuring the Daytime Color of Retroreflective Materials.” Proceedings of the 24th Session of the CIE, International Commission on Illumination, Warsaw, Poland.

  2. Burns, D.M. (2004). “Daytime Color of Retroreflective Traffic Control Devices: An Investigation into the Relationship between Instrumental Colorimetry in the Laboratory and Field Photometry from the Driver’s Seat.” CIE/USA Annual Meeting.

  3. National Archives and Records Administration (2002). “Section 655, Traffic Operations, Appedix to Subpart F.” Code of Federal Regulations, 23 CFR § 655, Washington, DC.

  4. CIE (1932). Commission Internationale De l'Eclairage Proceedings, 1931, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.

  5. Abramov, I., Gordon, J., and Chan, H. (1990). “Using Hue Scaling to Specify Color Appearance.” Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, pp. 40–51, Santa Clara, CA.

  6. Gordon, J., Abramov, I., and Chan, H. (1994). “Describing Color Appearance: Hue and Saturation Scaling.” Perception & Psychophysics, Vol. 56, pp. 27–41.

  7. Jacobs, G.F. and Johnson N.L. (1995). “Yellow Pavement Markings with Yellow Nighttime Color.” Transportation Research Record 1495, pp. 147–155, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.

  8. Thomas-Meyers, G. and Nagy, A.L. (2003). “Pavement Marking Color Specifications.” Journal of Vision, Vol. 3, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Rockville, MD.

  9. Davis, W., Miller, C., Kennedy, J., and Andersen, C. (2007). “Pilot Study on Daytime Color Appearance of Retroreflective Sheeting.” Proceedings of the 26th Session of the CIE, International Commision on Illumination, Beijing, China.

  10. CIE (2004). Colorimetry, 3rd Ed., Publication No. CIE 15:2004, Vienna, Austria.

  11. ASTM D4956 (2007). Standard Specification for Retroreflective Sheeting for Traffic Control, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

  12. ASTM E1349 (2006). Standard Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Bidirectional Geometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

  13. Federal Highway Administration (2003). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Washington, DC.

  14. McLellan, M., Lind, L., and Kime, R. (1995). “Hue Angle Determiniations and Statistical Analysis for Multiquadrant Hunter L,a,b Data.” Journal of Food Quality, Vol. 18, pp. 235–240.

 

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