U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

Skip to content U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration

Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number: FHWA-RD-96-147
Date: October 1997

Development of Human Factors Guidelines for Advanced Traveler Information Systems and Commerical Vehicle Operations: Components of the Intelligent Transportation Systems: Designs Alternatives for In-Vehicle Information Displays



Becker, S., and Baloff, N. (1969). Organization structure and complex problem solving. Administrative Science Quarterly, 14, 260–271.

Blyth, D. (1987). Leader and subordinate expertise as moderators of the relationship between directive leader behavior and performance. Doctoral Dissertation. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington.

Brehmer, B. (1990). Towards a taxonomy of microworlds. In J. Rasmussen, B. Brehmer, M. de Montmollin, and J. Leplat (Eds.), Taxonomy for analysis of work domains. Proceedings of the first Mohawc workshop. Roskilde: Risö National Laboratory.

Brollier, C. (1984). Managerial leadership in hospital–based occupational therapy. Dissertation Abstracts International, 45, 1433.

Cammalleri, J., Hendrick, H., Pittman, W., Blout, H., and Prather, D. (1973). Effects of different leadership styles on group accuracy. Journal of Applied Psychology, 57, 32–37.

Crockenberg, S., and Litman, C. (1990). Autonomy as competence in 1–year–olds: Maternal correlates of child defiance, compliance, and self–assertion. Developmental Psychology, 26, 961–971.

Deatherage, B.H. (1972). Auditory and other sensory forms of information presentation. In H.P. Van Cott and R.G. Kincade (Eds.), Human engineering guide to equipment design. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Endsley, M.R. (1995a). Toward a theory of situation awareness in dynamic systems. Human Factors, 37(1), 32–64.

Endsley, M.R. (1995b). Measurement of situation awareness in dynamic systems. Human Factors, 37(1), 65–84.

Erlichman, J. (1992). A pilot study of the in–vehicle safety advisory and warning system (IVSAWS) driver–alert warning system design. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 36th Annual Meeting, 480–484. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

Fiedler, F., and Garcia, J. (1987). New approaches to effective leadership: Cognitive resources and organizational performance. New York: Wiley.

Hammond, K.R. (1966). Probabilistic functionalism: Egon Brunswik's integration of the history, theory, and method of psychology. In K.R. Hammond (Ed.), The psychology of Egon Brunswik, 15–80. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Hellier, E.J., Edworthy, J., and Dennis, I. (1993). Improving auditory warning design: Quantifying and predicting the effects of different warning parameters on perceived urgency. Human Factors, 35(4), 693–706.

Hendrix, W., and McNichols, C. (1982). Organizational effectiveness as a function of managerial style, situational environment, and effectiveness criterion. Journal of Experimental Education, 52, 145–151.

Kantowitz, B. H., Hanowski, R. J., and Kantowitz, S. C. (1997). Driver reliability requirements for traffic advisory information. In I. Noy (Ed.), Ergonomics of intelligent vehicle highway systems,1–22. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Kantowitz, B.H., Lee, J.D., Becker, C.A., Bittner, A.C., Jr., Kantowitz, S.C., Hanowski, R.J., Kinghorn, R.A., McCauley, M.E., Sharkey, T.J., McCallum, M.C., and Barlow, S.T. (1996). Development of human factors guidelines for Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) and Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO) components of the Intelligent Vehicle–Highway System (IVHS); Task H draft report: Identify and explore driver acceptance of in–vehicle IVHS (Report No. FHWA–RD–96–143). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

King, R.A., and Corso, G.M. (1993). Auditory displays: If they are so useful, why are they turned off? Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 37th Annual Meeting, 549–553. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

Konrad, C.M., Kramer, A.F., and Watson, S.E. (1994). A comparison of sequential and spatial displays in a complex monitoring task. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 38th Annual Meeting, 1331–1335. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

Landry, S., and Chapieski, M. (1989). Joint attention and infant toy exploration: Effects of Down's syndrome and prematurity. Child Development, 60, 103–118.

Landry, S., Garner, P., Pirie, D., and Swank, P. (1994). Effects of social context and mother's requesting strategies on Down's syndrome children's social responsiveness. Developmental Psychology, 30, 293–302.

Lee, J.D., and Moray, N. (1994). Trust, self–confidence, and operators' adaptation to automation. International Journal of Human–Computer Studies, 40, 153–184.

Lee, J.D., and Moray, N. (1992). Trust and the allocation of function in the control of automatic systems. Ergonomics, 35, 1243–1270.

Lippitt, R. (1940). An experimental study of the effect of democratic and authoritarian group atmospheres. University of Iowa Studies in Child Welfare, 16, 43–95.

Lytton, H. (1977). Correlates of compliance and the rudiments of consciences in two–year–old boys. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 9, 243–251.

Maurer, H., and Sherrod, K. (1987). Context of directives given to young children with Down's syndrome and non–retarded children: Development over two years. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 91, 579–590.

McCallum, M.C., Lee, J.D., Sanquist, T.F., and Wheeler, W.A. (1995). Development of human factors guidelines for Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) and Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO) components of the Intelligent Vehicle–Highway System (IVHS); Task B final report: ATIS and CVO development objectives and performance requirements (Report No. FHWA–RD–95–109). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

McCormick, E.J., and Sanders, M.S. (1982). Human factors in engineering and design. New York: McGraw–Hill.

Miller, K., and Monge, P. (1986). Participation, satisfaction, and productivity: A meta–analytic review. Academy of Management Journal, 29, 727–753.

Misumi, J., and Peterson, M. (1985). The performance–maintenance theory of leadership: Review of a Japanese research program. Administrative Science Quarterly, 30, 198–223.

Moray, N. (1981). The role of attention in the detection of errors and the diagnosis of errors in man–machine systems. In J. Rasmussen and W.B. Rouse (Eds.), Human detection and diagnosis of system failures. New York: Plenum Press.

Rocissano, L., Slade, A., and Lynch, V. (1987). Dyadic synchrony and toddler compliance. Developmental Psychology, 16, 54–61.

Rudin, S. (1964). Leadership as a psychophysiological activation of group members: A case experimental study. Psychological Reports, 15, 577–578.

Schneider, W., and Shiffrin, R. (1977). Controlled and automatic human information processing. Psychological Review, 84, 1–66.

Shackleton, V., Bass, B., and Allison, S. (1975). PAXIT. Scottsville, NY: Transnational Programs.

Shaw, M.L. (1984). Division of attention among spatial locations: A fundamental difference between detection of letters and detection of luminance increments. In H. Bouma (Ed.), Attention and performance, 109–121. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Sheridan, T.B. (1982). Supervisory control: Problems, theory, and experiment for application to human–computer interaction in undersea remote systems (Technical Report). Cambridge, MA: MIT.

Singh, I.L., Molloy, R., and Parasuraman, R. (1993). Automation–induced "complacency": Development of the complacency–potential rating scale. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 3(2), 111–122.

Sorkin, R.D. (1987). Design of auditory and tactile displays. In G. Salvendy (Ed.), Handbook of human factors. New York: Wiley.

Wickens, C.D. (1984). Engineering psychology and human performance. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, and Company.

1. All analyses were performed with the Bio–Medical Data Processing (BMDP) Version 7.0 software package. Where appropriate, the results were interpreted using the Greenhouse–Geisser adjustment to the degrees of freedom to compensate for violations to the sphericity assumption in the repeated measures analysis of variance.



Previous | Table of Contents

United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration