Synthesis of Human Factors Research on Older Drivers and Highway Safety
Volume 1: Older Driver Research Synthesis
This research produced a handbook containing highway design and operational recommendations to accommodate older drivers, plus companion synthesis documents summarizing, respectively, the findings of past studies of age differences in driver capabilities, and of experiments and analyses in the area of human factors and highway safety. A relational data base devoted to the present research topics is also described, and future research program recommendations are presented.
This report will be of interest to researchers concerned with issues of older road user safety and mobility, and to transportation engineers, urban planners, and users of current AASHTO and FHWA policies on highway design and operations. Copies of the report are being distributed to FHWA Resource Centers, Division offices, and to State highway agencies.
Additional copies of this document are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161. A charge is imposed by NTIS for copies provided.
A. George Ostensen Director Office of Safety and Traffic Operations Research and Development
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TECHNICAL REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
|1. Report No.
|2. Government Accession No.
||3. Recipient's Catalog No.
|4. Title and Subtitle
SYNTHESIS OF HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH ON OLDER DRIVERS AND HIGHWAY SAFETY, Volume I: Older Driver Research Synthesis
|5. Report Date
March 6, 1998
||6. Performing Organization Code
Loren Staplin, Karlene Ball, Denise Park, Lawrence E. Decina, Kathy H. Lococo, Kenneth W. Gish, and Bari Kotwal
|8. Performing Organization Report No.
|9. Performing Organization Name and Address
The Scientex Corporation
Transportation Safety Division
P.O. Box 1367
1722 Sumneytown Pike
Kulpsville, PA 19443
|10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
||11. Contract or Grant No.
|12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Safety and Traffic Operations R&D
Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101–2296
|13. Type of Report and Period Covered
April 1, 1997 – March 15, 1998
||14. Sponsoring Agency Code
|15. Supplementary Notes
COTR: Joseph Moyer, HSR–30; Gary Golembiewski, SAIC
The overall goals in this project were to perform literature reviews and syntheses, using meta–analytic techniques, where appropriate, for a
broad and comprehensive body of research findings on older driver needs and (diminished) capabilities, and a more focused body of work concerning
human factors and highway safety, to support the development of specific research products. The research products completed through these activities
included: (1) an applications–oriented Older Driver Highway Design Handbook intended to supplement standard design manuals for practitioners;
(2) an Older Driver Research Synthesis, oriented toward human factors professionals and researchers; (3) a Human Factors and Highway Safety Synthesis
capturing major findings and trends in studies of driver use of (and difficulties with) a wide range of highway elements; (4) future research program
recommendations that are focused on specified applications and are consistent with the needs identified through other work in this project; and (5)
the shell of a relational data base (RIDHER) structured to encompass the information elements in these research syntheses. The two synthesis
documents in this set of deliverables are published as companion volumes. This is volume I. The other volume in this set is:
FHWA–RD–97–095 Volume II: Human Factors and Highway Safety Research Synthesis
|17. Key Words
Safety, Age, Driver Performance, Human Factors Vision, Attention, Perception, Cognition, Memory, Physical Ability, Risk Perception, Hazard Perception,
Motivation, Highway Design, Highway Operations
|18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, 22161.
|19. Security Classif. (of this report)
|20. Security Classif. (of this page)
|21. No. of Pages
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8–72) Reproduction of completed page authorized