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Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number: FHWA-RD-97-106

Rural Public Transportation Technologies: User Needs and Applications FR1-798


  1. Twomey, J.M., M.L. Heckman, and J.C. Hayward, "Interchanges," Volume IV of Safety Effects of Highway Design Features, Reports No. FHWA-RD-91-047, Federal Higway Administration, November 1992.

  2. Harwood, D.W., J.C. Glennon, and J.L. Graham, "Procedures and Guidelines for Rehabilitation of Existing Freeway-Arterial Highway Interchanges: Volumes IV." Research Report, Report No. FHWA/RD-81/106, Federal Higway Administration, May 1982.

  3. Harwood, D.W., and J.L. Graham, "Rehabilitation of Existing Freeway-Arterial Highway Interchanges," Transportation Research Record 923, Transportation Research Board, 1983.

  4. Oppenlander, J.C., and R.F. Dawson, "Interchanges," Chapter 9 of Traffic Control and Roadway Elements--Their Relationship to Highway Safety/Revised, Highway Users Ferderation for Safety and Mobility, 1970.

  5. Cirillo, J.A., S.K. Dietz, and R.L. Beatty, "Analysis and Modeling of Relationships Between Accidents and the Geometric and Traffic Characteristics of the Interstate System,: Fereral Highway Administration, August 1969.

  6. Morgenstein, D.R., and J. Edmonds, Analysis of Interstate System Accident Research (ISAR) Data, Final Report of Contact No. DOT-FH-11-9183, Federal Highway Administration, November 1978 (cited in Reference 2).

  7. Kim, T., "Modelling Freeway Interchange Accidents," Ph.D. Dissertation. Michigan State University, 1989.

  8. Yates, J.G., "Relationship Between Curvature and Accident Experience on Loop and Outer Connection Ramps," Highway Research Record 132, Highway Research Board, 1970.

  9. Lundy, R.A., "The Effect of Ramp Type and Geometry on Accidents," California Department of Public Works, Division of Highways, Sacramento, California, May 1965.

  10. Fisher, R.L., "Accident and Operating Experience at Interchanges," Highway Research Board Bulletin 291, Highway Research Board, 1961.

  11. Cirillo, J.A., "Interstate System Accident Research Study II," Interim Report, Part I, Highway Research Record 188, Highway Research Board, 1967.

  12. Cirillo, J.A., "Interstate System Accident Research Study II," Interim Report, Part II, Public Roads, August 1968.

  13. Cirillo, J.A., "The Relationship of Accidents to Length of Speed-Change Lanes and Weaving Areas on Interstate Highways," Highway Research Record 312, Highway Research Board, 1970.

  14. Miaou, S.H., and H. Lum, "Modeling Vehicle Accidents and Highway Geometric Design Relationships," Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 25(6). pp. 689-709.

  15. Hauer, E., J.C.N. Ng, and J. Lovell, "Estimation of Safety at Signalized Intersection," Transportation Research Record 1185,, 1988.

  16. Knuiman, M.W., F.M. Council, and D.W. Reinfurt, "The Effect of Median Width on Highway Accident Rates," Transportation Research Record 1401, 1993.

  17. Miaou, S.P., et al., Development of Relationship Between Truck Accidents and Geometric Design: Phase I, Report No. FHWA-RD-91-124, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA, March 1993.

  18. Shankar, V., F.L. Mannering, and W. Barfield, "Effect of Roadway Geometrics and Environmental Factors on Rural Accidents Frequencies," presented at the 74th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, January 1995.

  19. Hadi, M.A., J. Aruldhas, L. Chow, and J.A. Wattleworth, "Estimating the Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design for Various Highway Types Using Negative Binomial Regression," presented at the 74th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, January 1995.

  20. Bauer, K.M., and D.W. Harwood, Statistical Models of At-Grade Intersection Accidents, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-125, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA, 1996.

  21. Miaou, S.P., "the Relationship Between Truck Accidents and Geometric Design of Road Sections: Poisson Versus Negative Binomial Regressions," Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 26(4), pp. 471-482, 1987.

  22. Bared, J.G., and A. Vogt, "Highway Safety Evaluation System for Planning and Preliminary Design of Two-Lane Rural Highways," presented at Accident Analysis Workshop, Federal Highway Administration, August 1996.

  23. Hardwood, D.W., J.M. Mason, and J.L. Graham, Conceptual Plan for an Interactive Highway Safety Design Model, Report No. FHWA-RD=93-122, Federal Highway Administration, February 1994.

  24. Nelder, J.A., and R.W.M. Wedderburn, "Generalized Linear Models," JRSS A, 135, Part 3, p. 370, 1972.

  25. McCullagh, P., and J.A. Nelder, Generalized Linear Models, Second Edition, New York: Chapman & Hall, 1989.

  26. SAS Institute Inc., SAS/STAT® Software: The GENMOD Procedure, Release 6.09, SAS® Technical Report P-243, Cary, NC, 88 pp, 1993.

  27. Fridstrøm, L., et al., "Measuring the Contribution of Randomness, Exposure, Weather, and Daylight to the Variation in Road Accident Counts," Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 27, pp. 1-20, 1995.

  28. Miaou, S.P., Measuring the Goodness-of-Fit of Accident Prediction Models, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-040, Fereral Highway Administration, McLean, VA, 1996.

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