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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-97-152

Guidelines for the Use of Raised Pavement Markers

 

SECTION 6. ADDITIONAL REFERENCES

 

BACKGROUND SOURCES

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (1990). A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets. Washington D.C.: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.

Harvey, L. O. (1970). Survey of Visual Research Literature on Military Problems During World War II: Papers Collected by the Armed Forces–NRC Vision Committee. Arlington, Virginia: Institute for Defense Analyses Science and Technology Division.

Instruction and Maintenance Manual for the PR–1980A Pritchard Photometer. Burbank, California: Photo Research Division of Kollmorgen Corporation.

Nemeth, et al. (1984). Recommended Delineation Treatments at Selected Situations on Rural State Highways, Part 2. Technical Report No. FHWA–OH–85–002. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH: Engineering Experiment Station.

Middleton, K. (1952). Vision Through the Atmosphere. University of Toronto Press.

Riggs, L. A. (1965). Light as a Stimulus for Vision. In Vision and Visual Perception (ed. Graham, C. H.) New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

Sanderson, R. W. and Barton, R. A. (1985). Delineation Effectiveness for Alcohol Involved Accidents. In Effectiveness of Highway Safety Improvements, 52–60.

Ullman, G. L. (1992). Retroflective Raised Pavement Marker Field Testing: Initial Interim Report. Technical Report No. FHWA–TX–92–1946–1. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Ullman, G. L., Balke, K. N., and Dudek, C. L. (1994). Enhanced Edge Line Delineation Systems: A Review of Literature and Identification of Potential Test Scenarios. Revised Working Paper/July 1994. College Station, Texas: Texas Transportation Institute.

 

ADDITIONAL SOURCES FOR FUTURE REFERENCE

Bissill, H. H, Pilkington, G. B., Mason, J. M., and Woods, D. C. (1982). Roadway Cross Section and Alignment in Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Traffic Control and Roadway Elements. Technical Report No. FHWA–TS–82–232. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation. [cited in Zador et. al. (1987)]

Bryden, J. E. and Lorini, R. A. (1981). Experimental Pavement Delineation Treatments. Technical Report No. FHWA/NY–RR–81/87. New York: State Department of Transportation. [cited in Pennell (1993)]

Cavallo, V., Burn–Dei, M., Laya, O., and Neboit, M. (1988). Perception and Anticipation in Negotiating Curves: The Role of Driving Experience. In Vision in Vehicles, II, 365–374.

Chapman, B. J. (1994). Cost–Effective Marking and Delineation Materials for Highways. Technical Report No. FHWQ–CA–TL–94–06. California State Department of Transportation: Sacramento Division of New Technology, Materials and Research.

Cohen, A. S. and Studach, H. (1977). Eye movements while driving cars around corners. In Perceptual and Motor Skills, 44, 683–689. [cited in Fildes and Triggs (1985)]

Gatlin, G. R. (1993). Evaluation of Cold Plastic and Hot Spray Thermoplastic on I–20 in Scott County. Technical Report No. MDOT–RD–93–67–20. Jackson, MS: Department of Transportation.

Hall, J. W. and Zador, P. (1982). Survey of Single Vehicle Fatal Rollover Crash Sites in New Mexico. Transportation Research Record No. 819, pp. 1–8. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board. [cited in Zador et al. (1987)]

Johnson, I. R. (1984). The Effects of Roadway Delineation on Curve Negotiation by Both Sober and Drinking Drivers. Australian Road Research Board, No. 128. [cited in Zador et al. (1987)]

Khan, M. M. (1987). Evaluation of Temporary Raised Pavement Markers in Work Zones. Report No. Ohio/HWY–01/87. Columbus, OH: Ohio Department of Transportation. [cited in Migletz, Fish, and Graham (1994)]

Kidd, S. Q. (1991). Cold Plastic and Hot Thermoplastic, Foil–back Tape, Removable Tape and Paint Pavement Markings. Technical Report No. MSHD–RD–90–67–17. Mississippi State Highway Department, Jackson, MS: Jackson Research and Development Division.

Lee, R. L. Jr., Hostetter, R. S., and Liebowitz, H. W. (1991). Driver Visibility Under Wet Pavement Conditions: Size, Shape, and Spacing of Object Markers/Delineators. Technical Report No. FHWA–RD–91–016. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Lougheed, J. F. (1986). Performance Evaluation of Snowplowable Raised Pavement Markers. Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications. [cited in Pennell (1993)]

McLean, J. R. (1983). Speeds on Curves: Side Friction Factor Considerations. Australian Road Research Board, APR 126. [cited in Zador et. al. (1987)]

McLean, J. R. and Hoffmann, E. R. (1973). The Effects of Restricted Preview on Driver Steering Control and Performance. In Human Factors, 15, 421–430. [cited in Fildes and Triggs (1985)]

Merrit, J. O. and Kerr, S. K. (1977). Driver's Visibility Requirements for Roadway Delineation, Vol. II: Color Identification of Yellow Highway Paint as a Function of Yellow/White Pigment Mixture Ratio. Technical Report No. FHWA–RD–77–166. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Nedas, N. D. and Luminello, S. (1982). Field Study of the Influence of Post–Delineations on Driver Performance in Various Weather and Light Conditions. Potters Industries, Hasbruck Heights, N.J. [cited in Zador et al. (1987)]

Niessner, C. W. (1984). Raised Pavement Markers at Hazardous Locations. Technical Report No. FHWA–TS–84–215. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration. [cited in Freedman et al. (1988)]

Rockwell, T. H. and Hungerford, J. C. (1979). Use of Delineation Systems to Modify Driving Performance on Rural Curves. Technical Report No. FHWA/OH/79/007, Project EES 567. Wahington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration. [cited in Zwahlen (1993)]

Schrock, M. P. et al. (1993). Developing a Monitoring System of the Dispensing Rate of Glass Traffic–Line Beads. Technical Report No. K–TRAN–KSU–92–1. Kansas State University, Manhattan.

Stimpson, W. A., McGee, H. W., Kittelson, W. K., and Ruddy, R. H. (1977). Field Evaluation of Selected Delineation Treatments on Two–Lane Rural Highways. Technical Report No. FHWA–77–118. U.S. Department of Transportation. [cited in Zador et al. (1987)]

Swenson, C. R. (1985). A Study of Driver Behavior in Horizontal Curves. (unpublished M.S. thesis), School of Civil Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia. [cited in Zador et al. (1987)]

Thermoplastic/Primer Systems (handout) (1979). United States Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration. [cited in Migletz, Fish, and Graham (1994)]

Wright, P. H. and Robertson, L. S. (1979). Amelioration of Roadside Obstacle Crashes. Compendium of Technical Papers. Washington, D.C.: Institute of Transportation Engineers. [cited in Zador et al. (1987)]

Wright, P. H. and Zador, P. (1982). Study of Fatal Rollover Crashes in Georgia. Transportation Research Record No. 819, pp. 8–17. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board. [cited in Zador et al. (1987)]

 

FHWA-RD-97-152

 

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