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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-98-133
Date: October 1998

Accident Models for Two-Lane Rural Roads: Segment and Intersections

6. Validation and Further Analysis

This chapter is devoted to miscellaneous analytical tasks relevant to possible uses of the models:

  • Validation tests are performed to measure the predictive efficacy of the leading models. The Minnesota models are tested against Minnesota data from a later time period (1990-1993) on the same segments and intersections. They are also tested against Washington data, and the Washington segment model and the combined segment model are tested on Minnesota data from 1985-89 and 1990-93.

  • The relative explanatory value of different groups of variables in the final models (Tables 27 and 35) is assessed by means of the Log-Likelihood R-squared introduced in Chapter 5.

  • Scaled residuals (observed accident counts minus predicted mean accident counts divided by estimated standard error) are compared graphically with leading variables to check for systematic trends that might contradict the assumed model form or suggest model refinements.

Validation

Explanatory Value of Final Models

Cumulative Scaled Residuals

Summary

 

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