Advanced Traveler Information Systems and Commercial Vehicle Operations: Components of the Intelligent Transporation Systems: On-Road Evaluation of ATIS Messages
DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN FACTORS GUIDELINES FOR
ADVANCED TRAVELER INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE OPERATIONS
ON-ROAD EVALUATION OF ATIS MESSAGES
This report is one of a series reports produced as part of a contract designed to develop precise, detailed human factors design guidelines for Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) and Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO). The contractual effort consists of three phases: analytic, empirical, and integration. This report is a product of the empirical phase. The empirical phase will also address topics such as: ATIS function transition, display channels, multi-modality displays, CVO driver fatigue, display formats and workload, and head-up displays (HUDs). Among the analytic topics discussed in the series are functional description of ATIS/CVO, comparable systems analysis, task analysis of ATIS/CVO functions, alternate systems analysis, identification and exploration of driver acceptance, and definition and prioritization of research studies.
This report documents a study that was performed to determine the effects of an automotive HUD when used to present route guidance information.
Copies of this report can be obtained through the Research and Technology Report Center, 9701 Philadelphia Court, Unit Q, Lanham, Maryland 20706, telephone: (301) 577-0818, fax: (301) 577-1421, or the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161, telephone: (703) 487-4650, fax: (703) 321-8547.
Michael F. Trentacoste
Director, Office of Safety
Research and Development
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TECHNICAL REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
|1. Report No.
|2. Government Accession No.
||3. Recipient's Catalog No.
|4. Title and Subtitle
ADVANCED TRAVELER INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
OPERATIONS COMPONENTS OF THE INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS: ON-ROAD EVALUATION OF ATIS MESSAGES
|5. Report Date
March 20, 1998
|6. Performing Organization Code
B.H. Kantowitz, B.L. Hooey, & O. Simsek
|8. Performing Organization Report No.
|9. Performing Organization Name and Address
Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center
4000 NE 41st Street
P.O. Box 5395
Seattle, WA 98105-0395
|10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
|11. Contract or Grant No.
|12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Safety and Traffic Operations R&D
Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101-2296
|13. Type of Report and Period Covered
July 1996 - July 1997
|14. Sponsoring Agency Code
|15. Supplementary Notes
Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative (COTR): M. Joseph Moyer,
HRDS; Thomas M. Granda, HRDS (formerly with SAIC)
This report describes the results of an on-road study that examined how Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) information influences driver
behavior. The objective of the study was to develop ATIS design guidelines, primarily for In-Vehicle Signing Information Systems (ISIS and In-Vehicle
Safety Advisory and Warning Systems (IVSAWS), to define the amount and format of information that can safely be displayed in an ATIS. A general issue
facing ATIS designers is to determine how much information can safely be presented in an ATIS. This study investigated rates of one, two, or three
message presentations per minute. No effects of information density were observed on driving performance. Another general issue that faces ATIS
designers is how message potency (i.e. message style and display modality) affects driving safety and compliance with ATIS messages. Message potency
is shown to have an important effect on both compliance and driving safety, confirming previous findings on how particular ATIS design characteristics
can undermine driving safety by fostering an over-reliance on ATIS information. Also investigated in this study was whether advance notification
messages that warn drivers of upcoming route guidance instructions are helpful. The results show that the drivers make use of advance notification
messages to prepare for upcoming turns.
|17. Key Words
ATIS, ITS, ISIS, IVSAWS, ATIS design guidelines.
|18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, 22161.
|19. Security Classif. (of this report)
|20. Security Classif. (of this page)
|21. No. of Pages
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized