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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-99-207

Prediction of the Expected Safety Performance of Rural Two-Lane Highways

8. REFERENCES

  1. Bauer, K. M., and D. W. Harwood, Statistical Models of At-Grade Intersection Accidents, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-125, Federal Highway Administration, 1996.

  2. Hauer, E., Observational Before-After Studies in Traffic Safety, Elsevier Science, 1997.

  3. Vogt, A., and J.G. Bared, Accident Models for Two-Lane Rural Roads: Segments and Intersections, Report No. FHWA-RD-98-133, Federal Highway Administration, October 1998.

  4. Vogt, A., and J.G. Bared, “Accident Models for Two-Lane Rural Segments and
    Intersection,” Transportation Research Record 1635, Transportation Research Board, 1998.

  5. Vogt, A., Crash Models for Rural Intersections: 4-Lane by 2-Lane Stop-Controlled and 2-Lane by 2-Lane Signalized, Report No. FHWA-RD-99-128, Federal Highway Administration, October 1999.

  6. Zegeer, C. V., D. W. Reinfurt, J. Hummer, L. Herf, and W. Hunter, “Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design for Two-Lane Roads,” Transportation Research Record 1195, Transportation Research Board, 1988.

  7. Zegeer, C. V., R. Stewart, F. Council, and T. R. Neuman, “Accident Relationships of Roadway Width on Low-Volume Roads,” Transportation Research Record 1445, Transportation Research Board, 1994.

  8. Zegeer, C. V., R. C. Deen, and J. G. Mayes, “Effect of Lane and Shoulder Width on Accident Reduction on Rural, Two-Lane Roads,” Transportation Research Record 806, Transportation Research Board, 1981.

  9. Miaou, S-P., Measuring the Goodness-of-Fit of Accident Prediction Models, Report No. FHWA-RD-96-040, Federal Highway Administration, December 1996.

  10. Griffin, L. I., and K. K. Mak, The Benefits to Be Achieved from Widening Rural, Two-Lane Farm-to-Market Roads in Texas, Report No. IAC(86-87) - 1039, Texas Transportation Institute, College Station, TX, April 1987.

  11. Miaou, S-P., “Development of Adjustment Factors for Single-Vehicle Run-Off-Road Accidents Rates by Horizontal Curvature and Grade,” Oak Ridge National Laboratory, draft, August 3, 1995.

  12. Rinde, E. A., Accident Rates vs. Shoulder Width, Report No. CA-DOT-TR-3147-1-77-01, California Department of Transportation, 1977.

  13. Zegeer, C. V., J. R. Stewart, F. M. Council, D. W. Reinfurt, and E. Hamilton, “Safety Effects of Geometric Improvements on Horizontal Curves,” Transportation Research Record 1356, Transportation Research Board, 1992.

  14. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, Washington, DC, 1994.

  15. Zegeer, C., R. Stewart, D. Reinfurt, F. Council, T. Neuman, E. Hamilton, T. Miller, and W. Hunter, Cost-Effective Geometric Improvements for Safety Upgrading of Horizontal Curves, Report No. FHWA-R0-90-021, Federal Highway Administration, October 1991.

  16. Miaou, S-P., “Vertical Grade Analysis Summary,” unpublished, May 1998.

  17. Muskaug, R., Accident Rates on National Roads, Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway, 1985.

  18. Transportation Research Board, “Driveway and Street Intersection Spacing,” Transportation Research Circular 456, March 1996.

  19. Harwood, D. W., and A. D. St. John, Passing Lanes and Other Operational Improvements on Two-Lane Highways, Report No. FHWA/RD-85/028, Federal Highway Administration, July 1984.

  20. Nettelblad, P., Traffic Safety Effects of Passing (Climbing) Lanes: An Accident Analysis Based on Data for 1972-1977, Meddelande TU 1979-5, Swedish National Road Administration, 1979.

  21. Hauer, E., “Two-Way Left-Turn Lanes: Review and Interpretation of Published Literature,” unpublished, 1999.

  22. Texas Transportation Institute, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, “Improved Procedures for Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Roadside Safety Features,” NCHRP Project 22-9, ongoing.

  23. Kulmala, R., Safety at Three- and Four-Arm Junctions: Development and Application of Accident Prediction Models, VTT Publication 233, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, 1995.

  24. Federal Highway Administration, Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways, 1988.

  25. Lovell, J., and E. Hauer, “The Safety Effect of Conversion to All-Way STOP Control,” Transportation Research Record 1068, Transportation Research Board, 1986.

  26. Agent, K. R., “Development of Warrants for Left-Turn Lanes,” Research Report 526, Bureau of Highways, Kentucky Department of Transportation, Lexington, KY, July 1989.

  27. California Department of Public Works, Evaluation of Minor Improvements: Flashing Beacons, Safety Lighting, Left-Turn Channelization, Traffic Department, California of Public Works, 1967 (as cited in Reference 27).

  28. Hagenauer, G. F., et al., “Chapter 5. Intersections,” in Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Traffic Control and Roadway Elements, Volume 1, Report No. FHWA-TS-82-232, Federal Highway Administration, December 1982.

  29. Creasey, T., and K. R. Agent, “Development of Accident Reduction Factors,” Research Report UKTRP-85-6, Kentucky Transportation Research Program, College of Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, March 1985.

  30. Dale, C. W., Cost-Effectiveness of Safety Improvement Projects, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., May 1973.

  31. Ermer, O. J., Accident Reduction Factors for Indiana, Report No. FHWA/IN/JHRP-91/11, Joint Highway Research Program, Purdue University School of Engineering, Indiana Department of Transportation, May 1991.

  32. Glennon, J. C., et al., Technical Guidelines for the Control of Direct Access to Arterial Highways, Volume II: Detailed Description of Access Control Techniques, Report No. FHWA-RD-76-87, Federal Highway Administration, 1975.

  33. Glennon, J. C., et al., Evaluation of Techniques for the Control of Direct Access to Arterial Highways, Report No. FHWA-RD-76-85, Federal Highway Administration, 1976.

  34. McCoy, P. T., W. J. Hoppe, and D. V. Dvorak, “Benefit-Cost Evaluation of Left-Turn Lanes on Uncontrolled Approaches of Rural Intersections (Abridgement),” Transportation Research Record 1026, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 1985.

  35. McCoy, P. T., and M. S. Malone, “Safety Effects of Left-Turn Lanes on Urban Four-Lane Roadways,” Transportation Research Record 1239, Transportation Research Board, 1989.

  36. Smith, S. A., et al., Identification, Quantification, and Structuring of Two-Lane Rural Highway Safety Problems and Solutions, Volume II—Technical Report, Federal Highway Administration, July 1981.

  37. Datta, T. K., “Head-On, Left-Turn Accidents at Intersections with Newly Installed Traffic Signals,” Transportation Research Record 1318, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 1991.

  38. Elvik, R., Meta Analysis of Intersection Accidents, Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway.

  39. Brüde, U., and J. Larsson, Countermeasures at Junctions Taken As Part of the Regional Road Authorities’ Traffic Safety Program, VTI-Rapport 292, Swedish Road and Traffic Research Institute, Linkoping, 1985.

  40. Griffith, M. S., The Application of an Improved Accident Analysis Method for Highway Safety Evaluation, Report No. FHWA-RD-94-082, Federal Highway Administration, October, 1994.

  41. Turner, D. S., “Prediction of Bridge Accident Rates,” Journal of Transportation Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 110, No. 1, January 1984.

  42. Fambro, D. B., K. Fitzpatrick, and R. Koppa, Determining of Stopping Sight Distances, NCHRP Report 400, Transportation Research Board, 1997.

  43. Fridstrøm, L., et al., “Measuring the Contribution of Randomness, Exposure, Weather, and Daylight to the Variation in Road Accident Counts,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 27, 1995.

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