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Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-04-140
Date: December 2005

Enhanced Night Visibility Series, Volume IX: Phase II—Characterization of Experimental Objects

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  1. Adrian, W.K. (1989). “Visibility of Targets: Model for Calculation.” Lighting Research and Technology, 21(4), 181–188.

  2. Standard Practice Subcommittee of the IESNA Roadway Lighting Committee. (2000). American National Standard Practice for Roadway Lighting (ANSI/IESNA RP-8-00). New York, NY: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.

  3. Hood, D.C., & Finkelstein, M.A. (1986). “Sensitivity to Light.” In K.R. Boff, L. Kaufmann, & J.P. Thomas (Eds.), Handbook of Perception and Human Performance: Vol. 1 (pp. 5–1 to 5–66). New York, NY: Wiley.

  4. Gibbons, R., Andersen, C., & Hankey, J. (2005). The Wet Night Visibility of Pavement Markings: A Static Experiment. Presented at the 84th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.

  5. McCartney, E.J. (1976). Optics of the Atmosphere: Scattering by Molecules and Particles. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


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