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Report
This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-06-034
Date: July 2006

Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility

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FOREWORD

This report summarizes the development and content of a compendium and summary of human factors research supporting the Integrated Program for the Interactive Highway Safety Design Model and Safety Research project. The report is a comprehensive and easy-to-use resource that summarizes the accumulated human factors knowledge and practices that are relevant to human cognition, perception, and behavior in the areas of intersections, speed management, pedestrians and bicyclists, and visibility of traffic control devices and materials. It is intended for use by both human factors and nonhuman factors participants (i.e., engineers, designers, program managers) in addressing general safety areas, including driver behavior at intersections, and in developing tools and procedures for intersection design.

Copies of this report can be obtained through the Research and Technology Report Center, 9701 Philadelphia Court, Unit Q, Lanham, MD 20706; telephone: 301–577–0818; fax: 301–577–1421; or the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161; telephone: 703–487–4650; fax: 703–321–8547.

Michael Trentacoste
Director, Office of Safety
Research and Development

Notice

This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers' names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high–quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.

 

TECHNICAL REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE

1. Report No.

FHWA-HRT-06-034

2. Government Accession No.

3. Recipient’s Catalog No.

4. Title and Subtitle

Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility

5. Report Date

July 2006

6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)

Kludt, K.; Brown, J.L.; Richman, J.; and Campbell, J.L.

8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center
1100 Dexter Avenue North, Suite 400
Seattle, WA 98109-3598

10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
11. Contract or Grant No.

DTFH61-04-C-00006

12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

Office of Engineering Research and Development
Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, VA 22101-2296

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Integrative Report
August 2004–May 2005

14. Sponsoring Agency’s Code
15. Supplementary Notes

Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative (COTR): Raymond A. Krammes, HRDS-05;
Task Manager: Thomas M. Granda, HRDS-07

16. Abstract

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is currently addressing several general safety areas, including examining driver behavior at intersections, developing tools and procedures for intersection design, and conducting human factors literature reviews for Safety research and development (R&D) program areas such as Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility.

As a part of task B.2 of the Integrated Program for the Interactive Highway Safety Design Model and Safety Research project for FHWA, the Battelle team conducted literature searches on human cognition, perception, and behavior in the areas of intersections (signalized and nonsignalized intersections), speed management (infrastructure influences on driver speed), pedestrians and bicyclists (nonmotorized transportation), and visibility (visibility of traffic control devices and materials).

This report describes the activities and results associated with task B.2: Human Factors Literature Reviews in Safety R&D Research program areas.

A total of 141 documents were initially identified from earlier reviews, database searches, Web site searches, and recommendations from FHWA staff as potentially having relevance to this project. After an initial review of these documents, 113 were chosen for inclusion in the literature review.

17. Key Words

Intersections, Pedestrians, Bicyclists, Speed Management, Visibility, Interactive Highway Safety Design Model

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions. This document is available to the public through
the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia
22161.

19. Security Classification (of this report)

None

20. Security Classification (of this page)

None

21. No. of Pages

286

22. Price
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized

SI* (Modern Metric) Conversion Factors


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

METHODS

3. RESULTS

APPENDIX A. MASTER REFERENCE LIST

APPENDIX B. GUIDE FOR DOCUMENT REVIEWERS

REFERENCES

 


LIST OF FIGURES

 


LIST OF TABLES

 

FHWA-HRT-06-034

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