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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-05-080
Date: May 2006

Pedestrian Access to Roundabouts: Assessment of Motorists' Yielding to Visually Impaired Pedestrians and Potential Treatments to Improve Access

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REFERENCES

  1. U. S. Access Board. (updated 2003). Pedestrian Access to Modern Roundabouts: Design and Operational Issues for Pedestrians Who Are Blind. Retrieved January 24, 2005, from http://www.access-board.gov.

  2. Pietrolungo, A. (April 2000). "CMCB Takes No Prisoners." The Braille Forum, XXXVIII, April 2000.

  3. Guth, D., Ashmead, D., Long, R., Wall, R., and Ponchillia, P. (in press). Blind and Sighted Pedestrians at Roundabouts. Human Factors.

  4. U. S. Access Board. (2002). Draft Guidelines for Accessible Public Rights-of-Way. Retrieved January 25, 2005, from http://www.access-board.gov/rowdraft.htm.

  5. American Foundation for the Blind. (2001). Retrieved February 22, 2005, from http://www.afb.org/Section.asp?SectionID=15#num.

  6. Robinson, B. W., Troutbeck, R., Werner, B., Lothar, B., Courage, K., Kyte, M., Mason, J., Flannery, A., Myers, E., Bunker, J., and Jacquemart, G. (2000). Roundabouts: An Informational Guide, Report No. FHWA-RD-00-067. Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.

  7. Persaud, B. N., Retting, R. A., Garder, P. E., and Lord, D. (2001). "Safety Effect of Roundabout Conversions in the United States: Empirical Bayes Observational Before–After Study." Transportation Research Record, 1751, pp 1–8.

  8. Nee, J. and Hallenbeck, M. E. (March 2003). A Motorist and Pedestrian Behavioral Analysis Relating to Pedestrian Safety Improvements, Report No. WA–RD 560.1, Washington State Department of Transportation.

  9. Van Houten, R., and Malenfant, J. E. L. (1999). Canadian Research on Pedestrian Safety, Report No. FHWA-RD-99-090, McLean, VA, 1999.

  10. City of Madison, Wisconsin, Department of Transportation. (1999). Year 2 Field Evaluation of Experimental "In-Street" Yield to Pedestrian Signs. Retrieved January 24, 2005, from http://www.walkinginfo.org/pdf/r&d/ytpsign.pdf.

  11. Huang, H., Zegeer, C., Nassi, R., and Fairfax, B. (2000). The Effects of Innovative Pedestrian Signs at Unsignalized Locations: A Tale of Three Treatments, Report No. FHWA-RD-00-098, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.

  12. Huang, H. F. and Cynecki, M. J. (2001). The Effects of Traffic Calming Measures on Pedestrian and Motorist Behavior, Report No. FHWA-RD-00-104, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.

  13. Sauerburger, D. (1989). To cross or not to cross: Objective timing methods of assessing street crossings without traffic controls. RE:view, 21, 3, 153–161.

  14. Sauerburger, D. (1995). "Safety Awareness for Crossing Streets with No Traffic Control." Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 89, 5, 423–431.

  15. Sauerburger, D. (1999). "Developing Criteria and Judgment of Safety for Crossing Streets with Gaps in Traffic." Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 93, 7, 447–450.

  16. United States Department of Transportation. (2001). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. Washington, DC.

  17. Meddis, R. (1984). Statistics Using Ranks. Basil Blackwell Inc., New York, NY.

  18. Inman, V. W., Davis, G. W., Shafer, T., Katz, B. J., and Bared, J. G. (2003). "Field Observations of Path and Speed of Motorists at Double-Lane Roundabouts." Proceedings of the 2nd Urban Street Symposium. Anaheim, CA.

 

FHWA-HRT-05-080

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