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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-05-133
Date: July 2006

LESSON 11

"Pushbuttons".

This slide shows three pictures to illustrate different types of pushbuttons. The picture in the middle has an elderly woman standing and pressing a pushbutton. The picture on the right shows a close-up view of a pushbutton and supplemental plaque that has three panels stacked horizontally. The top one has a box with a person walking, and to the side, the instructions, "START CROSSING. WATCH FOR TURNING CARS" The middle panel of the plaque has a box with a hand in it, the word "FLASHING" over it, and the instructions, "DON’T START. FINISH CROSSING IF STARTED" The bottom panel has a box with a hand in it, the word "STEADY" over it, and the instructions, "PEDESTRIANS SHOULD NOT BE IN CROSSWALK".

 

LESSON 14

“Shared Lane Pavement Markings”.

This illustration shows several pavement markings for shared roadways. The first is a “bike and separate arrow” marking and shows a bicyclist symbol below with a thin arrow line above the bike symbol. The second marking is a “bike in house” marking, which shows a bicyclist symbol within the outline of a very wide arrow (which resembles the outline of a house). The third marking is a “modified bike in house” marking which shows a bicyclist symbol within the dashed outline of a very wide arrow (which resembles the outline of a house). The fourth marking shows a bicycle symbol below with double chevrons above, pointing in the direction of travel.

 

“Drainage Grates”.

This illustration shows three different styles of bicycle-safe grates. The first style has a honeycomb pattern. The second style has a grate pattern in which the slots are perpendicular to the direction of bike travel. The third style has a grate pattern in which the slots are parallel to the direction of bike travel, but there are cross spacers that limit the maximum slot length to 150 mm (6 in).

 

“Railroad Crossings”.

This illustration is a plan view that shows how a bike lane or shoulder can be made to cross a skewed railroad track at an acceptable angle (no less than 60 degrees). A 9 m (30 ft) radius curve is used to better align the bike lane to cross perpendicular to the tracks, and a 1.2 m (4 ft) tangent section is provided before and after the tracks to allow bike to cross tracks with both wheels straight. The entire length of the “jughandle” configuration is 22.8 m (76 ft) and width is 4.8 m (16 ft).

 

LESSON 15

“Road Diet”.

This slides shows a before and after picture of a street that has undergone a road diet. The leftmost picture shows an aging main street. There are wide sidewalks in front of shops. There are four wide traffic lanes as well as parking on both sides of the street. There are no trees or landscaping. The rightmost picture shows the same street as the previous picture, but with improvements. There are now two travel lanes with on street parking. Bike lanes have been added. Left and right turn lanes have been added at intersections. The center lane is now a turn lane and has stripes running across it to deter travel in that lane.

 

“Pavement Markings”.

This figure illustrates four examples of optional word and symbol pavement markings for bicycle lanes. The figure shows a vertical section of a roadway just beyond an intersection with a horizontal roadway to the right. A vertical solid normal white line is shown beginning about one-fifth up from the bottom of the figure. The white line is shown separating two adjacent lanes of traffic. In the rightmost of these two lanes, a white symbol of a bicycle is shown marked in the center of the lane in advance of a white forward-pointing vertical arrow shown marked in the center of the lane. The arrow is denoted as optional. The overall length of the bicycle symbol is shown as a dimension of 1.8 m (6 ft). The distance from the top of the bicycle symbol to the bottom of the arrow is shown as a dimension of 1.8 m (6 ft). The overall length of the arrow is shown as a dimension of 1.8 m (6 ft).  To the right of the roadway, four marking layouts are shown. Each marking is superimposed on a vertical rectangular shaped set of squares called a “grid”; each square is denoted as being a dimension of 100 x 100 mm (4 x 4 in). The symbols shown are a forward-pointing vertical directional arrow, a bicycle, and a bicycle detector symbol, showing a person wearing a helmet riding a bicycle. To the right of the symbols, word legends are shown on a “grid” and denoted as optional. On this grid, the word “BIKE” is shown in advance of the word “LANE.”

 

“Signing”.

R1-1 is shown as an octagonal sign with a white border and the legend "STOP" in white on a red background.

R1-2 is shown as a downward-pointing equilateral triangle with a wide red border and the legend "YIELD" in red on a white background.

R3-17 is shown as a horizontal rectangular black sign with a white border. A white symbol of a bicycle is shown on the top two-thirds of the sign. A white panel is shown on the bottom third of the sign with the words "BIKE LANE" in black.

R3-17a is shown as a horizontal rectangular white sign with a black border and the word "AHEAD" in black.

R3-17b is shown as a horizontal rectangular white sign with a black border and the word "ENDS" in black.

R4-1 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and the words "DO NOT PASS" in black on three lines.

R4-2 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and the words "PASS WITH CARE" in black on three lines.

R4-3 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and the words "SLOWER TRAFFIC KEEP RIGHT" in black on four lines.

R4-4 is shown as a horizontal rectangular white sign with a black border and legend. It shows the words "BEGIN RIGHT TURN LANE" on two lines above a diagonal arrow pointing down and to the left above the words "YIELD TO BIKES."

R4-7 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and legend. At the top left corner of the sign, a depiction of the plan view of the nose of a traffic island is shown. An upward-pointing arrow is shown on the sign, curving to depict movement to the right of the nose of the island.

R5-1b is shown as a vertical rectangular red sign with a white border and legend. It shows a white symbol of a bicycle above the words "WRONG WAY" on two lines.

R9-3c is shown as a square white sign with a black border and the words "RIDE WITH TRAFFIC" in black on three lines. It is shown directly below the R5-1b sign.

R5-3 is shown as a square white sign with a black border and the words "NO MOTOR VEHICLES" in black on three lines.

R5-6 is shown as a square white sign with a black border. A black symbol of a left-facing bicycle is shown with a red circle and diagonal red slash running from the upper left to the lower right superimposed on it.

R7-9 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a red border and the words "NO PARKING" in a panel in the top fourth of the sign. The word "NO" is shown in large white letters on a red panel in the upper left quadrant of the sign to the left of the word "PARKING" in red. Below this panel, the words "BIKE LANE" in red are shown on two lines.

R7-9a is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a red border and legend. It shows a black letter "P" inside a red circle with a red diagonal slash superimposed on it above the words "BIKE LANE" in red on two lines.

R9-3a is shown as a square white sign with a black border and a black symbol of a walking person inside a red circle with a diagonal red slash superimposed on the symbol.

R9-5 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and legend. It shows a symbol of a bicycle above the words "USE PED SIGNAL" on three lines.

R9-6 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and legend. It shows a symbol of a bicycle above the words "YIELD TO PEDS" on three lines.

R9-7 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and legend. It shows the word "KEEP" in large letters on the top line, the words "LEFT" and "RIGHT" on the second line, with a symbol of a bicycle under the word "LEFT" and a symbol of a person walking under the word "RIGHT." A vertical black line separates the word "LEFT" and bicycle symbol from the word "RIGHT" and person walking symbol.

R10-3 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and the words "PUSH BUTTON FOR GREEN LIGHT" in black on five lines.

R10-22 is shown as a vertical rectangular white sign with a black border and legend. It shows the words "TO REQUEST GREEN" on the top line above the words "WAIT ON" to the left of a symbol of a person on a bicycle superimposed on a vertical black line.

R15-1 is shown as composed of two horizontal rectangular white signs placed one on top of the other to form an "x," denoting a crossbuck. In black letters, the word "RAILROAD" is shown on the piece running from northwest to southeast, and the word "CROSSING" is shown on the piece running from southwest to northeast.

 

LESSON 21

“Sidewalk Closure and Pedestrian Detour Example”.

This figure illustrates an example of crosswalk closures and pedestrian detours. This figure shows a vertical two-lane roadway with one lane in each direction intersecting two horizontal roadways. Black arrows on the vertical roadway indicate that traffic is one lane in each direction. The opposing lanes on all three roadways are shown separated by a solid double yellow line. Vertical and horizontal sidewalks identified as thick white lines bordered by narrow black lines are shown on both sides of the vertical and horizontal roadways. Crosswalks, shown by parallel solid white lines, are shown extending across all roadways at all the intersections. Solid white lines are shown extending across the approach lanes in advance of the crosswalks at each intersection.

At the bottom of the figure and to the right of the northbound travel lane and south of the lower horizontal roadway, a black inverted "T" is shown denoting a sign. The sign is shown as a diamond-shaped orange sign with a black border and the words "ROAD WORK AHEAD" in black and labeled optional. On the north side of the lower horizontal roadway and to the right and just north of the sidewalk, a horizontal rectangular white sign with a black border is shown with the words "SIDEWALK CLOSED AHEAD" and "CROSS HERE" in black above and below a left-pointing black arrow. Beyond this sign, a horizontal rectangular white sign with a black border and the words "SIDEWALK CLOSED" in black is shown in the middle of the sidewalk. This sign is shown directly in front of an orange and white diagonally striped Type III barricade, which is shown in front of a vertical rectangle with black and white diagonal stripes, denoting a work space, that is shown extending from the right side of the sidewalk to the right side of the vertical roadway. The work space is shown extending to the south edge of the upper horizontal roadway and then to the right for a short distance, covering the area from the south side of the sidewalk along the south side of the upper roadway to the right edge of the upper horizontal roadway. To the left of the work space along the right edge of the northbound travel lane, a series of orange squares is shown, denoting channelizing devices, that is shown continuing to the south edge of the upper horizontal roadway.

At the intersection of the vertical roadway and the upper horizontal roadway, black circle-and-arrow symbols are shown representing traffic control signals. Four symbols are shown outside of each corner of the intersection, and each is shown pointing to two directions facing the intersection.

On the south side of the upper horizontal roadway, to the left of the intersection with the vertical roadway, a Road Work Ahead sign is shown facing eastbound traffic. On the west side of the vertical roadway, a horizontal rectangular white sign with a black border is shown in the middle of the sidewalk facing eastbound pedestrian traffic with the words "SIDEWALK CLOSED" and "USE OTHER SIDE" in black above and below a double-headed horizontal black arrow. The sign is shown on the short leg of the sidewalk that is shown entering the southbound travel lane and is shown directly in front of two channelizing devices shown blocking the sidewalk and the crosswalk. Another of these signs is shown on the north side of the upper horizontal roadway to the right of the vertical roadway and facing southbound pedestrian traffic. It is shown on the short leg of the sidewalk that is shown entering the westbound travel lane and is shown in front of two channelizing devices shown blocking the sidewalk and crosswalk.

On the south side of the upper horizontal roadway and to the right of the vertical roadway, the work space is shown continuing. Just beyond the crosswalk, a sign assembly is shown facing eastbound vehicular traffic. It is shown composed of a diamond-shaped orange sign with a black border and a black symbol of a left-facing person walking above a horizontal rectangular orange plaque with a black border and the word "AHEAD" in black. The work space is shown continuing and terminating with a Type III barricade at the east end. On the travel lane side of this barricade, a sign assembly is shown facing eastbound vehicular traffic. It is shown composed of a Walking Person symbol sign above a horizontal rectangular orange plaque with a black border and a diagonal black arrow pointing down and to the left. Back to back with this sign assembly, a horizontal rectangular white sign with a black border is shown facing westbound pedestrian traffic. It shows the words "SIDEWALK CLOSED" and "CROSS HERE" in black above and below a right-pointing horizontal black arrow. A leader arrow points to the white crosswalk lines shown across both lanes on the pavement with a note "Temporary marking for crosswalk lines (cross-hatching optional)."

On the north side of the horizontal roadway across from the temporary crosswalk markings, four signs are shown. The signs are shown between the sidewalk and the right edge of the westbound travel lane. At the far right, a sign assembly is shown composed of a Walking Person symbol sign above a horizontal rectangular orange plaque with a black border and the word "AHEAD" in black. Beyond this sign, adjacent to the near edge of the temporary crosswalk, another Walking Person symbol sign is shown above a horizontal rectangular orange plaque with a black border and a diagonal black arrow pointing down and to the left. On the sidewalk just beyond the temporary crosswalk, two back-to-back horizontal rectangular white signs with black borders are shown with the words "PEDESTRIAN CROSSWALK" in black.

 

“Temporary Pedestrian Routes”.

This diagram shows two methods for creating pedestrian passageways during the construction phase.  The first method is to add temporary ramps from the sidewalk to the roadway on either side of the construction site and cone off a portion of the roadway for pedestrian use. The second method is to put a sign that reads “SIDEWALK CLOSED USE OTHER SIDE” on both sides of the construction site, well in advance of the closed sidewalk area. Both methods include a “SIDEWALK CLOSED” sign located directly in front and in back of the construction area.

 

LESSON 23

“Bicycling and Walking Levels”.

This chart shows the percent of urban travel by walking and bicycling. The following percentages apply for each country: United States, 6% walk and 1% bike; Canada, 10% walk and 2% bike; England and Wales, 12% walk and 4% bike; France, 24% walk and 4% bike; Italy, 24% walk and 4% bike; Switzerland, 24% walk and 10% bike; Germany, 22% walk and 12% bike; Austria, 28% walk and 9% bike; Sweden, 29% walk and 10% bike; Denmark, 21% walk and 20% bike; and Netherlands, 18% walk and 28% bike.

 

“Pedestrian Crossing Treatments”.

This slide includes four pictures that provides examples of different styles of pedestrian crossing treatments: zebra crossing, pelican crossing, toucan crossing, and puffin crossing.

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