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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-05-098
Date: July 2006
Lesson 7: Adapting Suburban Communities for Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel
- Historical development of urban and suburban land use.
- Costs of sprawl.
- Retrofitting suburban roads to accommodate bicycles and pedestrians.
- Safe Routes to School planning.
- Retrofitting commercial/office developments.
- Streetcar suburbs.
- Auto orientation.
- Street hierarchy.
Present Land Use Forms
- Individual tract subdivisions.
- Linear arterial streets.
- Bypassed vacant land.
Suburban Street Scenes
Costs of Sprawl
- Infrastructure: streets, utilities, parks and schools.
- Health and physical activity.
Retrofitting Suburban Arterials
- Independent retrofit projects.
- Evaluation of road widening projects.
- Road diets.
- Form-based codes.
Restriping to Create Bike Lanes
Safe Routes to Schools (SR2S)
35% of youth do not participate in regular physical activity.
Origins of the SR2S Concept
- Denmark – early 1980s.
|– ||Worst child pedestrian crash rates in Europe.|
|– ||In Odense, an 80% reduction in child crash rates in 10 years.|
- United Kingdom – Sustrans.
|– ||Demonstration program in 1995 (10 schools).|
|– ||Traffic decrease of 12% to 17%.|
Marin County, CA
- One of two TEA-21 national models.
- Combination of funding:
|– ||County transportation funds, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, several private foundations, Bicycle Coalition.|
- 21% of morning commute is school dropoff.
- 9 pilot schools and 1,600 students in 2000.
- 23 schools and 12,000 students participating in 2004.
- 57% increase in children walking and biking.
- 29% decrease in children arriving by car.
- Suburban development patterns have made it difficult to use nonmotorized transportation.
- There are many ways to change this condition:
|–||Retrofits to existing facilities.|
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United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration