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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-06-089
Date: July 2006

PBCAT-Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool

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APPENDIX F: CRASH TYPING DEFINITIONS

Contained in this appendix are several tables with definitions for the bicyclist and pedestrian crash types. In addition, there are also tables with definitions for other fields that are completed during the crash typing process (e.g., crash location, pedestrian position, and bicyclist position and direction).

 

Table 8. Pedestrian Crash Location Definitions

Crash_Location_Desc(Crash Location) Crash_Location (Crash Location) Definition
Intersection 1 The crash occurred within the intersection proper or within the crosswalk area.

Note: Driveways controlled by signals or signs should be coded as intersections. Uncontrolled driveways should be coded as nonintersection locations .

Intersection–Related 4 The crash occurred outside the intersection crosswalk area but within 15 m (50 ft) of the intersection.
Nonintersection 2 The crash occurred on or along the roadway and more than 15 m (50 ft) away from an intersection.
Nonroadway 3 The crash occurred off the roadway, including parking lots, driveways, private roads, yards, alleys, and other open areas.

Note: Crashes occurring on paved shoulders, sidewalks, or driveway crossings are considered to be "roadway" crashes and should not be placed in the nonroadway classification.

Unknown 9 There is insufficient information to determine where the crash occurred.
Pedestrian Position Definitions
Pedestrian_Position_Desc (Pedestrian Position Description) Pedestrian_Position (Pedestrian Position) Definition
Intersection 1 Within intersection proper
Crosswalk area 2 Within a crosswalk, marked or unmarked
Travel Lane 3 On a roadway, in a travel lane
Paved Shoulder/Bike Lane/Parking Lane 4 On a roadway, in a paved shoulder or bike lane, or parking lane
Sidewalk/Shared–Use Path/Driveway Crossing 5 On a sidewalk, shared–use path, or driveway crossing
Unpaved Right–of–Way 6 Other road right–of–way (unpaved shoulder, etc.)
Driveway/Alley 7 On a driveway or alley
Nonroadway—Parking lot/Other 8 Other nonroadway areas ( parking lot, non–right–of–way sidewalk or multi–use path, yard, open areas, etc.)
Other/Unknown 9 Other/unknown

 

Table 9. Bicyclist Crash Location Definitions

Crash_Location_Desc (Crash Location) Crash_Location (Crash Location) Definition
    Where did the crash occur?
Intersection 1 Intersection—The crash occurred within the intersection proper or within the crosswalk area.

Note: Driveways are considered to be nonintersection locations. The exception is signalized commercial driveways which should be coded as intersections

.
Intersection–Related 2 Intersection–Related—The crash occurred outside the intersection proper or crosswalk area but was the related to the presence of the intersection (e.g., the result of queueing traffic).
Nonintersection 3 Nonintersection Location—The crash occurred outside the intersection proper or crosswalk area and was not related to the presence of any intersection.
Nonroadway 4 Nonroadway Location—The crash occurred off the street network; this includes parking lots, driveways, alleys, and other open areas.

Note: crashes occurring on paved shoulders, sidewalks, or driveway crossings are considered to be "roadway" crashes and should not be placed in the nonroadway classification.

Unknown Location 9 Unknown/Insufficient Information—There is insufficient information to determine where the crash occurred.
Bicyclist Position Definitions
Bicyclist_Position_Desc (Bicyclist Position) Bicyclist_Position (Bicyclist Position) Definition
Travel Lane 1 On a roadway, in a shared travel lane
Bike Lane/Paved Shoulder 2 On a roadway, in a bicycle lane or on a paved shoulder
Sidewalk/Crosswalk/Driveway Crossing 3 On a sidewalk, crosswalk, or driveway crossing
Driveway/Alley 4 On a separate bicycle/multi–use path
Multi–use Path 5 On a driveway or alley
Nonroadway 6 Other nonroadway areas (parking lot, open areas, etc.)
Other 8 Other (e.g., unpaved shoulder, worn path, etc.)
Unknown 9 Unknown
With Traffic 1 With traffic
Facing Traffic 2 Facing traffic
Not Applicable 3 Not applicable (e.g., exiting a driveway, parking lot, or other nonroadway area)
Unknown 9 Unknown

 

Table 10. Pedestrian Crash Type Definitions

Crash_Type_Basic (Crash Type Number) Crash_Type_Description (Crash Type Description) Definition
110 Assault with Vehicle The driver intentionally struck the pedestrian with the vehicle.
120 Dispute–Related The pedestrian was struck by a vehicle during a domestic altercation or other dispute.
130 Pedestrian on Vehicle The pedestrian was sitting on, leaning against, or clinging to a vehicle which began to move or was moving.
140 Vehicle–Vehicle/Object The pedestrian was struck as a result of a prior vehicle–into–vehicle or vehicleinto–object crash.
150 Motor Vehicle Loss of Control Vehicle lost control due to mechanical failure, surface conditions, driver error or impairment.
160 Pedestrian Loss of Control The pedestrian stumbled, fell, or rolled into path of vehicle due to surface conditions, impairment or other mishap.
190 Other Unusual Circumstances The crash involved other unusual circumstances, such as a pedestrian being struck by falling cargo or a loose wheel.
211 Backing Vehicle—Driveway The pedestrian was struck in a driveway by a vehicle that was backing with a driver at the controls.
212 Backing Vehicle—Driveway/Sidewalk Intersection The pedestrian was struck in a driveway/sidewalk intersection by a vehicle that was backing with a driver at the controls.
213 Backing Vehicle—Roadway The pedestrian was struck in a roadway by a vehicle that was backing with a driver at the controls.
214 Backing Vehicle—Parking Lot The pedestrian was struck in a parking lot by a vehicle that was backing with a driver at the controls.
219 Backing Vehicle—Other/Unknown The pedestrian was struck in another or unknown location by a vehicle that was backing with a driver at the controls.
220 Driverless Vehicle The pedestrian was struck by a vehicle that was moving without a driver at the controls or that was set in motion by the actions of a child.
230 Disabled Vehicle–Related The pedestrian was struck while near or next to a disabled vehicle (including a vehicle that had been in a crash) or while walking to or from a disabled vehicle.

Note: Crashes involving pedestrians standing near tow trucks responding to the disabled vehicle are also included in this crash type .

240 Emergency Vehicle–Related The pedestrian was struck while near an active emergency vehicle, by an active emergency vehicle, or by a vehicle being pursued.
250 Play Vehicle–Related The pedestrian was struck while riding a play vehicle that was not a bicycle (e.g., skates, scooter, wagon, sled, etc.).
311 Working in Roadway The pedestrian was working in the roadway when struck.
312 Playing in Roadway The pedestrian was playing in the roadway when struck.
313 Lying in Roadway The pedestrian was lying in the roadway when struck.
320 Entering/Exiting Parked Vehicle The pedestrian was in the process of getting into or out of a stopped or parked vehicle.Note: Does not include crashes involving pedestrian crossing or other movements that occurred after the pedestrian exited the vehicle.
330 Mailbox–Related Going to/from or standing at a mailbox or newspaper box.
341 Commercial Bus–Related The pedestrian was struck crossing in front of a commercial bus stopped at a marked bus stop.
342 School Bus–Related The pedestrian was struck going to or from or waiting at a school bus or school bus stop.
360 Ice Cream/Vendor Truck–Related The pedestrian was struck going to or from an ice cream truck or other type of vehicle vending from the curb or roadside.
410 Walking Along Roadway With Traffic—From Behind The pedestrian was walking/running along the roadway with traffic and was struck from behind.
420 Walking Along Roadway With Traffic—From Front The pedestrian was walking/running along the roadway with traffic and was struck from the front.
430 Walking Along Roadway Against Traffic—From Behind The pedestrian was walking/running along the roadway against traffic and was struck from behind.
440 Walking Along Roadway Against Traffic—From Front The pedestrian was walking/running along the roadway against traffic and was struck from the front.
459 Walking Along Roadway— Direction/Position Unknown The pedestrian was walking/running along the roadway, but there is insufficient information to determine either the position or direction of the pedestrian at the time of the crash.
460 Motorist Entering Driveway or Alley The motor vehicle was turning into a driveway or alley and struck the pedestrian on a sidewalk/walkway or driveway crossing.
465 Motorist Exiting Driveway or Alley The motor vehicle was exiting a driveway or alley and struck the pedestrian on a sidewalk/walkway or driveway crossing.
469 Driveway Crossing—Other/Unknown The pedestrian was on a driveway intersection when struck but there were other or unknown circumstances surrounding the crash from those described .
510 Waiting to Cross—Vehicle Turning The pedestrian was standing near the curb or roadway edge and waiting to cross the roadway when struck by a turning vehicle.
520 Waiting to Cross—Vehicle Not Turning The pedestrian was standing near the curb or roadway edge and waiting to cross the roadway when struck by a vehicle that was not turning.
590 Waiting to Cross—Vehicle Action Unknown The pedestrian was standing near the curb or roadway edge and waiting to cross the roadway when struck by a vehicle, but it could not be determined if the vehicle was turning or not.
610 Standing in Roadway The pedestrian was standing in the roadway prior to the crash, but the crash cannot be further classified.
620 Walking in Roadway The pedestrian was walking in the roadway prior to the crash, but the crash cannot be further classified.
680 Nonintersection—Other/Unknown The crash occurred at a nonintersection location, but the actions of the pedestrian prior to the crash cannot be determined.
690 Intersection— Other/Unknown The crash occurred at an intersection, but the actions of the pedestrian prior to the crash cannot be determined or it cannot be determined who failed to yield.
710 Multiple Threat The pedestrian entered the traffic lane in front of stopped or slowing traffic and was struck by a vehicle traveling in the same direction as the stopped or slowing traffic.
730 Trapped The pedestrian was struck while crossing at a signalized intersection or signalized mid–block crossing when the light changed and traffic started moving.
741 Dash The pedestrian ran into the roadway and was struck by a vehicle whose view of the pedestrian was not obstructed.
742 Dart–Out The pedestrian walked or ran into the roadway and was struck by a motorist whose view of the pedestrian was blocked until an instant before impact.
760 Pedestrian Failed to Yield The pedestrian failed to yield to the motorist.
770 Motorist Failed to Yield The motorist failed to yield to the pedestrian.
781 Motorist Left Turn—Parallel Paths The motorist was initially traveling on a parallel path with the pedestrian before making a left turn and striking the individual.
782 Motorist Left Turn—Perpendicular Paths The motorist was initially traveling on a crossing path with the pedestrian before making a left turn and striking the individual.
791 Motorist Right Turn—Parallel Paths The motorist was initially travelling on a parallel path with the pedestrian before making a right turn and striking the individual
792 Motorist Right Turn on Red—Parallel Paths The motorist was initially traveling on a parallel path with the pedestrian before making a right turn on a red signal, and striking the individual.
794 Motorist Right Turn on Red—Perpendicular Paths The motorist was initially traveling on a crossing path with the pedestrian before making a right turn on a red signal, and striking the individual.
795 Motorist Right Turn—Perpendicular Paths The motorist was initially travelling on a crossing path with the pedestrian before making a right turn and striking the individual.
799 Motorist Turn/Merge—Other/Unknown The motorist turned or merged, but either the approach paths or turn direction are unknown or do not fit with any of the described circumstances.
830 Off Roadway—Parking Lot The motor vehicle struck a pedestrian in a parking lot.
890 Off Roadway—Other/Unknown The motor vehicle struck a pedestrian off the roadway, but there were other or unknown circumstances surrounding the crash.
900 Other—Unknown Location There is insufficient information to determine where the crash occurred.
910 Crossing an Expressway The pedestrian was crossing a limited access expressway or expressway ramp.

 

Table 11. Pedestrian Crash Group Definitions

Crash_Group_Basic (Crash Group Number) Crash_Group_Desc (Crash Group Description) Definition
100 Unusual Circumstances The crash involved a disabled vehicle, emergency vehicle or vehicle in pursuit, play vehicle, driverless vehicle, or the pedestrian was struck intentionally, was clinging to a vehicle, or was struck as a result of other unusual circumstances.
200 Backing Vehicle The pedestrian was struck by a vehicle that was backing at the time.
310 Working or Playing in Roadway The pedestrian was working or playing in the roadway.
340 Bus–Related The pedestrian was struck while crossing/walking to a bus or bus stop or while waiting at a bus stop.
350 Unique Midblock The crash was associated with a vendor truck, mailbox, or other roadside 'destination' that was not a bus, or the pedestrian was struck while entering or exiting a parked vehicle.
400 Walking Along Roadway The pedestrian was standing or walking along the roadway on the edge of a travel lane, or on a shoulder or sidewalk.
460 Crossing Driveway or Alley The pedestrian was crossing a driveway on a sidewalk crossing, shared–use path, shoulder, or edge of the travel lane.
500 Waiting to Cross The pedestrian was standing on the curb or near the roadway edge waiting to cross the roadway when struck.
600 Pedestrian in Roadway—Circumstances Unknown The pedestrian was standing, walking, or lying in the road right–of–way at an intersection or midblock location but the circumstances do not otherwise fit any previously described or are unknown.
720 Multiple Threat/Trapped The pedestrian entered the roadway on a green signal or in front of standing or slowing traffic and was trapped when the signal changed and traffic started moving or was struck by a vehicle traveling in the same direction as the stopped traffic.

Note: Multiple threat may occur at nonsignalized locations

.
740 Dash/Dart–Out The pedestrian either ran into the roadway in front of a motorist whose view of the pedestrian was not obstructed or walked or ran into the road and was struck by a motorist whose view of the pedestrian was blocked until an instant before impact.
750 Crossing Roadway—Vehicle Not Turning The pedestrian was struck while crossing the roadway (not an expressway) by a vehicle that was traveling straight through.
790 Crossing Roadway—Vehicle Turning The pedestrian was struck while crossing a non–expressway road by a vehicle that was turning or about to turn.
800 Off Roadway The pedestrian was struck in a parking lot, driveway, open area or other or unknown, nonroadway area (vehicle not backing).
910 Crossing Expressway The pedestrian was on an expressway or expressway ramp when struck by a motor vehicle.
990 Other/Unknown—Insufficient Details The circumstances do not clearly fit any of the situations described or are unknown.

 

Table 12. Bicyclist Crash Type Definitions

Crash_Type_Basic (Crash Type Number) Crash_Type_Desc (Crash Type Description) Definition
111 Motorist Turning Error—Left Turn The motorist made a left turn, cut the corner and entered the opposing traffic lane.
112 Motorist Turning Error—Right Turn The motorist made a right turn, swung too wide and entered the opposing traffic lane.
113 Motorist Turning Error—Other The motorist made another type of turning error which led them into the path of the bicyclist.
114 Bicyclist Turning Error—Left Turn The bicyclist made a left turn, cut the corner and entered the opposing traffic lane.
115 Bicyclist Turning Error—Right Turn The bicyclist made a right turn, swung too wide and entered the opposing traffic lane.
116 Bicyclist Turning Error—Other The bicyclist made another type of turning error which led them into the path of the motorist.
121 Bicyclist Lost Control—Mechanical Problems The bicyclist lost control due to mechanical problems.
122 Bicyclist Lost Control—Oversteering, Improper Braking, Speed The bicyclist lost control due to oversteering, improper braking, or speed too fast for conditions.
123 Bicylist Lost Control—Alcohol/Drug Impairment The bicyclist lost control due to alcohol or drug impairment.
124 Bicyclist Lost Control—Surface Conditions The bicyclist lost control due to surface conditions (sand, debris, potholes, ice, etc.).
129 Bicyclist Lost Control—Other/Unknown The bicyclist lost control due to other or unknown circumstances.
131 Motorist Lost Control—Mechanical Problems The motorist lost control due to mechanical problems.
132 Motorist Lost Control—Oversteering, Improper Braking, Speed The motorist lost control due to oversteering, improper braking, or speed too fast for conditions.
133 Motorist Lost Control—Alcohol/Drug Impairment The motorist lost control due to alcohol or drug impairment.
134 Motorist Lost Control—Surface Conditions The motorist lost control due to surface conditions (potholes, ice, etc.).
139 Motorist Lost Control—Other/Unknown The motorist lost control due to other or unknown circumstances.
141 Motorist Drive–out Sign–Controlled Intersection The motorist was facing the sign or flashing signal and drove into the crosswalk area or intersection and collided with the bicyclist after stopping or yielding.
142 Bicyclist Ride–out—Sign–Controlled Intersection The bicyclist was facing the sign or flashing signal and rode into the intersection and collided with the motorist after stopping or yielding.
143 Motorist Drive–through—Sign–Controlled Intersection The motorist violated the sign or flashing signal and drove into the crosswalk area or intersection and collided with the bicyclist.
144 Bicyclist Ride Through Sign–Controlled Intersection The bicyclist violated the sign or flashing signal and rode into the intersection and collided with the motorist.
147 Multiple Threat—Sign–Controlled Intersection The bicyclist entered a sign–controlled intersection in front of standing or slowing traffic and was struck by another vehicle whose view of the bicyclist was blocked.
148 Sign–Controlled Intersection—Other/Unknown The crash occurred at a sign–controlled intersection but cannot be further classified.
151 Motorist Drive–out—Right Turn on Red The motorist was facing a red signal, stopped, and then drove into the crosswalk area or intersection and collided with the bicyclist while attempting to make a right turn on red.
152 Motorist Drive–out—Signalized Intersection The motorist was facing a red signal, stopped, and then drove into the crosswalk area or intersection and collided with the bicyclist.
153 Bicyclist Ride–out—Signalized Intersection The bicyclist was facing the red signal, stopped, and then rode into the intersection and collided with the motorist.
154 Motorist Drive–through—Signalized Intersection The motorist violated the signal and drove into the crosswalk area or intersection and collided with the bicyclist.
155 Bicyclist Ride Through—Signalized Intersection The bicyclist violated the signal and rode into the intersection and collided with the motorist.
156 Bicyclist Failed to Clear—Trapped The bicyclist lawfully entered the intersection on green but did not clear the intersection before the signal changed to green for the cross–street traffic and was struck by a vehicle whose view was not obstructed by standing or stopped traffic.
157 Bicyclist Failed to Clear—Multiple Threat The bicyclist lawfully entered the intersection on green but did not clear the intersection before the signal changed to green for the cross–street traffic and was struck by a motorist whose view of the bicyclist was obstructed by standing or stopped traffic.
158 Signalized Intersection—Other/Unknown The crash occurred at a signal–controlled intersection but cannot be further classified.
159 Bicyclist Failed to Clear—Unknown The bicyclist failed to clear the intersection and was struck by a motorist, but it is unknown whether the bicyclist was trapped in the intersection by a signal change or if there was a multiple threat situation or other circumstances surrounding the crash.
160 Crossing Paths—Uncontrolled Intersection The crash occurred at an intersection not controlled by signs or signals.
180 Crossing Paths—Intersection—Other/Unknown The crash involved a bicyclist and motorist on initial crossing paths but cannot be further classified.
211 Motorist Left Turn—Same Direction The motorist turned left in front of a bicyclist going in the same direction.
212 Motorist Left Turn—Opposite Direction The motorist turned left in front of a bicyclist coming from the opposite direction.
213 Motorist Right Turn—Same Direction The motorist turned right in front of a bicyclist going in the same direction.
214 Motorist Right Turn—Opposite Direction The motorist turned right in front of a bicyclist coming from the opposite direction.
215 Motorist Drive–in/Out—Parking The motorist struck the bicyclist while exiting or entering on–street parking.
216 Bus/Delivery Vehicle Pullover The bicyclist was struck by a bus or delivery vehicle pulling into or away from the curb.
217 Motorist Right Turn on Red—Same Direction The bicyclist and motorist were initially traveling on parallel paths when the motorist turned right on red in front of a bicyclist traveling in the same direction as the motorist.
218 Motorist Right Turn on Red—Opposite Direction The bicyclist and motorist were initially traveling on parallel paths when the motorist turned right on red in front of a bicyclist traveling in the opposite direction as the motorist.
219 Motorist Turn/Merge—Other/Unknown The motorist's turning maneuver is other than those described or is unknown.
221 Bicyclist Left Turn—Same Direction The bicyclist turned or merged left in front of a motorist going in the same direction.
222 Bicyclist Left Turn—Opposite Direction The bicyclist turned or merged left in front of a motorist coming from the opposite direction.
223 Bicyclist Right Turn—Same Direction The bicyclist turned or merged right in front of a motorist going in the same direction.
224 Bicyclist Right Turn—Opposite Direction The bicyclist turned or merged right in front of a motorist coming from the opposite direction.
225 Bicyclist Ride–out—Parallel Path The bicyclist, initially on a sidewalk or other parallel path, rode into the roadway and into the path of a motor vehicle.
231 Motorist Overtaking—Undetected Bicyclist The motorist was overtaking the bicyclist and failed to detect the bicyclist.
232 Motorist Overtaking—Misjudged Space The motorist was overtaking the bicyclist and misjudged the width and distance required to pass the bicyclist.
235 Motorist Overtaking—Bicyclist Swerved The bicyclist swerved or moved suddenly into the path of an overtaking vehicle.
239 Motorist Overtaking—Other/Unknown The motorist was overtaking the bicyclist, but the specific circumstances surrounding the overtaking maneuver do not conform to the other situations described or are unknown.
241 Bicyclist Overtaking—Passing on Right The bicyclist struck a motor vehicle in the travel lane while passing on the right.
242 Bicyclist Overtaking—Passing on Left The bicyclist struck a motor vehicle in the travel lane while passing on the left.
243 Bicyclist Overtaking—Parked Vehicle The bicyclist struck a parked vehicle while passing.
244 Bicyclist Overtaking—Extended Door The bicyclist struck an extended door on a parked vehicle while passing.
249 Bicyclist Overtaking—Other/Unknown The specific circumstances surrounding the overtaking maneuver of the bicyclist do not conform to any of the situations described or are unknown.
250 Head–On—Bicyclist The bicyclist was traveling the wrong way/wrong side and the two parties collided head–on.
255 Head–On—Motorist The motorist was traveling the wrong way/wrong side and the two parties collided head–on.
259 Head–On—Unknown The two parties collided head–on but it is unknown which party was traveling on the wrong side.
280 Parallel Paths—Other/Unknown The crash involved a bicyclist and motorist on initial parallel paths but cannot be further classified.
311 Bicyclist Ride–out—Residential Driveway The bicyclist rode into the roadway and into the path of a motor vehicle from a residential driveway.
312 Bicyclist Ride–out—Commercial Driveway/Alley The bicyclist rode into the roadway and into the path of a motor vehicle from a commercial driveway or alley.
318 Bicyclist Ride–out—Other Midblock The bicyclist rode into the roadway and into the path of a motor vehicle from a midblock area other than a driveway or alley.
319 Bicyclist Ride–out—Midblock—Unknown The bicyclist rode into the roadway and into the path of a motor vehicle from an unknown midblock location.
321 Motorist Drive–out—Residential Driveway The motorist drove into the roadway or sidewalk/driveway crossing area and into the path of a bicyclist from a residential driveway.
322 Motorist Drive–out—Commercial Driveway/Alley The motorist drove into the roadway or sidewalk/driveway crossing area and into the path of a bicyclist from a commercial driveway or alley.
328 Motorist Drive–out—Other Midblock The motorist drove into the roadway or sidewalk/driveway crossing area and into the path of a bicyclist from a midblock area other than a driveway or alley.
329 Motorist Drive–out—Midblock—Unknown The motorist drove into the roadway or sidewalk/driveway crossing area and into the path of a bicyclist an unknown midblock area.
357 Multiple Threat—Midblock The bicyclist entered the roadway in front of standing or slowing traffic at a mid–block location and was struck by a motorist traveling in the same direction as the stopped traffic, and whose view of the bicyclist was blocked.
380 Crossing Paths—Midblock—Other/Unknown The crash involved a bicyclist and motorist on initial crossing paths at a midblock location but cannot be furter classified.
400 Bicycle Only The crash involved a bicycle but no motor vehicle.
510 Motorist Intentionally Caused The motorist intentionally caused the crash.
520 Bicyclist Intentionally Caused The bicyclist intentionally caused the crash.
600 Backing Vehicle The crash involved a motor vehicle that was backing and did not involve a play vehicle.
700 Play Vehicle–Related The bicyclist was riding a child's vehicle such as a tricycle (not an adult tricycle), bicycle with training wheels, or "Big Wheel" type tricycle.
800 Unusual Circumstances There were other unusual circumstances not defined above (e.g., bicyclist struck by falling cargo).
910 Nonroadway The crash occurred off the street network (e.g., parking lots, driveways, alleys, trails, and other open areas).

Note: crashes occurring on paved shoulders, bike lanes, sidewalks, or driveway crossings are considered to be "roadway" crashes and should not be placed in the nonroadway classification.

970 Unknown Approach Paths There is insufficient information to determine the initial approach paths for the two vehicles.
980 Unknown Location There is insufficient information to determine where the crash occurred.

 

Table 13. Bicyclist Crash Group Definitions

Crash_Group_Basic (Crash Group Number) Crash_Group_Desc (Crash Group Description) Definition
110 Loss of Control/Turning Error Either the motorist or the bicyclist lost control of their vehicle or made a turning error and inadvertently moved into the path of the other operator.

Note: Includes loss of control due to mechanical problems or operator error, or turning errors such as traveling into the opposing lane.

140 Motorist Failed to Yield—Sign–Controlled Intersection The motorist drove into the crosswalk area or intersection and collided with he bicyclist. The motorist either violated the sign or did not properly yield right–of–way to the bicyclist.

Note: Crashes at traffic circles or roundabouts with yield control are included here.

145 Bicyclist Failed to Yield—Sign–Controlled Intersection The bicyclist rode into the intersection and collided with the motorist. The bicyclist either violated the sign or did not properly yield right–of –way to the motorist.

Note: Crashes at traffic circles or roundabouts with yield control are included here.

150 Motorist Failed to Yield—Signalized Intersection The motorist drove into the crosswalk area or intersection and collided with the bicyclist. The motorist either violated the signal or did not properly yield right–of–way to the bicyclist.
158 Bicyclist Failed to Yield—Signalized Intersection The bicyclist rode into the intersection and collided with the motorist. The bicyclist either violated the signal or did not properly yield right–of –way to the motorist.
190 Crossing Paths—Other Circumstances The bicyclist and motorist were on intial crossing paths, but the crash cannot be further classified.
210 Motorist Left Turn/Merge The motorist made a left turn or merge into the path of a bicyclist traveling in the same or opposite direction.
215 Motorist Right Turn/Merge The motorist made a lright turn or merge into the path of a bicyclist traveling in the same or opposite direction.
219 Parking/Bus–Related The bicyclist was struck by a motorist entering or exiting a parking space or by a bus or delivery vehicle pulling into or away from the curb.
220 Bicyclist Left Turn/Merge The bicyclist made a left turn or merge into the path of a motor vehicle traveling in the same or opposite direction.
225 Bicyclist Right Turn/Merge The bicyclist made a right turn or merge into the path of a motor vehicle traveling in the same or opposite direction.
230 Motorist Overtaking Bicyclist The motorist was overtaking the bicyclist at the time of the crash.
240 Bicyclist Overtaking Motorist The bicyclist was overtaking the motorist at the time of the crsah.

Note: This group includes crashes involving bicyclists striking parked cars or extended doors.

258 Head–On Either operator was going the wrong way, and the two parties collided headon.
290 Parallel Paths—Other Circumstances The bicyclist and motorist were on initial parallel paths, but the crash cannot be further classified.
310 Bicyclist Failed to Yield—Midblock The bicyclist rode into the street from a nonintersection location (including residential or commercial driveway or other midblock location) without yielding to the motorist.
320 Motorist Failed to Yield—Midblock The motorist drove across the sidewalk or into the street from a nonintersection location (including residential or commercial driveway or other midblock location) without yielding to the bicyclist.
600 Backing Vehicle The motorist was backing up at the time the crash occurred.
850 Other/Unusual Circumstances There were unusual circumstances surrounding the crash, but the crash cannot be further classified.
910 Nonroadway The crash occurred off the road network such as in a parking lot, driveway, on a multi–use path separated from the road right–of–way, in an open grassy area or yard, etc.
990 Other/Unknown—Insufficient Details There is insufficient information to determine where the crash occurred.

 

FHWA-HRT-06-089

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