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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-06-089
Date: July 2006

PBCAT-Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool

Version 2.0

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CHAPTER 9. COUNTERMEASURES

PBCAT is designed to assist agencies with selecting countermeasures to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety. The application includes links to two FHWA Web sites that feature a substantial number of countermeasures that may be used to mitigate specific crash types. These Web sites are PEDSAFE—Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System9 (www.walkinginfo.org/pedsafe) and BIKESAFE—Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System10 (www.bicyclinginfo.org/bikesafe). (See figure 93.)

 

A click on the passage or bike safe buttons within the countermeasures window will open the default browser and the appropriate web site.

Figure 93. Image. Access the PEDSAFE and BIKESAFE Web sites.

 

These Web sites provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of pedestrians and bicyclists. Both sites include interactive tools and are designed to:

  • Provide information on countermeasures available for prevention of pedestrian and bicyclist crashes and improving motorist and pedestrian behavior.
  • Highlight the purpose, considerations, and cost estimates associated with each countermeasure.
  • Provide a decision process to select the most applicable countermeasures for a specific location.
  • Provide links to case studies showing various treatments and programs implemented in communities around the country.
  • Provide easy access to resources such as statistics, implementation guidance, and reference materials.

A click on either button on the Countermeasures window (See figure 94.) will launch the default browser and access the home page for the selected site. Countermeasures are provided for 12 crash groups in PEDSAFE and 13 crash groups in BIKESAFE. Click on the Crash Type Mapping buttons (in either HTML or PDF) to view tables showing the relationship between PEDSAFE and BIKESAFE groups and the PBCAT crash types and groups. These tables are also included in appendix H.

 

The Countermeasures window gives access to the passage and Bike safe Web sites, as well as mapping tables that show the relationship between the crash groups in those applications and the ones used in PBCAT.

Figure 94. Image. Access the PEDSAFE and BIKESAFE Web sites.

 

PEDESTRIAN COUNTERMEASURE MATRIX

Within the PEDSAFE application, the countermeasures related to the 12 crash groups are presented in an interactive matrix. (See figure 95.) The 49 countermeasures included on the site are organized into seven categories of treatments as follows:

  • Pedestrian Facility Design.
  • Roadway Design.
  • Intersection Design.
  • Traffic Calming.
  • Traffic Management.
  • Signals and Signs.
  • Other Measures.

Passage includes a matrix that shows the types of countermeasures available for each of the 12 crash groups.

Figure 95. Image. View countermeasures for 12 pedestrian crash groups.

 

BICYCLIST COUNTERMEASURE MATRIX

Within the BIKESAFE application, the countermeasures related to the 13 crash groups are presented in an interactive matrix. (See figure 96.) The 50 countermeasures included on the site are organized into nine categories of treatments as follows:

  • Shared Roadway.
  • On-Road Bike Facilities.
  • Intersection Treatments.
  • Maintenance.
  • Traffic Calming.
  • Trails/Mixed-Use Paths.
  • Markings, Signs, Signals.
  • Education and Enforcement.
  • Support Facilities and Programs.

 

Bike safe includes a matrix that shows the types of countermeasures available for each of the 13 crash groups.

Figure 96. Image. View countermeasures for 13 bicyclist crash groups.

 

COUNTERMEASURE DESCRIPTIONS

A click on a cell in either matrix will produce a list of available countermeasures that may be used to address the problems associated with a specific crash group. A click on the countermeasure itself will produce a detailed description of the treatment that includes a discussion of the purpose, considerations, estimated cost, and links to case studies. (See example in figure 97.).

The treatments and programs included on these sites have been in place for an extended period of time or have been proven effective at the time the product was developed. Since that time, new countermeasures continue to be developed, implemented, and evaluated. Thus, practitioners should not necessarily limit their choices to those included on the sites; this material is only a starting point. More information on the latest treatments and programs can be found through many of the Web sites and other resources included in the More Info sections on both sites.

 

Each countermeasure has a page with a description of the treatment, its purpose, considerations, estimated cost, and links to case studies.

Figure 97. Image. View countermeasure descriptions.

 

FHWA-HRT-06-089

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