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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-96-104
Date: 1996

Crash-Type Manual for Bicyclists

by Carol Tan

Foreword

Approximately one out of six highway fatalities in the United States is a bicyclist or pedestrian each year. Estimates for 1995 indicate that 61,000 bicyclists were injured and 830 were killed in traffic crashes. These crashes can be classified or "typed" by their precipitating actions, predisposing factors, and characteristic populations and/or location that can be targeted for intervention.

The information provided in the following guide is the result of a Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) research study that applied the basic National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) bicycle and pedestrian typologies to a sample of bicycle-and pedestrian-motor vehicle crashes from six States with the purpose of refining and updating the crash type distributions. Particular attention was given to roadway and locational factors in order to identify situations where engineering, educational, and/or regulatory countermeasures might be effectively implemented to reduce the frequency of the crashes.

This informational guide should be of interest to State and local bicycle and pedestrian coordinators, transportation planners, and transportation engineers involved in safety and risk management. Other interested parties include those in education, enforcement, and the medical profession.

Pub No. FHWA-RD-96-104

This work was done by the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center.

Manual Index

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Ride Out At Residential Driveway

Ride Out At Commercial Driveway
- Part II

Ride Out From Sidewalk
- Part II

Ride Out At Midblock
- Part II

Ride Out At Stop Sign
- Part II

Trapped
- Part II

Multiple Threat
- Part II

Drive Out At Midblock
- Part II

Drive Out At Stop Sign
- Part II

Unknown

Right On Red
- Part II

Backing
- Part II

Drive Through
- Part II

Motorist Overtaking Failed To Detect
- Part II

Motorist Lost Control
- Part II

Motorist Overtaking - Counteractive Evasive Actions
- Part II

Motorist Overtaking - Misjudged Passing Space
- Part II

Motorist Overtaking - Bicyclist Path Obstructed
- Part II

Bicyclist Left Turn In Front Of Traffic
- Part II

Bicyclist Left Turn - Facing Traffic
- Part II

Bicyclist Lost Control
- Part II

Bicyclist Right Turn
- Part II

Motorist Left Turn In Front Of Bicyclist
- Part II

Motorist Left Turn - Facing Bicyclist
- Part II

Motorist Right Turn
- Part II

Uncontrolled Intersection - Other
- Part II

Wrong Way Bicyclist
- Part II

Bicyclist Overtaking
- Part II

Wrong Way Motorist

Non-Roadway
- Part II

Drive Out From On-Street Parking
- Part II

Weird
- Part II

Motorist Overtaking - Other
- Part II

Play Vehicle
- Part II

Bicyclist Strikes Parked Vehicle
- Part II

Drive Out At Intersection - Other
- Part II

Ride Out At Intersection - Other
- Part II

Controlled Intersection - Other
- Part II

 

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