Skip to content U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration

Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)
PlanningEnvironmentReal Estate

HEP Events Guidance Publications Awards Contacts

1996 Acquisition & Relocation Statistics

ACQUISITION

Form FHWA 1434 provides information relating to the number of parcels, number of projects, and amount of federal-aid expenditures made by State and Local Public Agencies (LPA) in advancing highway improvement projects. The reports are submitted to the Office of Real Estate Services annually by FHWA's Division Offices based on information maintained or prepared by each State highway or transportation agency. The report also reflects the number of parcels and number of projects each State and LPA acquired without Federal-aid funds that were or were expected to be incorporated into a federally assisted construction project. As a note, most states used the federal fiscal year as their reporting period while some states reported using their own fiscal year.

Federally Funded Acquisition

Total F/A Expenditures Right-of-Way required for highway improvements can be acquired using federal-aid funds. Over the past 5 years, States have used Federal funds to acquire, on average, One Billion Dollars worth of property rights. Fiscal 1996, was no exception as federal funding participated in parcel acquisitions totaling just over 980 Million dollars. The main portion of these acquisitions were by State agencies with just over 900 Million dollars being applied to State acquired right-of-way.

Parcels Acquired

State right-of-way workload is related to the activities necessary to obtain possession of land interests required by pending highway improvement projects. Our measurement of acquisition activity seeks a count of land parcels acquired. A "parcel" can relate to all property interests required from an individual ownership, or to each land interest (i.e., fee simple, slope or drainage easements, temporary construction easements) acquired from an ownership. Although we have sought uniform "parcel" information for reporting purposes, we have no definitive insight into which States , if any, have used a smaller "land interests" parcel definition.

This past year States & LPAs used Federal funds to acquire 24,876 parcels. This activity is significantly lower than the number acquired in 1995, and is slightly lower than the median average for the last 20 years of 26,000 parcel acquisitions. Under ISTEA Federally funded parcel acquisition in fiscal years 92 to 96 rank 1st (94), 2nd (95), 3rd (93) 4th (92) and 5th (96) in comparison to the past five year records.

The parcel acquisitions were related to 3,013 projects, which is the second highest number of projects funded for right-of-way acquisition over the past five years and ranks 6th overall in the past twenty years.

Parcels
Acquired
by
Regional Workload
Federally Funded Acquisition
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
SHA 3240 2023 8202 1887 3042 475 1245 1892 691
LPA 175 85 103 599 31 430 105 443 208
Total 3415 2108 8305 2486 3073 905 1350 2335 899
Projects
Involved
499 375 1023 262 246 88 184 198 138

Expenditures

Expenditure levels for federally funded acquisitions were, as indicated, just shy of One Billion dollars in 1996. At $980,042,483 the cost to acquire 24,876 parcels averaged $39,397 per parcel.

From the National totals in the table presented on the next page, the normal acquisition parcel acquired by an SHA using Federal-aid costs just over $39,673 on average. LPA acquisition parcels cost on average about $3,000 less. This difference may reflect the scope and type of projects handled by locals under most State programs, and also indicate the local agencies higher incidence of donated property in support of project needs.

The National per parcel average cost of $39,397 is only exceeded in Regions 9, 3, and 7. Regions 6, 7, 9, and 10 are the only regions with an average parcel cost for LPAs exceeding the National average. In the past ten years there has been an increase of $7000 per parcel cost for an average of $700 per parcel per year.

Federal Fund Expenditures
  1996    
REGION by SHA by LPA Total
1 $130,080,937 $1,109,191 $131,190,128
3 $96,952,850 $710,710 $97,663,560
4 $275,203,443 $2,823,127 $278,026,570
5 $80,488,650 $10,707,021 $91,195,671
6 $51,887,476 $1,927,757 $53,815,233
7 $21,591,482 $16,177,078 $37,768,560
8 $35,996,284 $3,368,121 $39,364,405
9 $183,569,896 $35,105,729 $218,675,625
10 $24,678,147 $$7,664,584 $32,342,731

Non Federally Funded Acquisitions

In addition to the Federally funded right-of-way acquisitions the Acquisition Report form requests information on the number of projects and parcels where State and/or Local funds were used to acquire land needed to support Federally assisted PE and/or construction projects. Provisions of the Uniform Act regarding providing relocation benefits and meeting certain acquisition standards also apply to these non-funded acquisitions. The combination of funded and non-federal funded parcel acquisitions comprise the portion of a States acquisition program in which we have a Federal interest.

Parcels Acquired

State and locally funded acquisitions used in support of other Federally funded projects account for approximately 52% of the total parcels acquired this year. Even though the majority of States use Federal funding to support land acquisition activities, only 8 reported that federal funding was used for all parcels needed to support federal-aid construction projects. Three states used Federal funds on less than 20% of their total acquisitions (TX, MS, and DE).

Expenditures

Form 1230 does not request information relating to expenditures made on non-federally funded projects. Only the report relating to the Uniform Act activities, OMB Form 2105 contains a line item that requests total dollar value of all acquisitions subject to provisions of the Uniform Act. Depending how each State developed the figure presented in the Uniform Act report, that figure should include the costs necessary to acquire the non-federally funded acquisitions that support other Federally funded projects. The information displayed to the right is therefore a calculation using the information from the Uniform act report and deducting the above Federally funded expenditures to derive the costs incurred on non-funded parcels.

Parcels
Acquired
by
FHWA Regional Workload
Non Federally Funded Acquisitions-1996
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
SHA 211 800 4778 4540 877 2135 1147 1030 573
LPA 16 13 2818 3631 1756 1207 527 203 352
Total 227 813 7596 8171 2633 3342 1674 1233 925
Projects
Involved
149 179 349 1205 439 428 216 214 201
Region State and Local
Expenditures
Total Per Parcel
Average
1 $8,899,023 $5,443
3 $15,598,707 $19,187
4 $211,509,860 $27,845
5 $44,512,250 $5,448
6 $64,738,306 $24,587
7 $46,797,614 $14,003
8 %,195,938 $3,104
9 $68,619,095 $55,652
10 $31,831,645 $34,413
Total $497,702,438 $18,163

Condemnation Activity

The Uniform Act report also provides information on the incidence of condemnation activity related to each States program. The reported figure reflects those situations where due to valuation issues it was necessary to file a condemnation action under the States' Eminent Domain procedure to obtain property possession. Of the reported 52,719 parcels acquired during FY 96, only 6,353 (12.05%) used some form of Eminent Domain proceeding to obtain necessary property rights. The incidence of condemnation actions was highest in the two eastern regions, where in excess of 15% of the parcels required condemnation. The far western regions had the lowest condemnation rate with none exceeding 5%. Eight states reported condemnation rates in excess of 25% in FY 96.

Region Condemnations
Total
Parcels
Number
Initiated
Rate
1 5,061 639 12.63%
3 2,921 657 22.49%
4 15,901 2,688 16.90%
5 10,657 1,070 10.04%
6 5,706 628 11.01%
7 4,247 406 9.56%
8 2,834 51 1.80%
9 3,568 165 4.62%
10 1,824 49 2.69%
Total 52,719 6,353 12.05%
Relocation

Under the Uniform Act, all displaced persons including individuals, families, businesses, farms and non-profit organizations are entitled to relocation assistance benefits. The following statistics represent relocation benefits paid for highway related projects in 1996.

Residential Displacements

The national totals for residential displacements were slightly lower in 1996, than in 1995, with a total of 4,033 displacements of which 2,046 were owners and 1,989 were tenants. Region 4 led the nation in residential owners displaced with Mississippi ranking first in that region with 139. Region 9 led the nation in residential tenant displacements with California ranking first in that region with 704.

During the year, 1,484 replacement housing payments were made for a total of $21,115,197 with an average of $14,229 per claim. In the area of last resort housing, 495 claims were paid in the amount of $8,179,998. Residential Tenants received 799 rent supplement payments totaling $2,973,973 with an average payment of $3,722. Last resort housing payments for tenants equaled 575 claims for $3,716,936.

FY 1996 Residential DisplacementsFY 1996 Business Displacements

Business/Non-Profit/Farm Displacements

In 1996, almost $33,000,000 in benefits was paid to 2671 businesses, farms and non-profit organizations as compared with $27,000,000 to 2928 eligible recipients in 1995. The largest increase was in the area of moving expense claims totaling $26,700,000 as compared with $21,300,000 in 1995. In-lieu payments remained about the same at $5,500,000. Region 4 led the nation in the total number of claims with 777 with Region 6 in second place with a total of 448. California led the nation in number of claims with 296. North Carolina was second with 241 and Texas was third with 231.

Reestablishment expenses for FY 1996 totaled 679 claims in the amount of $5,131,877 for an average of $7,558 per claim. The average reestablishment claim for the years 1989 through 1996 equaled $7,463.

The cost of relocation assistance advisory services for the year totaled $16,674,977 and 148 appeals of relocation benefits were filed.


Region/State Comparisons

Region One - Albany, NY

STATE ACTIVITIES EXPENDITURES
PROJECTS PARCELS DISPLACEMENTS ACQUISITION
COST
RESIDENTIAL
BENEFITS
BUSINESS
FARM/NPO
BENEFITS
Total*
with FA NO
FA
With FA NO
FA
Res.
Claims
Bus.
Claims
NJ 89 26 281 46 25 10 $31,056,266 $391,850 $475,012 $31,923,128
MA 24 50 92 1,024 7 29 $46,944,390 $41,694 $628,620 $47,614,704
NY 95 15 1,015 230 39 31 $31,923,279 $210,180 $502,441 $32,635,900
NH 55 0 630 0 24 11 $10,773,510 $353,152 $198,434 $11,325,096
CT 106 48 573 227 48 9 $9,572,305 $277,994 $136,994 $9,987,293
ME 53 5 327 2 13 56 $2,368,574 $242,104 $190,645 $2,801,323
RI 21 0 255 0 5 5 $1,361,297 $196,390 $19,184 $1,576,871
PR 27 5 123 106 34 26 $5,426,191 $844,600 $204,154 $6,474,945
VT 29 0 119 0 5 9 $663,339 $6,809 $37,537 $707,685
Total 499 149 3,415 1,635 200

186

$140,089,151 $2,564,773 $2,393,021 $145,046,945

Region Three - Baltimore, MD

STATE ACTIVITIES EXPENDITURES
PROJECTS PARCELS DISPLACEMENTS ACQUISITION
COST
RESIDENTIAL
BENEFITS
BUSINESS
FARM/NPO
BENEFITS
Total*
with FA NO
FA
With FA NO
FA
Res.
Claims
Bus.
Claims
VA 98 59 358 416 30 19 $45,489,674 $497,017 $172,813 $46,159,504
MD 59 35 285 109 53 16 $24,655,480 $599,899 $129,414 $25,384,793
WV 68 13 482 17 96 67 $16,296,300 $1,393,455 $528,997 $18,218,752
PA 148 48 980 145 75 37 $18,770,380 $2,156,552 $2,859,991 $23,786,923
DE 2 24 3 126 13 3 $8,050,433 $219,787 $73,239 $8,343,459
DC 0 0 0 0 0 0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total

375

179 2,108 813 267 142 $113,262,267 $4,866,710 $3,764,454 $121,893,431

Region Four - Atlanta, GA

STATE ACTIVITIES EXPENDITURES
PROJECTS PARCELS DISPLACEMENTS ACQUISITION
COST
RESIDENTIAL
BENEFITS
BUSINESS
FARM/NPO
BENEFITS
Total*
with FA NO
FA
With FA NO
FA
Res.
Claims
Bus.
Claims
FL 70 148 973 1,578 103 124 $146,081,251 $1,122,854 $831,569 $148,035,674
NC 287 0 1,533 1,673 91 241 $133,024,996 $874,728 $1,020,907 $134,920,631
GA 47 35 978 2,455 85 57 $54,325,056 $1,028,229 $288,555 $55,641,840
AL 101 18 958 137 192 92 $24,485,699 $1,926,323 $2,001,670 $28,413,692
SC 112 0 918 0 15 15 $33,770,862 $214,535 $238,302 $34,223,699
TN 187 5 1,689 116 106 42 $25,706,292 $1,241,177 $513,738 $27,461,207
KY 144 16 742 658 96 67 $43,671,720 $1,328,754 $199,740 $45,200,214
MS 75 127 514 979 234 139 $28,470,554 $2,675,295 $661,530 $31,807,379
Total 1,023 349 8,305 7,596 922 777 $489,536,430 $10,411,895 $5,756,011 $505,704,336

Region Five - Olympia Fields, IL

STATE ACTIVITIES EXPENDITURES
PROJECTS PARCELS DISPLACEMENTS ACQUISITION
COST
RESIDENTIAL
BENEFITS
BUSINESS
FARM/NPO
BENEFITS
Total*
with FA NO
FA
With FA NO FA Res. Claims Bus. Claims
IL 26 325 159 2,521 53 52 $6,016,085 $595,874 $348,509 $6,960,468
MI 85 115 440 509 138 38 $44,775,892 $638,110 $248,166 $45,662,168
MN 8 209 37 1,250 75 73 $38,321,977 $1,240,230 $450,470 $40,012,677
WI 15 266 137 1,910 163 58 $1,375,089 $3,114,910 $619,892 $5,109,891
IN 90 150 939 1,135 74 34 $32,007,584 $730,479 $629,842 $33,367,905
OH 38 140 774 846 100 31 $13,211,294 $1,226,852 $344,847 $14,782,993
Total 262 1,205 2,486 8,171 603 286 $135,707,921 $7,546,455 $2,641,726 $145,896,102

Region Six - Fort Worth, TX

STATE ACTIVITIES EXPENDITURES
PROJECTS PARCELS DISPLACEMENTS ACQUISITION
COST
RESIDENTIAL
BENEFITS
BUSINESS
FARM/NPO
BENEFITS

Total*

with FA

NO

FA

With

FA

NO

FA

Res.

Claims

Bus.

Claims

TX 3 220 38 1,275 107 231 $64,096,540 $1,359,018 $2,794,368 $68,249,926
LA 72 65 495 203 32 36 $13,474,474 $602,049 $288,446 $14,364,969
OK 66 115 1,294 764 57 142 $16,554,964 $791,423 $280,209 $17,626,596
AR 70 39 934 391 23 36 $9,160,085 $483,007 $125,310 $9,768,402
NM 35 0 312 0 4 3 $15,266,777 $201,814 $22,821 $15,491,412
Total 246 439 3,073 2,633 223 448 $118,552,840 $3,437,311 $3,511,154 $125,501,305

Region Seven - Kansas City, MO

STATE ACTIVITIES

EXPENDITURES

PROJECTS

PARCELS

DISPLACEMENTS

ACQUISITION

COST

RESIDENTIAL

BENEFITS

BUSINESS

FARM/NPO

BENEFITS

Total*

with FA

NO

FA

With

FA

NO

FA

Res.

Claims

Bus.

Claims

MO 57 99 607 995 150 71 $49,704,472 $2,028,362 $12,166,508 $63,899,342
IA 15 125 45 1,047 148 86 $20,069,265 $2,584,510 $1,085,055 $23,738,830
KS 9 113 131 757 80 48 $12,286,463 $1,013,889 $69,002 $13,369,354
NE 7 91 122 543 9 28 $2,505,974 $218,829 $8,316 $2,733,119
Total 88 428 905 3,342 387 233 $84,566,174 $5,845,590 $13,328,881 $103,740,645

Region Eight - Lakewood, CO

STATE ACTIVITIES

EXPENDITURES

PROJECTS

PARCELS

DISPLACEMENTS

ACQUISITION

COST

RESIDENTIAL

BENEFITS

BUSINESS

FARM/NPO

BENEFITS

Total*

with FA

NO

FA

With

FA

NO

FA

Res.

Claims

Bus.

Claims

CO 49 47 190 234 0 11 $20,296,359 $539,786 $303,670 $21,139,815
UT 33 6 224 29 32 1 $11,186,882 $323,557 $20,000 $11,530,439
SD 13 57 248 799 16 100 $7,167,260 $44,331 $501,870 $7,713,461
MT 55 28 317 60 8 1 $3,692,870 $155,336 $58,200 $3,906,406
ND 21 68 237 488 3 9 $641,232 $52,379 $83,048 $776,659
WY 13 10 134 64 25 9 $1,575,740 $172,013 $49,602 $1,797,355
Total 184 216 1,350 1,674 84 131 $44,560,343 $1,287,402 $1,016,390 $46,864,135

Region Nine - San Francisco, CA

STATE

ACTIVITIES

EXPENDITURES

PROJECTS

PARCELS

DISPLACEMENTS

ACQUISITION

COST

RESIDENTIAL

BENEFITS

BUSINESS

FARM/NPO

BENEFITS

Total*

with FA

NO

FA

With

FA

NO

FA

Res.

Claims

Bus.

Claims

CA 152 186 2,003 1,112 999 296 $253,378,939 $4,757,631 $6,114,226 $264,250,796
NV 18 0 131 0 44 17 $13,008,054 $423,481 $316,627 $13,748,162
AZ 25 28 161 121 114 34 $18,759,269 $1,629,773 $1,073,072 $21,462,114
HI 3 0 40 0 19 1 $2,148,458 $207,712 $18,421 $2,374,591
Total 198 214 2,335 1,233 1,176 348 $287,294,720 $7,018,597 $7,522,346 $301,835,663

Region Ten - Portland, OR

STATE

ACTIVITIES

EXPENDITURES

PROJECTS

PARCELS

DISPLACEMENTS

ACQUISITION

COST

RESIDENTIAL

BENEFITS

BUSINESS

FARM/NPO

BENEFITS

Total*

with FA

NO

FA

With

FA

NO

FA

Res.

Claims

Bus.

Claims

WA 56 126 265 660 73 61 $36,135,918 $618,753 $1,146,466 $37,901,137
OR 16 67 101 216 39 17 $11,259,950 $373,313 $965,199 $12,598,462
ID 34 3 265 11 40 27 $11,277,602 $209,600 $80,329 $11,567,531
AK 32 5 268 38 21 15 $5,500,906 $372,280 $1,073,072 $6,946,258
Total 138 201 899 925 173 120 $64,174,376 $1,573,946 $3,265,066 $69,013,388

National Totals By Regions

REGION

ACTIVITIES

EXPENDITURES

PROJECTS

PARCELS

DISPLACEMENTS

ACQUISITION

COST

RESIDENTIAL

BENEFITS

BUSINESS

FARM/NPO

BENEFITS

Total*

with FA

NO

FA

With

FA

NO

FA

Res.

Claims

Bus.

Claims

1 499 149 3,415 1,635 200 186 $140,089,151 $2,564,773 $2,393,021 $145,046,945
3 375 179 2,108 813 267 142 $113,262,267 $4,866,710 $3,764,454 $121,893,431
4 1,023 349 8,305 7,596 922 777 $489,536,430 $10,411,895 $5,756,011 $505,704,336
5 262 1,205 2,486 8,171 603 286 $135,707,921 $7,546,455 $2,641,726 $145,896,102
6 246 439 3,073 2,633 223 448 $118,552,840 $3,437,311 $3,511,154 $125,501,305
7 88 428 905 3,342 387 233 $84,566,174 $5,845,590 $13,328,881 $103,740,645
8 184 216 1,350 1,674 84 131 $44,560,343 $1,287,402 $1,016,390 $46,864,135
9 198 214 2,335 1,233 1,176 348 $287,294,720 $7,018,597 $7,522,346 $301,835,663
10 138 201 899 925 173 120 $64,174,376 $1,573,946 $3,265,066 $69,013,388
Total 3,013 3,380 24,876 28,022 4,035 2,671 $1,477,744,222 $44,552,679 $43,199,049 $1,565,495,950
Updated: 09/05/2014
HEP Home Planning Environment Real Estate
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000