STATE OF ILLINOIS
FOR CARRYING OUT NATIONAL POLICY RELATIVE TO CONTROL OF OUTDOOR ADVERTISING IN AREAS ADJACENT TO THIS NATIONAL SYSTEM OF INTERSTATE AND DEFENSE HIGHWAYS AND THE FEDERAL-AID PRIMARY SYSTEM.
THIS AGREEMENT made and entered into this 25th day of April, 1972 by and between the United States of America represented by the Secretary of Transportation acting by and through the Federal Highway Administrator, hereinafter referred to as the "Administrator," and the State of Illinois, represented by the Department of Transportation acting by and through its Secretary, hereinafter referred to as the "State."
WHEREAS, Congress has declared that Outdoor Advertising in areas adjacent to the Interstate and Federal-aid primary systems should be controlled in order to protect the public investment in such highways, to promote the safety and recreational value of public travel and to preserve natural beauty; and I WHEREAS, Section 131(d) of Title 23 United States Code, authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to enter into agreements with the several States to determine the size, lighting, and spacing of signs, display s and devices, consistent with customary use, which may be erected and maintained within 660 feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way within areas adjacent to the Interstate and Federal-aid Primary System which are zoned industrial or commercial under authority of State law or in unzoned commercial or industrial areas, also to be determined by agreement; and
WHEREAS, the purpose of said agreement is to promote the reasonable, orderly, and effective displ3y of outdoor advertising while remaining consistent with the national policy to protect the public investment in the Interstate and Federal-aid primary highways, to promote the safety and recreational value of public travel and to preserve natural beauty ; and
WHEREAS, Section 131 (b) of Title 23, United States Code, provides that Federal-aid highway funds apportioned on or after January 1, 1968, to any State which the Secretary determines has not made provision for effective control of the erection and maintenance along the Interstate System and the primary system of outdoor advertising signs, displays, and devices which are within six hundred and sixty feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way and visible from the main traveled way of the system, shall be reduced by amounts equal to 10 per centum of the amounts which would otherwise be apportioned to such State under Section 104 of Title 23, United States Code, until such time as such State shall provide for such effective control; and
WHEREAS, the State of Illinois desires to implement and carry out the provisions of Section 131 of Title 23, United States Code, and the national policy in order to remain eligible to receive the full amount of all Federal-aid highway funds to be apportioned to such State on or after January 1, 1968, under Section 104 of Title 23, United States Code; and
WHEREAS, the State of Illinois and the Federal Highway Administrator entered into an agreement dated June 29, 1965, whereby the State agreed to control the erection and maintenance of outdoor advertising signs, displays and devices in areas adjacent to the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways in accordance with the-provisions of Section 131 of Title 23, United States Code, and the national standards as in effect on June 30, 1965; and
WHEREAS, Section 131(j) of Title 23, United States Code provides that a State shall be entitled to receive the bonus payments as set forth in the agreement provided the State maintains the control required under such agreement; and
WHEREAS, the State of Illinois elects to maintain the control as set forth in such agreement except where the control required by Section 131 of Title 23, United States Code, is more restrictive;
NOW THEREFORE, the parties hereto do mutually agree as follows:
Section I. Definitions
- Act means Section 131 of Title 23, United States Code (1965) commonly referred to as Title I of the Highway Beautification Act of 1965.
- Commercial or industrial activities for purposes of unzoned commercial or industrial areas
means those activities generally recognized as commercial or industrial by zoning authorities in this State, except that none of tile following activities shall be considered commercial or industrial:
- Outdoor advertising structures.
- Agricultural, forestry, ranging, grazing, and farming, including wayside fresh produce stands, and grain storage bins.
- Transient or temporary activities not involving permanent buildings or structures.
- Activities not visible from a main traveled way.
- Activities more than 660 feet from the nearest edge of the right-of-way.
- Activities conducted in a building principally used as a residence.
- Railroad tracks and minor sidings.
- Business area means any part of an area adjacent to the right-of-way which is at any time zoned for business, commercial or industrial activities under the authority of any law of this State, or not so zoned, but which constitutes an unzoned commercial or industrial area as defined herein. However, as to signs along Interstate highways, the term "business area" includes only areas which are within incorporated limits of any city, village, or incorporated town, as such limits existed on September 21, 1959, and which are zoned for industrial or commercial use, or both, or to portions of lnterstate highways which traverse other areas where the land use, as of September 21, 1959, was established by State law as industrial or commercial, or both.
- Unzoned commercial or industrial area means any area adjacent to the right-of-way not zoned by any county or municipality and which lies within 600 feet of any commercial or industrial activity, No part of any area adjacent to an' Interstate highway may be part of an "unzoned commercial or industrial area."
- All measurements shall be from the outer edges of the regularly used buildings, parking lots, storage or processing areas of the activities, not from the property lines of the activities, and shall be along or parallel to the edge of pavement of the highway. On primary highways other than expressways where there is an unzoned commercial or industrial area on one side of the road in accordance with preceding, the unzoned commercial or industrial area shall also include those lands directly opposite on the other side of the highway to the extent of the same dimensions except where such lands are publicly owned or controlled for scenic or recreational purposes. An unzoned commercial or industrial area adjacent to an expressway shall not include land on the opposite side of the highway from the commercial or industrial activity.
- National System of Interstate and Defense Highways and Interstate System means the system presently defined in and designated pursuant to subsection (d) of Section 103 of Title 23, United States Code.
- Federal-aid primary highway means any highway within that portion of the State highway system as designated, or as may hereafter be so designated by the State, which has been approved by the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 103 of Title 23, United States Code.
- Traveled way means the portion of a roadway for the movement of vehicles, exclusive of shoulders.
- Main-traveled way means the traveled way of a highway on which through traffic is carried. In the case of a divided highway, the traveled way of each of the separated roadways for traffic in opposite directions is a main-traveled way. It does not include such facilities as frontage roads, turning roadways, or parking areas.
- Sign means any outdoor sign, display, device, figure, painting, drawing, message, placard, poster, billboard, or other thing which is designed, intended or used to advertise or inform, any part of the advertising or information contents of which is visible from any place on the main-traveled way of the Interstate or Federal-aid Primary Highway Systems.
- Erect means to construct, build, raise, assemble, place, affix, attach, create, paint, draw, or in any other way bring into being or establish, but it shall not include any of the foregoing activities when performed as an incident to the change of advertising message or normal maintenance or repair of a sign structure.
- Maintain means to allow to exist.
- Safety rest area means an area or site established and maintained within or adjacent to the highway right-of-way by or under public supervision or control, for the convenience of the traveling public.
- Visible means that the advertising copy or informative contents are capable of being seen without visual aid by a person of normal visual acuity.
- Expressway means a primary highway constructed as a freeway which has complete control of access.
Section II. Scope of Agreement
This agreement shall apply to the following areas:
- All commercial or industrial zones within the boundaries of incorporated municipalities, as those boundaries existed on September 21, 1959, and all other areas where the land use as of September 21, 1959, was clearly established by State law as industrial or commercial within 660 feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of all portions of the Interstate System within the State of Illinois in which the outdoor advertising signs may be visible from the main-traveled way of said system.
- All zoned and unzoned commercial and industrial areas within 660 feet of the nearest edge of the right of way of all portions of the Federal-aid primary system within the State of Illinois in which outdoor advertising signs may be visible from the main-traveled way of said system.
- All areas zoned commercial or industrial after September 21, 1959, outside the boundaries of incorporated municipalities and all unzoned commercial or industrial areas within 660 feet of the nearest edge of the right-of-way of all portions of the Interstate System which are constructed upon right-of-way the entire width of which was acquired after July 1, 1956, in which outdoor advertising signs may be visible from the main traveled way of said system.
Section III. State Control
The State hereby agrees that, in all areas under categories A and B within the scope of this agreement, the State shall effectively control, or cause to be controlled, the erection and maintenance of outdoor advertising signs, displays, and devices erected subsequent to the effective date of this agreement other than those advertising the sale or lease of the property on which they are located, or activities conducted thereon, in accordance with the following criteria:
In zoned commercial and industrial areas, the State may notify the Administrator as notice of effective control that there has been established within such areas regulations which are enforced with respect to the size, lighting, and spacing of outdoor advertising signs consistent with the intent of the Highway Beautification Act of 1965 and with customary use. For the purposes of this Subparagraph A the requirements as to the number or total size of signs permitted on a single plot or parcel of land will be considered to be a spacing requirement. In such areas, the size, lighting, and spacing requirements set forth below shall not apply.
- In all other zoned and unzoned commercial and industrial areas, the criteria set forth below shall apply.
SIZE OF SIGNS
- The maximum area for any one sign shall be 1,200 square feet with a maximum height of 30 feet and maximum length of 60 feet, inclusive of any border and trim but excluding the base or apron, supports, and other structural members.
- The area shall be measured by the smallest square, rectangle, triangle, circle, or combination thereof which will encompass the entire sign.
- The maximum size limitations shall apply to each side of a sign structure; and signs may be placed back-to-back, side-by-side, or in V-type construction with not more than two displays to each facing, and such sign structure shall be considered as one sign.
SPACING OF SIGNS
- Interstate and Federal-aid Primary Highways
- a. Signs may not be located in such a manner as to obscure, or otherwise physically interfere with an official traffic sign, signal, or device, or obstruct or physically interfere with the driver's view of approaching, merging, or intersecting traffic within 1,000 feet of such sign or point of intersecting or merging traffic.
- Interstate Highways and Expressways on the Federal-Aid Primary System
- No two structures shall be spaced less than 500 feet apart.
- Outside of incorporated municipalities, no structure may be located adjacent to or within 500 feet of an interchange, weigh station, or safety rest area. Said 500 feet to be measured along the Interstate or expressway from the beginning or ending of pavement widening at the exit from or entrance to the main traveled way.
- Non-expressway Federal-aid Primary Highways
- Outside of incorporated municipalities - no two structures shall be spaced less than 300 feet apart.
- Within incorporated municipalities - no two structures shall be spaced less than 100 feet apart.
- The above spacing-between-structures provisions shall not apply To structures separated by buildings or other obstructions in such a manner that only one sign facing located within the above spacing distances is visible from the highway at any one time.
- Explanatory Notes
- Official and "on-premise" signs, as defined in Section 131(c) of Title 23 United States Code, and structures that are not lawfully maintained shall not be counted or shall measurements be made from them for purposes of determining compliance with spacing requirements.
- The minimum distance between structures shall be measured along the nearest edge of the pavement between points directly opposite the signs along each side of the highway and shall apply only to structures located on the same side of the highway.
Signs may be illuminated, subject to the following restrictions:
- Signs which contain, include, or are illuminated by any flashing, intermittent, or moving light or lights are prohibited, except those giving public service information such as time, date, temperature, weather, or similar information.
- Signs which are not effectively shielded as to prevent beams or rays of light from being directed at any portion of the traveled ways of the Interstate or Federal-aid primary highway and which are of such intensity or brilliance as to cause glare or to impair the vision of the driver of any motor vehicle or which otherwise interfere with any driver's operation of a motor vehicle are prohibited.
- No sign shall be so illuminated that it interferes with the effectiveness of, or obscures an official traffic sign, device, or signal.
- All such lighting shall be subject to any other provisions relating to lighting of signs presently applicable to all highways under the jurisdiction of the State.
- At any time that a bona fide county or local zoning authority adopts regulations which include the size, lighting, and spacing of outdoor advertising, the State may so notify the Administrator and control of outdoor advertising in the commercial or industrial zones within the geographical jurisdiction of said authority will transfer to subsection A of this section.
- The State further agrees that in areas under category C of the Scope of the Agreement, the following criteria shall apply to off-premise outdoor advertising signs other than directional and other official signs, as described in Section 131(c) of the Act:
- The sign must provide only information relative to lodging, food, outdoor recreational, or automotive service facilities which are located within 12 air miles from such sign.
- The sign must comply with the national standards for class 3 and class 4 signs, as set out in Part 20, Chapter 1, Title 23, CFR.
Section IV. Interpretation
The provisions contained herein shall constitute the standards for effective control of signs, displays, and devices within the scope of this agreement. The provisions contained herein pertaining to the size, lighting, and spacing of outdoor advertising signs permitted in zoned and unzoned commercial and industrial areas shall apply only to those signs erected subsequent to the effective date of this agreement, or when the area in which the sign is located becomes subject to this agreement. In the event the provisions of the Highway Beautification Act of 1965 are amended by subsequent action of Congress or the State legislation is amended, the parties reserve the right to re-negotiate this agreement or to modify it to conform with any amendment.
Section V. Effective Date
This agreement shall become effective on the effective date of Rouse Bill 3680 of the 77th General Assembly of the State of Illinois authorizing the agreement, following modification of the statute by amendatory veto and subsequent legislative consideration.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties hereto have executed this Agreement as of APR 25 1972.