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Design-Build E ffectiveness Study

As Required by TEA-21 Section 1307(f)
Final Report
Prepared for:
USDOT - Federal Highway Administration
January 2006


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APPENDIX F - REVIEW OF COMPLETED SEP-14 PROJECT EVALUATION REPORTS

The review of completed SEP-14 project evaluation reports process was used to structure design-build study survey questions and confirm the applicability of data requested. The review used available information from SEP-14 reports, the SEP-14 project database, and design-build project evaluation reports. The sample size was limited by the availability of comparable information - only 33 projects in 15 states were documented.

SEP-14 project evaluation reports provide a glimpse into the kinds of information state DOT sponsors are most likely to have and share, hence the need to be cognizant of this information when formulating study surveys. The reports suggest a variety in how SEP-14 projects are executed and documented, and demonstrate a need for a consistent reporting basis for analysis & determination of results.

Completed project evaluation reports do not provide an adequate basis for assessing design-build impacts on projects or industry, so a larger sample of completed projects uniformly reported on is required, as well as a program-level assessment. This study addresses these concerns and provides a wealth of useful information to developers and implementers of design-build projects, with the full cooperation and assistance of STD design-build program managers and project leaders.

Preliminary Results

With 14 available observations, the review found that there was significant difference in the mean project duration between design-build and design-bid-build projects. The average duration is 583 days for design-build, compared to 1,215 days for design-bid-build. This is illustrated in Exhibit F.1.

Exhibit F.1: Boxplots of Total Project Duration (in Days) by Delivery

Boxplots of Total Project Duration (in Days) by Delivery

With six available observations, the review found no significant difference in mean cost between design-build and design-bid-build projects. The average project cost was $18.4 million for design-build projects, and $18.9 million for design-bid-build. This is shown in Exhibit F.2.

Exhibit F.2: Boxplots of Total Project Cost (by Construction Award) by Delivery

Boxplots of Total Project Cost (by Construction Award) by Delivery

With 10 available observations, the review found significant differences in the additional project cost per change order. The difference was 0.6% of project costs for design-build projects compared to 6.0 percent for design-bid-build projects. This is illustrated in Exhibit F.3.

Exhibit F.3: Boxplots of Change Orders (As Percentage of Original Contract Costs) by Delivery

Boxplots of Change Orders (As Percentage of Original Contract Costs) by Delivery

Conclusions

Only about 10% of the design-build project evaluation reports required by FHWA were submitted. Completed reports were prepared by persons familiar with projects, and most of the reports submitted were of high quality. However, the reports lack consistency in structure, contents, format, and terminology, and the sample size is not statistically significant for the population of design-build projects. These issues demonstrate the need to conduct the full design-build study program and project surveys.

List of SEP-14 Project Evaluation Reports

State

Number of projects approved/if evaluations found and number
 
  1. Evaluations that are in possession of team at University of Colorado-Boulder
 
  • Comments from Researcher Jennifer Shane, University of Colorado-Boulder
 
  1. Evaluations that are indicated on FHWA Design-Build Project Approvals under SEP-14 as of 12/31/2002 (http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/programadmin/contracts/sep14a.cfm)

Alabama

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found

Alaska

4 Projects Approved/No Evaluations Found
 
  1. Dated 13-Apr-99 for Ocean Class Ferry Boat
  2. Dated 01-Mar-99 for Whittier Tunnel

Arizona

6 Projects Approved/Several Evaluations Found
 
  1. Evaluation of the Design-Build Delivery Process for A State Department of Transportation Pilot Project. James Ernzen, Craig Albelda, Kraig Knutson. Construction Congress VI, Reston Virginia, 2000.
  2. Arizona's new Design-Build Law and Experience to Date. Arizona Department of Transportation, 1998.
  3. 3 Masters Thesis-In Transit
 
  1. Dated 29-Mar-02 for I17 Thomas Road to Dunlap Avenue, Phoenix

Arkansas

No Projects Approved

California

4 Projects Approved/No Evaluations Found
 
  1. Dated 25-May-94, 01-Oct-94 for Emergency Relief-LaCienega/Venice Undercrossing

Colorado

6 Projects Approved/3 Evaluations Found
 
  1. Evaluation of Design-Build Practice in Colorado Project IR IM(CX) 025-3(113). Pete Graham, March 2001.
  2. Evaluation of Design Build Practice in Colorado IR(CX)70-4(143). Ahmad Ardain, Paul Jesaitisl July 1999.
  3. Evaluation of Design Build Practice in Colorado IR(CX)70-4(143). Ahmad Ardain, Bernnie Guevara, William Sccheuerman, November 1997.
  4. Interstate 25 and 225 Transportation Expansion Project (T-REX): Special Experimental Project 14 Initial Report. January 15, 2002.
 
  • Numbers 2 and 3 are on the same project, one addresses pre-construction activities and the other summarizes all activities.
 
  1. Dated 15-Jan-02 for Southeast Corridor Denver I-25

Connecticut

No Projects Approved

Delaware

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found
 
  1. Dated 28-Aug-02 for Choptank Road over Back Creek

Florida

67 Projects Approved/3 Evaluations Found
 
  1. State of the Practice Review in Design-Build. Florida DOT, 2002.
 
  • Included in this review is an overview of design-build practices in South Carolina and Arizona but there is very little information regarding Florida's use of design-build.
 
  1. Final Evaluation of the Florida Department of Transportation's Pilot Design/Build Program. Ralph D. Ellis, Jr, Ashis Kumar. Transportation Research Record 1351, 1992.
 
  • Many cost and schedule numbers appear to be available.
 
  1. Evaluation of the FDOT Design/Build Program. Ralph Ellis, Zohar Herbsman, Ashish Kumar. University of Florida, August 1991.
 
  • This may contain much of the same information as the item listed in Florida 2.

Georgia

8 Projects Approved/No Evaluations Found

Hawaii

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found

Idaho

No Projects Approved

Illinois

No Projects Approved
 
  1. 2002 Survey by SAIC for Illinois DOT on the Current Use of Design-Build.
 
  • This survey was completed by several states but does not include many hard data.

Indiana

8 Projects Approved/1 Evaluation Found
 
  1. An Initial Evaluation of Design-Build Highway Projects Performed by Indiana Department of Transportation. Nicholas Tymvois, Bobby G. McCullouch, Kumares C. Sinha. Purdue University, September 2002.

Iowa

No Projects Approved

Kansas

No Projects Approved

Kentucky

No Projects Approved

Louisiana

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found

Maine

2 Projects Approved/3 Evaluations Found
 
  1. Design-Build-Warranty in Maine: The Bath-Woolwich Bridge Project Mid Year 1998 Report. Bruce A. Van Note.
  2. Practical Considerations for Design-Build: The Bath-Woolwich , Maine Design-Build-Warranty Bridge Project. Bruce A. Van Note, 1998.
  3. Maine Develops Unique Design-Build Selection Process for Bath-Woolwich Bridge Project. Alan R. Phips, 1999.
 
  • These may contain relatively the same information.
 
  1. Dated 11-Dec-01 for Bath-Woolwich Bridge Replacement

Maryland

9 Projects Approved/No Evaluations Found

Massachusetts

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found
 
  1. Dated 15-Oct-00 for Route 3 North from Route 128 to the NH border

Michigan

21 Projects Approved/No Evaluations Found
 
  1. Dated 26-Nov-96 (To FHWA on 20-Mar-97) for Detroit Freeway Management System ATMS/ATIS

Minnesota

2 Projects Approved/No Evaluations Found

Mississippi

No Projects Approved

Missouri

No Projects Approved

Montana

No Projects Approved

Nebraska

No Projects Approved

Nevada

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found

New Hampshire

No Projects Approved

New Jersey

12 Projects Approved/3 Evaluations Found
 
  1. New Jersey's Modified Design/Build Program Progress Report 6. August 11, 1999.
  2. New Jersey's Modified Design-Build Program-Part I Progress Report 4. 1998.
  3. New Jersey's Modified Design-Build Program Initial Progress Report. 1996.
 
  • I have contacted the Library for the New Jersey DOT about other reports but I have not received anything from them.
 
  1. There should be more but am unable to obtain them (Progress Reports 2, 3, 5, 6)

New Mexico

2 Projects Approved/No Evaluations Found
 
  1. Dated 28-Feb-03 for US 70 in Hondo Valley, Ruidoso Downs to Riverside and NM 528 Bernalillo and Sandoval Counties

New York

3 Projects Approved/No Evaluations Found
 
  1. Design-Build Practice Report. Parsons Brinkcerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc. August 2002.
 
  • This is essentially a survey of the current practices in many states, not including NY.

North Carolina

7 Projects Approved/1 Evaluation Found
 
  1. CARAT-An Operational Test of Design-Build-Warrant Procurement for ITS Deployment, Evaluation Report of Phase 1 Procurement, Chapter 1. The HNTB Companies, 1997.
  2. CARAT-An Operational Test of Design-Build-Warrant Procurement for ITS Deployment, Evaluation Report of Phase 1 Procurement, Chapter 2. The HNTB Companies, 1997.
  3. CARAT-An Operational Test of Design-Build-Warrant Procurement for ITS Deployment, Evaluation Report of Phase 1 Procurement, Chapter 4. The HNTB Companies, 1997.
 
  1. Dated 01-Apr-97 for Carat ITS Project
  2. 01-Sep-00 Statewide Wetland Mitigations

North Dakota

No Projects Approved

Ohio

52 Projects Approved/2 Evaluations Found
 
  1. Final Report: Six-State Survey of Construction Administration Practices and Procedures. Ohio Department of Transportation and Trauner Consulting Services, Inc.
 
  • This report appears to compare the DB experiences of ADOT, FDOT, MDOT, WSDOT, and WisDOT but may not offer much in the way of useful information.
 
  1. ODOT Experience on Six Pilot Design-Build Projects: Interim Report. Ohio DOT. January 29, 1999.
 
  • Initial (letting) cost are given, however, there is little to no final cost information readily available.
  • Walid E. Gemayel, P.E., Deputy Director, Division of Construction Management, has been contacted to see if there is any other information available.
 
  1. Dated 31-Oct-00 for Van-US 127, ALL-IRO75, LOR-IRO90, MED-IR271, ATB-SR045, STA-IR077, GUE-SR660, MIA-IR075, PRE-IR070, GRE-US35J, HAM-IR071, HAM-IR275, HAM-IR471, ROS-SR159, NOB-IR077, CUY-IR480

Oklahoma

No Projects Approved

Oregon

2 Projects Approved/5 Evaluations Found
 
  1. Design Build Contracting in the Oregon Department of Transportation. Masters Thesis by Francisco O. Simas. November 1998, Oregon State University.
 
  • I don't know that this contains any useful information about the actual work on the project of if it is just an over view of the RFQ/RFP process and some lessons learned to date.
 
  1. ODOT Design-Build Pilot Projects Evaluation for Evans Creek-Rock Point Design-Build Pilot Project. David F. Rogge, Rodolfo Pinto, Darrell Gobble. 2001, Oregon State University.
  2. ODOT Design-Build Pilot Projects Evaluation Volume I. David F. Rogge, 2001.
  3. ODOT Design-Build Pilot Projects Evaluation Volume II. David F. Rogge, 2001.
  4. ODOT Design-Build Pilot Projects Evaluation Volume III. David F. Rogge, 2001.
 
  • Reports 2-5 may contain the same information.

Pennsylvania

52 Projects Approved/2 Evaluations Found
 
  1. Initial/Interim Report on Design/Build. 2000.
  2. Initial/Interim/Final Report Modified Turnkey (Design/Build) Susquehanna County. 1999.
 
  1. Dated 27-Mar-01 for District 1 Warren Co. Expressway Reconstruction
  2. Dated 11-Jan-02 for District 4-0 Susquehanna 0011-573 Bridge Replacement Hallstead/Great Bend
  3. Dated 07-Jun-01 District 11 Beaver Count 1022-B02 13th Street Blockhouse Run Bridge

Rhode Island

No Projects Approved

South Carolina

8 Projects Approved/1 Evaluations Found
 
  1. Initial Report for SEP 14 Design-Build Contract for the Replacement of US 601 South Bound Bridge over the Wateree River. 1997.
 
  1. Dated 03-Sep-96 for Bridge Replacements-Reedy Creek, Enoree River

South Dakota

1 Project Approved/3 Evaluations Found
 
  1. Design/Build-Lessons Learned to Date. Lawrence L. Weiss. October 7, 2000.
  2. Design/Build-Interim Report and Additional Lessons Learned. Lawrence L. Weiss. February 28, 2001.
  3. Design/Build-Additional Lessons Learned to Date. Lawrence L. Weiss. February 25, 2003.
 
  • These appear to be all on the same project and may contain basically the same information.

Tennessee

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found

Texas

1 Project Approved/1 Report Found
 
  1. Design-Build Contracting for Highway Construction Projects in Texas. Douglas D. Gransberg, Jason Valerius, Sanjaya Senadheera, Mustaque Rumi. Texas Tech University, September 1997.
 
  1. Dated 04-Feb-02 for Texas Turnpike Authority US183A and SH130

Utah

8 Projects Approved/5 Evaluations Found
 
  1. I-15 Corridor Reconstruction Project Design/Build Evaluation 2000 Annual Report.
  2. I-15 Corridor Reconstruction Project Design/Build Evaluation 1999 Annual Report.
  3. I-15 Corridor Reconstruction Project 1998 Annual Report.
  4. I-15 Corridor Reconstruction Project Initial Report. 1997.
  5. Utah Department of Transportation I-15 Case Study. Masters Report by Donna Kimball. July 11, 1999.
 
  1. Dated 01-Dec-97 and 30-Sep-99 for ITS Traffic Operations Center Project
  2. Dated 01-Jun-97 and 30-Mar-99 for ITS Interim Traffic Control System
  3. Dated 01-Nov-99 for SR-176 Lake Powell vehicle/passenger ferry system

Vermont

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found

Virginia

7 Projects Approved/No Evaluation Found
 
  1. Dated 01-Nov-01 for Route 288 (I-64/288 Interchange and I-64 to Rt. 250 Connection)

Washington

3 Projects Approved/2 Evaluations Found
 
  1. Washington State Department of Transportation Design-Build Pilot Project Evaluation. Keith Molenaar, Justin Sencer, Jamal Parker, Travis Stewart, Brian Saller, Steve Coggins, Colleen Butler. University of Colorado and WSDOT, 2003.
  2. Washington State Department of Transportation Design-Build Pilot Project Evaluation: Interim Report-POQ/BAFP. Keith Molenaar.
 
  • These may contain the same information.

West Virginia

No Projects Approved

Wisconsin

1 Project Approved/No Evaluations Found
 
  1. Dated 20-Aug-02 for City of Milwaukee, Menominee Valley Viaduct

Wyoming

No Projects Approved

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