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Project Information
Project ID:   FHWA-PROJ-11-0189
Project Name:   Compression Response of a Rapid-Strengthening Ultra-High Performance Concrete Formulation
Project Status:   Completed
Start Date:  August 1, 2011
End Date:  September 30, 2012
Contact Information
Last Name:  Graybeal
First Name:  Benjamin A (Ben)
Telephone:  202-493-3122
E-mail:  benjamin.graybeal@dot.gov
Office:   Office of Infrastructure Research and Development
Team:   Bridge and Foundation Engineering Team [HRDI-40]
Program:   IRT (Infrastructure Research and Technology)
Laboratory:   Concrete Laboratory
Project detail
Roadmap/Focus area(s):   Infrastructure Research and Technology Strategic Plan and Roadmap
Project Description:   Compressive mechanical properties are critical indicators of the degree of hydration of concrete and are frequently used as indicators of other mechanical and durability properties. The rate of compressive mechanical response development is of importance to construction projects wherein the concrete hydration is on the critical path. Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC), when used in field-cast connections between prefabricated bridge elements, can create robust connections that emulate monolithic components. Traditional UHPC formulations tend to express a delay prior to setting and initial mechanical property development. This research program investigated the compressive mechanical response of a new UHPC formulation intended for use in field-cast infrastructure connections. The time to initiation and rate of property development was observed to be influenced by the ambient environment surrounding the concrete during curing. At an elevated curing temperature, the UHPC was observed to reach 10,000 pounds per square inch compressive strength at 11 hours. The compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, axial strain at peak strength, and overall stress-strain response were captured under three curing conditions from early age through 56 days after casting.
The objective of this research study was to evaluate the compressive mechanical response of a rapid strengthening ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) formulation when exposed to a range of curing conditions. This research result is critical to the broader use of UHPC-class materials as field-cast grouts in connections between Prefabricated Bridge Elements and Systems (PBES) components.
Product Type:   Research report
Technical report
Test Methodology:   Complete standardized and modified material tests to assess basic compressive mechanical properties. Analyze results in context of prior research on similar materials.
Expected Benefits:   This project will facilitate the broader use of ultra-high performance concrete-class materials, thus allowing for the construction of a more robust, durable highway infrastructure.
Deliverables:   Full report providing the results of the research.
FHWA Topics:   Roads and Bridges--Construction and Project Management
TRT Terms:   Concrete Structures
Prefabricated Bridges
FHWA Disciplines:   Construction and Project Management
Pavement and Materials
Subject Areas:   Bridges and other structures


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