In 2010, the National Highway Traffic Administration (NHTSA) concluded a feasibility study of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development data collection protocol for use in the United States. This effort was designed as the precursor to the larger Motorcycle Crash Causation Study. From this effort, data collection forms, investigator training documents, and relationships with local law enforcement were all developed. The successes of the NHTSA pilot study were used in the development of the final work plan for the Motorcycle Crash Causation Study.
The “Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures” study, commonly referred to as “The Hurt Study,” named after its primary author, Harry Hurt, was the first large scale investigation into motorcycle crashes in the United States. When the study concluded in 1981, a total of 900 real-world motorcycle crashes and 2,310 control rider cases had been investigated and analyzed. To date, this study is still recognized as one of the seminal works in the area of motorcycle safety and has been used in the creation of motorcycle safety policy and countermeasure development for the last 30 years.
In 1999, the Association of European Motorcycle Manufacturers (ACEM) conducted a comprehensive crash investigation study that utilized the OECD data collection methodology. Over a period of 3 years, the study collected data from 921 motorcycle crashes from 5 different European countries.
The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials’ (AASHTO) developed a series of reports known as the NCHRP Report 500 series to address 22 key emphasis areas that affect highway safety. One of the areas identified was motorcycle safety. The report offers a number of recommendations for State and local agencies for addressing the safety issues that are specific to motorcycle safety.
The NAMS technical working group was made up of representatives from various agencies, both public and private, with a stake in improving motorcycle safety. The group developed a document that sought to identify the most pressing issues associated with motorcycle safety. While the document is not considered a “consensus” on the issues, it outlines some fundamental topics that should be considered when approaching motorcycle safety.
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