TCSP Grant Workshop Denver, Colorado
Track A: Best Practices - Presentations of TCSP Projects
Robert Radics; Intermodal Planning Engineer, Southern Resource Center, Federal Highway Administration
John Paolella; Senior Transportation Specialist, Federal Railroad Administration, Washington, D.C.
Tempe, Arizona: Mary O'Connor; Transit Manager, City of Tempe
San Francisco, California: David Alumbaugh; Urban Designer, San Francisco Planning
Hartford Metropolitan Area, Connecticut: Linda Osten; Community Development Planner, Capital Region Council of Governments. Gerry Maine; Principal Planner, City of Hartford-Planning. Kathleen McCabe; Principal, McCabe Enterprises.
Metropolitan Washington Region: Gerald Miller; Chief Program Coordinator, Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments.
Gainesville Metropolitan Area, Florida: Reid Ewing; Research Director, Surface Transportation Policy Project. Marlie J. Sanderson; Director of Transportation Planning, North Central Florida Regional Planning Council.
Ada/Canyon Counties, Idaho: Elizabeth Conner; Project Manager, Treasure Valley Partnership.
Central Bluegrass Region, Kentucky: Timothy R. Palermo; Transportation Planner, Glatting Jackson Kercher Anglin Lopez Reinhart.
New Orleans Metropolitan Area, Louisiana: James H. Harvey, Jr.; Director of Planning, Regional Planning Commission.
Lansing/Tri-County Region, Michigan: Paul T. Hamilton; Chief Planner, Tri- County Regional Planning Commission.
Saginaw Metropolitan Area, Michigan: William Wright; Director, Saginaw County MPO Commission.
Research Triangle Region, North Carolina: John Hodges-Copple, Director of Regional Planning, Triangle J Council of Governments.
Northern New Jersey: John Hummer; Manager Freight Services/Special Projects, North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority. Gary Thomas; Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology.
Dayton, Ohio: Eileen Enabnit; City of Dayton, Ohio.
Woodmere Village, Cleveland, Ohio: Yolanda Broadie; Council President, Woodmere Village.
Portland Metropolitan Area, Oregon: Marian Hull; Senior Regional Planner, MEtrO.
Willamette Valley, Oregon: Larry Schaffner; Associate Planner, Lane Council of Governments.
City of Providence, Rhode Island: Samuel J. Shamoon; Associate Director of Planning, Department of Planning and Development.
Berkeley Charleston Dorchester Region, South Carolina: Dan Hatley; Planning Services Manager, BCD Council of Governments.
Johnson City, Tennessee: Eric Iversen; Comprehensive Planning Coordinator, City of Johnson City.
City of Houston, Texas: Patricia Rincon-Kallman; Assistant Director, City of Houston-Planning.
Greater Wasatch Area, Utah: Kristin Thompson; Development Manager, Envision Utah.
Charlottesville Metropolitan Area, Virginia: Hannah Twaddell; Senior Planner, Thomas Jefferson Planning District Commission.
Central Puget Sound Region, Washington: Ned Conroy; Senior Planner, Puget Sound Regional Council.
The Best Practices track gave FY1999 grant recipients an opportunity to showcase their activities and present any preliminary results. Twenty-three of the thirty-five TCSP-funded activities were presented at the conference. The grantees described the issues their proposals addressed as well as the predicted final results of each project.
City of Tempe, Arizona. As part of a lager initiative to coordinate transportation and land use planning in Tempe, a TCSP grant is funding a two-part program to improve University Drive: the creation of an implementation plan for traffic calming, and the creation a transit-oriented overlay district model. Although the overlay district model will initially be implemented on University Drive, the intent is to eventually apply it to other areas in Tempe. The community has expressed approval for coordinated transportation and land use planning, and supports transit and other alternative modes of transportation. What is learned from the activities at these sites will hopefully be applicable elsewhere in Tempe. Five neighborhoods are collaborating on this project along with the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO).
San Francisco Planning Department, California. This study will concentrate on further developing transit in the Mission Street Transit Corridor. This will benefit middle-income and low-income residents who depend on transit for journey to work trips. One of the many goals is to improve the pedestrian and traffic pattern around the Balboa Park Station. Neighborhoods will work together to decide on a design that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing. Other activities that are being considered are parking requirements, car share programs, and traffic calming. Partnerships will be formed with the MPO and Caltrans.
Hartford, Connecticut. "Picture It Better Together: Taking Transportation Goals from Policy to Reality" is a partnership between the Capitol Region Council of Governments (CRCOG), the City of Hartford, and the Parkville neighborhood. It is a study of the Hartford metro area using three communities as prototypical examples: an urban area (Hartford), a suburban area (West Hartford), and a rural area (Suffield). This project is the result of an urban neighborhood (Parkville) and a regional planning agency (CRCOG) joining efforts to work as equal partners. This merger not only allows research into land use/transportation/economic development links, but also provides a unique opportunity to explore how these two entities can become better development partners. The project blends top-down planning with grassroots, incremental approaches toward development and redevelopment. This promises to be a very effective way to take goals from policy to reality. Together, the various partners will produce community-type specific tools for integrating development, including preparing for a bus rapid transit system, and engaging the public in building an understanding of the role each type of community plays in preserving a strong, attractive region.
Metropolitan Washington, D.C. Region. The grant will encourage the implementation of two key components of the recently adopted Vision for transportation in the region: circulation systems within the regional core and regional activity centers that maximize the use of transit, pedestrian, and bicycle facilities: and integration of green space into a connected regional greenways system. These components do not currently receive the kind of focused attention devoted to major highway and transit systems, and stakeholder involvement is limited. The grant will be used to design comprehensive regional programs, identify priority projects, and encourage the inclusion of these projects into the region's Constrained Long Range Plan and Transportation Improvement Program. Consultant firms will provide support for project design and funding identification and to monitor and evaluate the TCSP project activities.
Gainesville Metropolitan Area, Florida. The Gainesville, Florida MPO is in the process of updating its long-range plan to better deal with problems related to sprawl. The models used previously did not accurately anticipate the effects of land use scenarios or transit, pedestrians, or bicycle improvements on travel behavior. The TCSP grant project will develop simple sketch models for land use and transportation that can be used to develop a better long-range plan for Gainesville. Part of the activity includes conducting a survey of present travel behavior, making a conscious effort to collect accurate data about pedestrian trips, intrazonal trips, and multi destination trips. Data from this survey will be used to calibrate the model. Sustainable Alachua County, Inc., the City of Gainesville, and the University of Florida will work with the Gainesville MPO to conduct this project.
The Treasure Valley (Ada/Canyon Counties), Idaho. In 1997, a joint partnership was created between cities in and the two counties of Ada and Canyon which brought together elected officials in the Treasure Valley to work on common goals. These goals are maintaining community identity, protecting recreation and open space, linking land use and transportation, and identifying growth patterns. With the TCSP grant, the Partnership, working with other planning and public groups, will now be able to work on their four goals. The primary objectives of this initiative are to educate people about developmental choices, identify barriers to alternatives, and define realistic tools for overcoming barriers that can be used by elected officials. Various methods will be used to accomplish these objectives, such as introducing policy makers to the project, establishing a regional trend baseline, conducting barrier analysis, compiling a choices catalog, developing demonstration prototypes, and conducting vision planning.
Central Bluegrass Region, Kentucky. Bluegrass Tomorrow and the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet are working jointly to produce a Corridor Master Handbook to guide the seven-county metropolitan Bluegrass Region in achieving the Bluegrass Regional Vision. The Vision involves the creation of compact cities and town centers that maintain a sense of identity, farmland and natural areas surrounding the towns, and scenic roads to connect the region. The Corridor Master Planning Handbook, consisting of a bound hard copy and a multimedia CD-ROM, will also be designed to assist transportation professionals, elected officials, citizens, and community leaders in developing corridor-specific master plans.
New Orleans Metropolitan Area, Louisiana. The New Orleans project is a long-range regional plan for sustainable development that explores the connections between traffic congestion, loss in property values, and job access. It focuses on both the external and internal factors that influence growth. After receiving a brownfield redevelopment grant from the Environmental Protection Agency, an individual at the Metropolitan Planning Organization suggested creating a Federal coordinating council to help organize the leveraging of additional funds to support development projects. The resulting interactions between the Federal programs have lead to creativity.
Lansing/Tri-County Region, Michigan. Although the total growth rate for the region is decreasing, sprawl is still a concern in the Lansing/Tri-County Region because a large percentage of development is occurring on farmland. The TCRPC's Regional Growth: Choices for Our Future project was created to address this issue. Citizens of the region and non-traditional partners came together to review the data collected on the costs and causes of sprawl in the region, and to look at possible actions that addressed the problem. They selected the activities they judged to be most important to be funded by the TCSP grant. Chosen activities include developing 3-D computer imagery to model alternative regional growth strategies, analyzing the costs of sprawl on individual households, performing a GIS analysis on the effects of transportation investments on growth patterns, and surveying people who have recently moved to understand the reasons for relocation.
Saginaw Metropolitan Area, Michigan. The ultimate goal of the "Retrofitting Anytown, USA" project is to make two intersecting auto-dominated suburban corridors safe, pedestrian oriented, transit friendly and identifiable as a community with a sense of place. At the nexus of the project area is a suburban retail mall. The proposed project, a design charrette, is designed to complement an auto-oriented corridor study currently being undertaken within the project area. The public will be engaged in a variety of visioning workshops that will both educate and build consensus regarding future investment in the project area. The project will investigate past and current land development patterns and how changes to local ordinances can prevent future investment from imitating that which SMATS is attempting to fix. Some of the various methods that will be employed to enhance public participation include traditional advertisements and web page, local television and radio coverage, conducting the charrette in a vacant mall storefront, and providing free public transportation, day care, and refreshments.
Research Triangle Region, North Carolina. The goal of this activity is to implement a new set of regional development and mobility principles that encourage higher-density development with increased pedestrian mobility, transit use, greenspace, and environmental preservation. A partnership of local governments, state agencies, regional agencies, two MPOs, universities, environmental organizations, and business groups is supporting the project. There will be four main parts: a detailed analysis of conventional and preferred regional development patterns; a set of strategies to achieve the preferred development pattern; computer visualization and charrettes; and community outreach and feedback.
Northern New Jersey. This project will make the redevelopment of brownfields more attractive by improving the surrounding transportation network to attract businesses which rely on freight movement. The site is served by a port, an airport, and a number of rail terminals. Presently, most development is occurring in fields and open spaces near the port. By encouraging development on old industrial sites, there will be a decrease in greenfield development and an increase in job opportunities in the urban community. The phase of the project that will be funded with the TCSP grant contains main two parts: the study of previous transportation-driven brownfields redevelopment plans in areas similar to the New Jersey area, and the location of specific brownfield sites within the Northern New Jersey region that appear most favorable for development.
City of Dayton, Ohio. The "Tool Town" plan for Dayton encourages precision tool-making businesses to settle in a downtown brownfield site. The area has been in decline, and it is hoped that the influx of new businesses will reverse this trend and provide more jobs for local residents. The project will make use of existing transportation infrastructure. Goods can be transported from this site by air, rail, and highway. The TCSP grant will fund the completion of site analysis, a physical evaluation, the determination of future uses for existing buildings, and the development of a schematic plan.
Woodmere Village, Cleveland, Ohio. Woodmere Village is a small suburb of Cleveland that suffers from traffic congestion on its main street, Chagrin Boulevard. The original plan by Ohio Department of Transportation was to widen Chagrin Boulevard, but the town feared this would cut off access to businesses. The TCSP grant will assist Woodmere Village in developing a plan to handle traffic flow through the town without further diminishing bicycle and pedestrian accessability. The intent is to make Woodmere Village a more pedestrian friendly community instead of one divided by high traffic roads.
Portland Metropolitan Area, Oregon. The Portland, Oregon Urban Reserve Plan is a long term plan for addressing the transportation, land-use and environmental impacts of developing land recently added to the urban growth boundary and is designed to achieve a balance between environmental protection and growth. The TCSP grant will give the Portland metropolitan area the resources it needs to complete a comprehensive planning effort for the entire area (6,400 acres). The plan will address the protection of fish-bearing streams, storm water management, multi modal transportation needs and infrastructure finance while balancing the environmental and transportation needs of area and the region. The project is a partnership between Metro, the regional government, the two cities, and the County that will ultimately govern the area. The program evaluation will be performed by the Portland State University.
Willamette Valley, Oregon. This project brings together three innovative analytical models to evaluate the transportation impacts of possible future land use patterns in the Willamette Valley. The project will provide a unique, long-range, regional focus on the transportation consequences of continuing current land development patterns; the benefits possible through alternative, transportation-efficient development patterns; and the benefits possible through certain changes in the transportation system. From this analysis and from the improved understanding of their interrelationships, project partners will recommend actions and implementation strategies that should be pursued to manage the impacts of growth on transportation and to help ensure the future livability of the Valley. Project partners include the Willamette Livability Forum, Pacific Northwest Ecosystem Research Consortium, ODOT, and 1000 Friends of Oregon.
City of Providence, Rhode Island. Providence is undertaking a major neighborhood revitalization effort in Olneyville, one of twenty-five Providence neighborhoods that is also an Enterprise Community. The approach is an innovative model for using transportation and intermodal facilities as the back bone of a neighborhood revitalization effort that will capitalize on an urban river, recycle brownfields, promote home ownership and support small business development. Revitalization activities in Olneyville have received national recognition, including Brownfields Showcase Community and American Heritage River designations.
The project has three elements: siting a public Transit Center, linking the Woonasquatucket Greenway/ Bikeway project to the Transit Center, and reconnecting Olneyville Square and the Transit Center to the West Broadway neighborhood. The Transit Center is especially welcome in a neighborhood where up to 40% of the people do not own cars. Beyond the traditional role of providing efficient transportation, the Transit Center and inter-modal connections will strengthen the area as a community center, support private reinvestment in Olneyville Square, and stabilize residential land uses. The evaluation component will be prepared by the University of Rhode Island's Graduate Curriculum in Community Planning and Area Development.
Berkeley Charleston Dorchester Region, South Carolina. The Berkeley-Charleston-Dorchester Council of Governments ion partnership with Charleston MPO will use their TCSP grant to investigate sustainable growth options in their area. The BCDCOG, in cooperation with the Department of Natural Resources and NASA's Mission to Earth, completed analysis of the impacts of growth on land use in the time period 1973-1994. This analysis showed that development occurred at a rate six times greater than population growth. Besides the costs of building new infrastructure, future development is complicated by the fact that much of the remaining undeveloped land is wetlands or other environmentally sensitively land. Part of the project will be to demonstrate the costs of various growth patterns to policymakers and citizens, and to assist counties and municipalities in encouraging growth that benefits business, the transportation system, the community quality of life, and the environment.
City of Houston, Texas. The Main Street Corridor Planning and Research Project is a collaborative planning initiative to create an urban vision, resulting in a signature main Street Corridor for the Houston Region. The project is intended to strategically integrate transportation and land-use planning, launch a process to change in transportation and land development patterns, and alter the mind set of automobile dependency in the Corridor. Various public and private partners will work together as part of the Main Street Coalition to create these development plans and coordinate investment activities.
Johnson City, Tennessee. Johnson City's plan is to create mixed use neighborhoods, where residential is not greatly separated from commercial and industrial. The activity is composed of three parts: public involvement, the creation of the actual plan, and the evaluation. Presently, the city is auto-dependent, and has laws mandating the separation of uses. A new land use plan will be created that will replace the previous one. If successful, there will be an increase in bicycle, pedestrian, and transit trips, and a decrease in use of cars. Tennessee has required urban growth boundaries in all counties, which must be adopted by summer 2000. This will make it easier to coordinate activities with areas outside of the city limits since those areas will be working on the same issues.
Greater Wasatch Area, Utah. The Envision Utah Public/Private Partnership is a group of 120 diverse and bipartisan leaders working with the community to develop a Quality Growth Strategy, which will guide businesses, residents, and government bodies in planning for growth management and land use policies and practices. In January, Envision Utah presented residents with four alternative growth scenarios for detailing the costs and impacts associated with various growth options. The public response showed overwhelming support for a Quality Growth Strategy that would help improve the efficiency of our current transportation system, reduce the impacts of transportation on the environment, and reduce the need for costly future investments in public infrastructure by focusing on compact, mixed-use development pattern. It also suggested that Utah residents would like to see a strategy that accommodates new growth by increasing the proportion of new development devoted to in-fill and redevelopment, focuses on efficient access to jobs, services and centers of trade by encouraging walkable communities, and concentrates new development along rail transit and existing urban areas. A booklet and video are being fabricated to assist other communities in finding solutions to similar problems.
Charlottesville Metropolitan Area, Virginia. The northern and eastern counties bordering Charlottesville are experiencing an unprecedented degree of residential growth, while growing numbers of jobs and services are clustering along two arterial highways running north and east of town. Thus, the city is becoming clogged with rural commuters and shoppers moving through it to areas north and east. The TCSP grant provides the region with a unique opportunity to set a new direction for economic/community development and transportation which is in keeping with local commitments to sustainability and a balanced transportation network. The two-year Eastern Planning Initiative is designed to create a new land use/transportation model with a fifty-year planning horizon which will be suitable for use by other small urban and rural areas. The first year of the project will be spent designing the interactive, GIS-based model. During the second year, the community will develop a 50-year vision and incremental plan using the model. The work in progress will be posted on the Internet to encourage involvement and advice from around the world. At the end of the project, the finished web site, handbook, and a CD-ROM will be provided to FHWA for distribution to other communities.
Central Puget Sound Region, Washington. Seattle is planning $4 billion worth of transit improvements, including light rail, commuter rail, express bus, and ferry investments. The TCSP grant will be used for various activities that will encourage the success of these transit improvements. The Transit Station Communities Project component will provide regional coordination and local technical assistance. The Regional Coordination and Awareness component of the TCSP funded activity will coordinate planning of the stations. Another component will provide outreach and technical assistance at 10 pilot stations.