TEA-21 - Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
Moving Americans into the 21st Century
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MINIMUM PENALTIES FOR REPEAT OFFENDERS FOR DWI OR DUI
A new program (under Section 164 of chapter 1 of Title 23) to encourage States to enact Repeat Intoxicated Driver laws. A State which does not have a Repeat Intoxicated Driver law which meets the minimum penalties described in the Act by October 1, 2000, will have certain Federal-aid highway funds transferred to the States Section 402 State and Community Highway Safety grant program. [TRA 9005]
Each State shall have in effect a Repeat Intoxicated Driver law that provides, as a minimum penalty, that an individual convicted of a second or subsequent offense for driving while intoxicated (DWI) or driving under the influence (DUI) after a previous conviction for that offense shall
(i) for 2nd offense, not less than 30 days community service or not less than 5 days of imprisonment; and
(ii) for 3rd and subsequent offense, not less than 60 days community service or not less than 10 days of imprisonment.
For purposes of this section, those jurisdictions defined as "States" in chapter 1 of Title 23 are subject to the Section 164 transfer provisions; this includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
Transfer of Funds
On October 1, 2000, and October 1, 2001, if a State has not enacted and is not enforcing a Repeat Intoxicated Driver law, an amount equal to 1½ percent of the funds apportioned to the State under paragraphs (1), (3), and (4) of Section 104(b) (i.e., NHS, STP, and Interstate Maintenance) will be transferred to the States Section 402 apportionment. Funds transferred will be derived from one or more of the three apportionments as determined by the State.
On October 1, 2002, and each October 1 thereafter, if a State has not enacted and is not enforcing a Repeat Intoxicated Driver law, the transferred amount increases to 3 percent of the States apportionment for the specified Federal-aid programs.
Federal-aid obligation authority transfers with the highway funds. No limitation on Section 402 obligation authority applies to the transferred funds.
Eligible Use of Funds
Funds transferred to Section 402 must be used for alcohol-impaired driving countermeasures or enforcement of DWI or DUI and other related laws.
A State may elect to use all or part of its transferred funds for activities eligible under the Section 152 Hazard Elimination Program.
The Federal share of a project funded under this new section is 100 percent.
September 14, 1998