Pavement Utility Cuts
Appendix B. Model Ordinanaces
This appendix contains several ordinances developed and passed by cities in the United States to regulate the use of public right-of-way. Each of these ordinances have been used for several years, and have been modified to satisfy current regulatory and technological climates. The full text of these and other such ordinances can be found on city websites throughout the country.
San Francisco Public Works Code - ARTICLE 2.4 EXCAVATION IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY
[Excavation in the Public Right-of-Way]
AMENDING PART II, CHAPTER 10 OF THE SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL CODE (PUBLIC WORKS CODE) BY REPEALING ARTICLE 8 (EXCAVATIONS IN STREETS), REPEALING SECTIONS 672 AND 673 OF ARTICLE 14 (UNDERGROUND PIPES, WIRES AND CONDUITS), AND ADDING ARTICLE 2.4 (EXCAVATION IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY), INCLUDING SECTION 2.4.44 TO IMPOSE A NEW STREET DAMAGE RESTORATION FEE; AUTHORIZING ESTABLISHMENT OF THE STREET CONSTRUCTION COORDINATION CENTER AND REQUESTING OTHER OFFICIAL ACTIONS IN CONNECTION THEREWITH; MAKING FINDINGS FOR THESE AMENDMENTS; AND AMENDING ARTICLE XIII OF CHAPTER 10 OF THE SAN FRANCISCO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE BY ADDING SECTION 10.117-119 TO CREATE A FUND FOR COLLECTION OF STREET DAMAGE RESTORATION FEES AND ADDING SECTION 10.117-120 TO REESTABLISH THE EXCAVATION FUND FOR THE COLLECTION OF OTHER DEPOSITS, FEES, AND PENALTIES IMPOSED BY ARTICLE 2.4.
Be it ordained by the People of the City and County of San Francisco:
Section 1. FINDINGS. The Board of Supervisors finds that:
- Excavation in City streets can significantly disrupt and interfere with public use of me streets. Among other things excavation can disrupt traffic flow, impeding public transportation such as buses and street cars that travel on fixed, scheduled routes and creating barriers for pedestrians and bicyclists to navigate. additionally, obstruction of streets during excavation can result in a loss of parking to nearby businesses and residents. Noise and debris from excavation can further inconvenience nearby businesses and residents and limit access to their premises. These impacts can be magnified when a street is subject to multiple excavations within a relatively short period of time.
- It is desirable to revise the Public Works Code to modify the existing street excavation permitting process to improve and encourage coordination of street work in order to minimize disruption to traffic flow limit inconvenience to San Francisco businesses, residents and visitors and provide for the public health safety and well-being. Coordination of excavations can be improved and encouraged through a number of means.
- Major excavation projects should be undertaken jointly and, with limited exceptions, there should be a moratorium on excavation in City streets that have been repaved in the past five (5) years.
- Excavators should also be required to submit five-year plans of anticipated major excavations that will allow the Department of Public Works to identify conflicts and opportunities for coordinating street excavation with repaving while protecting confidential information submitted by excavators.
- The street excavation permitting process should enhance the public's access to information about construction in streets by requiring excavators to provide notice of major excavation projects to the surrounding communities and to place explanatory signs at the excavation site.
- The street excavation permitting process should minimize the impact of construction on neighborhood residents and businesses by enforcing cleanliness and safety standards for construction sites imposing strict lifelines for construction and requiring excavators to install finished pavement with a uniform visual appearance.
- The Department of Public Works should have the authority to enforce violations of the street excavation permitting process through the imposition of civil criminal or administrative penalties.
- The impacts of excavation do not end when construction is complete. The Department of Public Works has sponsored two studies prepared by a panel of engineering, statistical and economic experts which demonstrate that excavation increases taxpayer costs to maintain City streets because it accelerates the deterioration and reduces the service life of streets. The Engineering Report commissioned by the Department of Public Works concludes that street damage occurs no matter how well the excavation is restored, and the more excavations that occur in a street, the more the street is damaged. Both the Engineering Report and the Economic Report completed in September and October of 1998, respectively, are available in the Board of Supervisors' file. Studies performed in a number of cities, including the California cities of Los Angeles and Sacramento confirm the findings of the City's reports.
- The City's streets are a valuable public asset which the city holds i n trust for its citizens. The city spends millions of tax dollars every year to maintain this public asset. The Economic Report commissioned by the Department of Public works concludes that excavation costs city taxpayers an additional $3.3 to $5.1 million annually in increased street maintenance because of the damage it causes. Consequently it is reasonable and in the public interest to impose a Street Damage Restoration Fee to be paid by excavators in order to recover the increased repaving and reconstruction costs caused by excavation which are currently born by taxpayers. It is also reasonable and in the public interest to structure the fee and any exclusions from the fee in a manner which discourages excavation in newly paved streets and encourages excavators to minimize excavation and to coordinate necessary excavation with the Department of Public Works' repaving schedule. Consequently, among other things, it is appropriate for the Street Damage Restoration Fee to be higher for newer streets and lower for older streets and those scheduled for imminent repaving.
- The Economic Report estimates that the square foot cost to the city of excavation is between $5 .37 and $8.38. Consequently, if the Street Damage Restoration Fee is $3 50 or less per square foot of excavation, the City's proceeds from the fee will not exceed the repaving and reconstruction costs incurred by the city that are reasonably attributable to the impact of excavation in city streets and no individual excavator will be charged a fee that exceeds the reasonable costs of the impact of that party's excavation on the need for repaving and reconstruction of City streets. Proceeds collected from the Street Damage Restoration shall be used solely for repaving and reconstruction of City streets.
- To ensure that proceeds from the Street Damage Restoration Fee do not exceed the repaving and reconstruction costs incurred by the City that are reasonably attributable to excavation, a separate fund should be created to deposit proceeds from the fee. Additionally, the Department of Public Works shall report to the Board of Supervisors regarding the proceeds collected and costs incurred and a refund shall be granted to excavators in the event that proceeds from the fee exceed costs incurred that are reasonably attributable to excavation.
- In a further effort to minimize disruption caused by excavation and other construction in City streets, the C ity shall create a Street Construction Coordination Center which will be responsible for planning and coordinating excavation in streets. In addition, the Director shall undertake efforts to inform the public, private and public excavators, and this Board about the progress of this legislation.
[Sections 3 and 4 deleted Article 8 (Sections 335 et seq.) and Sections 672 and 673 from Part II, Chapter 10 of the San Francisco Municipal Code (Public Works Code]
Section 4. Part II, Chapter 10 of the San Francisco Municipal Code (Public Works Code) is hereby amended by adding Article 2.4 (Excavation in the Public Right-of-Way) to read as follows:
EXCAVATION IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY
SUBARTICLE I - GENERAL PROVISIONS
Sec. 2.4.1. Excavation in the Public Right-of-Way.
Sec. 2.4.2. Permits Required to Excavate.
Sec. 2.4.3. Department Orders and Regulations.
Sec. 2.4.4. Definitions.
SUBARTICLE II - APPLICATIONS FOR PERMITS TO PERFORM AN EXCAVATION
Sec. 2.4.10. Applications.
Sec. 2.4.11. Coordination of Excavation.
Sec. 2.4.12. Joint Excavation.
SUBARTICLE III - PERMITS TO EXCAVATE
Sec. 2.4.20. Action on Applications for Permits to Excavate.
Sec. 184.108.40.206. Terms and Limitations.
Sec. 220.127.116.11. Duration and Validity.
Sec. 18.104.22.168. Permit Amendments.
Sec. 22.214.171.124. Nontransferability of Permits.
Sec. 2.4.21. Moratorium Streets.
Sec. 2.4.22. Emergency Excavation.
Sec. 2.4.23. Liability and Indemnification.
Sec. 2.4.24. Permit to be Available at Excavation Site.
SUBARTICLE IV - DEPOSITS AND FEES
Sec. 2.4.40. Deposit.
Sec. 2.4.41. Administrative Fee.
Sec. 2.4.42. Inspection Fee.
Sec. 2.4.43. Additional Fees for Excavation.
Sec. 2.4.44. Street Damage Restoration Fee.
Sec. 2.4.45. Report to Board of Supervisors.
Sec. 2.4.46. Collection, Return, and Refund of Deposit and Fees.
SUBARTICLE V - EXCAVATIONS
Sec. 2.4.50. Notices.
Sec. 2.4.51. Notice for Marking of Subsurface Facilities.
Sec. 2.4.52. Limits upon Excavation in the Public Right-of-Way.
Sec. 2.4.53. Regulations Concerning Excavation Sites.
Sec. 2.4.54. Stop Work Order, Permit Modification, and Permit Revocation.
Sec. 2.4.55. Restoration of the Public Right-of-Way.
SUBARTICLE VI - POST-EXCAVATION REPAIR, MAINTENANCE, AND PAVEMENT FAILURE
Sec. 2.4.70. Repair and Maintenance Obligation of Owner and Agent.
Sec. 2.4.71. Subsurface or Pavement Failures.
Sec. 2.4.72. Repair by the Department.
Sec. 2.4.73. Emergency Remediation by the Department.
SUBARTICLE VII - VIOLATION OF ARTICLE
Sec. 2.4.80. Violation of Article.
Sec. 2.4.81. Administrative Penalties and Costs.
Sec. 2.4.82. Civil Penalties and Fees.
Sec. 2.4.83. Criminal Fines.
Sec. 2.4.84. Deposit of Penalties into Excavation Fund.
Sec. 2.4.85. Suspension of Action on Applications.
SUBARTICLE VIII - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Sec. 2.4.90. Abandonment of Underground Facilities, Reports, and Maps.
Sec. 2.4.91. Identification of Visible Facilities.
Sec. 2.4.92. City's Obligation.
Sec. 2.4.93. Time Limitation on Commencement of Actions.
Sec. 2.4.94. Severability.
SUBARTICLE I - GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 2.4.1. EXCAVATION IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY. This Article 2.4 shall govern excavation in the public right-of-way within the City that is under the jurisdiction and control of the Department of Public Works. The Director of Public Works shall be responsible for managing the public right-of-way.
SEC. 2.4.2. PERMITS REQUIRED TO EXCAVATE.
- It is unlawful for any person to make or to cause or permit to be made any excavation in any public right-of-way that is under the jurisdiction of the Department of Public Works without first obtaining from the Department a permit authorizing such excavation.
- The Department shall issue a permit to excavate only if the owner has the legal authority to occupy and use the public right-of-way for the purposes identified in the application for the permit and the owner and its agent, if any, are in compliance with this Article.
- No permit to excavate shall be required when an excavation is to be completed within a period of 24 hours or less to install a parking meter, street light, street tree, traffic sign, traffic signal, or utility pole or to repair a utility box in a sidewalk; or when an excavation is in connection with the construction or maintenance of a subsidewalk basement; or when an excavation is performed for the sole purpose of repairing a sidewalk.
- Permit requirements pertaining to emergency excavation are addressed in Section 2.4.22.
SEC. 2.4.3. DEPARTMENT ORDERS AND REGULATIONS. In addition to the requirements set forth in this Article, the Department may adopt such orders or regulations as it deems necessary in order to preserve and maintain the public health, safety, welfare, and convenience. Each excavation in the public right-of- way pursuant to this Article shall be performed in accordance with the standard plans and specifications of the Department and any Department orders or regulations, except where the Director, in his or her discretion, grants prior written approval to deviate from such standard plans and specifications, orders, or regulations. The Director shall develop guidelines to implement the granting of waivers authorized pursuant to this Article. Furthermore, excavation in the public right-of-way shall conform to the orders, regulations, and rules of the Department of Parking and Traffic, including, but not limited to, the regulations adopted in accordance with Article 11 of the San Francisco Traffic Code (the "Blue Book").
SEC. 2.4.4. DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this Article, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
- "Agent" shall mean a person or persons authorized to assist an owner in the permitting process or in the performance of an excavation.
- "Applicant" shall mean an owner or duly authorized agent of such owner, who has submitted an application for a permit to excavate.
- "Article" shall mean this Article 2.4 of the Public Works Code.
- "Block" shall mean that part of the public right-of-way that includes the street area from the property line to the parallel property line in width and extending from the property line of an intersecting street to the nearest property line of the next intersecting street in length. For purposes of this definition, an intersection also shall be considered a "block."
- "City" shall mean the City and County of San Francisco.
- "Department" shall mean the Department of Public Works.
- "Deposit" shall mean any bond, cash deposit, or other security provided by the applicant in accordance with Section 2.4.40 of this Article.
- "Director" shall mean the Director of the Department of Public Works or his or her designee.
- "Excavation" shall mean any work in the surface or subsurface of the public right-of-way, including, but not limited to opening the public right-of-way; installing, servicing, repairing or modifying any facility(ies) in or under the surface or subsurface of the public right-of-way, and restoring the surface and subsurface of the public right-of-way.
- "Facility" or "facilities" shall include, but not be limited to, any and all cables, cabinets, ducts, conduits, converters, equipment, drains, handholds, manholes, pipes, pipelines, splice boxes, surface location markers, tracks, tunnels, utilities, vaults, and other appurtenances or tangible things owned, leased, operated, or licensed by an owner or person, that are located or are proposed to be located in the public right-of-way.
- "Large excavation project" shall mean any excavation of more than 1000 square feet.
- "Major work" shall mean any reasonably foreseeable excavation that will affect the public right- of-way for more than 15 consecutive calendar days.
- "Medium excavation project" shall mean any excavation of more than 100 but no greater than 1000 square feet.
- "Moratorium street" shall mean any block that has been reconstructed, repaved, or resurfaced by the Department or any other owner or person in the preceding five-year period.
- "Municipal excavator" shall mean any agency, board, commission, department, or subdivision of the City that owns, installs, or maintains a facility or facilities in the public right-of-way.
- "Owner" shall mean any person, including the City, who owns any facility or facilities that are or are proposed to be installed or maintained in the public right-of-way.
- "Permit" or "permit to excavate" shall mean a permit to perform an excavation as it has been approved, amended, or renewed by the Department.
- "Permittee" shall mean the applicant to whom a permit to excavate has been granted by the Department in accordance with this Article.
- "Person" shall mean any natural person, corporation, partnership, any municipal excavator, or any governmental agency, including the State of California or United States of America.
- "Public right-of-way" shall mean the area across, along, beneath, in, on, over, under, upon, and within the dedicated public alleys, boulevards, courts, lanes, roads, sidewalks, spaces, streets, and ways within the City, as they now exist or hereafter will exist and which are or will be under the permitting jurisdiction of the Department of Public Works.
- "Responsible party" shall mean the owner for each excavation involving the owner's facility or facilities. In addition, it shall mean any person who performs an excavation or has a duty or right to manage or participate in the management of an excavation and whom the Director designates as responsible, in whole or in part, for such excavation.
- "Sidewalk" shall mean the area between the fronting property line and the back of the nearest curb.
- "Small excavation project" shall mean any excavation of 100 square feet or less.
- "Utility excavator" shall mean any owner whose facility or facilities in the public right-of-way are used to provide electricity, gas, information services, sewer service, steam, telecommunications, traffic controls, transit service, video, water, or other services to customers regardless of whether such owner is deemed a public utility by the California Public Utilities Commission.
SUBARTICLE II - APPLICATIONS FOR PERMITS TO PERFORM AN EXCAVATION
SEC. 2.4.10. APPLICATIONS. (a) Applications shall be submitted in a format and manner specified by the Department and shall contain:
- The name, address, telephone, and facsimile number of the applicant. Where an applicant is not the owner of the facility to be installed, maintained, or repaired in the public right-of-way, the application also shall include the name, address, telephone, and facsimile number of the owner;
- A description of the location, purpose, method of excavation, and surface and subsurface area of the proposed excavation;
- A plan showing the proposed location and dimensions of the excavation and the facilities to be installed, maintained, or repaired in connection with the excavation, and such other details as the Department may require;
- A copy or other documentation of the franchise, easement, encroachment permit, license, or other legal instrument that authorizes the applicant or owner to use or occupy the public right-of-way for the purpose described in the application. Where the applicant is not the owner of the facility or facilities to be installed, maintained, or repaired, the applicant must demonstrate in a form and manner specified by the Department that the applicant is authorized to act on behalf of the owner;
- The proposed start date of excavation;
- The proposed duration of the excavation, which shall include the duration of the restoration of the public right-of-way physically disturbed by the excavation;
- Written acknowledgment that all material to be used in the excavation, installation, maintenance, or repair of facilities, and restoration of the public right-of-way will be on hand and ready for use so as not to delay the excavation and the prompt restoration of the public right-of-way;
- Written acknowledgment that the owner and its agent, if any, are in compliance with all terms and conditions of this Article, the orders, regulations, and standard plans and specifications of the Department, and that the owner and its agent are not subject to any outstanding assessments, fees, penalties that have been finally determined by the City or a court of competent jurisdiction;
- A current Business Tax Registration Certificate issued by the San Francisco Tax Collector pursuant to Section 1003 of Part III of the San Francisco Municipal Code for the owner and its agent, if any;
- Evidence of insurance as required by Section 2.4.23 of this Article;
- A deposit as required by Section 2.4.40 of this Article;
- Any other information that may reasonably be required by the Department.
- The Department may allow an applicant to maintain documents complying with Subsections (iv), (ix), (x), and (xi) on file with the Department rather than requiring submission of such documents with each separate application.
SEC. 2.4.11. COORDINATION OF EXCAVATION.
- Five-Year Plans.
- On the first day of April and October, or the first regular business day immediately thereafter, each utility and municipal excavator shall prepare and submit to the Department a plan, in a format specified by the Department, that shows all major work anticipated to be done in the public right-of-way in the next five years. Any utility or municipal excavator that does not propose major work in the next five years shall submit a plan with a statement that no such major work is anticipated and shall immediately report any major work to the Department as soon as it becomes reasonably foreseeable.
- The Department may disclose information contained in a five-year plan to any utility excavator or municipal excavator only on a need-to-know basis in order to facilitate coordination among excavators and to avoid unnecessary excavation in City streets. To the maximum extent permissible under federal, State, and local laws applicable to public records, the City shall not otherwise disclose to the public any information contained in a five-year plan submitted by a utility excavator that is proprietary, trade secret or is otherwise protected from disclosure; provided, however that the City shall have no duty to decline to disclose any information that the utility excavator has not identified on its face as proprietary, trade secret or otherwise protected from disclosure. The Department shall notify a utility excavator of any request for inspection of public records that calls for disclosure of any five-year plan on which any information has been identified as proprietary, trade secret or otherwise protected from disclosure. The Department shall consult with the City Attorney regarding any such request and shall inform the affected utility excavator either that the Department will refuse to disclose the protected information or, if there is no proper basis for such refusal, that the Department intends to disclose the requested information unless ordered otherwise by a court.
- Department Repaving Plans.
- The Department shall prepare a five-year repaving plan showing all proposed repaving and reconstruction of the public right-of-way. The Department's repaving plan shall be revised and updated on a semiannual basis after receipt of the five-year plans from utility and municipal excavators. In order to facilitate coordination and minimize the cost of excavation, the Department shall make its repaving plan available for public inspection.
- At least one hundred twenty calendar days prior to undertaking the repaving and reconstruction of any block, the Department shall send a notice of the proposed repaving and reconstruction to each utility and municipal excavator.
- The Department shall review the five-year plans and identify conflicts and opportunities for coordination of excavations. The Department shall notify affected owners and permittees of such conflicts and opportunities to the extent necessary to maximize coordination of excavation. Each applicant shall coordinate, to the extent practicable, with each potentially affected owner and permittee to minimize disruption in the public right-of-way.
- When two or more applicants coordinate major work in the same block so that, in the opinion of the Department, such major work minimizes disruption to the affected neighborhood, and is likely to qualify the block for repaving, the Department shall make its best effort to schedule the affected block for repaving. Such scheduling shall occur, to the extent funds are available in the Street Damage Restoration Fund, so that the applicants may qualify for a waiver of the street damage restoration fee under Section 2.4.44(b)(ii). Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in this subsection shall interfere with the Department's authority to allocate available repaving resources in a manner that it determines best serves the public interest.
SEC. 2.4.12. JOINT EXCAVATION.
- Municipal Excavators. Whenever two or more municipal excavators propose major work in the same block within a five-year period, such work shall be performed by one municipal excavator. The participants to the excavation shall pay their pro rata share of the work. For purposes of this subsection, the municipal excavators shall be treated as a single applicant and shall submit one application.
- Utility Excavators. Whenever two or more utility excavators propose major work in the same block within a five-year period, such work shall be performed by one utility excavator. For purposes of this subsection, the utility excavators shall be treated as a single applicant and shall submit one application.
- Municipal Excavator and Utility Excavator. Whenever a municipal excavator(s) and a utility excavator(s) propose major work in the same block within a five-year period, the Department shall condition permits for such work in a manner that maximizes coordination and minimizes the total period of construction.
- Waiver of Joint Excavation Requirements. Applicants may seek a waiver of the joint excavation requirements with respect to a particular excavation. Within 30 calendar days of receipt of a written request for a waiver, the Director, in his or her discretion, may grant a waiver to the joint excavation requirements for good cause. In making his or her decision on the request for waiver, the Director shall consider the impact of the proposed excavation on the neighborhood, the applicant's need to provide services to a property or area, facilitating the deployment of new technology as directed pursuant to official City policy, and the public health, safety, welfare, and convenience. The Director shall indicate in written, electronic, or facsimile communication the basis for granting any waiver pursuant to this subsection. The Director may place additional conditions on any permit(s) subject to a waiver, including, but not limited to, the charging of additional fees pursuant to Section 2.4.43. The Director's decision regarding waivers of the joint excavation requirements shall be final.
SUBARTICLE III PERMITS TO EXCAVATE
SEC. 2.4.20. ACTION ON APPLICATIONS FOR PERMITS TO EXCAVATE.
- After receipt of an application for a permit to excavate, the Department, within a reasonable time period, shall determine whether an application is complete.
- If the application is deemed to be incomplete, the Department promptly shall advise the applicant in a written, electronic, or facsimile communication of the reasons for rejecting the application as incomplete.
- If the application is deemed to be complete, the Department, in its discretion, may deny, approve, or conditionally approve the application.
- If the application is approved or conditionally approved, the Department shall issue a permit to the applicant. The Department may condition a permit with specified requirements that preserve and maintain the public health, safety, welfare, and convenience. The Department shall inform the permittee of the basis for such requirements.
- If the application is denied, the Department shall advise the applicant in a written, electronic, or facsimile communication of the basis for denial.
SEC. 126.96.36.199. TERMS AND LIMITATIONS. The permit shall specify the location, extent, and method of the excavation, the start date and duration of the excavation, the permittee to whom the permit is issued, and any conditions placed on the permit. The terms and conditions of the permit shall include the application, all information submitted therewith, and all Department orders and regulations applicable to the permit. The Department must approve any and all modifications to the permit.
SEC. 188.8.131.52. DURATION AND VALIDITY. Permits shall be void if the excavation has not begun within 30 calendar days of the start date specified in the permit, if the excavation is not prosecuted diligently to its conclusion, or if the excavation, including restoration, has not been completed within the specified duration; provided, however, that the Director, at his or her discretion, may issue extensions to the start date, the duration of excavation, or both upon written request from the permittee. Such written requests must explain why the wok could not be commenced on the start date, completed in the approved number of calendar days, or both; shall specify the additional number of calendar days required to complete the work; and shall be accompanied by applicable fees specified in Subarticle IV. All requests to modify the start date of an excavation shall be made at least five (5) calendar days prior to the excavation start date. All requests to modify the duration of the excavation shall be made at least five (5) calendar days prior to the permit expiration date. Any extension that the Director grants may be subject to additional special conditions, including, but not limited to, conditions that ensure timely completion and coordination of the project. The Director shall not grant requests for extensions to the start date after the permitted start date nor shall the Director grant requests for extensions to the duration of the excavation after the permit expiration date.
SEC. 184.108.40.206. PERMIT AMENDMENTS. The Director, at his or her sole discretion, may allow amendments to the permit, such as to change the method of construction, to advance the start date of the excavation, or modify permit conditions, upon written request from the permittee. Such requests shall explain the basis for the permit amendment and shall be accompanied by applicable fees specified in Subarticle IV. Any amendments that the Director grants may be subject to additional special conditions, including, but not limited to, conditions that ensure timely completion and coordination of the project. The Director shall not grant requests for amendments to the excavation after the permit expiration date.
SEC. 220.127.116.11. NONTRANSFERABILITY OF PERMITS. Permits are not transferable.
SEC. 2.4.21. MORATORIUM STREETS. The Department shall not issue any permit to excavate in any moratorium street; provided, however, that the Director, in his or her discretion, may grant a waiver for good cause. The Director is specifically authorized to grant a waiver for an excavation that facilitates the deployment of new technology as directed pursuant to official City policy. The Director shall issue his decision on a waiver within a reasonable period after receipt of a written request for a waiver. The Director may place additional conditions on a permit subject to a waiver, including, but not limited to, the charging of additional fees pursuant to Section 2.4.43. The Director's decision regarding a waiver shall be final.
SEC. 2.4.22. EMERGENCY EXCAVATION. Nothing contained in this Article shall be construed to prevent any person from taking any action necessary for the preservation of life or property or for the restoration of interrupted service provided by a municipal or utility excavator when such necessity arises during days or times when the Department is closed. In the event that any person takes any action to excavate or cause to be excavated the public right-of-way pursuant to this Section, such person shall apply for an emergency permit within four hours after the Department's offices are first opened. The applicant for an emergency permit shall submit a written statement of the basis of the emergency action and describe the excavation performed and any work remaining to be performed.
SEC. 2.4.23. LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATION. Each permit, except one obtained by a municipal excavator, shall incorporate by reference and require the owner and its agent, if any, to comply with the liability, indemnity, insurance, and taxable possessory interest provisions set forth below in this Section; provided, however, that the Director, with the concurrence of the City Controller and City Risk Manager, may modify the indemnity and insurance provisions as they pertain to a particular permit.
- Liability upon Owner and Agent. Each owner and its agent is wholly responsible for the quality of the excavation performed in the public right-of-way and both the owner and agent are jointly and severally liable for all consequences of any condition of such excavation and any facilities installed in the public right-of-way. The issuance of any permit, inspection, repair, or suggestion, approval, or acquiescence of any person affiliated with the Department shall not excuse any owner or agent from such responsibility or liability.
- Indemnification, Defense, and Hold Harmless.
- Each owner and agent shall agree on its behalf and that of any successor or assign to indemnify, defend, protect, and hold harmless the City, including, without limitation, each of its commissions, departments, officers, agents, and employees (hereinafter in this subsection collectively referred to as "San Francisco") from and against any and all actions, claims, costs, damages, demands, expenses, fines, injuries, judgments, liabilities, losses, penalties, or suits including, without limitation, attorneys' fees and costs (collectively, "claims") of any kind allegedly arising directly or indirectly from:
- Any act by, omission by, or negligence of, owner or its agent, contractors, subcontractors, or the officers, agents, or employees such entities, while engaged in the performance of the excavation authorized by the permit, or while in or about the property subject to the permit for any reason connected in any way whatsoever with the performance of the excavation authorized by the permit, or allegedly resulting directly or indirectly from the maintenance or installation of any equipment, facility(ies), or structures authorized under the permit;
- Any accident, damage, death, or injury to any contractor or subcontractor, or any officer, agent or employee of either of them, while engaged in the performance of the excavation authorized by the permit, or while in or about the property for any reason connected with the performance of the excavation authorized by the permit, or arising from liens or claims for services rendered or labor or materials furnished in or for the performance of the excavation authorized by the permit;
- Any accident, damage, death, or injury to any person(s) or accident, damage, or injury to any real or personal property in, upon, or in any way allegedly connected with the excavation authorized by the permit from any cause or claims arising at any time; and,
- Any release or discharge, or threatened release or discharge, of any hazardous material caused or allowed by permittee about, in, on, or under the excavation site subject to the permit or the environment. As used herein, "hazardous material" means any gas, material, substance, or waste which, because of its quantity, concentration, or physical or chemical characteristics, is deemed by any federal, state, or local governmental authority to pose a present or potential hazard to human health or safety or to the environment. "Release" when used with respect to hazardous materials shall include any actual or imminent disposing, dumping, emitting, emptying, escaping, injecting, leaching, leaking, pumping, pouring, or spilling.
- Upon the request of San Francisco, the owner or its agent, at no cost or expense to San Francisco, must indemnify, defend, and hold harmless San Francisco against any claims, regardless of the alleged negligence of San Francisco or any other party, except only for claims resulting directly from the sole negligence or willful misconduct of San Francisco. Each owner and its agent specifically acknowledges and agrees that it has an immediate and independent obligation to defend San Francisco from any claims which actually or potentially fall within the indemnity provision, even if the allegations are or may be groundless, false, or fraudulent, which obligation arises at the time such claim is tendered to owner or its agent by San Francisco and continues at all times thereafter. In addition, San Francisco shall have a cause of action for indemnity against each owner and its agent for any costs San Francisco may be required to pay as a result of defending or satisfying any claims that arise from or in connection with the permit, except only for claims resulting directly from the sole negligence or willful misconduct of San Francisco. Owner and its agent agree that the indemnification obligations assumed under the permit shall survive expiration of the permit or completion of excavation.
- Each owner or its agent shall maintain in full force and effect, throughout the term of the permit, an insurance policy or policies issued by an insurance company or companies satisfactory to the City's Controller and Risk Manager. Policy or policies shall afford insurance covering all operations, vehicles, and employees, as follows:
- Workers' Compensation with employers' liability limits not less than $1,000,000 each accident;
- Commercial general liability insurance with limits not less than $1,000,000 each occurrence combined single limit for bodily injury and property damage, including contractual liability; personal injury; explosion, collapse, and underground (xcu); products; and completed operations;
- Business automobile liability insurance with limits not less than $1,000,000 each occurrence combined single limit for bodily injury and property damage, including owned, nonowned, and hired auto coverage, as applicable;
- Contractors' pollution liability insurance, on an occurrence form, with limits not less than $1,000,000 each occurrence combined single limit for bodily injury and property damage and any deductible not to exceed $25,000 each occurrence.
- Said policy or policies shall include the City and its officers and employees jointly and severally as additional insureds, shall apply as primary insurance, shall stipulate that no other insurance effected by the City will be called on to contribute to a loss covered thereunder, and shall provide for severability of interests. Said policy or policies shall provide that an act or omission of one insured, which would void or otherwise reduce coverage, shall not reduce or void the coverage as to any other insured. Said policy or policies shall afford full coverage for any claims based on acts, omissions, injury, or damage which occurred or arose, or the onset of which occurred or arose, in whole or in part, during the policy period. Said policy or policies shall be endorsed to provide 30 calendar days advance written notice of cancellation or any material change to the Department.
- Should any of the required insurance be provided under a claims-made form, the insured owner or its agent shall maintain such coverage continuously throughout the term of the permit, and, without lapse, for a period of three years beyond the expiration or termination of the permit, to the effect that, should occurrences during the term of the permit give rise to claims made after expiration or termination of the permit, such claims shall be covered by such claims-made policies.
- Should any of the required insurance be provided under a form of coverage that includes a general annual aggregate limit or provides that claims investigation or legal defense costs be included in such general annual aggregate limit, such general aggregate limit shall be double the occurrence or claims limits specified above in Subsection (c)(i).
- Such insurance shall in no way relieve or decrease owner's and its agent's obligation to indemnify the City under Subsection (b) or any other provision of this Article.
- Certificates of insurance, in the form satisfactory to the Department, evidencing all coverages above, shall be furnished to or maintained on file with the Department before issuance of a permit, with complete copies of policies furnished promptly upon the Department's request.
- Where an owner is self-insured, and such insurance is no less broad and affords no less protection to the City than the requirements specified above in Subsection (c) the Department, in consultation with the City's Controller and Risk Manager, may accept such insurance as satisfying the requirements of Subsection (c). Evidence of such insurance shall be provided in the manner specified in Subsection (c)(vi).
- Taxable Possessory Interest. Each owner shall acknowledge on its behalf and that of any successor or assign that its permit incorporates the following statements: The owner of the facility(ies) for which the permit to excavate was obtained recognizes and understands that the permit may create a possessory interest subject to property taxation and that owner may be subject to the payment of property taxes levied on such interest under applicable law. Owner agrees to pay taxes of any kind, including possessory interest taxes, if any, that may be lawfully assessed on owner's interest under the permit to excavate or for use of the public right-of-way and to pay other excises, licenses, taxes, or permit charges or assessments based on owner's usage of the public right-of-way that may be imposed on owner by applicable law. Owner shall pay all of such charges when they become due and before delinquency.
SEC. 2.4.24. PERMIT TO BE AVAILABLE AT EXCAVATION SITE. The permit or a photo duplicate shall be available for review at the site of the excavation for the duration of the excavation and shall be shown, upon request, to any police officer or any employee of a City agency, board, commission, or department with jurisdictional responsibility over activities in the public right-of-way.
SUBARTICLE IV DEPOSITS AND FEES
SEC. 2.4.40. DEPOSIT. Each applicant shall submit and maintain with the Department a bond, cash deposit, or other security acceptable to the Department securing the faithful performance of the obligations of the owner and its agent under any permit(s) to excavate and the compliance with all terms and conditions of this Article (the "deposit"). The deposit shall be in the sum of $25,000 in favor of the "Department of Public Works, City and County of San Francisco." Utility and municipal excavators and other frequent applicants may submit a single deposit for multiple excavations so long as a constant balance of $25,000 is maintained on file with the Department. If the Director has deducted from such a deposit pursuant to Section 2.4.46(c), the utility or municipal excavator or other frequent applicant must restore the full amount of the deposit prior to the Department's issuance of a subsequent permit.
SEC. 2.4.41. ADMINISTRATIVE FEE. Each applicant shall pay to the Department a fee of $66 for each permit issued for a small excavation project, a fee of $83 for each block contained in a medium excavation project, or a fee of $110 for each block contained in a large excavation project. Said fees shall compensate the Department for the cost incurred to administer the provisions of this Article. If the Director grants a permit extension or amendment pursuant to Sections 18.104.22.168 or 22.214.171.124, the permittee shall pay a fee of $66 for any block for which the permit has been extended or amended to cover the cost of additional permit review and administration.
SEC. 2.4.42. INSPECTION FEE. Each applicant shall pay to the Department a fee of $16 for each permit issued for a small excavation project, a fee of $55 for each calendar day of a medium excavation project, or a fee of $81 for each calendar day of a large excavation project. Said fee shall compensate the Department for the cost of the inspection and regulatory services provided to such applicant when he or she becomes a permittee pursuant to this Article. No inspection fees shall be collected from a municipal excavator when: (a) the municipal excavator pays the Department to manage and inspect the construction or (b) the excavation is to construct, replace, or repair Municipal Railway tracks. If the Director grants a permit extension pursuant to Section 126.96.36.199, the permittee shall pay $16 for a small excavation project or the appropriate fees for a medium or large excavation project for each additional calendar day for which the permit is extended to cover the cost of additional permit inspection. If the Director grants a permit amendment pursuant to Section 188.8.131.52 that results in additional permit inspection, the permittee shall pay the fees specified above for permit extensions.
SEC. 2.4.43. ADDITIONAL FEES FOR EXCAVATION. In instances where administration of this Article or inspection of an excavation is or will be unusually costly to the Department, the Director, in his or her discretion, may require an applicant or permittee to pay any sum in excess of the amounts charged pursuant to Sections 2.4.41 and 2.4.42. This additional sum shall be sufficient to recover actual costs incurred by the Department and shall be charged on a time and materials basis. The Director also may charge for any time and materials costs incurred by other agencies, boards, commissions, or departments of the City in connection with the administration or inspection of the excavation. Whenever additional fees are charged, the Director, upon request of the applicant or permittee, shall provide in writing the basis for the additional fees and an estimate of the additional fees.
SEC. 2.4.44. STREET DAMAGE RESTORATION FEE.
- Calculation of Fee. Each applicant shall pay to the Department a street damage restoration fee to recover the increased repaving and reconstruction costs incurred by the City that are reasonably attributable to the impact of excavation in City streets. The fee shall not generate proceeds in excess of the City's costs of street repaving and reconstruction reasonably attributable to the excavation for which the fee is charged. The amount of the fee shall be calculated as follows:
Age of Block (Years Since Last Resurfacing) Fee Amount
0-5 years $3.50 per square foot of excavation
6-10 years $3.00 per square foot of excavation
11-15 years $2.00 per square foot of excavation
15-20 years $1.00 per square foot of excavation
Where an applicant proposes an excavation in a block whose age is unknown to the Department and the block's pavement condition score recorded in the Department's pavement management and mapping database is greater than 53, the applicant shall be charged the street damage restoration fee at the rate specified for streets 15 to 20 years old.
- Exceptions from the Street Damage Restoration Fee to Encourage Coordination. To encourage coordination of excavation with the Department's repaving schedule and to encourage excavation in older blocks and those with lower pavement condition scores:
- No fee will be assessed for excavation in blocks with a recorded pavement condition score of 53 or less, or a recorded age of greater than 20 years.
- No fee will be assessed for excavation in a block scheduled to be completed by an applicant less than two years prior to the Department's scheduled repaving of that block.
- Fee Waived for Excavation that Includes Repaving. The street damage restoration fee shall be waived for an excavation where an applicant proposes to reconstruct and repave the entire block affected by the excavation or any and all traffic lanes affected by the excavation, where such reconstruction and repaving is performed consistent with all of the standards set forth in orders, rules, plans and specifications of the Department.
- Fee Waiver for In-Kind Payment of Fee-Installation of Conduit. With the approval of the Director of the Department of Public Works and the Director of the Department of Telecommunications and Information Services, where it would minimize neighborhood disruption, and where savings in street resurfacing costs through avoidance of future excavation are anticipated to exceed amounts that would otherwise be due from the street damage restoration fee, some portion or all of the otherwise applicable street damage restoration fee may be waived for an excavation in which the applicant installs: (i) conduit for City use or control or (ii) conduit made available via approval and coordination with the Department and Department of Telecommunications and Information Services to other subsequent applicants or excavators such that future excavation is permanently avoided. The City shall make any available space in such conduit available to subsequent applicants to avoid future excavation in the block. The Departments of Public Works and Telecommunications and Information Services shall adopt orders or regulations prescribing circumstances under which in-kind payment of all or some portion of the fee shall be permitted, prescribing specifications for the conduit to be installed, and prescribing terms under which the conduit shall be made available to interested parties on a competitively neutral and nondiscriminatory basis.
- Exception for Excavation in Sidewalks, Concrete Blocks, or Unaccepted Blocks. No street damage restoration fee shall be assessed with respect to excavation in a sidewalk, block constructed solely of portland cement concrete, or a block that the City has not accepted for maintenance purposes.
- Exception for Excavation to Accommodate the City's Use. No street damage restoration fee shall be assessed for excavation performed to relocate the facilities of a utility excavator to accommodate the City's use of the block.
SEC. 2.4.45. REPORT TO BOARD OF SUPERVISORS. Within one year after adoption or amendment of the street damage restoration fee or other fees set forth in this Subarticle, and every three years thereafter, the Director shall review the proceeds of the street damage restoration fee and such other fees, the costs of repaving and reconstruction reasonably attributed to excavation in City streets, the City's costs to administer this Article and inspect excavations, and any other new information that shall become available, and prepare a report to the Board of Supervisors. Based upon the result of the review, the Director shall recommend to the Board of Supervisors any necessary adjustments to the fee, along with written justification for the recommended adjustment and any necessary legislation. In the event that fee proceeds have exceeded, or are anticipated to exceed, the costs for street repaving and reconstruction reasonably attributable to excavation or the City's costs to administer this Article or inspect excavations, the Director shall recommend legislation to the Board of Supervisors that modifies the applicable fee to ensure that fee proceeds do not exceed the costs for street repaving and reconstruction reasonably attributable to excavation or the City's costs to administer this Article or inspect excavations. In the event that fee proceeds have undercollected, or are anticipated to undercollect, for the costs for street repaving and reconstruction reasonably attributable to excavation or the City's costs to administer this Article or inspect excavations, the Director may recommend legislation to the Board of Supervisors that modifies the applicable fee to more accurately recover the costs for street repaving and reconstruction reasonably attributable to excavation or the City's costs to administer this Article or inspect excavations.
SEC. 2.4.46. COLLECTION, RETURN, AND REFUND OF DEPOSIT AND FEES.
- Collection of Deposit and Fees.The Director shall establish procedures for billing, collection, and refund of a deposit(s), fees, and other charges provided for in this Article. The Director shall deposit all funds in accordance with Sections 10.117-119 and 10.117-120 of the San Francisco Administrative Code.
- When an application is either withdrawn by the applicant or denied by the Department before the start of construction, the applicant's administrative fee assessed under Section 2.4.41 shall be retained and those fees assessed under Sections 2.4.42, 2.4.43, and 2.4.44 shall be returned to the applicant.
- In the event that the Director determines, after preparing a report pursuant to Section 2.4.45, that there has been an overcollection of any of the fees identified in this Subarticle, the Director shall establish procedures to refund excess fee proceeds in a manner which fairly and reasonably reimburses those excavators who paid the fee during the relevant period consistent with their level of excavation.
- In the event that a project is completed prior to the permit expiration date, a permittee may make a written request for a refund of the inspection fee that is proportionate to the number of calendar days the project was completed early. Prior to the issuance of any refund, the Department shall verify the date of completion, that the project has been satisfactorily completed, that all punch list work has been completed, and that there are no outstanding fines or penalties pending against the permittee or its agent. The Department shall not release the requested refund until any and all outstanding fines or penalties pending against the permittee and its agent have been paid. The permittee seeking a refund shall pay the Department a fee of $110 for the cost of the calculation and processing of the refund.
- Deductions for Deposits. The Director may make deductions from the balance of a permittee's deposit(s) to ensure the faithful performance of the obligations under a permit to excavate, to pay fees, to offset the costs for any excavation done or repairs made by the Department, or to pay any assessed penalties or costs associated with violations of this Article.
- Retention of Deposit for Three Years. Each deposit made pursuant to Section 2.4.40 shall be retained by the City for a period of three years after the satisfactory completion of the excavation to secure the obligations in the permit and this Article.
- Return of Deposit. Upon expiration of three years from the satisfactory completion of the excavation, a permittee's deposit(s), less the deductions made pursuant to Subsection (c), shall be returned to the permittee or to its assigns.
SUBARTICLE V EXCAVATIONS
SEC. 2.4.50. NOTICES. Any permittee who excavates or causes to be made an excavation in the public right-of-way shall provide notice as follows:
- Two to Fourteen-Day Excavations. For excavations that will be completed and restored in a period exceeding 24 hours but within 14 calendar days of commencement, the permittee shall post and maintain notice at the site of the excavation. The notice shall include the name, telephone number, and address of the owner and its agent, a description of the excavation to be performed, and the duration of the excavation. The notice shall be posted at least every 100 feet along any block where the excavation is to take place at least 72 hours prior to commencement of the excavation.
- Notice for Major Work.
- At least 30 calendar days prior to commencement of the excavation, the permittee shall provide written notice delivered by United States mail to each property owner on the block(s) affected by the excavation and each affected neighborhood and merchant organization that is listed in the City Planning Department's Directory of Neighborhood Organizations and Service Agencies. The latest City-wide assessor's roll for names and addresses of owners shall be used for the mailed notice. This notice shall include the same information that is required for the posted notice pursuant to Subsection (a) and the name, address, and 24-hour telephone number of a person who will be available to provide information to and receive complaints from any member of the public concerning the excavation.
- The permittee shall post and maintain notice at the site of the excavation at least 10 calendar days prior to commencement of the excavation in the same manner and with the same information as required for posted notice pursuant to Subsection (a). At least 10 calendar days prior to commencement of the excavation, the permittee also shall deliver a written notice to each dwelling unit on the block(s) affected by the excavation. This written notice shall include the same information that is required for the written notice pursuant to this Subsection (i).
- Before commencement of construction, a permittee for major work shall post and maintain excavation project signs at the site of the excavation that describe the excavation being done and bear the name, address, and 24-hour telephone number of a contact person for the owner and its agent. Said excavation project signs shall be in format, quantity, and size specified by the Department.
- Notice of Emergency Excavation. For emergency excavation, the permittee, or the applicant if a permit has not been issued, shall post and maintain notice at the site of the excavation during the construction period. The notice shall include the name, telephone number, and address of the owner, permittee, applicant, and its agent, a description of the excavation to be performed, and the duration of the excavation. The notice shall be posted at least every 100 feet along any block where the excavation is to take place.
SEC. 2.4.51. NOTICE FOR MARKING OF SUBSURFACE FACILITIES. In accordance with State law, any person excavating in the public right-of-way shall comply with the requirements of the Underground Service Alert ("USA") regarding notification of excavation and marking of subsurface facilities. Such person shall provide USA with the assigned number for the permit to excavate or other information as may be necessary to properly identify the proposed excavation.
SEC. 2.4.52. LIMITS UPON EXCAVATION IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY.
- Scope. It is unlawful for any permittee to make, to cause, or permit to be made any excavation in the public right-of-way outside the boundaries, times, and description set forth in the permit.
- Rock Wheel and Trenchless Technology. Use of a rock wheel or trenchless technology to excavate in the public right-of-way is unlawful without prior written approval of the Director.
- Single Excavation Maximum of 1,200 Feet. No single excavation site shall be longer than 1,200 feet in length at any time except with the prior written approval of the Director.
SEC. 2.4.53. REGULATIONS CONCERNING EXCAVATION SITES. Each owner and its agent shall be subject to requirements for excavation sites that are set forth in Department orders or regulations. Such orders or regulations shall include, but not be limited to, the following measures:
- Protection of the Excavation. Each owner and its agent shall cover open excavation with steel plates ramped to the elevation of the contiguous street, pavement, or other public right-of-way, or otherwise protected in accordance with guidelines prescribed by the Department.
- Housekeeping and Removal of Excavated Material. Each owner and its agent shall keep the area surrounding the excavation clean and free of loose dirt or other debris in a manner deemed satisfactory to the Department. Excavation sites shall be cleaned at the completion of each work day. In addition, the owner and its agent shall remove all excavated material from the site of the excavation no later than the end of each work day.
- Storage of Materials and Equipment. Materials and equipment that are to be used for the excavation within seven calendar days may be stored at the site of the excavation, except that fill material, sand, aggregate, and asphalt-coated material may be stored at the site only if it is stored in covered, locked containers.
- Hazardous Material. Each owner and its agent shall be subject to hazardous material guidelines for date collection; disposal, handling, release, and treatment of hazardous material; site remediation; and worker safety and training. The Department, in consultation with the Department of Public Health, shall develop, prescribe, and update such hazardous material guidelines. The guidelines shall require the owner and its agent to comply with all federal, state, and local laws regarding hazardous material. For purposes of this subsection, "hazardous materials" shall mean any gas, material, substance, or waste which, because of its quantity, concentration, or physical or chemical characteristics, is deemed by any federal, state, or local governmental authority to pose a present or potential hazard to human health or safety or to the environment.
SEC. 2.4.54. STOP WORK ORDER, PERMIT MODIFICATION, AND PERMIT REVOCATION. When the Director has determined that a person has violated this Article or that an excavation poses a hazardous situation or constitutes a public nuisance, public emergency, or other threat to the public health, safety, or welfare, or when the Director determines that there is a paramount public purpose, the Director is authorized to issue a stop work order, to impose new conditions upon a permit, or to suspend or revoke a permit by notifying the permittee of such action in a written, electronic, or facsimile communication.
SEC. 2.4.55. RESTORATION OF THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY.
- Restoration. In any case in which the sidewalk, street, or other public right-of-way is or is caused to be excavated, the owner and its agent shall restore or cause to be restored such excavation in the manner prescribed by the orders, regulations, and standard plans and specifications of the Department. At a minimum, trench restoration shall include resurfacing to a constant width equal to the widest part of the excavation in accordance with the following diagram; provided, however, that the width of resurfacing need not exceed 13 feet;
- Backfill, Replacement of Pavement Base, and Finished Pavement. Activities concerning backfilling, replacement of pavement base, and finished pavement shall be performed in a manner specified by the orders, regulations, and standard plans and specifications of the Department. In addition, these activities shall be subject to the following requirements:
- Backfill. Each excavation shall be backfilled and compacted within 72 hours from the time the construction related to the excavation is completed.
- Replacement of pavement base. Replacement of the pavement base shall be completed within 72 hours from the time the excavation is backfilled.
- Finished pavement. Finished pavement restoration shall be completed within 72 hours of replacement of the pavement base.
- Modification to Requirements. Upon written request from the permittee, the Director may grant written approval for modifications to the requirements of Subsection (b).
- Incomplete Excavation; Completion by the Department.In any case where an excavation is not completed or restored in the time and manner specified in the permit, this Article, or the orders, regulations, and standard plans and specifications of the Department, the Director shall order the owner or its agent to complete the excavation as directed within 24 hours. If the owner or its agent should fail, neglect, or refuse to comply with the order, the Director may complete or cause to be completed such excavation in such manner as the Director deems expedient and appropriate. The owner or its agent shall compensate the Department for any costs associated with the administration, construction, consultants, equipment, inspection, notification, remediation, repair, restoration, or any other actual costs incurred by the Department or other agencies, board, commissions, or departments of the City that were made necessary by said excavation. The cost of such work also may be deducted from the permittee's deposit pursuant to Section 2.4.46(c). The Director's determination as to the cost of any work done or repairs made shall be final. In addition, the owner, its agent, or other responsible party may be subject to those enforcement actions set forth in Subarticle VII.
- Subject to the limitation set forth in Section 2.4.70, completion of an excavation or restoration by the Department in accordance with Subsection (d) shall not relieve the owner or its agent from liability for future pavement failures at the excavation site.
SUBARTICLE VI POST-EXCAVATION REPAIR, MAINTENANCE, AND PAVEMENT FAILURE
SEC. 2.4.70. REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE OBLIGATION OF OWNER AND AGENT. Each owner and its agent that excavates or causes to be made an excavation in the public right-of-way shall be responsible to maintain, repair, or reconstruct the site of the excavation so as to maintain a condition acceptable to the Director until such time as the public right-of-way is reconstructed, repaved, or resurfaced by the Department.
SEC. 2.4.71. SUBSURFACE OR PAVEMENT FAILURES. In the event that subsurface material or pavement over or immediately adjacent to any excavation should become depressed, broken, or fail in any way at any time after the excavation has been completed, the Director shall exercise his or her best judgment to determine the person(s) responsible, if any, for the failure in the subsurface or surface of the public right-of-way and shall designate such person as the responsible party. The Director shall notify said person(s) of the condition, its location, and the required remedy, and such person(s) shall repair or restore, or cause to be repaired or restored, such condition to the satisfaction of the Director within 72 hours of the notification. The Director may extend the time for the responsible party to repair or restore the affected public right-of-way.
SEC. 2.4.72. REPAIR BY THE DEPARTMENT.
- In the event that any person(s) fails, neglects, or refuses to repair or restore any condition pursuant to the Director's notice as set forth in Section 2.4.71, the Director may repair or restore, or cause to be repaired or restored, such condition in such manner as the Director deems expedient and appropriate. The person(s) identified by the Director as the responsible party shall compensate the Department for any costs associated with the administration, construction, consultants, equipment, inspection, notification, remediation, repair, restoration, or any other actual costs incurred by the City that were made necessary by reason of the repair or restoration undertaken by the Department. The cost of such work also may be deducted from the permittee's deposit pursuant to Section 2.4.46(c). The Director's determination as to the cost of the repair or restoration performed shall be final. In addition, the responsible party may be subject to those enforcement actions set forth in Subarticle VII.
- Subject to the limitation set forth in 2.4.70. repair or restoration by the Department in accordance with this Section shall not relieve the person(s) from liability for future pavement failures at the site of the repair or restoration.
SEC. 2.4.73. EMERGENCY REMEDIATION BY THE DEPARTMENT.
- If, in the judgment of the Director, the site of an excavation is considered hazardous or if it constitutes a public nuisance, public emergency, or other imminent threat to the public health, safety, or welfare that requires immediate action, the Director may order the condition remedied by a written, electronic, or facsimile communication to the person(s) responsible, if any, for remedying the condition and shall designate such person as the responsible party.
- If the responsible party is inaccessible or fails, neglects, or refuses to take immediate action to remedy the condition as specified in said communication, the Director may remedy the condition or cause the condition to be remedied in such manner as the Director deems expedient and appropriate. The person(s) identified by the Director as the responsible party shall compensate the Department for any reasonable costs associated with the administration, construction, consultants, equipment, inspection, notification, remediation, repair, restoration, or any other actual costs incurred by the Department or other agencies, boards, commissions, or departments of the City that were made necessary by reason of the emergency remediation undertaken by the Department. The cost of such work also may be deducted from the permittee's deposit pursuant to Section 2.4.46(c). The Director's determination as to the cost of any remediation performed shall be final. In addition, the responsible party may be subject to those enforcement actions set forth in Subarticle VII.
- Subject to the limitation set forth in Section 2.4.70, remediation by the Department in accordance with this Section shall not relieve the person(s) from liability for future pavement failures at the site of the remediation.
SUBARTICLE VII VIOLATION OF ARTICLE
SEC. 2.4.80. VIOLATION OF ARTICLE.
- The Director shall have authority to enforce this Article against violations thereof. Upon the Director's determination that a person has violated any provision of this Article, the standard plans and specifications, notices, orders, or regulations of the Department; any term, condition, or limitation of any permit; or is subject to any outstanding fees, deposits, or other charges, the Director shall serve notice on said person to abate the violation. Any person whom the Director determines to be a responsible party may be subject to any or all of the enforcement mechanisms specified in Section 2.4.81, 2.4.82, and 2.4.83.
- Municipal excavators are not subject to the penalties and fines specified in Sections 2.4.82 and .83; however, municipal excavators that violate Article 2.4 may be subject to administrative penalties and costs as specified in Section 2.4.81. The Director is empowered to charge municipal excavators with such penalties and costs, abate violations by municipal excavators, or both. The Director may assess such penalties, costs, and abatement charges against the deposit or budget of the municipal excavator, take other appropriate action against such excavator within the Director's authority, or both.
SEC. 2.4.81. ADMINISTRATIVE PENALTIES AND COSTS.
- Notice of Violation. Except as specified in Subsections (1) through (3) below, the Director shall notify the responsible party for a violation that he or she has seventy-two (72) hours to correct or otherwise remedy the violation or be subject to the imposition of administrative penalties. The Director's notice of violation shall be a written, electronic, or facsimile communication and shall specify the manner in which the violation shall be remedied.
- For those violations subject to the incomplete excavation provisions of Section 2.4.55(d), the responsible party shall have twenty-four (24) hours to remedy the violation or be subject to the imposition of administrative penalties.
- For violations that create an imminent danger to public health, safety, or welfare or are otherwise subject to Section 2.4.73, the Director shall notify the responsible party to immediately remedy the violation or be subject to the imposition of administrative penalties.
- For violations that cannot be cured within seventy-two (72) hours, including, but not limited to, excavating without a permit, the Director shall notify the responsible party of the Director's imposition of administrative penalties pursuant to Subsection (e).
- Amount of Administrative Penalties. Administrative penalties assessed pursuant to Subsection (a) shall not exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) per day, per violation commencing with the first day of the violation. Notwithstanding the penalty limitation set forth above, a person who excavates without a valid permit may be assessed a penalty not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000.00) per day, per violation commencing with the first day of the violation. In assessing the amount of the administrative penalty, the Director may consider any one or more of the following: the nature and seriousness of the misconduct, the number of violations, the persistence of the misconduct, the length of time over which the misconduct occurred, the willfulness of the violator's misconduct, and the violator's assets, liabilities, and net worth.
- Enforcement Costs. In addition to the administrative penalty assessed pursuant to Subsection (a), the Director may assess enforcement costs to cover the reasonable costs incurred in enforcing the administrative penalty, including reasonable attorneys' fees. Any enforcement costs imposed and recovered shall be distributed according to the purpose for which the Director imposed them.
- Accrual of Penalties and Costs. Penalties and costs assessed under this Section shall continue to accrue against a responsible party until the violation of this Article is corrected or otherwise remedied in the judgment of the Director or the responsible party pays the assessed penalties and costs. If such penalties and costs are the subject of a request for administrative review or an appeal, then the accrual of such penalties and costs shall be stayed until the determination concerning the administrative penalties is final.
- Notice Imposing Administrative Penalties. If the responsible party fails to remedy the violation within the time specified in the notice of violation or if the violation is incurable pursuant to Section 2.4.81(a)(3), the Director shall notify in writing the responsible party of the Director's imposition of administrative penalties. This notice shall include the amount of the penalties and costs and declare that such penalties and costs are due and payable to the City Treasurer within thirty (30) calendar days. The notice also shall state that the person designated as the responsible party has the right, pursuant to Subsection(g), to request administrative review of the Director's determination as to the designation of the responsible party and the assessment of penalties.
- Finality of the Director's Determination and Collection of Assessed Penalties. If no request for administrative review is filed pursuant to Subsection (g), the Director's determination is final. Thereafter, if the penalties and costs are not paid within the time specified in Subsection (e), the Director is empowered to pursue any method of collection of such penalties and costs authorized by local law including, but not limited to deductions of the permittee's deposit pursuant to Section 2.4.46(c).
- Administrative Review. Any Person that is designated as the responsible party for a violation or is subject to an administrative penalty may seek administrative review of the designation or the assessment of the penalty or cost within ten (10) calendar days of the date of the notice imposing administrative penalties. Administrative review shall be initiated by filing with the Director a request for review that specifies in detail the basis for contesting the designation of the responsible party or the assessment of the penalty or cost.
- Notice for and Scheduling of Administrative Hearing. Whenever an administrative review hearing is requested pursuant to Subsection (g), the Director, within ten (10) calendar days of the date of receipt of the request, shall notify the affected parties of the date, time, and place of the hearing by certified mail. Such hearing shall be held no later than thirty (30) calendar days after the Director received the request for administrative review, unless extended by mutual agreement of the affected parties. The Director shall appoint a hearing officer for such hearing.
- Submittals for the Administrative Review Hearing. The parties to the hearing shall submit written information to the hearing officer including, but not limited to, the following: the statement of issues to be determined by the hearing officer and a statement of the evidence to be offered at the hearing.
- Conduct of the Administrative Review Hearing. The administrative review hearing is a public hearing and shall be tape recorded. Any party to the hearing may at his or her own expense, cause the hearing to be recorded by a certified court reporter. During the hearing, evidence and testimony may be presented to the hearing officer. Written decisions and findings shall be rendered by the hearing officer within ten (10) calendar days of the hearing. Copies of the findings and decision shall be served upon the parties to the hearing by certified mail. A notice that a copy of the findings and decisions is available for inspection between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday shall be posted at the offices of the Department of Public Works.
- Director's Decision on the Hearing Officer's Recommendation. The decision of the hearing officer shall be a recommendation to the Director, and the Director, within five (5) calendar days of receipt of such recommendation, shall adopt, modify, or deny such recommendation. The Director's decision on the hearing officer's recommendation is final. Such decision shall be served upon the parties to the hearing and posted in the same manner as the hearing officer's decision as set forth in Subsection (j). If any imposed administrative penalties and costs have not been deposited at this time, the Director may proceed to collect the penalties and costs pursuant to Subsection (f).
- Additional procedures. The Director, by Departmental order, may adopt additional procedures to implement this Section.
SEC. 2.4.82. CIVIL PENALTIES AND FEES.
- The Director may call upon the City Attorney to maintain an action for injunction to restrain or summary abatement to cause the correction or abatement of the violation of this Article, and for assessment and recovery of a civil penalty and reasonable attorney's fees for such violation.
- Any person who violates this Article may be liable for a civil penalty, not to exceed $500 for each day such violation is committed or permitted to continue, which penalty shall be assessed and recovered in a civil action brought in the name of the people of the City by the City Attorney in any court of competent jurisdiction. In assessing the amount of the civil penalty, the court may consider any one or more of the relevant circumstances presented by any of the parties to the case, including, but not limited to, the following: the nature and seriousness of the misconduct, the number of violations, the persistence of the misconduct, the length of time over which the misconduct occurred, the willfulness of the defendant's misconduct, and the defendant's assets, liabilities, and net worth. The City Attorney also may seek recovery of the attorneys fees and costs incurred in bringing a civil action pursuant to this Section.
SEC. 2.4.83. CRIMINAL FINES.
- The Director is authorized to enforce the criminal provisions of this Article, to call upon the Chief of Police and authorized agents to assist in the enforcement of this Article, or both.
- Any person who violates this Article shall be deemed guilty of an infraction. Every violation determined to be an infraction is punishable by (1) a fine not exceeding $100 for the first violation within one year; (2) a fine not exceeding $200 for a second violation within one year from the date of the first violation; (3) a fine not exceeding $500 for the third and each additional violation within one year from the date of the first violation.
- When a government official authorized to enforce this Article pursuant to Subsection (a) has reasonable cause to believe that any person has committed an infraction in the official's presence that is a violation of this Article, the official may issue a citation to that person pursuant to California Penal Code, Part II, Title 3, Chapters 5, 5C, and 5D.
- Among other violations, citations may be issued for the following specific violations:
- Excavation without a valid permit;
- Excavation without proof of the permit issuance on site;
- Excavation without proper notice to the Underground Service Alert;
- Excavation without proper public notice;
- Excavation that violates the San Francisco Traffic Code;
- Excavation that violates the regulations concerning excavation sites (Section 2.4.53), which include, but are not limited to, protection of the excavation, housekeeping and removal of excavated material, and hazardous material;
- Excavation that does not meet the requirements for restoration concerning backfill, replacement of pavement base, and finished pavement (Section 2.4.55(b)); or
- Excavation that exceeds the scope of the permit, including, but not limited to, obstructing the path of automobile or pedestrian travel in excess of the permitted area.
SEC. 2.4.84. DEPOSIT OF PENALTIES INTO EXCAVATION FUND. Any penalty assessed and recovered in an action brought pursuant to Sections 2.4.81 or 2.4.82 shall be deposited in the Excavation Fund, as provided in Section 10.117-120 of the San Francisco Administrative Code.
SEC. 2.4.85. SUSPENSION OF ACTION ON APPLICATIONS. A person who is in willful noncompliance with this Article shall not apply for nor be issued a permit to excavate in the public right-of-way unless the Director, by written authorization, grants a waiver to this prohibition. Willful noncompliance shall include, without limitation, deliberate acts that result in failure to: (a) satisfy any terms and conditions of this Article, the orders, regulations, or standard plans and specifications of the Department or (b) pay any outstanding assessments, fees, penalties that have been finally determined by the City or a court of competent jurisdiction.
SUBARTICLE VIII MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
SEC. 2.4.90. ABANDONMENT OF UNDERGROUND FACILITIES, REPORTS, AND MAPS.
- Whenever any facility(ies) is abandoned in the public right-of-way, the person owning, using, controlling or having an interest therein, shall, within 30 calendar days after such abandonment, file in the office of the Director a statement in writing, giving in detail the location of the facility(ies) so abandoned. Each map, set of maps, or plans filed pursuant to the provisions of this Article, including those maps or plans required by Section 2.4.11 shall show in detail the location of each such facility(ies) abandoned subsequent to the filing of the last preceding map, set of maps, or plans.
- It shall be unlawful for any person to fail, refuse, or neglect to file any map or set of maps at the time, and in all respects as required by this Section.
SEC. 2.4.91. IDENTIFICATION OF VISIBLE FACILITIES. Each visible facility installed in the public right-of-way shall be clearly identified with the name of the owner of the facility. The Department shall adopt orders or regulations to specify other appropriate methods for identification.
SEC. 2.4.92. CITY'S OBLIGATION. In undertaking enforcement of this Article, the City is assuming an undertaking only to promote the general welfare. It is not assuming, nor is it imposing on its officers and employees, an obligation for breach of which it is liable in money damages to any person who claims that such breach proximity caused injury.
SEC. 2.4.93. TIME LIMITATION ON COMMENCEMENT OF ACTIONS. Any action or proceeding to attack, review, set aside, void or annul this Article or any provision thereof shall be commenced within 120 calendar days from the effective date of the ordinance approving this Article; otherwise, the provisions of this Article shall be held to be valid and in every respect legal and incontestable.
SEC. 2.4.94. SEVERABILITY. If any part of this Article, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of this Article, including the application of such part or provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby and shall continue in full force and effect. To this end, provisions of this Article are severable.
City of Mesquite, Texas, Rights-of-Way Rules and Regulations
An ordinance OF THE CITY OF MESQUITE, TEXAS, AMENDING CHAPTER 15 OF THE CODE OF THE CITY OF MEWQUITE BY ADDING ARTICLE III ENTITLED RIGHTS-OF-WAY RULES AND REGULATIONS THEREBY ESTABLISHING RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE USE AND OCCUPANCY OF THE CITY'S RIGHTS-OF-WAY BY PROVIDERS OF UTILITY, TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND CABLE SERVICES; PROVIDING FOR INSURANCE; REQUIRING ALTERATION TO CONFORM WITH PUBLIC IMJPROVEMENTS; PROVIDING A SEVERABILITY CLAUSE; PROVIDING A REPEALER CLAUSE; PROVIDING FOR A PENALTY NOT TO EXCEED FIVE HUNDRED ($500.00) DOLLARS FOR EACH OFFENSE; AND DECLARING AN EMERGENCY.
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED BY THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF MESQUITE, TEXAS:
SECTION 1. That Chapter 15 of the Code of the City of Mesquite is hereby amended by adding Article III to read as follows, in all other respects said Code and Chapter to remain in full force and effect.
STREETS AND SIDEWALKS
ARTICLE III. RIGHTS-OF-WAY RULES AND REGULATIONS
Sec. 15-191. Definitions.
Whenever used in this article, the following terms shall have the following definitions and meanings, unless the context of the sentence in which they are used clearly indicates otherwise. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future tense, words in the plural number include the singular number and words in the single number include the plural number. The word "shall" is always mandatory and not merely directory.
Applicant means the owner of facilities to be constructed in the rights-of-way who makes application for a construction permit hereunder.
City means the City of Mesquite, Texas.
Department means the Public Services Department of the City of Mesquite.
Director means the Director of the Public Services Department of the City of Mesquite, or his/her designee.
Emergency means a reasonably unforeseen situation presenting an imminent hazard to personal or public health, safety or property, and the work necessary to address a service interruption. Upgrading of facilities, new service installation and neighborhood improvement projects are not emergencies under this article.
Facilities means personal property, owned by a provider of utility, telecommunications or cable television services including but not limited to pipe, conduit, ducts, cables, wires, lines, towers, wave guides, optic fiber, microwave, any associated converters and all equipment located in the rights-of-way.
Permitee means a person to whom a construction permit has been granted hereunder.
Person means natural persons (individuals), corporations, companies, associations, partnerships, firms, limited liability companies, joint ventures, joint stock companies or associations, and other such entities, and includes their lessors, trustees and receivers.
Public nuisance means a condition dangerous to the health, safety or welfare of the general public.
Registered user means a person who has complied with the registration provisions of this article.
Rights-Of-Way means all present and future public streets, avenues, highways, alleys, sidewalks, boulevards, drives, tunnels, easements, bridges and other such similar passageways, thoroughfares and public ways under the jurisdiction and control of the city.
Use and Occupancy means the acquisition, installation, construction, reconstruction, maintenance or repair of any facilities within the rights-of-way for any purpose whatsoever.
Sec. 15-192. General provisions.
- No person shall use or occupy rights-of-way within the city for the purpose of providing utility, telecommunications or cable television services except in compliance with the provisions of this article. All construction activities in, on and under the rights-of-way shall be undertaken in compliance with the provisions of this article.
- The provisions of this article shall apply to the use and/or occupancy of the rights-of-way by a person under the authority granted by a franchise agreement or ordinance as if fully set forth in the franchise agreement or ordinance. The express terms of this article will prevail over conflicting or inconsistent provisions in a franchise agreement or ordinance unless such franchise agreement or ordinance expresses an explicit intent to waive a requirement of this article.
- The provisions of this article shall be liberally construed in favor of the city in order to effectuate the purposes and objectives of this article and to promote the public interest.
Sec. 15-193. Registration of users and occupants of rights-of-way.
- Registration required. All users and occupants of the rights-of-way shall register with the city pursuant to this section. For existing users and occupants, such registration shall be accomplished within thirty (30) days following the date of final adoption of this article. For persons using and occupying the rights-of-way under a franchise, permit or license that is valid on the effective date of this article, such existing valid franchise, permit or license shall be considered such person's initial registration hereunder. Persons seeking to use or occupy the rights-of-way after adoption of this article shall register with the city prior to initiating any such use or occupancy. All registrations must be renewed annually on or before January 31 of each calendar year using forms developed by and available from the city. For persons with a current franchise from the city, the franchise will be evidence of renewal. If a registration is not renewed, the facilities will be deemed to have been abandoned ninety (90) days after the date of written notice was sent to the facility owner by the city. Persons that are not certificated telecommunications providers providing access lines, as defined in Chapter 283, Texas Local Government Code, are also required to obtain a franchise or license from the city in accordance with City Charter or ordinance in addition to registering under the provisions of this article prior to entering into the rights-of-way.
- urpose of registration. The purpose of registration under this section is to:
- Provide the city with accurate and current information concerning the users and occupants of the rights-of-way;
- Assist the city in enforcement of this article; and
- Assist the city in monitoring compliance with applicable laws.
- Contents of registration. The registration shall include:
- The name of the user and occupant of the rights-of-way;
- The name, address and telephone number of people who will be contact person(s) for the user and occupant;
- Proof of insurance as required in section 15-198 hereof; and
- description of the type of facilities in the rights-of-way, for example, electric conduit, fiber-optic cables, wire cables, coaxial cables and the like. This description shall include a statement of whether the user and occupant is a certificated telecommunications provider as defined in V.T.C.A. Local Government Code, § 283.002(2), and if so, whether the user and occupant is providing access lines as defined in V.T.C.A. Local Government Code, § 283.002(1).
Sec. 15-194. Use and occupancy--Regulation by city.
- Temporary rearrangement or removal of aerial facilities. Upon written request a registered user shall remove, raise or lower its aerial wires, fiber or cables temporarily to permit the moving of houses or other bulky structures. The expense of such temporary rearrangements shall be paid by the person requesting them, and the registered user may require payment in advance. The registered user shall make such temporary arrangement or removal as soon as practicable, but in all events such rearrangement or removal shall be accomplished within forty-five (45) calendar days after notification by moving permit holder.
- Right to trim trees. The registered user, its contractors and agents have the right, permission and license to trim trees upon and overhanging the rights-of-way to prevent trees from coming in contact with the registered user's facilities. All trimming shall be done in consideration of the health of the trees and shall be limited to the minimum amount necessary to eliminate the interference with the facilities. When directed by the city, tree trimming shall be done under the supervision and direction of the parks department of the city or under the supervision of the city's delegated representative. Under normal circumstances registered users shall notify adjacent residents and occupants at least forty-eight (48) hours in advance of any trimming. Any tree trimmings generated by the registered user, its contractors or agents shall be removed within twenty-four (24) hours. Should the registered user, its contractors or agents fail to timely remove such trimmings, the city may remove same or have them removed and shall bill registered user for all costs incurred, which costs shall be promptly paid by the registered user. Nothing herein shall be construed to grant a registered user the right of access to private property.
- City work. The city shall have the right at all times to lay, and to permit to be laid, sewer, gas, water and other pipelines or cable and conduits, as well as drainage pipes and channels and streets and to do and permit to be done any underground and overhead installation or improvement that may be deemed necessary or proper by the governing body of the city in, across, along, over or under any rights-of-way occupied by a registered user, and to change any curb or sidewalk or the grade of any street and to maintain all of the city's facilities.
- Removal of facilities. Whenever it shall be necessary to require a registered user to relocate its facilities to permit the widening or straightening of a street or construction of any water, sewer or stormwater facilities by the city associated with widening or straightening of a street, the city shall give the registered user ninety (90) calendar days notice of such requirement. Such relocation shall be made by the registered user promptly with consideration given to the magnitude of such alterations or changes without claim for reimbursement or damages against the city. If any such requirements impose a financial hardship upon the registered user, the registered user shall have the right to promptly present alternative proposals to the city, and the city shall give due consideration to any such alternative proposals. If the city determines that the preservation and protection of the public health and safety require removal of facilities from the rights-of-way that are being abandoned, the city shall require registered user to remove its facilities entirely from the abandoned rights-of-way at no cost to the city.
- Public safety. The city retains the right to move any facilities within the rights-of-way to cure or otherwise address a public health or safety emergency. The city shall cooperate to the extent possible with the registered user in such instances to assure continuity of service and to afford to the registered user the opportunity to make such relocation itself.
- Abandonment of facilities. Whenever a registered user intends to abandon any of its facilities within the rights-of-way, it shall submit to the director written notification of such intent, describing the facility to be abandoned and the date of the proposed abandonment. Such notification shall include a statement of waiver of claims against the city for subsequent damages to abandoned facilities. City may require the registered user, at the registered user's expense:
A registered user shall remove all abandoned above-ground facilities and equipment upon receipt of written notice from the city and shall restore any affected rights-of-way to their former state at the time such facilities and equipment were installed so as not to impair their usefulness. In removing its plant, structures and equipment a registered user shall refill, at its own expense, any excavation necessarily made by it and shall leave all rights-of-way in as good condition as that prevailing prior to such removal without materially interfering with any electrical or telephone cable or other utility wires, poles or attachments. The city shall have the right to inspect and approve the condition of the rights-of-way, cables, wires, attachments and poles prior to and after removal. The liability, indemnity and insurance provisions of this article shall continue in full force and effect during the period of removal and until full compliance by a registered user with the terms and conditions of this section. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this article, a registered user may abandon any underground facilities in place so long as it does not materially interfere with the use of the rights-of-way or with the use thereof by any public utility, cable operator or other registered users.
Public nuisance abatement. The city may require the removal or abatement of any facility determined by the city to cause a public nuisance. The city shall give registered user written notice of the required removal or abatement. No later than thirty (30) calendar days after the registered user receives such written notice, the registered user shall remove such facility or abate the public nuisance to the satisfaction of the city. If the registered user notifies the director in writing within such thirty (30) day period requesting additional time for such removal or abatement, or that the registered user is unable to remove or abate such facility for specified reasons, the director may, but is not required to, grant additional time to the registered user or negotiate alternate arrangements with the registered user. If the registered user does not so notify the city and fails or refuses to act, the city may remove or abate the facility, at the sole cost and expense of the registered user, all without compensation or liability for damages to the registered user.
Sec. 15-195. Construction permits.
- Permit required. No person shall perform any construction, repairs, maintenance or installation of facilities in the rights-of-way without obtaining a construction permit from the city hereunder. The permit will be in the name of the person who will own the facilities to be constructed. The permit application must be completed and signed by a representative of the owner of the facilities to be constructed. During the term of the permit the permittee shall be liable for the acts or omissions of any entity used by the permittee when such entity is involved directly or indirectly in the construction and installation of the permittee's facilities to the same extent as if the acts or omissions of such entity were the acts or omissions of the permittee. The provisions of this section are solely for the benefit of the city and the registered user and are not intended to create, grant or affect any rights, contractual or otherwise, to or of any other person.
- Emergency exception. Emergency responses related to existing facilities may be undertaken without first obtaining a permit; however, the department shall be notified within two (2) business days of any construction related to an emergency response including the provision of a reasonably detailed description of the work performed in the rights-of-way. An updated map of any facilities that were relocated, if applicable, shall be provided within ninety (90) calendar days.
- Other exceptions. The phrase "construction or installation of facilities" does not include the repair or maintenance of existing facilities or the installation of facilities necessary to initiate services to a customer's property unless such repair, maintenance or installation requires the breaking of pavement, or boring, or the closure of a non-residential traffic lane. If the closure of a non-residential traffic lane does not require breaking of pavement, excavation or boring, then such closure is not included in the phrase "construction or installation of facilities" if such closure is for no longer than six (6) consecutive hours.
- Application required.
- A written application shall be filed with the city for a permit pursuant to this article. An applicant shall assert in its application that it is in compliance with all requirements of this article and with all applicable laws.
- To be acceptable for filing, a signed original of the application shall be submitted to the appropriate city official and contain all required information. The permit fee shall be submitted with the application. All applications shall include the names and addresses of persons authorized to act on behalf of the applicant with respect to the application.
- All applications accepted for filing shall be made available by the city for public inspection. However, if plans of record submitted in an application include information expressly designated by the applicant as a trade secret or other confidential information protected from disclosure by state law, the director may not disclose that information to the public without the consent of the applicant, unless otherwise compelled by an opinion of the attorney general pursuant to the Texas Open Records Act, as amended, or by a court having jurisdiction of the matter pursuant to applicable law. This subsection may not be construed to authorize an applicant to designate all matters in its application as confidential or as trade secrets. If the city receives a request pursuant to the Texas Open Records Act for information designated as a trade secret or confidential information by the applicant, the city will promptly notify the applicant of such request. If deemed appropriate and necessary by the city, the city will request an opinion from the state attorney general as to whether the requested information may be withheld. The applicant shall be responsible for supporting its claim of confidentiality.
- Information in application. An application for a construction permit shall contain the following information:
- The proposed, approximate location and route of all facilities to be constructed or installed and the applicant's plan for rights-of-way construction.
- Engineering plans on a scale of not to exceed one (1) inch equals one hundred (100) feet unless otherwise approved by the department. In all events plans shall be legible when reduced to one-half ( 1/2) scale of original sheet size on sheets measuring eleven (11) inches by seventeen (17) inches.
- Detail of the location of all rights-of-way and utility easements that applicant plans to use.
- Detail of all existing city utilities in relationship to applicant's proposed route.
- Detail of what applicant proposes to install such as pipe size, number of interducts, valves and similar information.
- Detail of plans to remove and replace asphalt or concrete in streets (include standard construction details).
- Drawings of any bores, trenches, handholes, manholes, switch gears, transformers, pedestals, etc., including depth.
- Handhole and/or manhole typicals of type of manholes and/or handholes applicant plans to use or access.
- A description of trench safety measures to be utilized in all excavations over five (5) feet in depth.
- Complete legend of drawings submitted by applicant which may be provided by reference to previously submitted documents provided such documents are current and up-to-date.
- Three (3) sets of engineering plans must be submitted with permit application.
- If known, the name, address and phone numbers of the contractor or subcontractor who will perform the actual construction including the name and telephone number of an individual with the contractor who will be available at all times during the construction.
- A description of the construction and installation methods to be employed for the protection of existing structures, fixtures and facilities within or adjacent to the rights-of-way and the estimated dates and times work will occur, all of which (methods, dates, times, etc.) are subject to the approval of the director.
- A statement that the insurance and bonding requirements contained herein are met.
- Permit fee. To be acceptable for filing, an application shall be accompanied by a permit fee in the following amount as appropriate:
- For certificated telecommunications providers providing access lines (as defined in V.T.C.A., Local Government Code, Ch. 283): no fee
- For persons occupying the rights-of-way of the city under a franchise ordinance or agreement: no fee
- For all other applicants: no fee
- Processing of application. Within five (5) working days after receipt of a complete application and permit fee, if applicable, the city shall issue a construction permit.
- Applicant in noncompliance. The city may refuse to issue a permit to applicant if city determines that the applicant is presently in a state of noncompliance with this article or if applicant has failed to adequately respond to any notice or request for action from the city under this article. The city may continue to refuse to issue a permit until applicant has corrected its noncompliance or has otherwise adequately responded to such notice or request for action from the city.
Sec. 15-196. Construction work--Regulation by city.
- Existing facilities. Before initiating construction on rights-of-way a permittee will make all reasonable efforts to attach its facilities to existing poles and to share existing conduit space as appropriate. Nothing contained in this article shall be construed to require or permit the attachment on or placement in a permittee's facilities of any electric light or power wires, or facilities or other systems not owned by the permittee. If the city desires to attach or place electric light or power wires, communications facilities or other similar systems or facilities in or on the permittee's facilities, then a further separate, noncontingent agreement with the permittee shall be required. Nothing contained in this article shall obligate the permittee to exercise, or restrict the permittee from exercising, its right to enter voluntarily into pole attachment, pole usage, joint ownership or other wire space or facilities agreements with any person authorized to operate in the rights-of-way of the city.
- Traffic disruptions. The permittee shall endeavor to minimize disruptions to the efficient use of the rights-of-way by pedestrian and vehicular traffic, and rights-of-way shall not be blocked for a longer period than shall be reasonably necessary to execute all construction, maintenance and/or repair work. All lane closures must comply with the Texas Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
- Pole placement. All poles placed shall be of sound material and reasonably straight, and shall be set so that they will not interfere with the flow of water in any gutter or drain, and so that they will not unduly interfere with ordinary travel on the streets or sidewalk. The location and route of all poles, stubs, guys, anchors, conduits, fiber and cables placed and constructed by the permittee in the construction and maintenance of its facilities in the city shall be subject to the lawful, reasonable and proper control, direction and/or approval of the city.
- Work in accordance with permit. All construction and installation in the rights-of-way shall be in accordance with the permit for the facilities. The director shall be provided access to the work and to such further information as he/she may reasonably require to ensure compliance with the permit. A copy of the construction permit and approved engineering plans shall be maintained at the construction site and made available for inspection by the city at all times when construction or installation work is occurring.
- Time for completion. All construction or installation work authorized by permit must be completed in the time specified in the construction permit. If the work cannot be completed in the specified time periods, the permittee may request in writing an extension from the director. So long as the written extension request is made before the permit has expired, work may continue pending a decision by the director on the extension request.
- Prior notification. The department must be notified twenty-four (24) hours in advance that construction is ready to proceed by either the permittee, its contractor or other representative. If not previously provided, such notice shall include information required in section 15-195(e)(12). All construction shall be in conformance with all city codes and applicable local, state and federal laws.
- Signage. Legible information signs stating the identity of the person doing the work, telephone number and permittee's identity and telephone number shall be placed at the location where construction is to occur at least twenty-four (24) hours prior to the beginning of work in the rights-of-way and shall continue to be posted at the location during the entire time the work is occurring. An information sign will be posted at both ends of the construction area unless other posting arrangements are approved or required by the director.
- Erosion and storm water controls. Erosion control measures (e.g., silt fence) and advance warning signs, markers, cones and barricades must be in place before work begins. Permittee shall be responsible for storm water management erosion control that complies with city, state and federal guidelines. Upon request permittee may be required to furnish documentation submitted or received from federal or state governments.
- Lane closures. Except in the event of an emergency lane closures on major thoroughfares will be limited to after 8:30 a.m. and before 4:00 p.m. unless the department grants prior approval. Arrow boards will be required on lane closures with all barricades, advanced warning signs and thirty-six (36) inch reflector cones placed according to the specifications of the department. All barricading must comply with the Texas Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
- Responsibility of permittee. Permittees are responsible for the workmanship and any damages by contractors or subcontractors. A responsible representative of the permittee shall be available to the department at all times during construction. The provisions of this section are solely for the benefit of the city and the registered user and are not intended to create, grant or affect any rights, contractual or otherwise, to or of any other person.
- Damage to utilities. Permittee, contractor or subcontractor shall notify the department immediately of any damage to other utilities either city or privately owned.
- Cuts. Except in the event of an emergency when a street or sidewalk cut is required, prior approval must be obtained from the department and all requirements of the department shall be followed. Repair of all street and sidewalk removals shall be made promptly to avoid safety hazards to vehicle and pedestrian traffic.
- City utilities. Installation of facilities must not interfere with city utilities in particular gravity dependent facilities.
- Installed depth. New non-municipal facilities must be installed to a depth approved by the department.
- Boring. All directional boring shall have a locator place bore marks and depths while bore is in progress. The locator shall place a mark at each stem with a paint dot and shall mark the depth of at least every other stem.
- Working hours. Except in emergencies the working hours in the rights-of-way are the time period between one (1) hour after sunrise and until sunset Monday through Friday. Non-emergency work that needs to be performed outside these hours must be approved in advance. Any non-emergency work performed on Saturday must be approved forty-eight (48) hours in advance by the department. Directional boring is permitted only Monday through Friday from 7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. unless approved in advance. No work will be done except for emergencies on Sundays or city holidays.
- Line locations. Permittees working in the rights-of-way are responsible for obtaining line locates from all affected utilities or others with facilities in the rights-of-way prior to any excavation. Use of geographic information system or the plan of record does not satisfy this requirement. Permittee shall be responsible for verifying the location, both horizontal and vertical, of all affected facilities prior to any excavation or boring with the exception of work involving lane closures as set forth above. Permittee shall provide location data of its facilities to all other utilities when requested to do so by other utilities preparing to work in the area of such facilities. Requested for location of city-owned utilities shall be made no later than forty-eight (48) hours in advance of construction. The permittee shall properly mark the proposed location of its facilities in order that city locators can appropriately mark city-owned utilities.
- Manholes. Placement of all manholes and/or handholes must be approved in advance by the department. Handholes or manholes will not be located in sidewalks unless approved by the director.
- Pumping. Construction that requires pumping of water or mud shall be contained in accordance with city ordinances, federal and state law, and the directives of the department.
- Restoration of rights-of-way shall be to the reasonable satisfaction of the department. Restoration shall be made in a timely manner as specified by approved department schedules and to the satisfaction of the director.
- If restoration is not satisfactory or is not performed in a timely manner, all work in progress, except that related to the problem, including all work previously permitted but not complete may be halted and a hold may be placed on any permits not approved until all restoration as required herein is complete. If restoration work is not completed in a timely manner, the registered user is subject to the criminal penalties described in section 15-202, and the additional following procedures shall be followed:
- The city shall provide the permittee with reasonable notice of failure to act and request restoration.
- If the permittee continues to delay the director and the permittee will jointly review the restoration request in an expeditious manner to establish a mutually acceptable completion date for the restoration.
- If the permittee continues to delay or does not meet the revised completion date, the director shall provide not less than five (5) calendar days' written notice to the permittee advising of the city's intent to perform the restoration.
- If after expiration of the written notice required by the preceding sentence the permittee continues to delay, the city shall have the right to perform the restoration. The city shall not be liable to the permittee for any damage to any of its facilities and shall not be liable in any event for any consequential damages relating to service interruptions. If the restoration performed by the city involves the construction or improvement of base or pavement of rights-of-way, permittee shall not thereafter disturb such rights-of-way for a period of three (3) years after completion of such improvements except when necessary in the event of an emergency.
- Permittee shall warrant all pavement repairs for a period of two (2) years after restoration has been complete. The restoration shall include but not be limited to:
- Replacing all ground cover with the type of ground cover damaged during work, or better, by sodding as directed by the department;
- Installation of all manholes and handholes as appropriate;
- All bore pits, potholes, trenches or any other holes shall be filled in or covered daily unless other safety procedures are approved by the department;
- Leveling of all trenches and backhoe lines (all trench backfill must comply with density requirements per the city standards and the city must be provided with a copy of all density reports); and
- Restoration of all landscaping, ground cover and sprinkler systems to the original condition.
Sec. 15-197. Indemnification.
(a) General provisions.
- Registered users who are not certificated telecommunications providers as defined in V.T.C.A., Local Government Code, Ch. 283 shall indemnify and hold the city, its officers and employees harmless from all claims, lawsuits, judgments, costs, liens, losses, expenses, fees (including reasonable attorneys' fees and costs of defense), proceedings, actions, demands, causes of action, liability and suits of any kind and nature, including but not limited to personal or bodily injury (including death), property damage or other harm for which recovery of damages is sought that may arise out of or caused by the registered user's negligent act, error or omission of the registered user, any agent, officer, director, representative, employee or subcontractor of the registered user, and their respective officers, agents, employees, directors and representatives while in the exercise of or performance of the rights or duties under this article. The indemnity provided for in this paragraph shall not apply to any liability resulting from the negligence of the city, its officers or employees in instances where such negligence causes personal or bodily injury, death or property damage. In the event the registered user and the city are found jointly liable by a court of competent jurisdiction, liability shall be apportioned comparatively in accordance with the laws of the state, without, however, waiving any governmental immunity available to the city under state law and without waiving any defenses of the parties under state law. The provisions of this paragraph are solely for the benefit of the parties hereto and not intended to create or grant any rights, contractual or otherwise, to any other person or entity.
- Registered users who are certificated telecommunications providers as defined in V.T.C.A., Local Government Code, Ch. 283, as amended, shall indemnify the city as provided in V.T.C.A., Local Government Code, § 283.057, as amended.
(b) Notice. The city shall give the registered user written notice of any claim for which the city seeks indemnification. The registered user shall have the right to investigate, defend and compromise any such claim. The registered user shall promptly advise the city in writing of any claim or demand against the city or the registered user known to the registered user related to or arising out of the registered user's activities under this article.
(c) In the event the director determines, based upon reasonable grounds, that a bond is necessary to protect the public assets, or the health and safety of the public, then the director may require a registered user to post financial security in an amount not to exceed one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000.00). The director shall consult with the city's finance director prior to imposing the financial security requirement on a registered user. Factors to be considered in determining reasonable grounds may include, but are not limited to, a conviction for violation of this article, a general pattern of substandard adherence to the provisions of this article, a failure to provide prompt resolution of claims, or the failure to comply with this article. If three (3) years pass from the date that the director requires financial security from a registered user and it has not been necessary for the city to seek performance under the financial security, then financial security will no longer be required pursuant to this section, unless the director makes an additional determination that such security is required. The form of financial security shall be, at the registered user's option, one (1) of the following:
- A surety bond from a surety company authorized to do business in the state with a registered agent for service in the county. All bonds shall be on city approved forms;
- An unconditional and irrevocable letter of credit issued to the city by a bank with a location in the county; or
- A cash deposit.
(d) Security provided by a cash deposit shall be made to an interest bearing accounting during the term of the deposit. At the end of the deposit period, all unused amounts, plus interest, shall be refunded to the registered user.
(e) Failure of the registered user to comply with its obligations under this article or the permit as determined by the city shall entitle the city to draw against the financial security required by this section. The rights reserved to the city with respect to the financial security are in addition to all other rights of the city whether reserved by this article or authorized by law, and no action, proceeding or exercise of a right with respect to such financial security shall affect any other rights the city may have.
(f) Financial security provided by a surety bond shall not expire or be materially altered without forty-five (45) calendar days' written notice and without securing and delivering to the city a substitute, renewal and replacement bond in accordance with this article, consistent with the replacement and continuous coverage requirements for insurance found in section 15-198 hereof. In the event the city draws monies against the bond, city shall so notify registered user. Within ten (10) calendar days after such notification the registered user shall pay such funds to the bonding company as necessary to bring the bond back to the original or adjusted principal amount where it shall continue to be maintained at all times. The bond shall contain the following endorsement:
"It is hereby understood and agreed that this bond may not be reduced, altered or canceled by the registered user or the bonding company without forty-five (45) calendar days written notice by certified mail to the city."
(g) In the event the city draws monies against financial security provided by a letter of credit, the city shall so notify registered user. Within ten (10) calendar days after such notification the registered user shall deposit funds in the bank under the letter of credit sufficient to bring the balance available under the letter of credit back to the original or adjusted principal amount where it shall continue to be maintained at all times.
(h) If the city draws monies out of a cash deposit, the city shall so notify registered user. Within ten (10) calendar days after such notification the registered user shall deposit additional funds in such account sufficient to bring the balance available back to the original or adjusted principal amount.
Sec. 15-198. Insurance requirements.
- Certificate of insurance. In order to comply with the registration requirements of this article and prior to the issuance of a construction permit, the applicant shall furnish a completed certificate of insurance to the department which shall be completed by an agent authorized to bind the named underwriter(s) and their company to the coverage, limits and termination provisions shown thereon, and which shall furnish and contain all required information referenced or indicated thereon. Neither the registration nor the construction permit shall be issued until such certificate shall have been delivered to the department, and no officer or employee shall have the authority to waive this requirement.
- Coverage amounts. A registered user and a permittee shall obtain and maintain in full force and effect for the duration of the use and occupancy of the rights-of-way or of the work to be performed under the permit, respectively, at the registered user's or permittee's sole expense, insurance coverage written on an occurrence basis by companies authorized and admitted to do business in the state and rated A or better by A. M. Best Company and/or otherwise acceptable to the city in the following types and amounts as evidenced by a certificate of insurance filed with the city:
|(1) Workers' Compensation/ Employers' Liability
$100,000.00 per occurrence
(2) Commercial (Public) Liability, Including But Not Limited To:
$1,000,000.00 per person
$2,000,000.00 per occurrence and
- Independent Contractors
- Personal Injury
- Products/Completed Operations
- Contractual Liability
Insuring Below Indemnity Provisions)
$1,000,000.00 per occurrence with
(3) Automobile Policy:
Combined Single Limit: $1,000,000.00
- Required provisions. All insurance contracts and certificates of insurance will contain the following required provisions:
- A cancellation provision in which the insurance company is unconditionally required to notify the city in writing not fewer than thirty (30) days before canceling, failing to renew or reducing policy limits.
- The certificate shall state the policy number, the name of the insurance company, the name and address of the agent or authorized representative of the insurance company, the name, address and telephone number of the insured, the policy expiration date and specific coverage amounts.
- The certificate shall name the city as an additional insured on general liability.
- A waiver of subrogation in favor of the city on both general liability and workers' compensation.
- Self-insurance. With respect to the registered user's and permittee's obligations to comply with the requirements for commercial general (public) liability insurance coverage, the city may allow the registered user or permittee to self-insure upon annual production of evidence that is satisfactory to the city. With respect to the registered user's or permittee's obligations to comply with the requirements for automobile liability insurance and for workers' compensation insurance, the registered user or permittee may self-insure, provided the registered user or permittee tender satisfactory evidence of self-insurance as contemplated by the state motor vehicle financial responsibility law, Tex. Transp. Code § 601.124, and the Texas Workers' Compensation Act, Tex. Labor Code § 407.001, et. seq.
- Registered users with franchise agreements or licenses from the city may meet the above insurance and bonding requirements if their current franchise adequately provides for insurance or bonds, or provides an indemnity in favor of the city.
Sec. 15-199. Accounts, records, reports and investigations.
- In addition to any requirements that may be contained in a franchise agreement, upon written request, the registered user shall provide the city information as to all matters in connection with or affecting the construction, reconstruction, removal, maintenance and repair of its facilities performed by the registered user in the rights-of-way within ten (10) calendar days of such request.
- Use by city of plans. The city will use the information provided by permittees and registered users pursuant to this section only for the purposes of protection and management of the public rights-of-way.
Sec. 15-200. Transfer or assignment of facilities.
- Within thirty (30) calendar days after the effective date of a transfer of ownership or control of the facilities in the rights-of-way, the transferee shall register with the city in accordance with the provisions of this article.
- The acceptance by the city of the registration of the transferee does not constitute a waiver or release of any of the rights of the city under this article whether arising before or after the date of the transfer.
Sec. 15-201. Notices.
All notices required herein shall be in writing and shall be delivered in person to the respective parties or sent by certified mail at the addresses set forth in the registration or the permit application.
Sec. 15-202. Violations.
(a) Each violation of this article shall be punishable by a fine up to five hundred dollars ($500.00) for each violation. Each day upon which there exists a violation of this article or a failure to abide by or comply with any provision or requirement of this article shall constitute a separate occurrence, and may subject the offender to additional penalties.
(b) In addition to the criminal penalties set forth herein, the city may seek termination of the permit and a suit in court to compel compliance in accordance with the following procedures.
(1) If the city has reason to believe that the registered user/permittee is in violation of this article, the city shall notify the registered user/permittee in writing of the violation setting forth the nature of such violation. Within thirty (30) calendar days of receipt of such notice the registered user/permittee shall respond in writing to provide explanation or documentation to support that the violation did not occur. Registered user/permittee shall be allowed thirty (30) calendar days to cure violations after written notice is received from the city by taking appropriate steps to comply with the terms of this article and any lawful regulations. If the nature of the violation is such that it cannot be fully cured within thirty (30) calendar days, the period of time in which the registered user/permittee must cure the violation shall be extended for such additional time necessary to complete the cure provided that:
a. Registered user/permittee shall have promptly commenced to cure; and
b. Registered user/permittee is diligently pursuing its efforts to cure.
(2) Upon evidence being received by the city that violations of this article, any City Charter provisions or any ordinances lawfully regulating registered user/permittee in the construction and operation of its facilities have occurred or continue to occur after the thirty (30) calendar day period and any additional time necessary to cure, the city may cause an investigation to be made. If the city finds that such a violation continues to exist or has occurred, then the city may take any action authorized by law including termination of the permit and a suit in court to compel compliance.
(c) Failure by the city to enforce any rights under this article does not constitute a waiver of such rights.
(d) If a registered user is a franchise of the city and such franchise expires or is otherwise terminated, if a registered user fails after receiving written notice from the city to renew its registration as required in section 15-193(a), or if for any other reason a registered user abandons its facilities in the rights-of-way, then to protect the public health and safety and to the extent authorized by law, the city may require the registered user to remove its facilities and equipment at the registered user's expense upon fifteen (15) days' written notice. If the registered user fails to do so within a reasonable period of time, the city may have the removal done at the registered user's expense.
Sec. 15-203. Miscellaneous.
- The obligations and undertakings of the parties in this article shall be performed at the city. Venue of any suits arising hereunder shall be the county.
- The director, either directly or through a duly appointed designee, shall have the responsibility for overseeing the day-to-day administration of this article. The director shall be empowered to take all administrative actions on behalf of the city except for those actions specified in this article that are reserved to the city council. The director may recommend that the city council take certain actions with respect to the permit.
- A registered user/permittee shall have the right to appeal to the city council any decision of the director relating to such registration or permit. Such appeal must be made by written request within fifteen (15) calendar days of the director's decision that the registered user/permittee seeks to appeal.
Sec. 15-204. Reservation of rights.
- The city reserves the right to amend this article as it shall find necessary in the lawful exercise of its police powers.
- Any additional regulations adopted by the city shall be incorporated into this article and complied with by all permittees within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of the adoption of such additional regulations.
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