U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Exploratory Advanced Research Program
FHWA Exploratory Advanced Research (EAR) Program results to be presented at the Transportation Research Board 2017 Annual Meeting:
“Exploratory Advanced Research Program: Recent, Current, and Upcoming Activities,” Sunday, 4 - 7 p.m.; Monday, 9 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Tuesday, 9 a.m. - 4 p.m. Exhibit Hall, Convention Center, EAR Program Booth 1016.
“Modeling Lane Change Behavior on a Highway with a High-Oc cupancy-Vehicle Lane with Continuous Access and Egress,” Monday, 8 - 9:45 a.m. Session 236, Managed Lanes and Congestion Pricing Analysis, Design, and Operation, Convention Center.
“An Enhanced Microscopic Traffic Simulation Model for Application to Connected Automated Vehicles,” Wednesday, 8 - 9:45 a.m. Session 798, Traffic Flow Theory and Characteristics, Convention Center.
“Realistic Car-Following Models for Microscopic Simulation of Adaptive and Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control Vehicles,” Monday, 10:15 a.m. - 12 p.m. Session 321, Car-following Models and Longitudinal Control, Convention Center.
"A Scalable Short-Term Origin-Destination Estimation Approach Based on Modularized Network with Connected Vehicle Technology,” Monday, 1:30 - 3:15 p.m., Session 357, Innovations in Urban Transportation Data, Convention Center.
“Responsive Signal Control with Active Connected Vehicles,” Tuesday, 8 - 9:45a.m., Session 528, Adaptive Control of Traffic Signal Systems, Convention Center.
On July 20, 2016, Federal Highway Association’s (FHWA’s) Office of Safety Research and Development conducted a workshop on “Human Factors Issues Associated with ‘Connected Automation’ Applications.” The workshop was held during the Transportation Research Board’s Automated Vehicle Symposium, which took place from July 19 through 21 in San Francisco, CA. Participants examined human factors issues associated with near-term deployment of connected automation applications, such as Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC). The workshop included CACC results from experiments conducted for an Exploratory Advanced Research (EAR) Program-sponsored study. Brian Philips presented the results of this research. Although already demonstrated as technically feasible, connected automation applications face potential hurdles related to the abilities and limitations of the humans using them. The effect usage of connected automation applications may have on drivers’ workload directly impacts performance and safety, and influences drivers’ overall situation awareness. During moderated breakout sessions and facilitated expert panel discussions, participants explored these challenges as well as near-term implementation questions and issues.
On April 28, 2016, the Transportation Research Board (TRB) conducted a webinar to present an overview of the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) Assessment for describing the maturity of highway research products. The FHWA worked with the Volpe Center to develop the assessment. The webinar included background on the assessment tool, examples of its use, and lessons on how it can be applied to highway transportation research programs. The first 60 minutes of the webinar included presentations, and the final 30 minutes was reserved for audience questions. TRB’s Standing Committee on Conduct of Research organized the webinar. For full details about the webinar, go to http://www.trb.org/ElectronicSessions/Blurbs/173937.aspx. Contact Reggie Gillum at RGillum@nas.edu with any questions regarding the webinar.
On March 31, 2016, the TRB conducted a webinar to present an overview of the results of two FHWA EAR Program studies on pursuing energy harvesting and application in the public right-of-way: (1) A Roadway Wind/Solar Hybrid Power Generation and Distribution System Technology; and (2) Kinetic-to-Electric Energy Conversion Technology as a Roadway Energy Harvester. Project researchers provided their approach, results, and recommendations for advancing their technologies, The webinar began with an introduction of the EAR Program and motivation for the research and ended with a question-and-answer session. For full details about the webinar, go to http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/173859.aspx. Contact Reggie Gillum at RGillum@nas.edu with any questions regarding the webinar.
From April 27–30, 2014, in Baltimore, MD, the Transportation Research Board held its fifth conference on Innovations in Travel Modeling. The conference featured sessions that addressed a range of topics related to innovations in travel modeling including sessions highlighting FHWA’s EAR Program sponsored research on the use of agent-based models and simulation. For more information, see http://www.cvent.com/events/innovations-in-travel-modeling/custom-18-477f7b8596454859ac120f90d9ebc56c.aspx.
The FHWA EAR Program has been investigating advanced technologies in computer vision, robotics, and artificial intelligence to improve mobility and navigation of travelers with vision impairment. Mohammed Yusuf, a research engineer with the FHWA Office of Operations Research and Development and the technical point of contact for an EAR Program sponsored research project, presented at the South by Southwest (SXSW) conference on March 7–16, 2014, in Austin, TX. Yusuf was one of the presenters for a session on “Gaining Vision the Robotic Way.” This session explored the opportunities associated with advances in sensing and vision-free interfaces and robotic technology for route planning and guidance. Experts from government, academia, and the private sector discussed emerging trends in transportation and technology, and looked for ways to work collaboratively to further the research. Further details about the session are available at http://schedule.sxsw.com/2014/events/event_IAP21294.
FHWA held a web conference on February 27, 2014, to make U.S. entities aware of and prepare them for seeking partners for the Infravation Program. Infravation is Infrastructure plus Innovation. The objective of the program was to increase opportunity for exploiting and accelerating the update of novel materials and new technologies for the design, construction, and life-cycle operation of highway infrastructure. For more information, please go to https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/research/resources/infravation.cfm.
The EAR Program supported a workshop for the Office of Freight Management and Operations and the Office of Planning titled “National Multimodal Freight Analysis Framework Research.” The workshop took place on December 11, 2013, in Washington, DC, at the National Academies of Sciences’ Keck Center. Invited participants discussed the state of the art, primary gaps in current capabilities, and strategies for addressing these gaps, particularly in the areas of a multi-modal freight networks, freight demand modeling, and origin-destination data disaggregation. At the conclusion of this workshop, FHWA identified a set of topics that could be incorporated into future EAR Program solicitations, and ultimately inform the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF) version 4, scheduled for release in late 2015. For more information, please go to https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/advancedresearch/pubs/14054/index.cfm.