U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
202-366-4000


Skip to content U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration

Bridges & Structures

Bridge Replacement Unit Costs 2019

  • Columns on some of the wide tables may be not be visible. Use the scroll bar at the bottom of the table or swipe to view columns to the right.

using converted metric data

NHS POOR (SD)  |  non-NHS POOR (SD)  |  NHS and non-NHS POOR (SD)

ESTIMATED 2019 REPLACEMENT AND REHABILITATION COSTS OF POOR (STRUCTURALLY DEFICIENT (SD))
NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM (NHS) BRIDGES
StateTotal Number of POOR (SD) NHS Bridges 2019*Total Area of POOR (SD) NHS Bridges 2019 (ft2)*Replacement Unit Costs of NHS Bridges (dollars/ft2)Estimated 2019 Total Costs (dollars) Assuming Replacement of Total Number of POOR (SD) NHS BridgesEstimated 2019 Total Costs (dollars) Assuming Rehabilitation of Total Number of POOR (SD) NHS Bridges (Rehabilitation cost = 68% of Replacement cost)
2017 Costs Collected in 20182018 Costs Collected in 2019 2019 Costs Collected in 2020 Cost Used For 2019 Estimates**
Alabama 41 1,146,470 160 98 110 123 140,633,684 95,630,905
Alaska 23 268,496 340 242   291 78,132,368 53,130,010
Arizona 25 353,282 130 133 393 219 77,251,069 52,530,727
Arkansas 58 1,191,504 205 138 239 194 231,151,729 157,183,176
California 514 15,838,692 234 293 288 272 4,302,844,754 2,925,934,433
Colorado 104 1,851,232 129 123 146 133 245,596,845 167,005,854
Connecticut 73 3,055,060 288 325 397 337 1,028,536,905 699,405,096
Delaware 6 461,902       246 113,627,905 77,266,975
District Of Columbia 8 589,144   388   388 228,587,873 155,439,753
Florida 23 1,551,059 135 113 119 122 189,746,212 129,027,424
Georgia 20 698,954 152 245 136 178 124,180,884 84,443,001
Hawaii 31 245,739 1,589 1,342 1,119 1,350 331,747,548 225,588,333
Idaho 29 281,486 159 221 240 207 58,173,687 39,558,107
Illinois 432 10,111,783 179 169 183 177 1,789,785,526 1,217,054,157
Indiana 49 707,461 368 350 160 293 207,050,210 140,794,143
Iowa 23 793,156 117 124 94 112 88,569,107 60,226,993
Kansas 10 434,458 118 360 106 195 84,574,517 57,510,671
Kentucky 38 1,241,605 196 124 117 146 180,860,526 122,985,157
Louisiana 146 9,909,240 246 96 145 162 1,608,599,915 1,093,847,943
Maine 30 210,345   191 548 370 77,722,311 52,851,172
Maryland 40 1,078,514   316   316 340,810,447 231,751,104
Massachusetts 203 3,810,652 472 347 547 455 1,735,117,102 1,179,879,629
Michigan 173 2,365,489 206 188 223 206 486,502,204 330,821,499
Minnesota 35 322,281 199 221 207 209 67,356,626 45,802,506
Mississippi 22 979,903 104 74 103 94 91,784,246 62,413,287
Missouri 166 4,583,210 88 105 98 97 444,571,355 302,308,521
Montana 45 798,440 148 150 169 156 124,290,492 84,517,534
Nebraska 49 311,425 151 156   154 47,803,731 32,506,537
Nevada 6 112,579     192 192 21,615,184 14,698,325
New Hampshire 29 337,333 363   339 351 118,403,768 80,514,562
New Jersey 180 4,263,580 328 341 517 395 1,685,535,147 1,146,163,900
New Mexico 33 368,230 161   144 153 56,155,093 38,185,463
New York 327 9,971,857 289 262 456 336 3,347,220,038 2,276,109,626
North Carolina 179 3,203,055 110 112 150 124 397,178,765 270,081,560
North Dakota 9 122,163 129 136 228 164 20,075,491 13,651,334
Ohio 65 1,231,040 169 165 197 177 217,894,019 148,167,933
Oklahoma 60 842,176 100 117 168 128 108,079,233 73,493,878
Oregon 28 555,715 195 203 196 198 110,031,494 74,821,416
Pennsylvania 338 4,595,929 299 269 396 321 1,476,825,262 1,004,241,178
Rhode Island 86 1,575,193 277 464 373 371 584,921,542 397,746,648
South Carolina 100 2,023,228 144 136 143 141 285,275,206 193,987,140
South Dakota 18 203,041 145 162 249 185 37,630,263 25,588,579
Tennessee 121 2,189,904 128 81 142 117 256,218,785 174,228,774
Texas 85 3,338,829 80 60 95 78 261,541,611 177,848,295
Utah 6 62,972     204 204 12,846,230 8,735,436
Vermont 11 165,172 323     323 53,350,669 36,278,455
Virginia 108 2,078,680 360 191 217 256 532,142,180 361,856,683
Washington 116 3,325,292 271   269 270 897,828,731 610,523,537
West Virginia 201 3,753,026 196 169 162 176 659,281,647 448,311,520
Wisconsin 97 786,573 107 138 129 125 98,059,461 66,680,433
Wyoming 40 428,150 151 168 192 170 72,928,194 49,591,172
Puerto Rico 71 1,519,581       246 373,816,952 254,195,528
Totals 4,730 112,244,280     246   26,210,464,740 17,823,116,023
  • *Year of the National Bridge Inventory data set used is the December 2019 archive, see https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/bridge/nbi/condition.cfm
  • **Costs used for estimates is determined by averaging the current and the previous 2 years of submitted Replacement Unit Costs of NHS Bridges.
    • When cost data is not submitted for a particular year in the 3 year period, an average of the costs submitted is used.
    • When no cost data is submitted for the entire 3 year period, the National Average of the Costs Collected for the current year is used.
    • Blank means no cost data was submitted for the particular year.
    • Bridge construction costs may vary year to year. To minimize this variation, an average unit cost is used as it is a good measure of central tendency.
      • The use of average unit costs has historically been done for calculating the Highway Bridge Program apportionments.
    • National Average of the costs collected to replace NHS bridges is $246/ft2
      • National Average = Average of all the costs in column '2019 Costs Collected in 2020'.
    • FHWA initiated the collection of Replacement Unit Costs of NHS and non-NHS Bridges in 2012 as is required under MAP-21.
    • Collection of costs related to bridge construction is required by the National Bridge and Tunnel Inspection Standards (23 U.S.C.144(b)(5)).

ESTIMATED 2019 REPLACEMENT AND REHABILITATION COSTS OF POOR (STRUCTURALLY DEFICIENT (SD))
NON-NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM (non-NHS) BRIDGES
StateTotal Number of POOR (SD) non-NHS Bridges 2019* Total Area of POOR (SD) non-NHS Bridges 2019 (ft2)* Replacement Unit Costs of non-NHS Bridges (dollars/ft2) Estimated 2019 Total Costs (dollars) Assuming Replacement of Total Number of POOR (SD) non-NHS BridgesEstimated 2019 Total Costs (dollars) Assuming Rehabilitation of Total Number of POOR (SD) non-NHS Bridges (Rehabilitation cost = 68% of Replacement cost)
2017 Costs Collected in 2018 2018 Costs Collected in 2019 2019 Costs Collected in 2020 Cost Used For 2019 Estimates**
Alabama 613 1,478,449 114 123 119 119 175,442,649 119,301,001
Alaska 122 348,375 449 541 274 421 146,782,051 99,811,795
Arizona 112 547,678 135 156 228 173 94,748,290 64,428,837
Arkansas 568 2,114,332 144 149 180 158 333,359,651 226,684,562
California 1,283 7,352,142 364 929 371 555 4,077,987,902 2,773,031,773
Colorado 362 960,290 173 142   158 151,245,722 102,847,091
Connecticut 202 712,306 411 559 468 479 341,431,945 232,173,723
Delaware 22 125,161 297   455 376 47,060,442 32,001,101
District Of Columbia 2 3,908   615 1,467 1,041 4,067,813 2,766,113
Florida 338 1,787,534 163 124 204 164 292,559,669 198,940,575
Georgia 421 1,537,014 134 175 163 157 241,823,473 164,439,962
Hawaii 49 91,499   914 2,336 1,625 148,685,271 101,105,984
Idaho 266 665,000 189 227 231 216 143,418,301 97,524,445
Illinois 1,975 7,816,882 192 174 175 180 1,409,644,305 958,558,128
Indiana 1,117 2,780,218 171 270 198 213 592,186,382 402,686,740
Iowa 4,552 8,570,918 108 99 104 104 888,518,547 604,192,612
Kansas 1,270 2,168,509 84 90 116 97 209,622,574 142,543,351
Kentucky 1,004 2,274,490 151 143 270 188 427,604,102 290,770,789
Louisiana 1,555 6,211,508 125 124 169 139 865,470,107 588,519,673
Maine 284 803,451 260 253 381 298 239,428,471 162,811,360
Maryland 233 904,442 346 328 356 343 310,525,057 211,157,039
Massachusetts 266 1,332,953 367 472 551 463 617,601,505 419,969,023
Michigan 1,044 2,946,737 232 226 230 229 675,785,078 459,533,853
Minnesota 596 2,224,456 127 222 125 158 351,463,982 238,995,508
Mississippi 1,462 3,259,570 76 76 95 82 268,371,224 182,492,432
Missouri 1,981 5,817,458 110 104 111 108 630,224,607 428,552,733
Montana 335 930,821 158 185 205 183 170,029,954 115,620,369
Nebraska 1,307 2,167,175 181 167 146 165 356,861,437 242,665,777
Nevada 20 81,301   342   342 27,804,924 18,907,348
New Hampshire 184 516,746 316 266 688 423 218,755,710 148,753,883
New Jersey 349 1,668,856     566 566 944,572,366 642,309,209
New Mexico 187 691,356 183 206   195 134,468,666 91,438,693
New York 1,418 4,289,258 314 343 370 342 1,468,355,968 998,482,058
North Carolina 1,535 5,967,778 123 126 149 133 791,725,274 538,373,187
North Dakota 453 534,045 207 165 167 180 95,950,095 65,246,064
Ohio 1,392 4,175,975 180 188 177 182 758,635,486 515,872,131
Oklahoma 2,292 4,185,022 94 106 125 108 453,377,354 308,296,601
Oregon 398 1,255,056 174 253 250 226 283,224,347 192,592,556
Pennsylvania 3,163 7,021,992 335 349 354 346 2,429,609,318 1,652,134,336
Rhode Island 88 387,307 269 413 427 370 143,174,629 97,358,748
South Carolina 695 3,027,977 108 121 129 119 361,338,535 245,710,204
South Dakota 973 1,639,632 134 196 180 170 278,737,410 189,541,439
Tennessee 766 2,455,161 90 123 120 111 272,522,830 185,315,525
Texas 640 2,604,986 109 91 97 99 257,893,624 175,367,664
Utah 60 114,101   168 202 185 21,108,621 14,353,862
Vermont 57 238,424 294 228 288 270 64,374,380 43,774,579
Virginia 499 1,944,657 281 332 235 283 549,689,698 373,788,995
Washington 268 1,357,187 241 192 316 250 338,844,298 230,414,123
West Virginia 1,330 2,846,483 184 219 226 210 596,812,625 405,832,585
Wisconsin 929 2,226,728 117 132 137 129 286,505,695 194,823,873
Wyoming 175 612,776 110 163 156 143 87,627,026 59,586,378
Puerto Rico 213 728,458 208   305 257 186,849,594 127,057,724
Totals 41,425 118,504,535     315   25,263,908,987 17,179,458,111
  • *Year of the National Bridge Inventory data set used is the December 2019 archive, see https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/bridge/nbi/condition.cfm
  • **Costs used for estimates is determined by averaging the current and the previous 2 years of submitted Replacement Unit Costs of NHS Bridges.
    • When cost data is not submitted for a particular year in the 3 year period, an average of the costs submitted is used.
    • When no cost data is submitted for the entire 3 year period, the National Average of the Costs Collected for the current year is used.
    • Blank means no cost data was submitted for the particular year.
    • Bridge construction costs may vary year to year. To minimize this variation, an average unit cost is used as it is a good measure of central tendency.
      • The use of average unit costs has historically been done for calculating the Highway Bridge Program apportionments.
    • National Average of the costs collected to replace non-NHS bridges is $315/ft2
      • National Average = Average of all the costs in column '2019 Costs Collected in 2020'.
    • FHWA initiated the collection of Replacement Unit Costs of NHS and non-NHS Bridges in 2012 as is required under MAP-21.
    • Collection of costs related to bridge construction is required by the National Bridge and Tunnel Inspection Standards (23 U.S.C.144(b)(5)).

ESTIMATED 2019 REPLACEMENT AND REHABILITATION COSTS OF POOR (STRUCTURALLY DEFICIENT (SD))
NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM (NHS) and NON-NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM (non-NHS) BRIDGES
State Total Number of POOR (SD) NHS and non-NHS Bridges 2019* Total Area of POOR (SD) NHS and non-NHS Bridges 2019 (ft2) * Estimated 2019 Total Costs (dollars) Assuming Replacement of Total Number of POOR (SD) NHS and non-NHS Bridges Estimated 2019 Total Costs (dollars) Assuming Rehabilitation of Total Number of POOR (SD) NHS and non-NHS Bridges (Rehabilitation cost = 68% of Replacement cost)
Alabama 654 2,624,920 316,076,333 214,931,906
Alaska 145 616,871 224,914,419 152,941,805
Arizona 137 900,960 171,999,358 116,959,564
Arkansas 626 3,305,836 564,511,380 383,867,738
California 1,797 23,190,834 8,380,832,656 5,698,966,206
Colorado 466 2,811,523 396,842,566 269,852,945
Connecticut 275 3,767,366 1,369,968,851 931,578,819
Delaware 28 587,063 160,688,347 109,268,076
District Of Columbia 10 593,052 232,655,686 158,205,866
Florida 361 3,338,593 482,305,881 327,967,999
Georgia 441 2,235,968 366,004,357 248,882,963
Hawaii 80 337,238 480,432,819 326,694,317
Idaho 295 946,485 201,591,988 137,082,552
Illinois 2,407 17,928,664 3,199,429,831 2,175,612,285
Indiana 1,166 3,487,679 799,236,592 543,480,883
Iowa 4,575 9,364,075 977,087,654 664,419,605
Kansas 1,280 2,602,968 294,197,091 200,054,022
Kentucky 1,042 3,516,095 608,464,627 413,755,947
Louisiana 1,701 16,120,748 2,474,070,022 1,682,367,615
Maine 314 1,013,796 317,150,782 215,662,532
Maryland 273 1,982,956 651,335,505 442,908,143
Massachusetts 469 5,143,605 2,352,718,607 1,599,848,653
Michigan 1,217 5,312,226 1,162,287,282 790,355,352
Minnesota 631 2,546,736 418,820,608 284,798,013
Mississippi 1,484 4,239,472 360,155,469 244,905,719
Missouri 2,147 10,400,668 1,074,795,962 730,861,254
Montana 380 1,729,261 294,320,446 200,137,903
Nebraska 1,356 2,478,600 404,665,168 275,172,315
Nevada 26 193,880 49,420,107 33,605,673
New Hampshire 213 854,078 337,159,478 229,268,445
New Jersey 529 5,932,435 2,630,107,513 1,788,473,109
New Mexico 220 1,059,586 190,623,759 129,624,156
New York 1,745 14,261,115 4,815,576,006 3,274,591,684
North Carolina 1,714 9,170,833 1,188,904,039 808,454,747
North Dakota 462 656,208 116,025,586 78,897,398
Ohio 1,457 5,407,015 976,529,505 664,040,064
Oklahoma 2,352 5,027,198 561,456,587 381,790,479
Oregon 426 1,810,771 393,255,842 267,413,972
Pennsylvania 3,501 11,617,921 3,906,434,579 2,656,375,514
Rhode Island 174 1,962,500 728,096,171 495,105,396
South Carolina 795 5,051,205 646,613,741 439,697,344
South Dakota 991 1,842,673 316,367,673 215,130,018
Tennessee 887 4,645,065 528,741,615 359,544,298
Texas 725 5,943,815 519,435,235 353,215,960
Utah 66 177,072 33,954,851 23,089,299
Vermont 68 403,596 117,725,049 80,053,033
Virginia 607 4,023,337 1,081,831,879 735,645,678
Washington 384 4,682,478 1,236,673,030 840,937,660
West Virginia 1,531 6,599,510 1,256,094,272 854,144,105
Wisconsin 1,026 3,013,301 384,565,156 261,504,306
Wyoming 215 1,040,926 160,555,220 109,177,550
Puerto Rico 284 2,248,040 560,666,546 381,253,252
Totals 46,155 230,748,815 51,474,373,727 35,002,574,135
Updated: 07/14/2020
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000