Hydraulic Performance of Shallow Foundations for The Support of Vertical-Wall Bridge Abutments
This study combined abutment flume experiments with numerical modeling using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to investigate flow fields and scour at vertical-wall abutments with shallow foundations. The focus was situations dominated by flow contraction in the bridge opening, turbulence around the bridge abutments, and variations in bed roughness and cross-section geometry resulting from riprap apron installation at the streambed elevation.
- FHWA Publication Number: HRT-17-013
- Publication Year: 2017