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Bicycle Transportation and Pedestrian Walkways - Legislative and Policy History

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Summary: March 29, 2010

Section 217 of Title 23 of the United States Code (23 U.S.C. 217), Bicycle Transportation and Pedestrian Walkways, was originally enacted on August 13, 1973. It has been revised several times since. There were major revisions made through the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991, and additional revisions in subsequent legislation. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 also affected how pedestrian facilities must be considered and constructed.

The regulation in Title 23 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 652 (23 CFR 652) was enacted on March 22, 1984. Much of 23 CFR 652 is obsolete because of laws enacted since 1984, and associated policy changes. See Revisions Needed for 23 CFR Part 652.

Title 23 is available at the Government Printing Office U.S. Code Browse. A detailed history of legislative amendments follows the text for each section. For Section 217, see: Text or PDF.

Here are the most relevant sections of legislation and policy that relate to bicycle transportation facilities and pedestrian walkways that have been enacted since 1990.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990

Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991

National Highway System Designation Act of 1995

Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) of 1998

Additional Guidance and Resources (under TEA-21)

Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) of 2005

Additional Guidance and Resources (under SAFETEA-LU)

See also: Revisions Needed for 23 CFR Part 652.

Updated: 12/2/2016
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