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Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)

Connections to Activity Centers

NTPP PedBike LogoThe Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program
Columbia, MO - Marin County, CA - Minneapolis, MN - Sheboygan County, WI
Preliminary Observations and Experiences

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One goal of the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP) and its pilot communities is to develop a network of infrastructure facilities for walking and biking that connect directly with transit stations and community activity centers, including education, work, and recreation sites, and other important destinations. These connections are a vital component of a complete transportation system, enhance community livability and accessibility, and promote walking and bicycling as a viable option for recreation as well as to serve every day needs.

In selecting projects funded through the program, the NTPP communities carefully consider opportunities to improve access to high priority destinations.

The chart below shows the percentage of program funds spent on projects that include at least one connection to one of a variety of destinations. In many cases, the same project connects to multiple destinations.

Percent of Program Funds* Spent on Connections to Activity Centers
Chart: Schools; ~75%, Universities; ~51%, Downtown & Employment Districts; 80%, Senior Facilities; ~18%, Hospital/ Medical Clinics; ~31%, Parks, Recreation, Sporting; ~73%, Grocery Stores; 52%, Museums, Tourist Attractions; ~38%
* funds programmed as of December 2010, across all four communities

In some cases, these projects fill gaps between existing bicycle and pedestrian facilities; in other cases, they have constructed new facilities or installed bicycle racks at key destinations. Example projects include:

Fall 2010 -- Prepared by the USDOT/Volpe Center for the Federal Highway Administration and NTPP Pilot Communities

Section 1807 of the Safe, Accountable Flexible Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users established the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP) in August 2005. Over the span of four years (2007-2010), the legislation authorizes $25 million for each of the NTPP's four pilot communities to construct and invest in nonmotorized transportation infrastructure and programs. The purpose of the NTPP is "to demonstrate the extent to which bicycling and walking can carry a significant part of the transportation load, and represent a major portion of the transportation solution, within selected communities."

* This research has been funded by the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Planning, Environment and Realty's Surface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program (STEP).

Updated: 5/30/2014
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