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An Action Plan to Integrate Plug-in Electric Vehicles with the U.S. Electrical Grid

7 Next Steps

The Action Plan, created by the PEV Dialogue Group, is an attempt to lay out the steps necessary to integrate PEVs with the electrical grid nationwide. The Action Plan is Phase I of the PEV Deployment Initiative (PEVDI), a unique effortled by C2ES aimed at accelerating PEV adoption nationwide.

While the Action Plan takes a broad look at the challenges related to PEV-grid integration, it is not a complete blueprint. Considering the immense breadth of this effort, the Group avoided duplicating other worthwhile, ongoing efforts. The Action Plan aims to complement these efforts using the unique skills provided by the Group.

The Action Plan suggests roles for businesses, electric utilities, government, and NGOs in PEV deployment, and it identifies needed actions fora compatible regulatory framework, public and private investment, PEV rollout, and consumer education.

Throughout this project, the Group identified additional gaps in addressing challenges related to PEV deployment that went beyond the scope of this initial effort. Phase II of PEVDI will constitute the implementation of the Action, including the following four projects:

With Phase II,C2ES intends to work with the PEV Dialogue Group toimplement the Action Plan. C2ES will lead efforts to advocate for implementation of the Action Plan with businesses, stakeholders, and officials at the local, state, and federal levels. The emphasis will be on solutions to key challenges including harmonizing a regulatory framework nationwide, overcoming the consumer information gap, and optimizing public and private investments. C2ES will track progress on the implementation of the Action Plan on its website and through publications.

7.1 Connect PEV Leaders around the Country

To address the major challenges of PEV deployment, coordination is needed with policymakers, regulators, the business community, researchers, NGOs, and the public.With the numerous pilot programs and consumer studies currently under way, there is a need to identify best practices and common standards for managing consumer demand and understanding stakeholder responsibilities.The Action Plan highlights the need for high-level coordination and planning among all PEV stakeholders to address complex and time-sensitive challenges.

The Group will complete the Connect PEV Leaders around the Country by producing a common set of materials, leading and facilitating monthly meetings, coordinating initiatives at all levels of government, and sharing lessons learned.The Group will work with various non-governmental and government partners to produce and disseminate these materials.

7.2 Advise PEV Stakeholders

Chapters 3 and 4 of the Action Plan identified the need for coordination and planning at the local, state, and regional levels.Various state and local governments have already implementedkey rules and regulations, and current regulatory actions are not being coordinated in ways that will assure the smooth development of the PEV marketplace.The ongoing pilot programs and future consumer studies will help determine and influence state and region-specific policies.Overall, regulations that capture best practices and adopt common standards can lay a foundation for PEVs to help maintain the reliability of the U.S. electrical grid and preserve low electricity costs to consumers.

Through Advise PEV Stakeholders, the Group will provide expertise on electricity and transportation regulations, the optimization of public and private investments, and the facilitation of PEV rollout. This will help ensure that stakeholder actions taken in different areas are compatible.

7.3 Driver Behavior Analysis

In Chapter 4, the Action Plan identified significant uncertainties regarding driver behavior.Key stakeholders are uncertain of both the nature and length of PEV trips and where PEV drivers charge their vehicles.As the market develops, it is critical that researchers analyze data on driver behavior and share results with relevant stakeholders.

With Driver Behavior Analysis, the Group will focus on driver behavior research using information available from pilot projects.By collaborating with pilot project leaders,the Group aims to identify and publicly share ways to optimize EVSE locations, maintain grid reliability, and maximize vehicle range.

7.4 Consumer Education Strategy

Chapter 6 of the Action Planidentified how successful PEV deployment will depend on educating mainstream consumers.Consumers are most likely to seek information on PEVs from thirdparty, online sources.As such, the development of a web platform that provides up-to-date information and allows consumers to make an educated choice about purchasing a PEV will be an essential undertaking.

The envisioned ConsumerEducation Strategy will develop, validate, and share interactive and portable tools and resources to educate consumerson the PEV value proposition and up-to-date information on the latest PEV technology.The portal willprovide analysis tools that willinform consumers about PEV benefits, TCO calculation, PEV technology, and region-specific PEV information, such as layered maps that include policy incentives and vehicle charging options.The Group will work with a variety of government and business partners to develop the portal and promote it through a variety of avenues.

Updated: 10/29/2014
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