Skip to content U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration
Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)

Regional Climate Change Effects: Useful Information for Transportation Agencies


Ahrens, C. 2007. Meteorology Today. Thomson Brooks/Cole, CA, USA. 537pp.

Busey, R., L. Hinzman, J. Cassano, and E. Cassano. 2008. Permafrost Distributions on the Seward Peninsula: Past, Present, and Future. In Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Permafrost 1: 215-220. University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

California Department of Water Resources (DWR). 2008. Technical Memorandum: Delta Risk Management Strategy (DRMS) Phase 1. 43pp.

Cayan, D.,Bromirski, P., Hayhoe, K., Tyree, M., Dettinger, M., and Flick, R. 2006. Projecting Future Sea Level. California Climate Change Center. CEC-500-2005-202-SF. 64pp.

Cayan, D., Bromirski, P., Hayhoe, K., Tyree, M., Dettinger, M., & Flick, R. 2008. Climate change projections of sea level extremes along the California coast. Climatic Change 87(0), 57-73. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-007-9376-7.

Cayan, D., M. Tyree, M. Dettinger, H. Hidalgo, T. Das, E. Maurer, P. Bromirski, N. Graham, and R. Flick. 2009. Climate change scenarios and sea level rise estimates for the California 2008 climate change scenarios assessment. California Climate Change Center. CEC-500-2009-014-D, 62pp.

Center for Science in the Earth System (CIG). 2007. Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional, and State Governments. 186pp.

Climate Change Science Program (CCSP). 2007. Scenarios of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Atmospheric Concentrations (Part A) and Review of Integrated Scenario Development and Application (Part B). A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research [Clarke, L., J. Edmonds, J. Jacoby, H. Pitcher, J. Reilly, R. Richels, E. Parson, V. Burkett, K. Fisher-Vanden, D. Keith, L. Mearns, C. Rosenzweig, M. Webster (Authors)]. Department of Energy,
Office of Biological & Environmental Research, Washington, DC., USA. 260pp.

Climate Change Science Program (CCSP). 2008a. Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on Transportation Systems and Infrastructure: Gulf Coast Study, Phase I. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. Savonis, M. J., V.R. Burkett, and J.R. Potter (eds.). Washington, DC: Department of Transportation. 445pp.

Climate Change Science Program (CCSP). 2008b. Synthesis and Assessment Product 3.3: Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. Regions of Focus: North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. Department of Commerce, NOAA's National Climatic Data Center, Washington, D.C. 164pp.

Climate Change Science Program (CCSP). 2009. Coastal Sensitivity to Sea-Level Rise: A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. [James G. Titus (Coordinating Lead Author), K. Eric Anderson, Donald R. Cahoon, Dean B. Gesch, Stephen K. Gill, Benjamin T. Gutierrez, E. Robert Thieler, and S. Jeffress Williams (Lead Authors)]. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C., USA. 320pp.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO). 2006. Infrastructure and climate change risk assessment for Victoria. Report to the Victorian Government. Australia. 177pp.

Department for Transport. 2004. The changing climate: its impact on the Department for Transport. United Kingdom: Department for Transport.

Diffenbaugh, N., J.S. Pal, R. J. Trapp and F. Giorgi. 2005. Fine-scale processes regulate the response of extreme events to global climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102(44):15774-15778.

Ebi, K. and G. Meehl. 2007. The Heat is On: Climate Change & Heatwaves in the Midwest. Pew Center on Global Climate Change. 20pp. Excerpted from the full report: Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States.

Frumhoff, P.C., JJ McCarthy, J.M. Melillo, S.C. Moser and D.J. Wuebbles. 2007. Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Northeast: Science, Impacts and Solutions. Synthesis report of the Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment (NECIA). Cambridge MA: Union of Concerned Scientists. 160pp.

GISS. 2009. Paleoclimate.

Grinsted, A., J. C. Moore, and S. Jevrejeva. 2009. Reconstructing sea level from paleo and projected temperatures 200 to 2100AD. Climate Dynamics DOI:10.1007/s00382-008-0507-2.

Hawkins, E. and R. Sutton. 2009. The Potential to Narrow Uncertainty in Regional Climate Predictions. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. pp1095-1107.

Hayhoe, K., C. Wake, B. Anderson, X. Liang, E. Maurer, J. Zhu, J. Bradbury, A. DeGaetano, A. Hertel, and D. Wuebbles. 2008. Regional climate change projections for the Northeast U.S. In press, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.
Hellmann, J., B. Lesht and K. Nadelhoffer. 2007. Chapter 2: Climate. In Hayhoe, K., D. Wuebbles, and the Climate Science Team (eds). Climate Change and Chicago: Projections and Potential Impacts. 33pp.

ICF International (ICF). 2007. The Potential Impacts of Global Sea Level Rise on Transportation Infrastructure. Phase 1 - Final Report: the District of Columbia, Maryland, North Carolina and Virginia. 16pp.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2000. IPCC Special Report Emission Scenarios. Summary for Policymakers. 27pp.

IPCC. 2007a. Summary for Policy Makers. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds)]. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. 996pp.

IPCC. 2007b. Summary for Policymakers, In: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [M...L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E.Hanson, Eds.], Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA. 976pp.

Kelly, B.P., T. Ainsworth, D.A. Boyce, Jr., E. Hood, P. Murphy, and J. Powell. 2007. Climate Change: Predicted Impacts on Juneau. 86pp.

Kirshen, P., C. Watson, E. Douglas, and A. Gontz. 2008. Appendix: NECIA coastal impact analysis. 4pp. Appendix of Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Northeast,
Science Impacts and Solutions (Frumhoff et al. 2007). .

Knutson, T., J. McBride, J. Chan, K. Emanuel, G. Holland, C. Landsea, I. Held, J. Kossin, A. Srivastava, and M. Sugi. 2010. Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change. Nature Geoscience 3:157-163.

Larsen, C.F., R.J. Motyka, J.T. Freymueller, K.A. Echelmeyer, and E.R. Ivins. 2004. Rapid uplift of southern Alaska caused by recent ice loss. Geophysical Journal International 158:1118-1133.

Larsen, P., S. Goldsmith, O. Smith, M. Wilson, K. Strzepek, P. Chinowsky, and B. Saylor. 2008. Estimating Future Costs for Alaska Public Infrastructure at Risk from Climate Change. Global Environmental Change, doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.03.005. 16pp.

Lenihan, J., D. Bachelet, R. Neilson and R. Drapek. 2008. Simulated response of conterminous United States ecosystems to climate change at different levels of fire suppression, CO2 emission rate and growth response to CO2. Global and Planetary Change 64(1-2):16-25

Leung, L., Y. Qian, X. Bian, W. Washington, J. Han and J. Roads. 2004. Mid-century Ensemble Regional Climate Change Scenarios for the Western United States. Climatic Change 62:75-113.

Lutgens, F. and E. Tarbuck. 2007. The Atmosphere. Pearson Prentice Hall, NJ, USA. 544pp.

Maurer, E.P., A.W. Wood, J.C. Adam, D.P. Lettenmaier, and B. Nijssen. 2002. A Long-Term Hydrologically-Based Data Set of Land Surface Fluxes and States for the Conterminous United States. Journal of Climate 15(22), 3237-3251.

Maurer, E. P., L. Brekke, T. Pruitt, and P. B. Duffy. 2007. 'Fine-resolution climate projections enhance regional climate change impact studies', EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 88(47), 504. CMIP3 data is available at:

Maurer, E.P. and H.G. Hidalgo. 2008. Utility of daily vs. monthly large-scale climate data: an intercomparison of two statistical downscaling methods. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Vol. 12, 551-563.

Mote, P., A. Petersen, S. Reeder, H. Shipman and L. Whitely Binder. 2008. Sea Level Rise in the Coastal Waters of Washington State. A report by the University of Washington Climate Impacts Group and the Washington Department of Ecology. 11pp.

Mote, P., E. Salathe and C. Peacock. 2005. Scenarios of future climate for the Pacific Northwest. Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington. 13pp.

Mote, P., and E. Salathe. 2009. Future Climate in the Pacific Northwest. Chapter 1 in The Washington Climate Change Impacts Assessment: Evaluating Washington's Future in a Changing Climate, Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. 23pp.

National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2010. Sea levels online.

National Research Council of the National Academies (NRC). 2008. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation. Transportation Research Board Special Report 290. Washington DC: Transportation Research Board. 298pp.

National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). 2008. Scientific assessment of the effects of global change on the United States. Washington, D.C.: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.), Committee on Environment and Natural Resources. 271pp.

New Zealand Climate Change Office (NZCCO). 2004. Coastal Hazards and Climate Change. A Guidance Manual for Local Government in New Zealand. 1st edition. 2nd edition revised by Ramsay, D, and Bell, R. (NIWA). Prepared for Ministry for the Environment. Wellington, New Zealand. 156pp.

Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment (NECIA). 2006. Climate change in the U.S. Northeast: A Report of the Northeast Climate Impacts Assessments. Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge, MA. 52pp.

Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment (NECIA). 2008. Climate Change Impacts and Solutions for Pennsylvania: How Today's Actions Shape the State's Future. Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge. MA. 62pp.

Ojima, D., J. Lackett, and the Central Great Plains Steering Committee and Assessment Team. 2002. Preparing for a Changing Climate: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change - Central Great Plains. Report for the US Global Change Research Program. Colorado State University. 103pp.

Payne et al. (2004) as cited in U.S. Climate Change Science Program (USCCSP). 2009. Transportation. In Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. Second Public Review Draft of the Unified Synthesis Product.

Pfeffer, W.T, J.T. Harper, S. O'Neel. 2008. Kinematic Constraints on Glacier Contributions to 21st-Century Sea-Level Rise. Science 321(5894):1340-1343.

Rahmstorf, S. 2007. A Semi-Empirical Approach to Projecting Future Sea-Level Rise. Science 315(5810):368-370.

Rohling, E.J., K. Grant, Ch. Hemleben, M. Siddall, B.A.A. Hoogakker, M. Bolshaw, and M. Kucera. 2007. High rates of sea-level rise during the last interglacial period. Nature Geoscience 1:38-42.

Salathe, E., R. Leung, Y. Qian, and Y. Zhang. 2009. Regional Climate Model Projections for the State of Washington. Climate Impacts Group. 6pp.

Snover, A.K., L. Whitely Binder, J. Lopez, E. Willmott, J. Kay, D. Howell and J. Simmonds. 2007. Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional and State Governments. In association with and published by ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, Oakland, CA. 186pp.

United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 2009. US EPA Proceedings: First National Expert and Stakeholder Workshop on Water Infrastructure Sustainability and Adaptation to Climate Change. Arlington, VA.

Union of Concerned Scientists. 2009a. Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest: Minnesota. 12pp.

Union of Concerned Scientists. 2009b. Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest: Missouri. 12pp.

Union of Concerned Scientists. 2009c. Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest: Indiana. 12pp.

Union of Concerned Scientists. 2009d. Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest: Wisconsin. 12pp.

Union of Concerned Scientists. 2009e. Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest: Ohio. 12pp.

United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). 2000. United States, National Synthesis Team, Cambridge University Press. 537pp.

United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). 2009. United States, Thomas R. Karl, Jerry M. Melillo, and Thomas C. Peterson, (eds.). Cambridge University Press. 196pp.

Walsh, J.E., W.L. Chaman, V. Romanovsky, J.H. Christensen, and M. Stendel. 2008: Global climate model performance over Alaska and Greenland. Journal of Climate 21(23), 6156-6174.

Wood, A.W., L.R. Leung, V. Sridhar, and D.P. Lettenmaier. 2004. Hydrologic implications of dynamical and statistical approaches to downscaling climate model outputs. Climatic Change 62(1-3), 189-216.

Wuebbles, D. and K. Hayhoe. 2004. Climate Change Projections for the United States Midwest. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 9(4):1381-2386.

Yin, J., M. E. Schlesinger and R. J. Stouffer. 2009. Model projections of rapid sea-level rise on the northeast coast of the United States. Nature Geoscience, 2(4), 262-266. doi: 10.1038/ngeo462.

Zervas, C. 2001. Sea Level Variations of the United States 1854-1999. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 36, 201pp.

Updated: 12/28/2016
HEP Home Planning Environment Real Estate
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000