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Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP)

Program purpose

The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) authorized the Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) to provide funding for programs and projects defined as transportation alternatives, including on- and off-road pedestrian and bicycle facilities, infrastructure projects for improving non-driver access to public transportation and enhanced mobility, community improvement activities, and environmental mitigation; recreational trail projects; safe routes to school projects; and projects for planning, designing, or constructing boulevards and other roadways largely in the right-of-way of former divided highways. The TAP replaced the funding from pre-MAP-21 programs including the Transportation Enhancement Activities, Recreational Trails Program, Safe Routes to School Program. See the Program Brief, TAP Presentation, Case Studies, and links to TAP webinars.

MAP-21 Section 1122 codified the TAP under title 23 United States Code (U.S.C.) sections 213(b) and 101(a)(29). Section 213 of title 23 provides for the reservation of funds apportioned to a State under section 104(b) of title 23 to carry out the TAP. The national total reserved for the TAP is equal to 2 percent of the total amount authorized from the Highway Account of the Highway Trust Fund for Federal-aid highways each fiscal year.

MAP-21 Section 1524 requires the US Department of Transportation to encourage States and regional transportation planning agencies to use qualified youth service and conservation corps to perform appropriate transportation-related projects. See the Creating Access to Opportunity: Strengthening Transportation Career Pathways & Youth Workforce Development Partnerships Through Service Fact Sheet (HTML / PDF), the related Creating Access to Opportunity Webinar and the Webinar Slides (HTML / PDF), Youth Workforce Development Resources, and U.S. Department of Transportation AmeriCorps Partnership.

Year 2013 2014 2015 2016
Authorization $809 M $820 M $820 M $835 M

Official MAP-21 Guidance is posted on FHWA's MAP-21 website.

Links on the TAP webpages provide additional information to assist with program administration and with project planning, design, funding, construction, maintenance, and operation. The FHWA MAP-21 TAP Guidance takes precedence for program policy for funds apportioned under MAP-21.

Updated: 3/11/2016
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