Skip to content U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration
Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)

Wildlife Protection

Keeping It Simple: Easy Ways to Help Wildlife Along Roads

Culvert ledges offer phoebes more nest options

Since the 1970s, every time Illinois Department of Transportation workers have replaced a box culvert, they have added a concrete ledge for Eastern phoebes, just to increase their habitat. The sparrow-sized, fly-catching birds prefer to nest on flat surfaces such as bridges, cliffs, and yes - ledges. Culvert inspectors verify that the birds are indeed using the culvert ledges for their nests and that the nests are successful.
--Apr 25, 2003

Scott Marlow, (217) 782-4073 or

Eastern phoebe
Photo by Peter Wallack
Eastern phoebe

Along Roads - Illinois
Updated: 12/12/2012
HEP Home Planning Environment Real Estate
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000