- Briefing Room
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act or "FAST Act"
The FAST Act includes several provisions to improve the condition and performance of the national freight network and to support investment in freight-related surface transportation projects.
FAST Act § 8001; 49 U.S.C. 70101-70103, 70201-70204
The FAST Act establishes a national policy of maintaining and improving the condition and performance of the National Multimodal Freight Network (“the Network”), described below, to ensure that the Network provides a foundation for the U.S. to compete in the global economy. The FAST Act specifies goals associated with this national policy related to the condition, safety, security, efficiency, productivity, resiliency, and reliability of the Network, and also to reduce the adverse environmental impacts of freight movement on the Network. These goals are to be pursued in a manner that is not burdensome to State and local governments. [49 U.S.C. 70101]
Within 2 years of enactment, the FAST Act requires DOT to establish (and publish on its website) a national freight strategic plan. DOT will develop (and update) the plan in consultation with State DOTs, MPOs, and other appropriate public and private transportation stakeholders. [49 U.S.C. 70102]
The national freight strategic plan will include—
Within 5 years of completing the national freight strategic plan, and every 5 years thereafter, DOT must update the plan and publish it on its website. [49 U.S.C. 70102]
The FAST Act directs DOT to establish a National Multimodal Freight Network to—
Within 180 days of enactment, DOT must establish an interim Network, to include—
Within one year of enactment, DOT must designate a final National Multimodal Freight Network. Within 5 years after initial designation, and every 5 years thereafter, DOT must redesignate the Network.
When designating a final Network, DOT must solicit input from stakeholders, including multimodal freight system users, transportation providers, MPOs, local governments, ports, airports, railroads, and States through a public process. [49 U.S.C. 70103(c)]
The FAST Act requires DOT to encourage each State to establish a State freight advisory committee, to consist of a representative cross-section of public and private freight stakeholders. The role of a State freight advisory committee is to—
[49 U.S.C. 70201]
To receive funding under the National Highway Freight Program (23 U.S.C. 167), the FAST Act requires each State to develop a State freight plan, which must comprehensively address the State’s freight planning activities and investments (both immediate and long-range). A State may develop its freight plan either separately from, or incorporated within, its statewide strategic long-range transportation plan required by 23 U.S.C. 135. Among other requirements, a State freight plan must—
The State must update its freight plan at least every five years, and may update its freight investment plan more frequently than the overall freight plan. [49 U.S.C. 70202(e)]
Within one year of enactment, the FAST Act requires DOT to begin developing new tools (and improving existing tools) to support an outcome-oriented, performance-based approach to the evaluation of proposed freight-related and other transportation projects. [49 U.S.C. 70203]
The FAST Act continues the requirement for DOT to provide Congress with a biennial report on the condition and performance of the National Highway Freight Network. [FAST Act § 1116; 23 U.S.C. 167(h)]