- Briefing Room
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
It is an interconnected network enabling the movement of food, energy, fabricated goods, and raw materials to keep citizens employed, communities healthy, and the Nation competitive on a global scale. Together, these components make up the freight economy.
Our freight transportation network is one of the great strengths of our country. Millions of Americans wake up in the morning and go to work operating trucks, trains, aircraft, ships, and barges. The system moves 55 million tons of goods worth more than $49 billion each day. In addition, freight supports 44 million jobs. It is a critical force in our economy made up of a vast, complex network of almost seven million miles of highways, local roads, railways, navigable waterways, and pipelines.
|HIGHWAYS||Total Public Roads: 4,092,730 miles
National Highway System: 222,946 miles
National Highway Freight Network (excludes CUFCs and CRFCs): 51,029
Note: CUFC (Critical Urban Freight Corridor), CRFC (Critical Rural Freight Corridor)
|RAILROADS||Total : 138,447 miles
Class I: 95,264 Class II : 10,355 Class III : 32,858
|AIRPORTS||122 Airports landed all-cargo operations greater than 50,000 short tons annually in 2014.|
|WATERBORNE||Navigable Channels: 11.000 miles
Great Lakes-St Lawrence Seaway: 2,342 miles
|PIPELINE||Oil: 181,353 miles
Gas: 1,567,000 miles
Source: U.S. DOT (Comment period for the Interim NMFN (National Multimodal Freight Network) ended Sept 6, 2016 and comments made to the docket are currently under review).
|Commodity||Value (millions $)||% of total|
|Commodity||Tons (thousands)||% of total|
|Natural gas (Coal-n.e.c.)||4,177,757||16%|
|Nonmetal min. prods.||1,740,402||7%|
|Trade partner||Tonnage||% of total|
|Rest of Americas||343,656||16%|
|Trade partner||Tonnage||% of total|
|Rest of Americas||304,279||14%|
|SW & Central Asia||191,262||9%|
Sources: Freight Analysis Framework 4 (FAF4.2), 2045 data
Note: Includes all modes and both domstic and international flows. *Other export =340,735/16% **Other import =353,618/16%
In 2014, the U.S. current- dollar GDP was $17.4 trillion, with freight and other transportation-related purchases and investment accounting for 8.9%, or $1.5 trillion, of the total.
In 2015, freight-intensive industries generated 47%, or 62.13 million, of 132.2 million total U.S. jobs.
Between 2012 and 2045, the U.S. will see freight activity grow by about 50% in tonnage to 17 million and more than double in value to $37 trillion.
By 2045, U.S. annual international freight value will reach $15 trillion, representing a 40%, or $6 trillion, freight value share that increased from 20% in 2012.
Trucks represent the U.S. predominant freight carrier mode now and into the future. Trucks currently carry 64% of U.S. freight tonnage.
Trucks carry the largest shares by value, tons, and ton-miles for shipments moving 750 or fewer miles. Rail is the dominant mode by tons and ton-miles for shipments moved distances that range 750 to 2,000 miles.
The top two U.S. commodities by value, electronics and machinery, will reach $8.2 trillion in 2045, representing about a 30% share of the total freight value.
Over the next 30 years, forecasters expect the U.S population to grow by about 70 million and the economy to increase by 115% to $36.7 trillion.
In 2014, the commercial truck sector lost an estimated $27 billion dollar as the result of highway congestion delays.
Nearly 12 million trucks, locomotives, rail cars, and vessels move goods over the U.S. transportation network.
Sources for Freight Facts: FAF4 Data, Freight Facts and Figure U.S. DOT BTS, Beyond Traffic 2045, U.S. DOT, Bureau of Economic Analysis, TTI 2015 Urban Mobility Scorecard
Click on map to see individual rountable details.