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Freight Economy

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FHWA's Roundtable on the Freight Economy: New York, New York

Date: May 2, 2016

Our Host: Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

Key Regional Transportation Facilities and Freight Hubs

HIGHWAYSI-95, I-287, I-495, I-80, I-78, I-87, I-78, I-280, US-1&9, I-84, I-380, I-81, I-684, I-487
RAILROADSCSX, Norfolk Southern, Canadian Nat’l, and Canadian Pacific Railways; Oak Island, Oak Point, Croxton, Kearny, Greenville, 65th, Fresh Pond, and North Bergen Yards; Port Authority ExpressRail; and Brookhaven Rail Terminal
AIRPORTSJFK International Airport- NY, Newark Liberty International Airport-NJ
WATERBORNEPort Newark; the Elizabeth-Port Authority, Howland Hook, Brooklyn-Port Authority, Port Jersey Port Authority, and the South Brooklyn Marine Terminals; and the Red Hook Container Terminal.
FREIGHT CLUSTERFood distribution center Hunts Point Market, supply chain spine Northern NJ Warehouse, millions sq-feet NJ Turnpike 8A Interchange, Bayway Refinery (NJ), and retail/restaurant/parcel Manhattan Central Business District

Freight Facilities


Stakeholders Represented by the Following:

What the future of freight will look like for the region:

Data represents freight activity for NY Metro region ( NY/NJ/CT/PA)

Top 5 Commodities by Value 2045

Commodity Value (millions $) % of total
Misc. mfg. prods. 544,003 16%
Electronics 364,348 11%
Pharmaceuticals 296,902 9%
Mixed freight 202,522 6%
Machinery 172,037 5%
All commodities 3,331,581 100%

Top 5 Commodities by Weight 2045

Commodity Tons (thousands) % of total
Natural gas (Coal-n.e.c.) 158,845 14%
Nonmetal min. prods. 122,272 11%
Other foodstuffs 102,220 9%
Gravel 94,675 8%
Waste/scrap 79,216 7%
All commodities 1,161,701 100%

Trading Partners 2045

Outbound by Weight of Shipment
(thousand tons)

Trade partner Tonnage % of total
New York 77,985 31%
Connecticut 33,724 13%
Pennsylvania 33,158 13%
New Jersey 30,506 12%
Canada 22,047 9%
Total outbound 254,561 100%

Inbound by Weight of Shipment
(thousand tons)

Trade partner Tonnage % of total
Pennsylvania 113,801 27%
Canada 37,582 9%
Eastern Asia 33,346 8%
Europe 25,847 6%
New York 25,007 6%
Total inbound 427,500 100%

Based on FAF4.1 data with base year 2012 and forecasts up to 2045

Modal Freight Share by Tonnage, 2012 and 2045

Between 2012 and 2045, NY metro will see freight activity grow by about 50% in tonnage and will more than double in value.

In 2014, annual congestion costs in the New York- Newark NY-NJ-CT region were estimated at $17.7 billion and ranked as the highest in the nation.

In 2013, the New York region’s (Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA) GDP alone ranked 13th among the world’s nations, next to Australia and ahead of South Korea.

About one-third of the NY metro’s employment is generated by freight-intensive industries

The Port of NY & NJ is the largest marine port on the East coast, third largest in North America, and the 27th in the world. In 2015, the PANYNJ handled nearly 6.4 million containers (TEUs) and over 477,000 vehicles. JFK is the number one international air freight gateway in the US by value of shipments.

The I-95 corridor across NJ and NYC is a critical regional and national highway bottleneck (Cross Bronx Expressway, George Washington Bridge connecting New York and New Jersey, including the New Jersey Turnpike.)

The JFK Travel Plaza truck parking lot is the only public lot in NYC. The next nearest lots are in Commack, Long Island and across the George Washington Bridge at the Vince Lombardi rest area.

The NY metro’s share of international freight by value is projected to grow from 20% in 2012 to about 40% in 2045.

For both inbound and outbound freight, Europe is projected to be the NY metro’s largest freight trading partner by value by 2045.

Trucks represent the NY metro’s predominant freight carrier now and into the future. Trucks currently carry almost 80% of freight.

Sources for Freight Facts: FAF4 Data, US DOT Freight Fact and Figure, TTI 2015 Urban Mobility Scorecard,NYMTC, NJTPA, NYC, PANYNJ, NYSDOT, NJDOT

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Page last modified on August 29, 2017
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