|FEDERAL-AID POLICY GUIDE
December 22, 1999, Transmittal 28
|49 CFR 24D|
SUBTITLE A - OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION
PART 24 - UNIFORM RELOCATION ASSISTANCE AND REAL PROPERTY ACQUISITION FOR FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS
Subpart D - Payments for Moving and Related Expenses
24.301 Payment for actual reasonable moving and related expenses-
24.302 Fixed payment for moving expenses-residential moves.
24.303 Payment for actual reasonable moving and related expenses- nonresidential moves.
24.304 Reestablishment expenses-nonresidential moves.
24.305 Ineligible moving and related expenses.
24.306 Fixed payment for moving expenses-nonresidential moves.
24.307 Discretionary utility relocation payments.
Authority: 42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq; 49 CFR 1.48(cc).
[57 FR 33264, July 27, 1992]
Source: 54 FR 8928, Mar. 2, 1989 and 64 FR 7127, Feb. 12, 1999, unless otherwise noted.
Sec. 24.301 Payment for actual reasonable moving and related expenses-residential moves.
Any displaced owner-occupant or tenant of a dwelling who qualifies as a displaced person (defined at Sec. 24.2) is entitled to payment of his or her actual moving and related expenses, as the Agency determines to be reasonable and necessary, including expenses for:
(a) Transportation of the displaced person and personal property. Transportation costs for a distance beyond 50 miles are not eligible, unless the Agency determines that relocation beyond 50 miles is justified.
(b) Packing, crating, unpacking, and uncrating of the personal property.
(c) Disconnecting, dismantling, removing, reassembling, and reinstalling relocated household appliances, and other personal property.
(d) Storage of the personal property for a period not to exceed l2 months, unless the Agency determines that a longer period is necessary.
(e) Insurance for the replacement value of the property in connection with the move and necessary storage.
(f) The replacement value of property lost, stolen, or damaged in the process of moving (not through the fault or negligence of the displaced person, his or her agent, or employee) where insurance covering such loss, theft, or damage is not reasonably available.
(g) Other moving-related expenses that are not listed as ineligible under Sec. 24.305, as the Agency determines to be reasonable and necessary.
Sec. 24.302 Fixed payment for moving expenses-residential moves.
Any person displaced from a dwelling or a seasonal residence is entitled to receive an expense and dislocation allowance as an alternative to a payment for actual moving and related expenses under Sec. 24.301. This allowance shall be determined according to the applicable schedule approved by the Federal Highway Administration. This includes a provision that the expense and dislocation allowance to a person with minimal personal possessions who is in occupancy of a dormitory style room shared by two or more other unrelated persons or a person whose residential move is performed by an agency at no cost to the person shall be limited to $50.
Sec. 24.303 Payment for actual reasonable moving and related expenses-nonresidential moves.
(a) Eligible costs. Any business or farm operation which qualifies as a displaced person (defined at Sec. 24.2) is entitled to payment for such actual moving and related expenses, as the Agency determines to be reasonable and necessary, including expenses for:
(1) Transportation of personal property. Transportation costs for a distance beyond 50 miles are not eligible, unless the Agency determines that relocation beyond 50 miles is justified.
(2) Packing, crating, unpacking, and uncrating of the personal property.
(3) Disconnecting, dismantling, removing, reassembling, and reinstalling relocated machinery, equipment, and other personal property, including substitute personal property described at Sec. 24.303(a)(12). This includes connection to utilities available nearby. It also includes modifications to the personal property necessary to adapt it to the replacement structure, the replacement site, or the utilities at the replacement site, and modifications necessary to adapt the utilities at the replacement site to the personal property. (Expenses for providing utilities from the right-of-way to the building or improvement are excluded.)
(4) Storage of the personal property for a period not to exceed 12 months, unless the Agency determines that a longer period is necessary.
(5) Insurance for the replacement value of the personal property in connection with the move and necessary storage.
(6) Any license, permit, or certification required of the displaced person at the replacement location. However, the payment may be based on the remaining useful life of the existing license, permit, or certification.
(7) The replacement value of property lost, stolen, or damaged in the process of moving (not through the fault or negligence of the displaced person, his or her agent, or employee) where insurance covering such loss, theft, or damage is not reasonably available.
(8) Professional services necessary for:
(i) Planning the move of the personal property,
(ii) Moving the personal property, and
(iii) Installing the relocated personal property at the replacement location.
(9) Relettering signs and replacing stationery on hand at the time of displacement that are made obsolete as a result of the move.
(10) Actual direct loss of tangible personal property incurred as a result of moving or discontinuing the business or farm operation. The payment shall consist of the lesser of: (i) The fair market value of the item for continued use at the displacement site, less the proceeds from its sale. (To be eligible for payment, the claimant must make a good faith effort to sell the personal property, unless the Agency determines that such effort is not necessary. When payment for property loss is claimed for goods held for sale, the fair market value shall be based on the cost of the goods to the business, not the potential selling price.); or
(ii) The estimated cost of moving the item, but with no allowance for storage. (If the business or farm operation is discontinued, the estimated cost shall be based on a moving distance of 50 miles.)
(11) The reasonable cost incurred in attempting to sell an item that is not to be relocated.
(12) Purchase of substitute personal property. If an item of personal property which is used as part of a business or farm operation is not moved but is promptly replaced with a substitute item that performs a comparable function at the replacement site, the displaced person is entitled to payment of the lesser of:
(i) The cost of the substitute item, including installation costs at the replacement site, minus any proceeds from the sale or trade-in of the replaced item; or
(ii) The estimated cost of moving and reinstalling the replaced item but with no allowance for storage. At the Agency's discretion, the estimated cost for a low cost or uncomplicated move may be based on a single bid or estimate.
(13) Searching for a replacement location. A displaced business or farm operation is entitled to reimbursement for actual expenses, not to exceed $1,000, as the Agency determines to be reasonable, which are incurred in searching for a replacement location, including:
(ii) Meals and lodging away from home.
(iii) Time spent searching, based on reasonable salary or earnings.
(iv) Fees paid to a real estate agent or broker to locate a replacement site, exclusive of any fees or commissions related to the purchase of such site.
(14) Other moving-related expenses that are not listed as ineligible under Sec. 24.305, as the Agency determines to be reasonable and necessary.
(b) Notification and inspection. The following requirements apply to payments under this section:
(1) The Agency shall inform the displaced person, in writing, of the requirements of paragraphs (b) (2) and (3) of this section as soon as possible after the initiation of negotiations. This information may be included in the relocation information provided to the displaced person as set forth in Sec. 24.203.
(2) The displaced person must provide the Agency reasonable advance written notice of the approximate date of the start of the move or disposition of the personal property and a list of the items to be moved. However, the Agency may waive this notice requirement after documenting its file accordingly.
(3) The displaced person must permit the Agency to make reasonable and timely inspections of the personal property at both the displacement and replacement sites and to monitor the move.
(c) Self moves. If the displaced person elects to take full responsibility for the move of the business or farm operation, the Agency may make a payment for the person's moving expenses in an amount not to exceed the lower of two acceptable bids or estimates obtained by the Agency or prepared by qualified staff. At the Agency's discretion, a payment for a low cost or uncomplicated move may be based on a single bid or estimate.
(d) Transfer of ownership. Upon request and in accordance with applicable law, the claimant shall transfer to the Agency ownership of any personal property that has not been moved, sold, or traded in.
(e) Advertising signs. The amount of a payment for direct loss of an advertising sign which is personal property shall be the lesser of:
(1) The depreciated reproduction cost of the sign, as determined by the Agency, less the proceeds from its sale; or
(2) The estimated cost of moving the sign, but with no allowance for storage.
Sec. 24.304 Reestablishment expenses-nonresidential moves.
In addition to the payments available under Sec. 24.303 of this subpart, a small business, as defined in Sec. 24.2, farm or nonprofit organization is entitled to receive a payment, not to exceed $10,000, for expenses actually incurred in relocating and reestablishing such small business, farm or nonprofit organization at a replacement site.
(a) Eligible expenses. Reestablishment expenses must be reasonable and necessary, as determined by the Agency. They include, but are not limited to, the following:
(1) Repairs or improvements to the replacement real property as required by Federal, State or local law, code or ordinance.
(2) Modifications to the replacement property to accommodate the business operation or make replacement structures suitable for conducting the business.
(3) Construction and installation costs for exterior signing to advertise the business.
(4) Provision of utilities from right-of-way to improvements on the replacement site.
(5) Redecoration or replacement of soiled or worn surfaces at the replacement site, such as paint, panelling, or carpeting.
(6) Licenses, fees and permits when not paid as part of moving expenses.
(7) Feasibility surveys, soil testing and marketing studies.
(8) Advertisement of replacement location.
(9) Professional services in connection with the purchase or lease of a replacement site.
(10) Estimated increased costs of operation during the first 2 years at the replacement site for such items as:
(i) Lease or rental charges,
(ii) Personal or real property taxes,
(iii) Insurance premiums, and
(iv) Utility charges, excluding impact fees.
(11) Impact fees or one-time assessments for anticipated heavy utility usage.
(12) Other items that the Agency considers essential to the reestablishment of the business.
[58 FR 26070, April 30, 1993, (effective date June 1, 1993)]
(b) Ineligible expenses. The following is a nonexclusive listing of reestablishment expenditures not considered to be reasonable, necessary, or otherwise eligible:
(1) Purchase of capital assets, such as, office furniture, filing cabinets, machinery, or trade fixtures.
(2) Purchase of manufacturing materials, production supplies, product inventory, or other items used in the normal course of the business operation.
(3) Interest on money borrowed to make the move or purchase the replacement property.
(4) Payment to a part-time business in the home which does not contribute materially to the household income.
[58 FR 26070, April 30, 1993, (effective date June 1, 1993)]
Sec. 24.305 Ineligible moving and related expenses.
A displaced person is not entitled to payment for:
(a) The cost of moving any structure or other real property improvement in which the displaced person reserved ownership. However, this part does not preclude the computation under Sec. 24.401(c)(4)(iii); or
(b) Interest on a loan to cover moving expenses; or
(c) Loss of goodwill; or
(d) Loss of profits; or
(e) Loss of trained employees; or
(f) Any additional operating expenses of a business or farm operation incurred because of operating in a new location except as provided in Sec. 24.304(a)(10); or
(g) Personal injury; or
(h) Any legal fee or other cost for preparing a claim for a relocation payment or for representing the claimant before the Agency; or
(i) Expenses for searching for a replacement dwelling; or
(j) Physical changes to the real property at the replacement location of a business or farm operation except as provided in Secs. 24.303(a)(3) and 24.304(a); or
(k) Costs for storage of personal property on real property already owned or leased by the displaced person.
Sec. 24.306 Fixed payment for moving expenses-nonresidential moves.
(a) Business. A displaced business may be eligible to choose a fixed payment in lieu of the payments for actual moving and related expenses, and actual reasonable reestablishment expenses provided by Secs. 24.303 and 24.304. Such fixed payment, except for payment to a nonprofit organization, shall equal the average annual net earnings of the business, as computed in accordance with paragraph (e) of this section, but not less than $1,000 nor more than $20,000. The displaced business is eligible for the payment if the Agency determines that:
(1) The business owns or rents personal property which must be moved in connection with such displacement and for which an expense would be incurred in such move; and, the business vacates or relocates from its displacement site.
(2) The business cannot be relocated without a substantial loss of its existing patronage (clientele or net earnings). A business is assumed to meet this test unless the Agency determines that it will not suffer a substantial loss of its existing patronage; and
(3) The business is not part of a commercial enterprise having more than three other entities which are not being acquired by the Agency, and which are under the same ownership and engaged in the same or similar business activities.
(4) The business is not operated at a displacement dwelling solely for the purpose of renting such dwelling to others.
(5) The business is not operated at the displacement site solely for the purpose of renting the site to others.
(6) The business contributed materially to the income of the displaced person during the 2 taxable years prior to displacement (see Sec. 24.2).
(b) Determining the number of businesses. In determining whether two or more displaced legal entities constitute a single business which is entitled to only one fixed payment, all pertinent factors shall be considered, including the extent to which:
(1) The same premises and equipment are shared;
(2) Substantially identical or interrelated business functions are carried out and business and financial affairs are commingled;
(3) The entities are held out to the public, and to those customarily dealing with them, as one business; and
(4) The same person or closely related persons own, control, or manage the affairs of the entities.
(c) Farm operation. A displaced farm operation (defined at Sec. 24.2) may choose a fixed payment, in lieu of the payments for actual moving and related expenses and actual reasonable reestablishment expenses, in an amount equal to its average annual net earnings as computed in accordance with paragraph (e) of this section, but not less than $1,000 nor more than $20,000. In the case of a partial acquisition of land which was a farm operation before the acquisition, the fixed payment shall be made only if the Agency determines that:
(1) The acquisition of part of the land caused the operator to be displaced from the farm operation on the remaining land; or
(2) The partial acquisition caused a substantial change in the nature of the farm operation.
(d) Nonprofit organization. A displaced nonprofit organization may choose a fixed payment of $1,000 to $20,000, in lieu of the payments for actual moving and related expenses and actual reasonable reestablishment expenses, if the Agency determines that it cannot be relocated without a substantial loss of existing patronage (membership or clientele). A nonprofit organization is assumed to meet this test, unless the Agency demonstrates otherwise. Any payment in excess of $1,000 must be supported with financial statements for the two 12-month periods prior to the acquisition. The amount to be used for the payment is the average of 2 years annual gross revenues less administrative expenses. (See Appendix A of this part).
(e) Average annual net earnings of a business or farm operation. The average annual net earnings of a business or farm operation are one-half of its net earnings before Federal, State, and local income taxes during the 2 taxable years immediately prior to the taxable year in which it was displaced. If the business or farm was not in operation for the full 2 taxable years prior to displacement, net earnings shall be based on the actual period of operation at the displacement site during the 2 taxable years prior to displacement, projected to an annual rate. Average annual net earnings may be based upon a different period of time when the Agency determines it to be more equitable. Net earnings include any compensation obtained from the business or farm operation by its owner, the owner's spouse, and dependents. The displaced person shall furnish the Agency proof of net earnings through income tax returns, certified financial statements, or other reasonable evidence which the Agency determines is satisfactory.
Sec. 24.307 Discretionary utility relocation payments.
(a) Whenever a program or project undertaken by a displacing agency causes the relocation of a utility facility (see Sec. 24.2) and the relocation of the facility creates extraordinary expenses for its owner, the displacing agency may, at its option, make a relocation payment to the owner for all or part of such expenses, if the following criteria are met:
(1) The utility facility legally occupies State or local government property, or property over which the State or local government has an easement or right-of-way; and
(2) The utility facility's right of occupancy thereon is pursuant to State law or local ordinance specifically authorizing such use, or where such use and occupancy has been granted through a franchise, use and occupancy permit, or other similar agreement; and
(3) Relocation of the utility facility is required by and is incidental to the primary purpose of the project or program undertaken by the displacing agency; and
(4) There is no Federal law, other than the Uniform Act, which clearly establishes a policy for the payment of utility moving costs that is applicable to the displacing agency's program or project; and
(5) State or local government reimbursement for utility moving costs or payment of such costs by the displacing agency is in accordance with State law.
(b) For the purposes of this section, the term "extraordinary expenses" means those expenses which, in the opinion of the displacing agency, are not routine or predictable expenses relating to the utility's occupancy of rights-of-way, and are not ordinarily budgeted as operating expenses, unless the owner of the utility facility has explicitly and knowingly agreed to bear such expenses as a condition for use of the property, or has voluntarily agreed to be responsible for such expenses.
(c) A relocation payment to a utility facility owner for moving costs under this section may not exceed the cost to functionally restore the service disrupted by the federally assisted program or project, less any increase in value of the new facility and salvage value of the old facility. The displacing agency and the utility facility owner shall reach prior agreement on the nature of the utility relocation work to be accomplished, the eligibility of the work for reimbursement, the responsibilities for financing and accomplishing the work, and the method of accumulating costs and making payment. (See Appendix A, of this part, Sec. 24.307.)