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In the chapters that follow, we first look at the national trends in terms of population and workforce growth, the change in household structure, and outline some regional and state trends. Chapter 3 examines the demographics of the changes in relation to travel, focusing on the trends within the 49 metropolitan areas (not including San Juan, Puerto Rico) that have over 1,000,000 people in residence as reported in the 2000 Census. Chapter 4 examines the changes in place of work, residence location, and travel time. Chapter 5 looks at means of transportation and Chapter 6 looks at vehicle availability. The profile section includes a map of each of the 49 MSAs followed by a detailed profile sheet.

The terms "metro area," "metropolitan area" (MA), and "metropolitan statistical area" (MSA) are used interchangeably in this report. Exhibit A shows the long names of the metro areas, and the corresponding short names used in the report.

The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines metropolitan areas (MAs) according to published standards that are applied to Census Bureau data. MAs in this report are based on application of 1990 standards (which appeared in the Federal Register on March 30, 1990) to 1990 decennial census data and to subsequent Census Bureau population estimates and special census data. This report uses the June 30, 1999 definition of MAs (new definitions were published by OMB on June 3, 2003, but are not used in this report).

The general concept of an MA is that of a core area containing a large population nucleus, together with adjacent communities having a high degree of economic and social integration with that core. The basic building block used in the 1999 definition is a county (except for the New England States where cities and towns are used as the buiding blocks). The core is usually a county/counties containing a city of population greater than 50,000 people OR a Census defined urbanized area. Outlying counties are added to the MA based on population density and commute behavior. Because the geographic grain size used in defining MSAs is large, it causes some difficulty in interpreting trends.

To analyze trends using a consistent geographic definition, all the data presented in this report use the June 1999 geographic definition of MSAs. Data for previous decades were obtained at the county level and aggregated to the June 1999 definition of MSAs. Therefore, the numbers presented in this report may not be the same as the numbers published in the previous versions of the report.

A metropolitan area is called a Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) if it meets requirements of an MSA, has a population of 1 million or more, if the component areas are recognized as primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSA), and if local opinion favors the designation. For example, the Washington, D.C. CMSA incorporates the Washington, D.C. PMSA, Baltimore, MD PMSA, and Hagerstown, MD PMSA.

Exhibit A Naming Conventions Used in this Report

Note: All data are sorted in the decreasing order of 2000 Population of MSA

MSA Complete NameMSA Shortened Name2000 Population
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA CMSANew York21,199,865
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA CMSALos Angeles16,373,645
Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI CMSAChicago9,157,540
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV CMSAWashington, DC7,608,070
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSASan Francisco7,039,362
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSAPhiladelphia6,188,463
Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT CMSABoston5,819,100
Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI CMSADetroit5,456,428
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSADallas5,221,801
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSAHouston4,669,571
Atlanta, GA MSAAtlanta4,112,198
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSAMiami3,876,380
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA CMSASeattle3,554,760
Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSAPhoenix3,251,876
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSAMinneapolis2,968,806
Cleveland-Akron, OH CMSACleveland2,945,831
San Diego, CA MSASan Diego2,813,833
St. Louis, MO-IL MSASt. Louis2,603,607
Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO CMSADenver2,581,506
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSATampa2,395,997
Pittsburgh, PA MSAPittsburgh2,358,695
Portland-Salem, OR-WA CMSAPortland2,265,223
Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSACincinnati1,979,202
Sacramento-Yolo, CA CMSASacramento1,796,857
Kansas City, MO-KS MSAKansas City1,776,062
Milwaukee-Racine, WI CMSAMilwaukee1,689,572
Orlando, FL MSAOrlando1,644,561
Indianapolis, IN MSAIndianapolis1,607,486
San Antonio, TX MSASan Antonio1,592,383
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSANorfolk1,569,541
Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSALas Vegas1,563,282
Columbus, OH MSAColumbus1,540,157
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSACharlotte1,499,293
New Orleans, LA MSANew Orleans1,337,726
Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSASalt Lake City1,333,914
Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC MSAGreensboro1,251,509
Austin-San Marcos, TX MSAAustin1,249,763
Nashville, TN MSANashville1,231,311
Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSAProvidence1,188,613
Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSARaleigh1,187,941
Hartford, CT MSAHartford1,183,110
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSABuffalo1,170,111
Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSAMemphis1,135,614
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSAWest Palm Beach1,131,184
Jacksonville, FL MSAJacksonville1,100,491
Rochester, NY MSARochester1,098,201
Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSAGrand Rapids1,088,514
Oklahoma City, OK MSAOklahoma City1,083,346
Louisville, KY-IN MSALouisville1,025,598
Updated: 4/28/2011
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