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Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)

Smart Growth & FHWA

What does "Smart Growth" mean to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)?
The FHWA believes that "smart growth" is a concept best supported by a set of policies and programs intended to protect and preserve valuable natural and cultural resources. "Smart growth" also encourages economic development in targeted locations. While transportation is not specifically mentioned in that working definition, it is important to note that transportation affects land use just like affordable housing, good schools, and low crime rates.

What does "smart growth mean for transportation?

It can mean:

It does not mean:

To see how FHWA programs can assist states, local governments, and others in addressing smart growth and related issues, please go to


Updated: 5/14/2014
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