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Developing a Long-Range Transportation Plan


The Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) Office of Planning developed this document in cooperation with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Northwest Division, other FHWA offices (Federal Lands Highways[FLH], New York Division, and Resource Center), and the Federal TransitAdministration (FTA) Office of Planning and Environment. The goal of thisdocument is to provide a tool to assist Tribal Governments in developing aLong-Range Transportation Plan. The Transportation Decisionmaking: Information Tools for Tribal Governments series contains modules that cover different aspects of transportation planning. All modules identify linkage points between Indian Reservation Roads (IRR) transportation planning and the Statewide and metropolitan planning process. The intention of this series is to provide an overview of fundamenta and conceptual techniques as well as notable practices. The first round of modules1 to be developed include:

Figure 1 shows each of the modules in the series:

  1. Introduction to Planning
  2. Developing a Long-Range Transportation Plan(LRTP)
  3. Developing the Transportation Improvement Program(TIP)
  4. Funding Resources
  5. Public Involvement
  6. Data Collection and Use

Figure 1: Transportation Decisionmaking Information Tools for Tribal Governments

Each of the training modules is laid out in this graphic of the training module series. At the top of the image is the Introduction to Planning module. Below are three modules, Developing a Long-Range Transportation Plan, Data Collection and Use, and Public Involvement, aligned in a row labeled "planning." Underneath these modules are two more, Tribal Consultation and Partnering and Leveraging aligned in a row labeled "Tribal Intergovernmental Relations." Below them are four modules, Developing the Transportation Improvement Program, Funding Resources, Financial Planning, and Project Prioritization, aligned in a row labeled "programming." In the bottom-most row, labeled "other elements," are the remaining two modules, Safety and Asset Management. All of the modules are encompassed in a large circle with the rows labeled just outside.

The purpose of this module, Developing a Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP), is toprovide Tribal decisionmakers and planners with a summary of the fundamental process for developing an LRTP. This module offers a general framework for developing an LRTP and provides examples of noteworthy practices by several Tribal organizations. By developing an LRTP, Tribes will benefit from the following two key perspectives: 1. Process-related practices that can be applied within the context of "good planning" within a particular Tribal area. 2. An appreciation of how Tribes (and Tribal transportation planning) connect to other planning activities, including IRR, Statewide, metropolitan,and local transportation planning processes (as appropriate). The IRR Rule (25 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] 170) identifies elements that may be included in an LRTP. The specific steps described herein are not required by Federal statute or regulation; instead, these steps represent a general process on how to develop an LRTP in support of the requirements of the IRR program, as well as of the Federal Highway Administration/Federal Transit Administration Statewide and metropolitan planning process.

1 Additional modules, once developed, will be accessible on the Internet at the FHWA Tribal Planning Web site at and on the FHWA/FTA Transportation Planning Capacity Building Website.

Updated: 5/8/2015
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