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Introduction to Transportation Planning

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. What Is Transportation Planning?
  3. Why Do Transportation Planning?
    1. Developing a Vision
  4. What Are the Benefits of Planning?
  5. What Are the Key Products of the Transportation Planning Process?
    1. The Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP)
    2. The Tribal Transportation Improvement Program (TTIP)
  6. What Are the Transportation Planning Processes?
    1. Metropolitan Transportation Planning
    2. Statewide Transportation Planning
    3. Indian Reservation Roads Transportation Planning
  7. How Can Tribes Maintain Their Sovereign Status while Coordinating Transportation Planning with Other Government Agencies?
  8. What Barriers Exist for Tribal Participation in the Transportation Planning Process?
  9. Appendix Useful Links and References


BIA Bureau of Indian Affairs
Caltrans California Department of Transportation
DOT Department of Transportation
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
FLH Federal Lands Highway
FTA Federal Transit Administration
IRR Indian Reservation Roads
IRRTIP Indian Reservation Roads Transportation Improvement Program
LRTP Long-Range Transportation Plan
MPO Metropolitan Planning Organization
STIP State Transportation Improvement Program
TIP Transportation Improvement Program
TTIP Tribal Transportation Improvement Program


This module, "Introduction to Transportation Planning," is one of eight in the series Transportation Decisionmaking Information Tools for Tribal Governments, written by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Office of Planning to assist Tribes with transportation planning. It explains the basic components of the transportation planning process and presents a brief overview of transportation plans, programs, and products that are part of the planning process.

Figure 1 shows each of the modules in the series:

  1. Introduction to Planning
  2. Developing a Long-Range Transportation Plan
  3. Developing the Transportation Improvement Program
  4. Funding Resources
  5. Public Involvement
  6. Data Collection and Use
  7. Safety
  8. Project Prioritization

Each of the training modules is laid out in this graphic of the training module series. At the top of the image is the Introduction to Planning module. Below are three modules, Developing a Long-Range Transportation Plan, Data Collection and Use, and Public Involvement, aligned in a row labeled “planning.” Underneath these modules are two more, Tribal Consultation and Partnering and Leveraging aligned in a row labeled “Tribal Intergovernmental Relations.” Below them are four modules, Developing the Transportation Improvement Program, Funding Resources, Financial Planning, and Project Prioritization, aligned in a row labeled “programming.” In the bottom-most row, labeled “other elements,” are the remaining two modules, Safety and Asset Management. All of the modules are encompassed in a large circle with the rows labeled just outside.

Updated: 5/8/2015
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