U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
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Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations
This magazine is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information.
|Publication Number: Date: Spring 1997|
Issue No: Vol. 60 No. 4
Date: Spring 1997
The following new research studies reported by the Federal Highway Administration are sponsored in whole or in part with federal highway funds. For further details on a particular study, please contact Bob Bryant, editor of Public Roads.
Title: Development of Prototype Driver Models for Highway Design
Objective: Produce a prototype system to aid highway designers in the development and evaluation of new highway designs. The system will identify designers' informational requirements; analyze the highway design process; integrate driver behavioral characteristics; and evaluate and select existing technology in the areas of driver models, computer-aided design, and simulation. A graphical user interface will be developed to permit candidate geometric designs to be studied as a function of single- or multiple-vehicle exposures.
Contractor: Battelle Human Affairs
Expected Completion Date: April 2000
Estimated Cost: $3,000,000
Title: Safety Evaluation of Intersection Design Improvements
Objective: Conduct before-and-after evaluations of certain geometric improvements installed at intersections to ascertain their safety performance. A knowledge base shall be developed on the safety effects of selected geometric improvements or combinations of improvements made at intersections. The procedures being developed under the FHWA effort titled "Development of Micro Evaluation Methodology for the Safety Management System" will be implemented in this pooled-fund effort and evaluated as a model for similar multistate safety evaluations of other safety countermeasures and programs.
Contractor: Midwest Research Institute
Expected Completion Date: September 2000
Estimated Cost: $800,000
Title: Direction, Analysis, and Treatment of Materials-Related Distress in PCCP
Objectives: Develop guidelines for: (1) systematic field evaluation and representative sampling for laboratory study of distressed areas of concrete pavement, (2) laboratory evaluation of the concrete pavement samples to determine the cause(s) of distress, and (3) appropriate treatment of distress in existing pavement and prevention of distress in new pavements.
Contractor: Michigan Tech University
Expected Completion Date: September 1999
Estimated Cost: $450,000
Title: Tire-Pavement Interface Pressure Patterns
Objectives: Develop tire pressure patterns from rolling dynamic load tests and simulations. Develop a neural network system to tie the measured traces to pavement design models.
Contractor: Nevada Automotive Test Center
Expected Completion Date: October 1997
Estimated Cost: $188,724
Title: Optimizing Changeable Message Sign Design and Uses
Objectives: Identify current applications and possible new uses for changeable message signs (CMS). The current state of the art of CMS design and fabrication will be assessed. The study will include, at a minimum, the following types of signs: reflective disks, fiber-optic, reflective disks with fiber optics, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and reflective disks with LEDs. Both portable and permanent signs will be considered. Sign placement requirements will be determined for each general application based on roadway geometrics, speed of traffic, environmental setting, etc. Cost for the most common CMS types will be obtained and applied in a benefit-cost tradeoff analysis user's manual.
Expected Completion Date: January 1998
Estimated Cost: $98,573