U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations
The basic principles governing Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA’s) Research and Technology (R&T) investments are outlined in Title 23 of the U.S. Code, Chapter 5: Research, Technology, and Education.
These guiding principles state that the Federal Government has the responsibility to fund and conduct surface transportation research, development, and technology transfer activities when the work is of national significance and in research areas where there is a clear public benefit and where private investment is not optimal. The FHWA’s responsibility is to assure that State and local governments use national resources efficiently, and to present the best means to support Federal policy goals compared with other policy alternatives.
The role of FHWA is to conduct research; to support and facilitate research and technology transfer activities by State highway agencies; to share the results of completed research; and to support and facilitate technology and innovation deployment.
The R&T Program includes fundamental, long-term highway research—research aimed at significant highway research gaps and emerging issues with national implications and research related to policy and planning. FHWA is responsible for addressing the needs of stakeholders and facilitating a competitive approach to grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements for research and development projects and programs.
Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act)
The most recent transportation authorization bill, the Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, authorizes and provides funding for fiscal years 2016 through 2020 for four FHWA-administered research, technology, and education programs; the State-administered State Planning and Research Program; and for two programs administered by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.
State Planning and Research Program (SP&R). States are required to set aside funds for the State Planning and Research (SP&R) Program. Funding is provided for SP&R by a 2 percent set-aside from each State's apportionments of five programs: the National Highway Performance Program (NHPP); the Surface Transportation Block Grant Program (STBGP); the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP); and the Congestion Mitigation Air Quality Improvement Program (CMAQ) Program; and the National Highway Freight Program (NHFP). At least 25 percent of these funds must be used for research, development, and technology purposes. States use these funds to conduct research aimed at solving specific transportation issues that arise at the State level, or they may leverage these funds by applying them toward Transportation Pooled Fund projects. States can also use these funds as the non-Federal match for Local/Tribal Technical Assistance Program (LTAP/TTAP) centers and for the University Transportation Centers.
Finally, MAP-21 also authorizes programs administered by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology:
For more information on these programs, visit http://www.rita.dot.gov/offices.
FHWA leadership accepted the challenge to "raise the bar" on R&T and adopted a strategic management framework developed with input from stakeholders. See Corporate Master Plan (CMP) for Research and Deployment of Technology & Innovation (FHWA-RD-03-077)
|»||Clarification of Policy on Indirect Costs of State and Local Governments|
|»||FHWA, State DOT, and MPO Rights to Copyrighted and Patented Items Developed with FHWA Planning and Research Funds|
|»||Guidance on Use of SPR Funds for Travel and Training|
|»||Peer Exchange Policy for State Planning and Research|
|»||Transportation Pooled Fund Program Guidelines|
|»||FHWA Legislation, Regulations, and Guidance|
|»||Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)|
|»||Title 23 Chapter 5 USC|
|»||23 CFR Part 420|
|»||49 CFR Part 18|
|»||49 CFR Part 19|
|»||For complete information about Titles 23 & 49, visit the Government Printing Office (GPO) United States Code Web Page|