U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

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Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology
Coordinating, Developing, and Delivering Highway Transportation Innovations

Overview | Binder Rheology Laboratory | Laboratory Test Procedures | Publications



Binder Laboratory



Purpose: The Binder Laboratory studies the flow and deformation of paving materials. The laboratory's primary mission is to characterize the behavior of paving materials properly such as asphalt binder and fine aggregate mastic.

Laboratory Description: The Binder Laboratory is equipped to enable evaluation of the strength, stiffness, and ductility of paving materials and emerging test methods and equipment. Work conducted in the laboratory provides the basis for improved material specifications (e.g., the Superpave performance-based binder specifications) that enable improvement of the durability, longevity, quality, and cost-effectiveness of pavements.

Laboratory Capabilities: The Binder Laboratory is equipped with state-of-the-art rheology instrumentation and the latest asphalt binder test equipment in order to test binders at various conditions and temperatures. Cracking of pavements takes place mostly at intermediate ambient and low temperatures, while rutting (permanent deformation) takes place mostly at high pavement temperatures. Dynamic Shear Rheometers are used for rheological characterization of paving asphalts in the intermediate to high temperatures ranging from 7 °C (42 °F) to temperatures approaching 100 °C (212 °F). The Rotational Viscometer is used to determine the steady-state viscosity of asphalt binders at high temperatures above 100 °C (212 °F), such as 115 °C (240 °F) to 220 °C (424 °F). The Pressure Aging Vessel is used with the Rolling Thin Film Oven to simulate long-term aging of asphalts and, hence, pavements. Rheological properties of asphalt binders may be measured indicative of pavement conditions after years of service. The Ductility Meter DDA-3 Instrument is being advanced to determine the strain tolerance of binders at intermediate temperatures with the Double Edge Notch Test (DENT). The binder strain tolerance in the ductile state has been found to be a good indicator for fatigue performance. The Bending Beam Rheometer and Direct Tension Tester are used both individually and in combination to determine the low-temperature (thermal) cracking temperatures of asphalts.

The latest asphalt binder testing equipment includes the Asphalt Binder Cracking Device (ABCD) and the Binder Quality Control (QC) Tester. The ABCD is used to determine the low temperature cracking temperature for asphalt binders. The QC device was developed in partnership with Laser Technology, Inc. (LTI) to perform quick assessments in the field or a lab. Transportation agencies and asphalt mix producers can assess whether a specified asphalt binder is being used.  The QC device tests samples of asphalt binder using an air jet to deform the sample. The resulting deformation and recovery of the asphalt binder is then measured using a laser deflectometer.

The laboratory is accredited by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials for competency in construction materials testing.

Figure 1. The Asphalt Binder QA device.
Figure 1. The Asphalt Binder QA device.

Laboratory Equipment:Dynamic Shear Rheometers, Bending Beam Rheometer, Asphalt Binder Cracking Device, Ductility Meter DDA-3, Pressure Aging Vessel, Rolling Thin Film Oven, Rotational Viscometer, Evaporative Recovery of Bituminous Emulsions, Binder Quality Control Tester.


Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000
Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center | 6300 Georgetown Pike | McLean, VA | 22101