State Highway Safety Report (2020) - Maine
The following provides a summary of the Highway Safety Improvement Program’s (HSIP) safety performance measures and State safety performance targets. As per the Safety PM Final Rule, States are required to set annual safety performance targets in the HSIP annual report for the number of fatalities, rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT), number of serious injuries, rate of serious injures per 100 million VMT, and number of non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries. The safety performance targets are based on 5-year rolling averages. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate. FHWA encourages States to review data sets and trends and consider factors that may affect targets. The safety performance targets should be data-driven, realistic, and attainable and should align with the performance management framework and legislative intent.
A State Department of Transportation (DOT) has met or made significant progress towards meeting its safety performance targets when at least four of the five safety performance targets established under 23 CFR 490.209(a) have been met or the actual outcome is better than the baseline performance. The baseline performance is the 5-year average ending with the year prior to the establishment of the target.
The Basis for Target and Additional Comments are provided by the State in their HSIP Annual Report and have not been edited by FHWA. Any questions about individual State reports should be directed to the respective State DOT. For additional information about each State's HSIP, the complete reports are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/reports/.
More information and resources on Safety Performance Management are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/spm/.
All State data used to populate the State Highway Safety Reports for 2020 are available for download at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tpm/reporting/state/tpm_dashboard_data.zip.
The following factors are likely to influence the ability of Maine to meet previous safety performance targets and need to be considered for future projections: Setting our 2021 Safety Performance Targets last year amid uncertainty the impact of Covid-19 would have on Maine’s 2020 and 2021 VMT, MaineDOT assumed a 20% reduction in traffic for 2020, and 10% reduction in 2021. While traffic was indeed seriously impacted in 2020, these assumptions have proven to be somewhat conservative when compared to our actual traffic experience. Maine’s 2020 VMT was approximately 12.48% lower than 2019 levels, and our current projection for 2021 VMT is 3-4% lower than that experienced in 2019. Although uncertainty remains as to when volumes will “return to normal”, it does appear to be headed in that direction. Maine’s economy has been and will continue to be affected by Covid-19 economic impacts on both businesses and citizens’ household finances. Fuel, food, and construction material prices have been rising steadily as of late. Labor shortages in many economic sectors exist right now. It remains to be seen how severely this could impact the tourism industry in Maine in 2021 and beyond, or whether these impacts may be mitigated by the public’s enthusiasm to travel again after spending most of 2020 at home. Multi-agency safety efforts will continue to be refined and focused on primary serious crash trends such as lane departure and pedestrians Based on recruitment difficulties along with state and local budgetary constraints, law enforcement agencies will continue to experience staffing challenges, reducing the effective crash-reducing impact that their on-road presence has. Impaired driving is a growing concern both due to legalization of marijuana and increased illicit drug usage. That growing impairment problems translates to serious crash exposures.
Safety Performance Target Assessment
PLEASE NOTE: Each State’s safety performance target assessment is based on its own State-specific target methodology and program philosophy. Therefore, conclusions should not be drawn based only on the information in the Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary table. For example, the State may have set aggressive targets, and not met those targets, while another State may have set more easily attainable targets, and met those targets. FHWA understands that each State’s safety program is unique and therefore does not prescribe a methodology for States to set targets. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate when setting their safety performance targets.
|Performance Measure||2016-2020 Target||2016-2020 Actual||2014-2018 Baseline||Met Target?||Better Than Baseline?||Met or Made Significant Progress?|
|Number of Fatalities||161.0||158.0||151.2||YES||N/A||YES|
|Rate of Fatalities||1.070||1.096||1.032||NO||NO|
|Number of Serious Injuries||737.0||691.0||745.6||YES||N/A|
|Rate of Serious Injuries||4.900||4.774||5.090||YES||N/A|
|Number of non-motorized fatalities and non-motorized serious injuries||90.0||81.8||90.4||YES||N/A|