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Transportation Performance Management

 

State Highway Safety Report (2020) - Maine

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The following provides a summary of the Highway Safety Improvement Program’s (HSIP) safety performance measures and State safety performance targets. As per the Safety PM Final Rule, States are required to set annual safety performance targets in the HSIP annual report for the number of fatalities, rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT), number of serious injuries, rate of serious injures per 100 million VMT, and number of non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries. The safety performance targets are based on 5-year rolling averages. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate. FHWA encourages States to review data sets and trends and consider factors that may affect targets. The safety performance targets should be data-driven, realistic, and attainable and should align with the performance management framework and legislative intent.

A State Department of Transportation (DOT) has met or made significant progress towards meeting its safety performance targets when at least four of the five safety performance targets established under 23 CFR 490.209(a) have been met or the actual outcome is better than the baseline performance. The baseline performance is the 5-year average ending with the year prior to the establishment of the target.

The Basis for Target and Additional Comments are provided by the State in their HSIP Annual Report and have not been edited by FHWA. Any questions about individual State reports should be directed to the respective State DOT. For additional information about each State's HSIP, the complete reports are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/reports/.

More information and resources on Safety Performance Management are available at https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/spm/.

All State data used to populate the State Highway Safety Reports for 2020 are available for download at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tpm/reporting/state/tpm_dashboard_data.zip.

  • Number of Fatalities

  • Number of Fatalities 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 131 156 160 173 136 157 164
    5-Year Average 151.2 156.4 158.0
    Target (5-Year Average) 161.0 158.0 160.0
  • Basis for Number of Fatalities Target

    The following factors are likely to influence the ability of Maine to meet previous safety performance targets and need to be considered for future projections: • Maine’s economy and fuel prices remain stable at current levels. • Multi-agency safety efforts will continue to be refined and focused on primary serious crash trends such as lane departure and pedestrians • Based on recruitment difficulties along with state and local budgetary restraints, law enforcement agencies will continue to experience staffing challenges, reducing the effective crash-reducing impact that their on-road presence has. • Impaired driving is a growing concern both due to legalization of marijuana and increased illicit drug usage. That growing impairment problems translates to serious crash exposures. • Maine’s VMT is projected to increase due to population growth and economic factors by about 0.51% per year moving forward from 2018. This increased traffic exposure increases our safety risk and may decrease the level of service on high volume roads. Maine Fatality data has varied widely during the 2018 Benchmark Performance (2014-2018) period ranging from 139 in 2018 to 172 in 2017. The 5-year average was 151.6 through the period but was trending upward slightly until 2018. MaineDOT decided to set a 2020 fatalities target assuming a slight increase in the 2020 projection from the 2019 target until we see a leveling out in that trend line.
    The following factors are likely to influence the ability of Maine to meet previous safety performance targets and need to be considered for future projections: • Maine’s annual VMT in 2020 is projected to be approximately 20% lower than originally estimated due to the social distancing and stay-home orders during the Covid-19 pandemic period which saw sharp decreases in VMT beginning in March and continuing through the middle of May. There is significant uncertainty surrounding the time it will take to “return to normal”, however, particularly with respect to tourist traffic as visitors cancel plans for vacationing in Maine in the summer of 2020. Based on Maine’s experience with recovery from the economic downturn of 2009, we will also set the projected 2021 VMT at 10% lower than 2019 actual VMT. • Maine’s economy and fuel prices have been and will continue to be affected by Covid-19 economic impacts on both businesses and citizens’ household finances. The tourism industry will be heavily impacted for the rest of 2020 and likely into early 2021. • Multi-agency safety efforts will continue to be refined and focused on primary serious crash trends such as lane departure and pedestrians • Based on recruitment difficulties along with state and local budgetary constraints, law enforcement agencies will continue to experience staffing challenges, reducing the effective crash-reducing impact that their on-road presence has. • Impaired driving is a growing concern both due to legalization of marijuana and increased illicit drug usage. That growing impairment problems translates to serious crash exposures. • Maine Fatality data has varied widely during the 2019 Benchmark Performance (2015-2019) period ranging from 139 in 2018 to 172 in 2017. The 5-year average was 156.4 through the period. Despite the lower VMT experienced this year during the Covid-19 stay-at-home period, Maine's 5-year fatality rate continues to trend slightly upward for the period with 2020 fatal numbers as of April 30, 2020 being near Maine’s 2019 fatal numbers at the same point in time. • MaineDOT suggests setting the 2021 fatalities target assuming a slight decrease from the 2020 target, but an increase in 2021 fatal rate target because this metric will be impacted by the expected 20% reduction in traffic in 2020 and 10% reduction in traffic in 2021.
    Maine Fatality data has varied widely during the 2020 Benchmark Performance (2016-2020) period ranging from 139 in 2018 to 172 in 2017. The 5-year average was 158.2 through the period. A significantly lower VMT experienced in 2020 due to the pandemic combined with the 2nd highest fatality count during the benchmark period has contributed to the highest fatality rate in Maine since 2006. This will likely result in the 5-year fatality rate continuing to trend upward. 2021 fatal numbers as of May 31, 2021 are thankfully lower than 2020 numbers at the same point in time but not low enough to mitigate the high 2020 fatality rate.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2014-2019 Final FARS, 2020 FARS Annual Report File
    Targets: 2019-2021 Maine HSIP Annual Reports

  • Fatality Rate (per 100 million VMT)

  • Fatality Rate
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 0.92 1.07 1.08 1.17 0.92 1.06 1.25
    5-Year Average 1.032 1.060 1.096
    Target (5-Year Average) 1.070 1.120 1.120
  • Basis for Fatality Rate Target

    The following factors are likely to influence the ability of Maine to meet previous safety performance targets and need to be considered for future projections: • Maine’s economy and fuel prices remain stable at current levels. • Multi-agency safety efforts will continue to be refined and focused on primary serious crash trends such as lane departure and pedestrians • Based on recruitment difficulties along with state and local budgetary restraints, law enforcement agencies will continue to experience staffing challenges, reducing the effective crash-reducing impact that their on-road presence has. • Impaired driving is a growing concern both due to legalization of marijuana and increased illicit drug usage. That growing impairment problems translates to serious crash exposures. • Maine’s VMT is projected to increase due to population growth and economic factors by about 0.51% per year moving forward from 2018. This increased traffic exposure increases our safety risk and may decrease the level of service on high volume roads. Maine Fatality data has varied widely during the 2018 Benchmark Performance (2014-2018) period ranging from 139 in 2018 to 172 in 2017. The 5-year average was 151.6 through the period but was trending upward slightly until 2018. MaineDOT decided to set a 2020 fatalities target assuming a slight increase in the 2020 projection from the 2019 target until we see a leveling out in that trend line.
    The following factors are likely to influence the ability of Maine to meet previous safety performance targets and need to be considered for future projections: • Maine’s annual VMT in 2020 is projected to be approximately 20% lower than originally estimated due to the social distancing and stay-home orders during the Covid-19 pandemic period which saw sharp decreases in VMT beginning in March and continuing through the middle of May. There is significant uncertainty surrounding the time it will take to “return to normal”, however, particularly with respect to tourist traffic as visitors cancel plans for vacationing in Maine in the summer of 2020. Based on Maine’s experience with recovery from the economic downturn of 2009, we will also set the projected 2021 VMT at 10% lower than 2019 actual VMT. • Maine’s economy and fuel prices have been and will continue to be affected by Covid-19 economic impacts on both businesses and citizens’ household finances. The tourism industry will be heavily impacted for the rest of 2020 and likely into early 2021. • Multi-agency safety efforts will continue to be refined and focused on primary serious crash trends such as lane departure and pedestrians • Based on recruitment difficulties along with state and local budgetary constraints, law enforcement agencies will continue to experience staffing challenges, reducing the effective crash-reducing impact that their on-road presence has. • Impaired driving is a growing concern both due to legalization of marijuana and increased illicit drug usage. That growing impairment problems translates to serious crash exposures. • Maine Fatality data has varied widely during the 2019 Benchmark Performance (2015-2019) period ranging from 139 in 2018 to 172 in 2017. The 5-year average was 156.4 through the period. Despite the lower VMT experienced this year during the Covid-19 stay-at-home period, Maine's 5-year fatality rate continues to trend slightly upward for the period with 2020 fatal numbers as of April 30, 2020 being near Maine’s 2019 fatal numbers at the same point in time. • MaineDOT suggests setting the 2021 fatalities target assuming a slight decrease from the 2020 target, but an increase in 2021 fatal rate target because this metric will be impacted by the expected 20% reduction in traffic in 2020 and 10% reduction in traffic in 2021.
    Maine Fatality data has varied widely during the 2020 Benchmark Performance (2016-2020) period ranging from 139 in 2018 to 172 in 2017. The 5-year average was 158.2 through the period. A significantly lower VMT experienced in 2020 due to the pandemic combined with the 2nd highest fatality count during the benchmark period has contributed to the highest fatality rate in Maine since 2006. This will likely result in the 5-year fatality rate continuing to trend upward. 2021 fatal numbers as of May 31, 2021 are thankfully lower than 2020 numbers at the same point in time but not low enough to mitigate the high 2020 fatality rate.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2014-2019 Final FARS, 2020 FARS Annual Report File
    VMT: 2014-2020 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2019-2021 Maine HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Serious Injuries

  • Number of Serious Injuries 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 815 754 746 728 685 689 607
    5-Year Average 745.6 720.4 691.0
    Target (5-Year Average) 737.0 725.0 715.0
  • Basis for Number of Serious Injuries Target

    Serious Injuries is one of Maine’s Safety Performance Areas that continues to show steady improvement over the years, but it too, has had erratic performance in the past. The significant difference between the high and low years in our 2014-2018 benchmark performance period make it prudent to see if we see a continuance in that downward trend. Maine decided to set a 2020 target of 737 which is approximately equal to the 2019 performance target.
    • Serious Injuries (A) is one of Maine’s Safety Performance Areas that continues to show steady improvement over the years, but it too, has had erratic performance in the past. • Unlike 2020 fatalities, Maine has seen a slight reduction in the number of serious injuries during the Covid-19 pandemic measures. Uncertainty remains, however, as to the remainder of 2020 as motorists once again take to the state’s highways on a more frequent basis. • Recommended 2021 target is about equal with the 2019 Benchmark Performance (2015-2019) for this measure. As with fatal rates, we also are anticipating a slightly higher rate of serious injuries due to lower project VMT for 2020 and 2021.
    Serious Injuries (A) is one of Maine's Safety Performance Areas that continues to show steady improvement over the years, but it too, has had erratic performance in the past. The 5-year average serious injury benchmark performance was 691.6. Unlike fatalities, Maine experienced a reduction in the number of serious injuries and only a very small increase in the serious injury rate during 2020. There were approximately 80 fewer serious injuries on Maine's highways during 2020 which is very encouraging, and this helped to mitigate the impact of lower VMT last year on our serious injury rate. Despite the slight “bump in the road”; of 2020 our serious injury numbers and rates continue in a downward trend. Due to past performance, recommended 2022 targets have been set slightly lower than those established for 2021.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2021 Maine HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2019-2021 Maine HSIP Annual Reports

  • Rate of Serious Injuries (per 100 million VMT)

  • Rate of Serious Injuries
    (per 100 million VMT)
    2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 5.70 5.15 5.03 4.94 4.63 4.63 4.64
    5-Year Average 5.090 4.876 4.774
    Target (5-Year Average) 4.900 5.020 4.900
  • Basis for Serious Injury Rate Target

    Serious Injuries is one of Maine’s Safety Performance Areas that continues to show steady improvement over the years, but it too, has had erratic performance in the past. The significant difference between the high and low years in our 2014-2018 benchmark performance period make it prudent to see if we see a continuance in that downward trend. Maine decided to set a 2020 target of 737 which is approximately equal to the 2019 performance target.
    • Serious Injuries (A) is one of Maine’s Safety Performance Areas that continues to show steady improvement over the years, but it too, has had erratic performance in the past. • Unlike 2020 fatalities, Maine has seen a slight reduction in the number of serious injuries during the Covid-19 pandemic measures. Uncertainty remains, however, as to the remainder of 2020 as motorists once again take to the state’s highways on a more frequent basis. • Recommended 2021 target is about equal with the 2019 Benchmark Performance (2015-2019) for this measure. As with fatal rates, we also are anticipating a slightly higher rate of serious injuries due to lower project VMT for 2020 and 2021.
    Serious Injuries (A) is one of Maine's Safety Performance Areas that continues to show steady improvement over the years, but it too, has had erratic performance in the past. The 5-year average serious injury benchmark performance was 691.6. Unlike fatalities, Maine experienced a reduction in the number of serious injuries and only a very small increase in the serious injury rate during 2020. There were approximately 80 fewer serious injuries on Maine's highways during 2020 which is very encouraging, and this helped to mitigate the impact of lower VMT last year on our serious injury rate. Despite the slight “bump in the road”; of 2020 our serious injury numbers and rates continue in a downward trend. Due to past performance, recommended 2022 targets have been set slightly lower than those established for 2021.

  • Data Sources:
    Serious Injuries: 2021 Maine HSIP Annual Report
    VMT: 2014-2020 FHWA Highway Statistics Series, VM-2 Table
    Targets: 2019-2021 Maine HSIP Annual Reports

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries

  • Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities
    and Serious Injuries
    2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Annual 99 83 93 97 80 80 59
    5-Year Average 90.4 86.6 81.8
    Target (5-Year Average) 90.0 89.0 87.0
  • Basis for Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Serious Injuries Target

    • As with statewide crash fatalities, this data has varied widely from year to year through the benchmark performance period, mainly due to the disparity observed from 2017 to 2018. Trends in 2019 indicate a move upward from our recent low in 2018 towards an average year from a fatality perspective. • The 5-year Average for the 2014-2018 Benchmark Period was 89.6. It is hoped that our focused pedestrian outreach in 21 communities in Maine through STEP and HeadsUp programs will bring down our bike/ped fatality numbers moving forward, but until the problem locations identified through these efforts are mitigated we should assume a level target of 90 per year for 2020.
    • As with statewide crash fatalities, this data has varied widely from year to year through the benchmark performance period, mainly due to the disparity observed from 2017 to 2018. Trends in 2020 indicate a slight move downward from our recent low in 2018 towards an average year from a non-motorized K&A perspective. • The 5-year Average for the 2015-2019 Benchmark Period was 86.6. It is hoped that our continued focused pedestrian outreach in 21 communities in Maine through STEP and HeadsUp programs will bring down our bike/ped fatality numbers and recommend setting a slightly lower target for 2021.
    As with statewide crash fatalities, this data has varied widely from year to year through the benchmark performance period, mainly due to the disparity observed from 2017 to 2018. The 2019 count matched that of 2018 which perhaps indicates progress. While the 2020 fatality count overall was high, these were largely motor-vehicle related crashes not involving non-motorized system users. Our 2020 non-motorized K&A count of 61 was our lowest in more than 17 years. The 5-year Average for the 2016-2020 Benchmark Period was 81.8, down from 86.6 during the previous evaluation period. It is hoped that our continued focused pedestrian outreach in Maine through STEP and HeadsUp programs will continue to bring down our bike/ped fatality numbers and I recommend setting a slightly lower target for 2022 than that of 2021.

  • Data Sources:
    Fatalities: 2014-2019 Final FARS, 2020 FARS Annual Report File
    Serious Injuries: 2021 Maine HSIP Annual Report
    Targets: 2019-2021 Maine HSIP Annual Reports


Additional Comments

2022 Comments:

The following factors are likely to influence the ability of Maine to meet previous safety performance targets and need to be considered for future projections: Setting our 2021 Safety Performance Targets last year amid uncertainty the impact of Covid-19 would have on Maine’s 2020 and 2021 VMT, MaineDOT assumed a 20% reduction in traffic for 2020, and 10% reduction in 2021. While traffic was indeed seriously impacted in 2020, these assumptions have proven to be somewhat conservative when compared to our actual traffic experience. Maine’s 2020 VMT was approximately 12.48% lower than 2019 levels, and our current projection for 2021 VMT is 3-4% lower than that experienced in 2019. Although uncertainty remains as to when volumes will “return to normal”, it does appear to be headed in that direction. Maine’s economy has been and will continue to be affected by Covid-19 economic impacts on both businesses and citizens’ household finances. Fuel, food, and construction material prices have been rising steadily as of late. Labor shortages in many economic sectors exist right now. It remains to be seen how severely this could impact the tourism industry in Maine in 2021 and beyond, or whether these impacts may be mitigated by the public’s enthusiasm to travel again after spending most of 2020 at home. Multi-agency safety efforts will continue to be refined and focused on primary serious crash trends such as lane departure and pedestrians Based on recruitment difficulties along with state and local budgetary constraints, law enforcement agencies will continue to experience staffing challenges, reducing the effective crash-reducing impact that their on-road presence has. Impaired driving is a growing concern both due to legalization of marijuana and increased illicit drug usage. That growing impairment problems translates to serious crash exposures.

Safety Performance Target Assessment

PLEASE NOTE: Each State’s safety performance target assessment is based on its own State-specific target methodology and program philosophy. Therefore, conclusions should not be drawn based only on the information in the Safety Performance Target Assessment Summary table. For example, the State may have set aggressive targets, and not met those targets, while another State may have set more easily attainable targets, and met those targets. FHWA understands that each State’s safety program is unique and therefore does not prescribe a methodology for States to set targets. States have the flexibility to use the methodology they deem most appropriate when setting their safety performance targets.

Maine 2020 Safety Performance Target Assessment
Performance Measure 2016-2020 Target 2016-2020 Actual 2014-2018 Baseline Met Target? Better Than Baseline? Met or Made Significant Progress?
Number of Fatalities 161.0 158.0 151.2 YES N/A YES
Rate of Fatalities 1.070 1.096 1.032 NO NO
Number of Serious Injuries 737.0 691.0 745.6 YES N/A
Rate of Serious Injuries 4.900 4.774 5.090 YES N/A
Number of non-motorized fatalities and non-motorized serious injuries 90.0 81.8 90.4 YES N/A

Updated: 04/19/2022
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