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Semi-Annual Reports to WSDOT

Semi-Annual Project Delivery Report
With data from Federal Fiscal Year 2016 Quarters 1 & 2
(Oct. 1, 2015 through March 31, 2016)
Issue XIX – April 29, 2016


The 2015-16 winter–one of the wettest on record–created a busy season for Emergency Relief (ER) Funding. Washington's transportation system took several hits–four events were eligible for these funds:

ER WA 16-01; 16-02: On November 13-18, 2015, and December 7-14, 2015, severe storms struck Washington State. High winds and extreme rainfall caused major flooding, saturated soils, landslides, and streambank and slope erosion. In November, most damage was north/northeast of Seattle. In the December storms, sites with major damage were more widespread, and included US 12 near White Pass, US 2 between Coles Corner and Leavenworth, and I-5 near Woodland. WSDOT closed nine routes due to damage, flooding, or debris.

U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx made $1 million available in quick release funds immediately for each of the November and December events. To date, $6.1 million in damages, including $5.0 million of FHWA funds, are being directed to at least 22 eligible sites related to the November storms. Preliminary damages for the 2015 storms were estimated at around $13.0 million. Total Costs: $13.2 million, including $12 million in FHWA funds, with at least 8 of 23 sites approved. Funding goes toward damage assessments and restoring traffic to normal as the state continues its work in assessing its repair needs.

ER16-03: On December 8, 2015, an oversized load on I-5 in Lewis County struck the Koontz Road overpass bridge (Bridge Number 5/212) near mile post 69.4. Total Costs: $2.9 million, including $2.6 million in FHWA funds.

ER16-04: Between January 21 and 28, 2016, significant winter storms again struck Western Washington, producing extreme rainfall, resulting in flooding, slope erosion, and land and rock slides causing extensive damage to roadways, road closures and access restrictions. WSDOT had over $1.8 million in damage costs, for which $1.7 million was contributed from FHWA funding.


FHWA and WSDOT partnered on a new statewide ESA programmatic consultation (implemented August 2015) with the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), replacing separate programmatic consultations for eastern and western Washington. FHWA provided $72,000 in Every Day Counts grant funding for a part-time liaison to expedite the development of the USFWS biological opinion (July 2015). The new programmatic consultation provides greater flexibility to include fish passage culvert replacement projects, add newly listed species, incorporate streamlining approaches from the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) programmatic, and improve database tracking for projects. In its first quarter, the new programmatic consultation has increased utility of projects qualifying for programmatic coverage from 51 percent in 2010 to 91 percent in 2015.

US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Endangered Species Act (ESA) Consultations
Proportion of Individual/Programmatic Projects by Year (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Individual 49% 58% 59% 33% 28% 8%
Programmatic 51% 42% 41% 67% 72% 91%

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Endangered Species Act (ESA) Consultations
Proportion of Individual/Programmatic Projects by Year (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Individual 100% 100% 100% 28% 31% 28%
Programmatic 0% 0% 0% 72% 69% 72%

FHWA and WSDOT's NMFS statewide programmatic consultation, implemented in 2013, continues to be highly successful, providing coverage for 71 percent of WSDOT projects with federal-aid funding that "may affect" NMFS listed species and/or critical habitat.


This chart shows the timeliness of FHWA Washington Division approval for emergency relief (ER) damage inspection reports. Our goal is to approve 90% of these reports within 10 days of receipt. ER reports that exceed 16 days are delayed typically due to external permits, need for additional information, and other factors.


The Washington State Transportation Innovation Council (WASTIC), formed in 2014, has funded three innovative projects through FHWA's Every Day Counts STIC grant program. "STICs" encourage innovation and cooperation among a wide range of partners at the state and local levels. WASTIC members include WSDOT, FHWA, local public agencies, tribal agencies, and the Local/Tribal Technical Assistance Program (LTAP/TTAP), but WASTIC is open to additional advisory and subject matter experts. The projects are:

Evaluating the use of ground-penetrating radar on hot mix asphalt paving projects;

Developing and convening an "innovations conference" to bring transportation officials from state, county, city, and regional organizations to present low-cost innovative solutions; and

Evaluating an elk detection system coupled with dynamic warning signs to alert motors of elk presence near the roadway.

But there's more! Two new proposals include: one to consider using "project bundling" for bridge projects, and another to determine how best to make "as constructed" asset information available to agencies via geographic information systems (GIS).


Environmental Approvals:

Design Approvals:


WSDOT and FHWA Washington Division created an e-Learning class on how to prepare Right-of-Way (ROW) Administrative Settlement Documentation in response to a FHWA process review that recommended improved training. The course provides free training for practitioners and decision makers to improve the quality of administrative settlement documentation for federal-aid projects. The course is housed on the WSDOT Local Programs ROW Services Training & Education webpage – http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/LocalPrograms/ROWServices/Training.htm.


Authorized Within 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
0 to 5 Days 1936 1791 1655 2129 1879 2171 706
6 to 10 Days 131 41 35 122 123 134 129
11 to 15 Days 18 7 1 7 9 17 27
16 to 20 Days 3 2 0 0 0 1 2
20 + Days 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
TOTALS 2089 1841 1691 2258 2011 2323 867

The table above reflects the number of FHWA Washington Division authorizations / modifications approved within certain timeframes since FY2010. Since FY 2013, our overall approval within a two-week turnaround has been 99-100%, far exceeding our goal of 90%! (Note: The Federal Fiscal Year is October 1 through September 30.)


A total of 185 projects were inactive in the first and second quarters of 2016 (85 and 100), representing an inactive percentage of 0.8 and 2.4 respectively. FHWA's quarterly target is under 2% inactivity on obligated Federal funds. The quarterly inactive percentage is found by dividing all projects inactive (no expenditures processed) for 12 months or more by each state's annual apportionments. Last quarter's higher inactive percentage was due to delays on a $14 million TIGER V project related to billing disagreements between WSDOT and Sound Transit, which kept it on the inactive list. The project was able to process an invoice and was removed from the inactive report the following quarter.


The Washington Division and WSDOT continue to provide substantial resources and effort to improve WSDOT's DBE Program. An interagency Conciliation Agreement (March 2014), as well as more recent issues noted by representatives of the DBE community, have provided focus to WSDOT in implementing its DBE Program in good faith and complying with the Agreement. The Alaskan Way Viaduct (AWV) project, as well as improvements to WSDOT's overall DBE program, are covered under the Agreement. The Division continues to engage WSDOT in numerous meetings and improvement efforts, and is conducting a "prompt payment assessment" to better understand WSDOT's process and how it complies with DBE program requirements (see below).

The Division's emphasis, coupled with WSDOT's commitment to its DBE program agency-wide, has resulted in several positive changes. WSDOT has: improved its AWV DBE goal attainment; revised its contract DBE goal-setting methodology; developed stronger DBE contract specifications and special provisions; engaged the DBE community in decisions and activities related to contract opportunities; and has made DBE program responsibility an element of many employees' performance evaluation.

PROMPT PAYMENT ASSESSMENT: Payment data are collected from the contracting agency, prime contractor, and select subcontractors on Federal-aid transportation projects representing various regions of the State. FHWA Division staff conducted reviews of eight of these projects, and found commonalities on several of them: prime contractor not returning retainage until after the entire project is complete; and some subcontractors not regularly submitting invoices, resulting in the prime contractor not paying for work performed until a few months later. On one project, the second- and third-tier subcontractors experience delays in payment, which may be due to the tiered effect of payment timing. On another project, delay in payments was due to disputes over materials and workmanship.

All participants in the assessment (WSDOT, Local Agencies, Contractors, Subcontractors) are extremely cooperative and well organized. WSDOT has conducted DBE program training across the State, for project staff and contractors, which has resulted in a better understanding of the requirements and a more proactive approach to prompt payment issues.


As transportation moves toward "multimodal transportation corridors," new questions arise. For example, the current expansion of the Sound Transit (ST) Link Light Rail system proposes several projects with light rail construction within Interstate right-of-way (ROW). Rail/transit projects require modifying highway interchanges and other highway project work.

FHWA and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) evaluated their separate and differing requirements for noise analysis and needed clarification. The USDOT Chief Counsel's office provided resolution to the issue. FHWA HQ added question A10 to the Noise Policy FAQ document (https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/noise). The revision to the FAQ answers the question "What level of noise analysis is needed for a transit-only project requiring limited FHWA participation?"

The answer: When a project meets three criteria, it should follow FTA's Transit Noise and Vibration Impact Assessment Manual procedures to consider noise associated with transit projects and any highway elements directly affected by the transit projects:

In this case, a proposed transit project that would share an existing highway ROW is not subject to FHWA's noise regulation in 23 CFR 772, and should follow FTA's Transit Noise and Vibration Impact Assessment Guidance Manual.

The focus and resolution of this issue created yet another national precedent, courtesy of Washington state.

For more information contact:
Dan Mathis
Division Administrator
FHWA Washington Division
Bruce Moody
Program Management Analyst
FHWA Oregon/Washington Division
Green Washington State with Department of Transportation Emblem
Page last modified on January 31, 2017
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